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Nasreen Mohamed - Food Security Situation in Sudan

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Nasreen Mohamed - Food Security Situation in Sudan

  1. 1. AGRICULTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND FOOD SECURITY IN SUDAN OCTOBER 10TH.,2022, KHARTOUM, SUDAN THE EVOLVING FOOD SECURITY SITUATION IN SUDAN BY: M O H A M E D A B D E L - S A L A M SUDANESE AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION IN QATAR DOHA, QATAR Program 2022 Annual Research and Policy Conference
  2. 2.  Food security has become an issue of common global concern, especially in developing countries, where agriculture is still the backbone of their economies and the dependence of a large proportion of their population on their livelihood.  Food security means that the all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.  Access to quality, nutritious food is fundamental to human existence. Introduction
  3. 3. Conflicts and weather extreme
  4. 4. Food insecurity Weather and conflict drive acute hunger in hotspot countries Sudan ranks ninth in the world in the proportion of food insecurity for the population. Haiti, Niger, Chad, Mauritania and the rest of the Sahel countries are all in a better position than Sudan.!
  5. 5. Cereals production
  6. 6. Food Gap  The Report of the Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) published in March 2022  The report stated that Sudan is expected to face a major gap in the cereal supply in 2022. The report mentioned an estimated 5.1 million tons of cerial harvested in the 2021/22 season will cover about 65% of the roughly 7.6 million tons of cerial needed. The report expected that Sudan will import about 2.5 million tons of cereal in total this year from wheat and sorghum, as the national crop is estimated at 5 million tons, down 35% from the previous season and 30% from the average of the past five years.
  7. 7. Wheat demand
  8. 8. Wheat Demand  Wheat constitutes an average about 36% of the cereal basket in the country, which is the highest rate of wheat consumption in the region if we exclude Djibouti. In addition, the demand for wheat in Sudan is increasing, especially in urban areas, which constitute about 35% of the total population Sudan. The needs of wheat in Sudan are estimated at 2.882 million metric tons, and the local production for the agricultural season in 2022/2021 is estimated at only 600,000 metric tons.
  9. 9. Import by commodity
  10. 10. Global Hunger Index
  11. 11. Imported Wheat From the Previous About 2,050,000 metric ton of wheat is needed this year .The gap in wheat requirements in Sudan is supplemented by imports. Another problem occur this year due to Ukrainian conflict , as Sudan importing most the wheat from these two countries. In 2020 about $900 million worth of wheat, about 53% of which is imported from Russia and
  12. 12. Not Utilized (79.8%) Arable Land Forests (53%) Pastures (32.5%) Utilized Land Land Use
  13. 13. Land Use The total arable land is estimated to be about 80 million hectare, forests amount to 74 million while range land is around 47 million hectare. The annually cultivated area is about 16.8 million hectare. About 1.86 million hectare is irrigated while the rest (14.94 million hectare) is rainfed.
  14. 14. Seasonal Calendar
  15. 15. The total area targeted for 2022/2022 season o According to Sudanese Agricultural Bank, the total area targeted for financing for this season estimated 8,467,875 Fedd. About (3,556,508 hectares), representing about 13% of the total targeted area(64,573,600 Fedd.) . o The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry acknowledged the weakness of the cultivated areas for this season and attributed this to the shortage of Fuel (Gasoline). o Agricultural Production Department, of the federal ministry clarified that improved seeds used to cover 10%, and currently only cover 0.1%.
  16. 16. Sorghum Production Cost In last update of sorghum production cost two months ago (in August), it was found that its approximately equal to 22,000 SDG, and may reach 27,000 SDG during the harvest time. While sorghum price in Agricultural Bank is 12,000 SDG, and even if the price adjusted to remove the injustice, it did not exceed 20,000 SDG, which is less than the production cost, which means that the farmers are still losses even before they harvest a crop
  17. 17. Increasing in Agricultural Inputs Increasing % Input 125 Fuel 25 Sorghum improved seeds 332 Sesame improved seeds 455 Sunflower hybrid seeds 68 Fertilizers
  18. 18. Comparison of the cost of production 2020/21
  19. 19. Sorghum and Wheat target area  The area target for Sorghum cultivation is about 36% of the total targeted area, which is 18% less than the target area for last season.  The target area for cultivating the winter wheat in November, 2022 is about 886,600 fedd., which is 11% less than the previous season.  It’s likely that the decrease in the targeted area for cultivation is the main reason for the delay in preparing for the season, shortage of inputs, financing, and the rising cost
  20. 20. Financed area for summer crops
  21. 21. Constraints of Agricultural Development • The main constrains to agricultural development include: • Macro-economic policies. • Structural and institutional constraints. • Weak infrastructure. • Dominance of traditional agricultural production patterns. • Low capacities of human factor. • Poor support services (such as credit and marketing). • Weak adoption of modern technologies. • Abuse of natural resources. • Political instability. • War, climate change and drought cycles.

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