1. HUMAN RESOUCE MANGEMENT
Human: refers to the skilled person in an
Resource: refers to limited availability or scarce.
Management: refers how to optimize and make best
use of such limited or scarce resource so as to meet
the organization goals and objectives.
Human Resource Management is the process of
recruiting, selecting, inducting employees, providing
orientation, imparting training and development ,
appraising the performance of employee and their
safety, welfare and healthy measure .
The quality and effectiveness of the organization is
determined by the quality of the people that are
employed. Success for most organizations depends
on finding the employees with the skills to successfully
perform the tasks required to attain the company’s
strategic goals. Management decisions and processes
for dealing with employees are critical to ensure that
the organization gets and keeps the right staff.
Edwin Flippo defines- Human Resource Management as
“planning, organizing, directing, controlling of procurement,
development, compensation, integration , maintenance and
separation of human resources to the end that individual,
organizational and social objectives are achieved.”
According to Decenzo and Robbins, “Human Resource
Management is concerned with the people dimension” in
management. Since every organization is made up of people,
acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating
them to higher levels of performance and ensuring that they
continue to maintain their commitment to the organization is
essential to achieve organsational objectives. This is true,
regardless of the type of organization – government, business,
education, health or social action”.
Personnel management was to
extract work from an employee for
the remuneration paid.
Human resource management is to
see what should be given to an
employee for extracting the desired
Approach Traditional Modern
Treatment of manpower Machines or Tools Asset
Type of function Routine function Strategic function
Basis of Pay Job Evaluation Performance Evaluation
Management Role Transactional Transformational
Communication Indirect Direct
Labor Management Collective Bargaining Contracts Individual Contracts
Initiatives Piecemeal Integrated
Management Actions Procedure Business needs
Decision Making Slow Fast
Job Design Division of Labor Groups/Teams
Primarily on mundane activities like
employee hiring, remunerating, training,
Treat manpower of the organization as
valued assets, to be valued, used and
7. OBJECTIVE OF HRM
1. To assist in securing the goals set by the
2. To help the employee in securing the personal
goals for the personal Growth.
3. To make max Utilisation of employee’s potential.
4. To enhance job satisfaction to employee.
5. To improve Quality of work life .
6. To maintain discipline among employees.
7. To focus on Quality performance .
8. To increase organisational productivity .
9. To update the employee regarding managerial