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From “Smart Objects”
to “Social Objects”:
The Next Evolutionary Step of the
Internet of Things
BY
MOHAMMED RASHID HUSSAIN
...
Outline
 Abstract
 Introduction
 Literature Survey
 Proposed System
 Setup and Results
 Future Work
 Conclusion
 R...
Abstract
 Boom in technological objects like smartphones, wearable tech etc. in past decade
 The result is a networking ...
Introduction – Basic Definitions
 Internet of Things
 Uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representation in ...
Introduction
 Are there new potentials that smart objects are still expected to manifest?
 Can smart objects allow every...
Introduction – Categories of Objects in IoT
4
Res Sapiens
(Smart Objects)
Res Socialis
(Social Objects)
Res Agens
(Active ...
Literature Survey – Stages of Smart Objects
 In current scenario, high level of fragmentation exists in how res sapiens c...
Literature Survey – Stages of Smart Objects
6
 The Web of Things(WoT) was the first innovative step taken
 Allowed to in...
 Proper digital representational of smart objects in the virtual world
 Accounting for relationships between objects
 M...
 Architecture Based problems
 How to devise a multi-technology platform architecture to cope with smart objects?
 Commu...
Why is there a need for forming a
social network between the
objects?
9
Literature Survey
From Smart Objects to Social Obj...
10
Proposed System
From Smart Objects
to Social Objects
Practical Setup & Results
 Embodied Microblogging(EM) was the first step in realizing Social WoT
 Mediates human-to-huma...
Practical Setup & Results – Toyota Friend
 Features
 Uses Salesforce Chatter to communicate between cars
 Minimal Inter...
Practical Setup & Results – Nike+
 Features
 Minimal Interaction between things
 Has a Clear Business/Application Case
...
Practical Setup & Results – Xively
 Features
 Wide Interaction between things
 Open System for development of apps
 No...
Practical Setup & Results – Evrything
 Features
 Wide Interaction between things
 Open System for development of apps
...
Practical Setup & Results – Microsoft Sensor Maps
 Microsoft established a sensor map across the globe
 Allows collectio...
Future Work
 Objects can have Res Socialis features like
 Find Service Providers
 Publish information
 Evaluate trustw...
Conclusion
 Identified stages of Smart Objects
 Stage I – Objects post about their state in SN of humans
 Stage II – Ob...
References
 M.R. Schurgot, C. Comaniciu, and K. Jaffres Runser, “Beyond Traditional DTN Routing: Social
Networks for Oppo...
THANK YOU!!!
From Smart Objects to Social Objects
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The presentation deals with how Smart Objects can become Socail Objects in the IoT

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From Smart Objects to Social Objects

