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Challenges of the Universal Health Coverage: An Overview of Three World Reports
Prof. Ahmed-Refat AG Refat
Prof. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. FOM-ZU
Background: Universal health coverage (UHC) is fast becoming a first order priority of the global health agenda .The concept of UHC is not new. The WHO constitution in 1948 and the Alma-Ata Declaration in 1978 both indirectly stressed UHC as an important tool to achieve “Health for All.”. A resolution at the 58th World Assembly in 2005 encouraged the countries of the world to embed UHC in their health systems, and the World Health Report (2010) proposed improved financing for health care to achieve this goal. Out of the 17 SDGs, that adopted in 2015, the eighth target of goal 3 (target 3.8) insists : Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
This review will presents a group of relevant UHC issues that discussed comprehensively in the following three World Health Reports:
1. HEALTH SYSTEMS FINANCING, The path to universal coverage (WHR 2010)
2. Research for Universal Health Coverage ( WHR 2013)
3. Tracking universal health coverage: (2017 Global Monitoring Report)
The objective of this work is to identify the areas that need extra efforts from Public Health Departments in teaching, research and training of the future doctors for proper implementing of UHC as a promising health policy in Egypt.