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AIDS

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease

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AIDS

  1. 1. Presented BY Mr. Abhay Rajpoot
  2. 2. DEFINITION AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). The disease alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases.
  3. 3. INCIDENCE • Global situation and trends: Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 70 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and about 35 million people have died of HIV. Globally, 36.7 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2018. • India had 2.1 million people living with HIV at the end of 2018. • Of these, 9,100 infected were children under age 15 years.
  4. 4. HIV & AIDS • HIV is the virus, which attacks the T-cells in the immune system. • AIDS is the syndrome, which appears in the advanced stage of HIV infection.
  5. 5. HIV TRANSMISSION • Blood transmission • Perinatal transmission • Sexual transmission
  6. 6. SYMPTOMS • Fever • Chills • Joint pain • Muscle aches • Sweats (particularly at night) • Sore throat • A red rash • Tiredness • Weakness • Weight loss
  7. 7. DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION HIV blood test: Diagnosis is made through a blood test that screens specifically for the virus. If the HIV virus has been found, the test result is "positive." The blood is re-tested several times before a positive result is given to the patient.
  8. 8. HIV TEST KIT

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