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Mitigation of environmental issues of Aviation

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Mitigation of environmental issues of Aviation

  2. 2. Scheme of Presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation and Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Initiatives Aimed at addressing environmental concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Policy recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Aviation impacts the environment because aircraft engines emits noise, gases and particulates. </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions from Aviation currently account for 3.5 per cent of the total emission. </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide emissions from aviation are expected to grow by about 175% between 1990 and 2050. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. AVIATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES <ul><li>Carbon Emissions - Effects on Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Airports </li></ul><ul><li>Aircraft Life cycle - Production and recycling </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3/1. INITIATIVES AIMED AT ADDRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS <ul><li>Multilateral Initiatives - ROLE OF ICAO </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution A36-22 (Appendix-L)(2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution A37-18 & A37-19 (oct.2010) </li></ul><ul><li>The Preamble:- </li></ul><ul><li>Article 33 of the Chicago convention </li></ul><ul><li>Annexure 16 of ICAO </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3/2 KYOTO PROTOCOL <ul><li>Protocol to “United Nation Framework Convention On Climate Change” (UNFCCC) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 25 of Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Objective of Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>5 Principals of Kyoto Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to annexed countries </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizing Impacts on developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting, Reporting and review </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3/3. INITIATIVES AIMED AT ADDRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS <ul><li>Bilateral Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing tendency to include environmental clauses within such agreements. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. - The US and EU Agreement of March 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Unilateral Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. - EU is currently preparing to bring all flights that land or take off from a European airport within its emissions trading scheme from 2012.10 </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4. A CASE STUDY <ul><li>Farley v. Skinner No. 2,(2001) </li></ul><ul><li>House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>The house purchased by the plaintiff is seriously affected by the Aircraft noise. </li></ul><ul><li>Plaintiff’s enjoyment of property was diminished by Aircraft noise </li></ul><ul><li>Professional negligence by suvayor </li></ul><ul><li>Case for Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Watts v. morrow[1991] 1 W.L.R. 1421 </li></ul><ul><li>Knott v. Bolton 45 con. L.R. 127 </li></ul>
  9. 9. 5. POLICY RECCOMENDATIONS <ul><li>Emission Levels- Improving efficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives Fuels- Bio fuels(combination of plants and waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Route Optimization- helps to reduce emission up to 18 per cent. </li></ul><ul><li>Emission Trading Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Operating Procedures </li></ul>
  10. 10. 6. CONCLUSION <ul><li>It can be concluded that in the wake of Aviation industry at the helm of transport and globalization, we should strive to provide a green future for flight operations. In spite of all issues aviation has been improving constantly for the last 50 years. The policy recommendations suggested coupled with technical advances, infrastructure improvements, operational efficiently promise a green future for aviation industry. </li></ul>
  11. 11. THANK YOU