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ERASMUS+ Project
Action Key 2
” No Stereotypes But Diversity”
Strategic Partnerships for Schools
01.09.2017 - 31.08.2019
INTRODUCTION
PRE-SCHOOL
PRIMARY
MIDDLE SCHOOL
HIGH SCHOOL
VOCATIONAL
HIGHER
THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION
The right to education is written in theConstitution of Romania,
Title II, Chapter II, Article 32. It includes 7 points:
 Compulsory general education, high schools and vocational schools, higher
education.
 Education - in Romanian language.
 Minorities have the right to learn and be educated in their mother tongue.
 State education - free.
 Education at all levels shall take place in state, private, or confessionalinstitutions.
 Autonomy of the Universities
 Freedom of religious education.
The NATIONAL EDUCATION LAWof Romania was
published in Official Monitor, part I, number 18, at 10th
of January 2011.
According to The National Education Law, the Romanian
school system is organized as it follows:
Pre-school
Primary
Secondary
High school
Vocational
Higher
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION
KINDERGARTEN
 It allows childrenaged 3-6/7
to attend preschool orpre-
primary education.
 The preschool education
system has afour level
structure:
• Small Group(3–4)
• Middle Group(4–5)
• Big Group(5–6)
• PreparatoryClass
The children are usuallyfed
breakfast andlunch and, in some
cases, theysleep in the
afternoon.
 Art area (drawing, painting,
crafts)
 Role play and drama Construction
(building blocks, lego)
 Social education
 Cultural education
 Health education
 Traffic
 Religious education
 Ecological education
 Language (English, German) &
Communication
 Mathematics
 Environment
 Music
 Practical education
 Physical education (dance,
swimming)
PRIMARY EDUCATION
 operates according to a morning
program.
 years4 (grades 1-4)
 pupils aged 7-10.
 A single teacher - for the most
subjects. Additional teachers are
assigned only for a few
specialized subjects.
 At the end of nd and 4th grade2
- Math and Romanian language
exams.
SUBJECTS for Primary Education
 4 classes of  Math
 4-5 classes of  Romanian Language
 1 class of  History
 1 class of  Geography
 1-2 classes of  Science
 2 classes of  Art  (painting and
handcrafting)
 1-3 classes of a foreign language
(French , English  or German)
 1 or 2 classes of Introduction to
computers
 1 class of Civic Education
 1 of Religion
 1 of Music
 2 of P.E.
MIDDLE SCHOOL
EDUCATION
 Organized and operates as day
time education.
 4 years (grades 5-8)
 pupils aged 11-14.
 Classes are reshaped.
 Many schools have special classes
(such as intensive English classes
or Informatics classes).
 Pupils have a different teacher for
each subject.
 Each class has a teacher
designated to be the class
principal.
NUMBER OF CLASSES/ WEEK SUBJECT
4 MATH
4 ROMANIAN LANGUAGE
2 HISTORY
2 GEOGRAPHY
2 BIOLOGY
1 I.T.C.
4 FOREIGN LANGUAGE
2 FOREIGN LANGUAGE II
2 PHYSICS
2 CHEMISTRY
1 LATIN LANGUAGE
1 ART AND MUSIC
1 RELIGION
1 CIVIC EDUCATION
1 TECHNOLOGY
2 P.E.
 At the end of 6th and 8th grade -
Math, Romanian language,
Geography/ History exams.
 At the end of the 8th year of school
(at age 14 or 15) a nation-wide test is
taken by all students:
The National Test.
HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
It comprises the following programs:
 The theoretical program – science and humanities
 The technological program – technical, services, natural and
environmental protection
 The vocational program – military, theological, sports, artistic, and
pedagogic
ACADEMIC PROGRAMS
 THEORETICAL
 SCIENCE  - Mathematics and Computer Programming or Earth Studies
 HUMANITIES  - Social studies or Languages (3-4 modern languages, 4 years of Latin/
Ancient Greek, literature, social sciences, History, Geography)
 TECHNICAL
 Qualification in a technical field: electrician, industrial machine operator, traindriver,
mechanic.
 VOCATIONAL
 Qualification in a non-technical field: kindergarten educator, assistant architect,
pedagogue.
 SERVICES AND ECONOMICS
 Qualification in the fields of services: waiter, chef, tourism operator.
