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NUTRITION LABELING AND CLAIMS IN
THE PHILIPPINES-AN UPDATE
HELENA S. ALCARAZ, RND., MSc.
Mandatory Nutrition Labeling
uAO 2014-0030-Revised Rules and Regulations
Governing the Labeling of Prepackaged Food
Products Further Amending Certain Provisions of
AO No. 88-B s. 1984 or the Rules and
Regulations Governing the Labeling of
Prepackaged Food Products Distributed in the
Philippines and for Other Purposes
NUTRITION LABELING
u Nutrition facts shall be presented in tabular form
u All nutrient quantities shall be declared in relation to the
average or usual serving in terms of slices, pieces or a
specified weight or volume.
Nutrition Labeling
u Declaration of nutrients can be expressed in unit per serving or
% Recommended Energy and Nutrient (RENI) Intake or both.
u Locally manufactured food products intended for local
consumption shall also indicate the corresponding RENI values
in actual percentage expressed in whole numbers.
u Nutrients present in amounts less than 2% of the RENI shall be
indicated by the statement “contains less (or symbol “<“) 2% or
by an asterisk referring to this statement.
FORMAT OF NUTRITION FACTS
Nutrition Labeling
u For purposes of computing the nutrient content expressed in
terms of % RENI the computation shall be be based on RENI for
male adults (19-29 yrs old). In cases of food products intended
for a specific group, RENI values shall be based on that age
group and such fact shall be indicated on the label.
u Actual nutrient values or content must be consistent with the
nutrient label declarations.
u The values used in nutrient declaration should be weighted
average values derived from analyses of a product being
labelled.
Tolerance Limit
Nutrition Labeling Exemptions
u Foods for Special Dietary Uses and Foods for Special Medical Purposes
covered by a separated guideline or Codex Standard
u Bottled drinking water
u Prepackaged foods in multi units retail packages such as candies with
surface area of less than 10cm2 when sold together with the primary
packaging.
u Foods served or sold in restaurants which are not labeled or
prepackaged; available to the consumer for immedicate consumption.
u Foods that contain insignificant amounts of all nutrients to be listed in
nutrition labeling (e.g. Coffee and most spices, flavor extract, food
color, etc.) as determined by FDA
Nutrition Labeling Exemptions
u Foods sold from bulk containers except products covered by
mandatory fortification provided that nutrition information is
provided at point of sale.
u Foods for infants and young children such as infant formula, follow up
formula which should follow their own labeling standard
u Alcoholic beverages
u Other products that maybe identified by the FDA through appropriate
issuance.
FRONT OF PACK LABELING
Front of Pack for Energy Value is being implemented on a
voluntary basis. The total amount of energy and the
corresponding % RENI are declared in the front panel of the
label.
Each serving
contains
60 kcal
10% RENI
FDAAdvisory
u FDAAdvisory was issued to serve as consumer tips on the use of front
of pack label for making healthy dietary choices.
NUTRITION AND HEALTH CLAIMS
u The rules on any use of nutrition claims or health
claims in food shall be covered by the rules of
B.C. 2007-002 (Guidelines on the Use of Health
and Nutrition Claims in Food) based on the Codex
Guidelines.
NUTRITION CLAIMS
u The only nutrition claims allowed are those relating to the
energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and its components,
fiber, sodium, vitamins and minerals with Nutrient
Reference Value (NRV)
u The NRV is based on the latest Recommended Energy and
Nutrient Intakes (RENI)
NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIMS
u Nutrient content claims should conform to the Table of
Conditions for nutrient content.
Example:
Claim Conditions (not > than)
Low Fat 3 g per 100 g (solids)
1.5. g per 100 ml (liquids)
Fat Free 0.5 g per 100 g (solids)
or per 100 ml (liquids)
COMPARATIVE CLAIMS
CONDITIONS FOR COMPARATIVE CLAIMS:
u State the amount of difference in the energy value or
nutrient content. Indicate the following:
a) The amount of difference related to the same quantity
(%, fraction or amount). Full details should be given. (ex.
30% less sodium than the regular variant)
b) The identity of the food to which the food is being
compared
HEALTH CLAIMS
CONDITIONS FOR HEALTH CLAIMS:
u Must be based on current relevant and scientific facts and
the level of proof is sufficient to support the claimed
effect and the relationship to health.
u Must be acceptable to the competent authority where the
food is sold.
u The claimed benefit should arise from the consumption of
a reasonable quantity of the food or food constituent.
Other Conditions for Health Claims
u If the claimed benefit is attributed to a nutrient with
established reference value, the food should be:
1. Source of or high in the nutrient/constituent
2. Low in or reduced in or free of the nutrient/food
constituent
u Only those essential nutrients for which Nutrient
Reference Values (RENI) have been established should be
the subject of a nutrient function claim
Other
Health claims
• Should have a clear regulatory framework for
qualifying and/or disqualifying conditions for
eligibility to use. Claims that increase the risk of
disease or adverse health-related conditions are
prohibited.
