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Vocational Education Under NEP.ppsx

  3. -Albert Einstein
  4. CONTENTS A. What is Vocational Education and Training(VET)? B. What are its applications? C. Why is it needed? D. How to convince students and their guardians to take up VET? E. Some false facts/stigmas associated with VET F. What are the challenges the Educational System faces?
  5. WHAT IS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION? • Vocational education and Training (VET) is education that prepares people to work as a technician or to take up employment in a skilled craft or trade like tradesperson or artisan. • Vocational education is sometimes referred to as career and technical education. • As opposed to academic education, which focuses on more theoretical and technicalities, vocational education is considered a better alternative when it comes down to quicker school-to-work transition and hands-on experience.
  6. SOME APPLICATIONS FOR VET Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture. Architecture and Construction Science Computer Science and IT Business Management Art and Craft Education Engineering
  7. SOME APPLICATIONS FOR VET Humanities Law Personal Care and Fitness Media Studies Social science Hospitality and Travel Health Science
  8. “Instead of worrying about what people say of you, why not spend time trying to accomplish something they will admire.” — Dale Carnegie
  9. WHY VET PROGRAMS ARE NEEDED?  It is very clear that Education System in India is being overwhelmed by sheer numbers and thus, is unable to provide quality education for a large population.  The poor and under-privileged have always received the short stick because they often have to deal with financial and social pressures along with lower quality of education and less chance of return on their self investments.  Thus, in 2014-15, 17.06% of students in secondary education dropped out. For members of Scheduled Tribes, that number is 24.68%.*  Thus, lets analyse why they do so. For ease of understanding, we have categorised them into two groups. Group A, which can be curbed by VET and Group B, which are challenges faced by entire Educational System itself. ESAG-2018 *Source: •Data: National Institute of Educational Planning & Administration, New Delhi
  10. What Are The ? Group A Group B Note: Marriage and Engagement in Domestic activities constitute about 13.90% and 29.70%, respectively, of reasons for dropping out in women, whereas in men these numbers add up to mere 4.80%. Also, safety and hygiene is also an issue in many rural areas. Lack of interest • (23.80% M; 15.60% F) Financial Constraints • (23.70% M; 15.20% F) Engage in Economic Activities • (31.00% M; 4.90% F) Unable to cope up with studies • (5.4% M; 4.60% F) School is far off • (0.5% M ; 3.4% F) Inadequate/Unsuitable educational institutions • (NA)
  11. Group A 78% Group B 6% Others 16% For Men  Although, there is a long road ahead of us, and it is not possible to curb all the problems at once, VET does offer aid in lots of these cases.  Financial responsibilities and restraints can be easily overcome by quick training and employment post-training as students learn on the job.  However, due to lack of infrastructure and instructors, there is still time till the full potential of vocational training can be realized Group A 36% Group B 8% Others 56% For Women
  12. BEFORE GETTING STARTED When a person is about to make a choice that determines the direction they go in their lives, they need to make it out of their free will and with a sound mindset. Thus, counselors and teachers advising students must be well informed and systematic towards their approach.
  13. ABILITY-DRIVEN V/S DREAM-DRIVEN Most people often choose a career on basis of their fascinations and haven’t actually analyzed their skills and performance. However, this can be fatal if they fail and this often wrecks havoc on their self-esteem. • Ask the students not to rush their decisions under the influence of their peers. Everyone differs in abilities and intelligence so one size DOESN’T fit all. • Highlight the fact that their ability to capitalize what they CAN do is the essence of earning a livelihood. • Explain to them what skills are required for different careers and compare them with theirs.
  14. MONEY AND PASSION Money can be used to exchange goods and services, thus holds a great value. Meanwhile, passion can influence willingness of a person to learn and perfect their craft. These factors play a role in decision making. • Often, people choose their careers not on the basis of passion, but on basis of job stability and monetary purposes. • Advice them not to use perceived notion of pleasure in deciding their careers. More often than not, they underestimate the amount of work they will have to put in an activity that they THINK they can do effortlessly. It is a fundamentally flawed concept. • Help them in understanding which fields are likely to give them best returns towards their investments. "If passion drives you, let reason hold the reins. -Benjamin Franklin
  15. FORMING THE MINDSET There is no instruction manual for life. We all try to imitate our peers in hope of figuring out what is best for us. In the digital age, information is in surplus. Thus it is imperative that children have a healthy mindset towards all aspects of their lives. • Advice students that life does not turn the way that they plan. Life is full of opportunities and surprises. Thus they must be able to utilize them to the best extent. • Most of the people change their jobs and even career fields depending on the circumstances. They should be resilient enough to cope with the changes. • Help them understand that all adults face confusions, hardships and problems and it is a part of growth. They should be willing to take the risks in fields they choose. Take risks: if you win, you will be happy; if you lose, you will be wise.” Swami Vivekananda.
  16. With school turning out more runners, jumpers, racers, tinkerers, grabbers, snatchers, fliers, and swimmers instead of examiners, critics, knowers, and imaginative creators, the word ‘intellectual,’ of course, became the swear word it deserved to be. -Ray Bradbury
  17. Common Myths/Stigma • VET is undignified/inferior to academic education. • VET is sometimes seen as an option for those who did not gain entry into mainstream colleges. • Many people are in a lower-paying role compared to those with ‘academic’ education. • Doors for higher studies are closed for VET students.
  18. Myth 1: VET is ‘inferior’ to Academics
  19. Myth 2: VET is good-for-nothing Hania Syed Writer
  20. Myth 3: VET jobs are low-paying
  21. Myth 4: No Vertical Mobility in Education Source • NEP 2020, para 16.6
  22. Challenges for VET  As of now, 93% of workforce is in unorganized sectors, out of which only 2% undergo formal training. Every year, 1.28 crore individuals join these numbers. However, current Skill Development capacity rests at mere 31 lakh.  Out of 2,49,089 secondary schools, only 2,822 PAN India offer bothVET courses and counselling to students which is nowhere near sufficient by any means to achieve the target of 50 crore skilled students by 2022.  Furthermore, people often scrutinize and stay away from things that are alien to them. It is very hard for human mind to let go of its biases and pre-formed intuitions regardless of evidence.  Teachers and counsellors cannot convince others about what they themselves know little of.VET is a relatively untreaded path in formal education.Thus, it will take time for people to familiarise themselves with different prospects of VET.
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