Graduating highschool students must take
the National Baccalaureate Exam (known as The BAC .)
It comprises:
 2 or 3 oral examinations;
 4 or 5 written examinations.
To pass, a student must obtain an average score of at least
6.00 and at least 5.00 at each of the individual exam.
 organized in vocational schools;
 subordinate to state or private technological high-schools.
Enrolling in a vocational high school must be preceeded by an aptitudinal test (e.g.:
artistic, sportive). The programs offered in Romania are:
 Sportive program
 Military program
 Theologic program
 Art program
 Pedagogic program
• 112 universities and colleges of higher education
• the 54 state universities and colleges receive funding from the central
government
• undergraduate and graduate programs: all fields of study.
The duration of the undergraduate programs varies:
 6-8 semesters: Science, Humanities, Economic, Social Sciences, Law,
Communication Sciences
 10 semesters: Engineering, Agriculture and Forestry
 12 semesters: Architecture, Medicine and Veterinary Sciences
The duration of the graduate programsalso varies:
 M.A. – 2 years
 PhD. – 3 years
THE ADMISSION PROCESS
There is no integrated admission scheme:
 Some universities will give an "admission exam" in a high-school subject
 Other universities developed a system of admission based onessays,
interviews and performance assessments.
THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM:
Teaching methodswithin universities and colleges consist of:
 lectures
 seminars
 student essays
 research activities.
The academic year runs from 1 October through June and is
divided into semesters of approximately 14weeks each.
The Romanian grading system is from 1 to 10, with 10 the
highest mark and 5 the minimum grade to pass.
There are both private and public institutions in forms of:
 University
 Academy (training specialists)
 Polytechnical University (technical and practical fields of study)
 Institute (which awards professional degrees based on study and professional
experience in limited specializations)
 University College*
 PostgraduateSchools
Education is the most powerful weapon
which you can use to change the world.
- Nelson Mandela
This presentation was prepared as partof the students documentation
and learning activities, in the context of the
program Erasmus+ School Key Action 2— Cooperation for innovation
and the exchange of good practices– Strategic partnerships in the field
of education, training and youth.
Name of the project: NO STEREOTYPES BUT DIVERSITY
Code:2017-1-HU01-KA219-
035974_4
This material does not reflect European Union’s opinion.
We have used informations and photos from the Internet
which are not under our rights of author.

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Romanian educatioanal system

  • 1. ERASMUS+ Project Action Key 2 ” No Stereotypes But Diversity” Strategic Partnerships for Schools 01.09.2017 - 31.08.2019
  • 2.
  • 4. THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION The right to education is written in theConstitution of Romania, Title II, Chapter II, Article 32. It includes 7 points:  Compulsory general education, high schools and vocational schools, higher education.  Education - in Romanian language.  Minorities have the right to learn and be educated in their mother tongue.  State education - free.  Education at all levels shall take place in state, private, or confessionalinstitutions.  Autonomy of the Universities  Freedom of religious education.
  • 5. The NATIONAL EDUCATION LAWof Romania was published in Official Monitor, part I, number 18, at 10th of January 2011. According to The National Education Law, the Romanian school system is organized as it follows: Pre-school Primary Secondary High school Vocational Higher
  • 6. PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION KINDERGARTEN  It allows childrenaged 3-6/7 to attend preschool orpre- primary education.  The preschool education system has afour level structure: • Small Group(3–4) • Middle Group(4–5) • Big Group(5–6) • PreparatoryClass The children are usuallyfed breakfast andlunch and, in some cases, theysleep in the afternoon.
  • 7.  Art area (drawing, painting, crafts)  Role play and drama Construction (building blocks, lego)  Social education  Cultural education  Health education  Traffic  Religious education  Ecological education  Language (English, German) & Communication  Mathematics  Environment  Music  Practical education  Physical education (dance, swimming)
  • 8.
  • 9. PRIMARY EDUCATION  operates according to a morning program.  years4 (grades 1-4)  pupils aged 7-10.  A single teacher - for the most subjects. Additional teachers are assigned only for a few specialized subjects.  At the end of nd and 4th grade2 - Math and Romanian language exams.