  1. 1. From “Smart Objects” to “Social Objects”: The Next Evolutionary Step of the Internet of Things BY MOHAMMED RASHID HUSSAIN 1604-13-742-006
  2. 2. Outline  Abstract  Introduction  Literature Survey  Proposed System  Setup and Results  Future Work  Conclusion  References From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  3. 3. Abstract  Boom in technological objects like smartphones, wearable tech etc. in past decade  The result is a networking paradigm known as, The Internet of Things(IoT)  In IoT, all that is real becomes virtual  Why not the same for our technological objects?  Can objects interact with each other and extract services from other objects? 1 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  4. 4. Introduction – Basic Definitions  Internet of Things  Uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representation in an Internet like structure.  Smart Objects  Objects that act in a “smart” way by providing certain services and information  Social Objects  Objects that interact with other such “smart” objects 2 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  5. 5. Introduction  Are there new potentials that smart objects are still expected to manifest?  Can smart objects allow everything to be encompassed in a fully connected network?  The above two questions can be answered.  New type of Social Objects:  That interact with other objects autonomously  That crawl the IoT to discover services & information in a trust-oriented way  That are able to advertise their presence to other smart objects 3 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  6. 6. Introduction – Categories of Objects in IoT 4 Res Sapiens (Smart Objects) Res Socialis (Social Objects) Res Agens (Active Objects) • Increased interoperability with external systems • Capability to communicate in Human Social Networks • Capability of building their own social network • Proficiency in building added-value complex services through collaboration in the object social network • Awareness of the Environment • Interactivity with the surrounding environment • Pseudo-social behavior with neighbors From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  7. 7. Literature Survey – Stages of Smart Objects  In current scenario, high level of fragmentation exists in how res sapiens communicate with each other  In order for them to communicate, web protocols and communication paradigms are being designed 5 Intranet of Things WoT Interoperable Objects Social WoT Multi-Social WoT Web Language & APIs Objects visible in SN Web Platforms for Objects Objects visible in more SN in parallel From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  8. 8. Literature Survey – Stages of Smart Objects 6  The Web of Things(WoT) was the first innovative step taken  Allowed to integrate existing web protocols into smart objects  Currently uses the REpresentational State Transfer(REST) APIs  Applications can be created using standard web languages and tools  Currently IoT is being integrated into the Internet of Services  Still the WoT paradigm has limits due to difficulties in advertising, discovering, accessing other objects From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  9. 9.  Proper digital representational of smart objects in the virtual world  Accounting for relationships between objects  Methodology to crawl the Internet and find objects in order to exploit them  Technological solutions to autonomously sense other objects & exchange information  Analysis of Relational Graph  How do you analyze the relational networks between social objects? 7 Literature Survey – Current Open Research Issues From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  10. 10.  Architecture Based problems  How to devise a multi-technology platform architecture to cope with smart objects?  Communication Based Problems  How to accommodate broadcast models like unicast, broadcast, multicast and anycast?  Has to decide whether a node is to be included in the travel path based on relationship to source  The proposed methodology should deal with security-based trust issues 8 Literature Survey – Current Open Research Issues From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  11. 11. Why is there a need for forming a social network between the objects? 9 Literature Survey From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  12. 12. 10 Proposed System From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  13. 13. Practical Setup & Results  Embodied Microblogging(EM) was the first step in realizing Social WoT  Mediates human-to-human communication  Support additional ways for making noticeable and noticing activities in everyday life  Platforms have been established  Toyota Friend  Nike+  Xively  Evrything  Microsoft SensorMap 11 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  14. 14. Practical Setup & Results – Toyota Friend  Features  Uses Salesforce Chatter to communicate between cars  Minimal Interaction between things  Has a Clear Business/Application Case  Proprietary System for development of apps  No autonomous relationship establishment  Objectives  Improve customer service  Build virtual community to increase customer loyalty 12 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  15. 15. Practical Setup & Results – Nike+  Features  Minimal Interaction between things  Has a Clear Business/Application Case  Proprietary System for development of apps  No autonomous relationship establishment  Objectives  Increase fidelity to the Nike brand  Posts data from shoes to private social network 13 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  16. 16. Practical Setup & Results – Xively  Features  Wide Interaction between things  Open System for development of apps  No autonomous relationship establishment  Unspecified Business/Application Case  Scalable  Mobile  Objectives  Support connection, use, sharing of things, services to create new WoT applications 14 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  17. 17. Practical Setup & Results – Evrything  Features  Wide Interaction between things  Open System for development of apps  Autonomous relationship establishment  Unspecified Business/Application Case  Objective  Provide each object with unique Active Digital Identity(ADI)  Provide access to ADI using URL 15 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  18. 18. Practical Setup & Results – Microsoft Sensor Maps  Microsoft established a sensor map across the globe  Allows collection from the sensors worldwide and identify patterns of behavior of users 16 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  19. 19. Future Work  Objects can have Res Socialis features like  Find Service Providers  Publish information  Evaluate trustworthiness  Get Filtered Information 17 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  20. 20. Conclusion  Identified stages of Smart Objects  Stage I – Objects post about their state in SN of humans  Stage II – Objects can interact with humans at application layer(Current)  Stage III – Objects socially interact with other objects to build social networks with humans and other humans  Object interaction is increasing and in the future in 2020, around 20 billion objects will be connected 18 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  21. 21. References  M.R. Schurgot, C. Comaniciu, and K. Jaffres Runser, “Beyond Traditional DTN Routing: Social Networks for Opportunistic Communication,” IEEE Commun. Mag., July 2012.  G. Kortuem, F. Kawsar, D. Fitton, V. Sundramoorthy, “Smart Objects as Building Blocks for the Internet of Things,” IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 14, no 1, 2010, pp. 44–51.  J. He et al., “A Smart Web Service Based on the Context of things,” ACM Trans. Internet Technology, vol. 11, no. 3, 2012.  D. Guinard, M. Fischer, and V. Trifa, “Sharing Using Social Networks in A Composable Web of Things,” Proc. IEEE PERCOM 2010, Mar.–Apr. 2010.  Xively – www.xively.com  Nike+ - www.nikeplus.nike.com  Evrything – www.everything.com 19 From Smart Objects to Social Objects
  22. 22. THANK YOU!!! From Smart Objects to Social Objects

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