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How to conduct e.drill.pptx

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How to conduct e.drill.pptx

  1. 1. HOW TO CONDUCT AN EARTHQUAKE DRILL IN SCHOOL PRIMER for Teachers ALFREDO R. BREQUILLO JR. MAED, LPT Presenter
  2. 2. TRAINING OUTLINE At the end of the lecture/topic, participants will be able to; 1. Understand the stages in conducting earthquake drill in school 2. Master and apply the phases of an earthquake drill and 3. Make their own hazard map base on their grade level.
  3. 3. Stage 1 : Form a School Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council ( SDRRMC ) Over-all Coordinator First Aid Team Fire Safety Team Communication Team Building Safety Inspection Team Evacuation Team Site Security Team
  4. 4. Prepare SURVIVAL KI Basic items inside an earthquake survival kit : 1. First Aid kit ( Alcohol, Bandages, Absorbent Cotton, Gauze, Mask, Adhesive plasters, and medicines ) 2. Food 3. Bottled water 4. Flashlight and extra batteries 5. Radio ( Battery
  5. 5. 1.Lighters and matches 2.Whistle 3.Knife 4.Blankets and spare clothes 5.Rope –at least 7 meters long 6.Toiletries 7.Cash and emergency contact number
  6. 6. SDMC should; Have the yearly update on information of school population. Prepare the most recent school map. Prepare the building floor plan of building.
  7. 7. SDMC should conduct a SCHOOL WATCHING EXERCISE  Observe safe and unsafe zones. Suggest correction for improvement. Asses the structural integrity of the building/s. Asses if the school location is flood, fire ,earthquake prone.
  8. 8. Good practice and safe zones:  swing out door Wide corridors Wide open space for evacuation Fire exits Public alarm system
  9. 9. Some of the unsafe zones: • windows and glass panes •Book shelves, machinery, cabinets and furniture that may topple or slide.
  10. 10. Stage 2 : Developing the Earthquake Evacuation Plan
  11. 11. Use all available OPEN SPACE nearest to the building Determine if there is sufficient open space for all, set a buffer zone from the building. Length x width = area ( How many pupils? / 1 square meter ) EVACUATION AREA EVACUATION AREA EVACUATIO N AREA
  12. 12. Consider the number of pupils in each building ( per se Make sure that the evacuation route will not expose the pupils to additional hazards
  13. 13. Stage 3 : Orientation Prior to the Earthquake Drill
  14. 14. A . Preparation 1.Conduct of lectures about earthquake. 2.Conduct classroom hazards observation activity. 3.Introduce evacuation plan. 4.Introduced assigned evacuation area. 5.Post the school evacuation map in every classroom and bulletin board.
  15. 15. 7. Assign observers and evaluators who will give comments and suggestions. 8. Inform the neighborhood about the drill 9. Check available alarm system. 10. Assign class Marshall. 11. Take note of the persons with disability ( PWD ) and identify their locations for evacuation. 12. Assign Marshalls to assist the PWD during evacuation.
  16. 16. B. Protect yourself Keep away from glass window and heavy shelves. What to do DURING an earthquake. DUCK, COVER and HOLD Watch out for falling objects. Keep calm and don’t panic.
  17. 17. Stage 4 : Actual Conduct of an Earthquake Drill
  18. 18. PHASES OF AN EARTHQUAKE
  19. 19. Phase 1. Alarm During the drill, the 1- minute alarm (siren,bell or Batingaw ) indicates earthquake or shaking .
  20. 20. Phase 2. Response While the alarm is ongoing, perform the “ duck, cover and hold “. Remain in this position until the “ shaking “ stops. Take cover under a sturdy table and hold to your cover until the shaking stops.
  21. 21. Phase 3. Evacuation As soon the shaking stops, immediately evacuate the school building and proceed to identified evacuation areas using the pre- determined routes guided by the class marshal or teacher.
  22. 22. Phase 4. Assembly At the designated evacuation area , students/pupil s must be grouped according to the class where they belong
  23. 23. Phase 5. Head Count Teachers should check and make sure all pupils/students are accounted for.
  24. 24. Phase 6. Evaluation The over-all coordinator will announce the termination of drill or “ All clear “. Observers will give their comments and suggestions when all gathered in the evacuation area.
  25. 25. WHEN IS THE TIME TO EVACUATE? After a very strong earthquake wherein you lose balance or could not stand, and heavy objects and furniture start moved or shifted. As need arises or as declared by the authorities.
  26. 26. THANK YOU…….

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