  • 10. SUBJECTS for Primary Education  4 classes of  Math  4-5 classes of  Romanian Language  1 class of  History  1 class of  Geography  1-2 classes of  Science  2 classes of  Art  (painting and handcrafting)  1-3 classes of a foreign language (French , English  or German)  1 or 2 classes of Introduction to computers  1 class of Civic Education  1 of Religion  1 of Music  2 of P.E.
  • 11. MIDDLE SCHOOL EDUCATION  Organized and operates as day time education.  4 years (grades 5-8)  pupils aged 11-14.  Classes are reshaped.  Many schools have special classes (such as intensive English classes or Informatics classes).  Pupils have a different teacher for each subject.  Each class has a teacher designated to be the class principal.
  • 12. NUMBER OF CLASSES/ WEEK SUBJECT 4 MATH 4 ROMANIAN LANGUAGE 2 HISTORY 2 GEOGRAPHY 2 BIOLOGY 1 I.T.C. 4 FOREIGN LANGUAGE 2 FOREIGN LANGUAGE II 2 PHYSICS 2 CHEMISTRY 1 LATIN LANGUAGE 1 ART AND MUSIC 1 RELIGION 1 CIVIC EDUCATION 1 TECHNOLOGY 2 P.E.
  • 13.  At the end of 6th and 8th grade - Math, Romanian language, Geography/ History exams.  At the end of the 8th year of school (at age 14 or 15) a nation-wide test is taken by all students: The National Test.
  • 14. HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION It comprises the following programs:  The theoretical program – science and humanities  The technological program – technical, services, natural and environmental protection  The vocational program – military, theological, sports, artistic, and pedagogic
  • 15. ACADEMIC PROGRAMS  THEORETICAL  SCIENCE  - Mathematics and Computer Programming or Earth Studies  HUMANITIES  - Social studies or Languages (3-4 modern languages, 4 years of Latin/ Ancient Greek, literature, social sciences, History, Geography)  TECHNICAL  Qualification in a technical field: electrician, industrial machine operator, traindriver, mechanic.  VOCATIONAL  Qualification in a non-technical field: kindergarten educator, assistant architect, pedagogue.  SERVICES AND ECONOMICS  Qualification in the fields of services: waiter, chef, tourism operator.
  • 16. Graduating highschool students must take the National Baccalaureate Exam (known as The BAC .) It comprises:  2 or 3 oral examinations;  4 or 5 written examinations. To pass, a student must obtain an average score of at least 6.00 and at least 5.00 at each of the individual exam.
  • 17.  organized in vocational schools;  subordinate to state or private technological high-schools. Enrolling in a vocational high school must be preceeded by an aptitudinal test (e.g.: artistic, sportive). The programs offered in Romania are:  Sportive program  Military program  Theologic program  Art program  Pedagogic program
  • 18. • 112 universities and colleges of higher education • the 54 state universities and colleges receive funding from the central government • undergraduate and graduate programs: all fields of study. The duration of the undergraduate programs varies:  6-8 semesters: Science, Humanities, Economic, Social Sciences, Law, Communication Sciences  10 semesters: Engineering, Agriculture and Forestry  12 semesters: Architecture, Medicine and Veterinary Sciences The duration of the graduate programsalso varies:  M.A. – 2 years  PhD. – 3 years
  • 19.
  • 20. THE ADMISSION PROCESS There is no integrated admission scheme:  Some universities will give an "admission exam" in a high-school subject  Other universities developed a system of admission based onessays, interviews and performance assessments. THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM: Teaching methodswithin universities and colleges consist of:  lectures  seminars  student essays  research activities. The academic year runs from 1 October through June and is divided into semesters of approximately 14weeks each. The Romanian grading system is from 1 to 10, with 10 the highest mark and 5 the minimum grade to pass.
  • 21. There are both private and public institutions in forms of:  University  Academy (training specialists)  Polytechnical University (technical and practical fields of study)  Institute (which awards professional degrees based on study and professional experience in limited specializations)  University College*  PostgraduateSchools
  • 22. Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. - Nelson Mandela
  • 23. This presentation was prepared as partof the students documentation and learning activities, in the context of the program Erasmus+ School Key Action 2— Cooperation for innovation and the exchange of good practices– Strategic partnerships in the field of education, training and youth. Name of the project: NO STEREOTYPES BUT DIVERSITY Code:2017-1-HU01-KA219- 035974_4 This material does not reflect European Union’s opinion. We have used informations and photos from the Internet which are not under our rights of author.