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Problems of Russians
Beyond Russia
Russian Minorities in CA
Halamgul Farhad
ICP 111
Content:
 Problems if Russian Minorities in
CA:
Migration Flow
Cultural and Political Restrictions:
Education Policies
...
Migratory Flow?
Continued…
 Highest figure: 28% migrants from
Kazakhstan in 2000 in former
Soviet territory
 Between 1989 and 1999
Russi...
Cont…
 Result of linguistic nationalization
 Degradation of Education System
(material, language, personnel)
 Ethnic pr...
Cultural and Political Restrictions:
◦ “The friendship of the people” Granted
culture rights to minorities, except TK
 Th...
 Lack of strong Russian leader
 UZB and TK
◦ No opposition parties can exist
◦ Ethnic minorities do not have the right t...
Dual-citizenship Issues
 Importance of dual citizenship due to
instability
 KZ, KG, and UZ refused to recognize dual
cit...
Access to Russian Media:
 KG: Bilingualism, many Russian
channels, newspapers, books come
from Russia
 TJK: Less accesse...
Cont…
 TK: Broadcast prohibited in
1994, except ORT channel
◦ Only by satellite antennae by middle class
◦ Newspaper clos...
Conclusion:
 Rights or Russian minorities have
been violated
 There is less attention of Russian
gov’t
 The authoritari...
Resources:
 Peyrouse, Sabastien.“The Russian
Minority in Central Asia:
Migration, Politics, and Language.”
Woodrow Wilson...
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Problems of russians beyond russia

This presentation is about problems if Russian minorities in post soviet Central Asian states

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Problems of russians beyond russia

  1. 1. Problems of Russians Beyond Russia Russian Minorities in CA Halamgul Farhad ICP 111
  2. 2. Content:  Problems if Russian Minorities in CA: Migration Flow Cultural and Political Restrictions: Education Policies  Citizenship Policies Lack of Access to Russian Media Conclusion
  3. 3. Migratory Flow?
  4. 4. Continued…  Highest figure: 28% migrants from Kazakhstan in 2000 in former Soviet territory  Between 1989 and 1999 Russians decreased in number from 6 million to 4.5 million  Reason: ◦ Worries concerning stability
  5. 5. Cont…  Result of linguistic nationalization  Degradation of Education System (material, language, personnel)  Ethnic preference in employment_ Nationalized  Problem with migration ◦ Statelessness _ 23% in Uzbekistan considered themselves as Soviets or stateless in 1990s. ◦ Social / Economic problems
  6. 6. Cultural and Political Restrictions: ◦ “The friendship of the people” Granted culture rights to minorities, except TK  The situation improved after Niyazov’s death ◦ Russian _ solely folkloric ◦ UZ: Many centers but limited to Tashkent ◦ Cultural Organizations’ autonomy is restricted ◦ TJK: Russian Army ◦ KG: higher degree of activity  More than 25 associations registered, but not active politically
  7. 7.  Lack of strong Russian leader  UZB and TK ◦ No opposition parties can exist ◦ Ethnic minorities do not have the right to political organization. ◦ UZB 5 out of 250_ don’t not present minorities_ member of presidential party ◦ TK: Parliament member_ traced back at least 3 generation  TJK and KG ◦ Russian associations stay within the realms of community and cultural life ◦ Tjk_ no Russian parliament member. ◦ No participation in political activity ◦ KZ: Russian Political Domain _ collapsed in later 1990s  True political life in 1990  Lad_ 1994 won 80 percent of local position in cities…
  8. 8. Dual-citizenship Issues  Importance of dual citizenship due to instability  KZ, KG, and UZ refused to recognize dual citizenship ◦ Interference of Moscow in domestic affairs ◦ KG, KZ signed accord with Russian ◦ October1990, Kazakhs as the “constituent nation of the state”  TK: Dual-citizenship within framework of agreement with Russian, 1993 ◦ 2003, Obliged to choose one citizenship ◦ Non-Turkmen cannot compete in presidential elections  TJK: Const 1995: exception for states that signed specific treaties
  9. 9. Access to Russian Media:  KG: Bilingualism, many Russian channels, newspapers, books come from Russia  TJK: Less accessed by population because of the location  KZ: No Russian TV/ radio broadcast, no newspaper  UZ: Antennae channels were prohibited in 1990s ◦ On accessed through satellite or cable ◦ No Russian newspapers ◦ Limited Russian books are available in large cities
  10. 10. Cont…  TK: Broadcast prohibited in 1994, except ORT channel ◦ Only by satellite antennae by middle class ◦ Newspaper closed except Neitral'nye Turkmenistan ◦ Russian publications forbidden since 2002
  11. 11. Conclusion:  Rights or Russian minorities have been violated  There is less attention of Russian gov’t  The authoritarian regimes are putting more restrictions
  12. 12. Resources:  Peyrouse, Sabastien.“The Russian Minority in Central Asia: Migration, Politics, and Language.” Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.  Laruelle, Marlene. “Russia in Central Asia: Old History, New Challenges?” EUCAM. Sep.2009

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