- Must have a validated method to quantify the
food constituent that forms the basis of the claim.

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Philippines Nutrition and Labelling Claims 2015

  • 1. NUTRITION LABELING AND CLAIMS IN THE PHILIPPINES-AN UPDATE HELENA S. ALCARAZ, RND., MSc.
  • 2. Mandatory Nutrition Labeling uAO 2014-0030-Revised Rules and Regulations Governing the Labeling of Prepackaged Food Products Further Amending Certain Provisions of AO No. 88-B s. 1984 or the Rules and Regulations Governing the Labeling of Prepackaged Food Products Distributed in the Philippines and for Other Purposes
  • 3. NUTRITION LABELING u Nutrition facts shall be presented in tabular form u All nutrient quantities shall be declared in relation to the average or usual serving in terms of slices, pieces or a specified weight or volume.
  • 4. Nutrition Labeling u Declaration of nutrients can be expressed in unit per serving or % Recommended Energy and Nutrient (RENI) Intake or both. u Locally manufactured food products intended for local consumption shall also indicate the corresponding RENI values in actual percentage expressed in whole numbers. u Nutrients present in amounts less than 2% of the RENI shall be indicated by the statement “contains less (or symbol “<“) 2% or by an asterisk referring to this statement.
  • 6. Nutrition Labeling u For purposes of computing the nutrient content expressed in terms of % RENI the computation shall be be based on RENI for male adults (19-29 yrs old). In cases of food products intended for a specific group, RENI values shall be based on that age group and such fact shall be indicated on the label. u Actual nutrient values or content must be consistent with the nutrient label declarations. u The values used in nutrient declaration should be weighted average values derived from analyses of a product being labelled.
  • 8. Nutrition Labeling Exemptions u Foods for Special Dietary Uses and Foods for Special Medical Purposes covered by a separated guideline or Codex Standard u Bottled drinking water u Prepackaged foods in multi units retail packages such as candies with surface area of less than 10cm2 when sold together with the primary packaging. u Foods served or sold in restaurants which are not labeled or prepackaged; available to the consumer for immedicate consumption. u Foods that contain insignificant amounts of all nutrients to be listed in nutrition labeling (e.g. Coffee and most spices, flavor extract, food color, etc.) as determined by FDA
  • 9. Nutrition Labeling Exemptions u Foods sold from bulk containers except products covered by mandatory fortification provided that nutrition information is provided at point of sale. u Foods for infants and young children such as infant formula, follow up formula which should follow their own labeling standard u Alcoholic beverages u Other products that maybe identified by the FDA through appropriate issuance.
  • 10. FRONT OF PACK LABELING Front of Pack for Energy Value is being implemented on a voluntary basis. The total amount of energy and the corresponding % RENI are declared in the front panel of the label. Each serving contains 60 kcal 10% RENI
  • 11. FDAAdvisory u FDAAdvisory was issued to serve as consumer tips on the use of front of pack label for making healthy dietary choices.
  • 12. NUTRITION AND HEALTH CLAIMS u The rules on any use of nutrition claims or health claims in food shall be covered by the rules of B.C. 2007-002 (Guidelines on the Use of Health and Nutrition Claims in Food) based on the Codex Guidelines.
  • 13. NUTRITION CLAIMS u The only nutrition claims allowed are those relating to the energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and its components, fiber, sodium, vitamins and minerals with Nutrient Reference Value (NRV) u The NRV is based on the latest Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes (RENI)
  • 14. NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIMS u Nutrient content claims should conform to the Table of Conditions for nutrient content. Example: Claim Conditions (not > than) Low Fat 3 g per 100 g (solids) 1.5. g per 100 ml (liquids) Fat Free 0.5 g per 100 g (solids) or per 100 ml (liquids)
  • 15. COMPARATIVE CLAIMS CONDITIONS FOR COMPARATIVE CLAIMS: u State the amount of difference in the energy value or nutrient content. Indicate the following: a) The amount of difference related to the same quantity (%, fraction or amount). Full details should be given. (ex. 30% less sodium than the regular variant) b) The identity of the food to which the food is being compared
  • 16. HEALTH CLAIMS CONDITIONS FOR HEALTH CLAIMS: u Must be based on current relevant and scientific facts and the level of proof is sufficient to support the claimed effect and the relationship to health. u Must be acceptable to the competent authority where the food is sold. u The claimed benefit should arise from the consumption of a reasonable quantity of the food or food constituent.
  • 17. Other Conditions for Health Claims u If the claimed benefit is attributed to a nutrient with established reference value, the food should be: 1. Source of or high in the nutrient/constituent 2. Low in or reduced in or free of the nutrient/food constituent u Only those essential nutrients for which Nutrient Reference Values (RENI) have been established should be the subject of a nutrient function claim
  • 18. Other Health claims • Should have a clear regulatory framework for qualifying and/or disqualifying conditions for eligibility to use. Claims that increase the risk of disease or adverse health-related conditions are prohibited. - Must have a validated method to quantify the food constituent that forms the basis of the claim.