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How to Improve Your Library
Instruction: Assessment in Five
Minutes
Sarah Steiner
January 8, 2014
During Today’s Class, We Will…
• Analyze the purpose and benefits of quick
assessment in one-shot instruction sessions.
• ...
Our Focus
Classroom assessment
(versus programmatic or institutional)

http://www.flickr.com/photos/rogersg/3814863064/
What Can Quick Classroom
Assessment Do?
• It can identify instructional gaps or disconnects.
• It can help you determine h...
What Should I Assess?
• To assess:
– Comprehension
– Retention
– Achievement of learning outcomes

• Not to assess:
–
–
–
...
Have you ever written learning
objectives or outcomes?
•
•
•
•

Nope, not yet.
Yes, a few times.
Yes, regularly.
I’m not s...
Learning Outcomes
“A Learning Outcome is a statement of what
the student should understand and be able to
do as a result o...
A Good Learning Outcome Will…
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Set a time frame and a context.
Identify the audience.
Be jargon-free.
Be mea...
Determine the Class Priorities
• Choose three to five
– What must the students accomplish?
– What must they know in order ...
Write the Learning Outcomes
Stem + Verb + Product/Outcome

http://www.flickr.com/photos/jjpacres/3293117576/
Stem
By the end of this class, you will be
able to…

http://www.flickr.com/photos/47108884@N07/4594962925/
Verb: Bloom’s Taxonomy

http://www.flickr.com/photos/tryingmyhardist/1366874433/
Choose Verbs: Knowledge
Students will…
define, describe, identify, know, label, list, match,
name, outline, recall, recogn...
Choose Verbs: Comprehension
Students will…
comprehend, convert, defend, distinguish, estimate,
explain, extend, generalize...
Choose Verbs: Application
Students will…
apply, change, compute, construct, demonstrate,
discover, manipulate, modify, ope...
Choose Verbs: Analysis
Students will…
analyze, break down, compare, contrast, diagram,
deconstruct, differentiate, discrim...
Choose Verbs: Synthesis
Students will…
categorize, combine, compile, compose, create,
devise, design, explain, generate, m...
Choose Verbs: Evaluation
Students will…
appraise, compare, conclude, contrast, criticize,
critique, defend, describe, disc...
Add Product or Outcome
What do they need?
• A book on their topic
• A thesis statement
• Keyword search strategies (basic ...
All Together Now!
Stem + Verb + Product/Outcome
By the end of this class, you will be able to
identify a scholarly source ...
What’s Wrong Here?
Today I’ll talk about…
1. The library website.
2. Database searching for peer-reviewed
journals using b...
Question Time

http://www.flickr.com/photos/sugarhiccuphiccup/5485691671/
Have you ever assessed
students’ achievement of preset learning outcomes?
•
•
•
•

Nope, not yet.
Yes, a few times.
Yes, r...
Today’s Assessment Tools
• Polls
• Quizzes (pre and post or post only)
• Minute papers

http://www.flickr.com/photos/azari...
Polls
Poll Example Questions
• How many of you have had a library
instruction class here before?
• Is this an article or a journ...
Quizzes
Quiz Example Questions
The Good, the Bad, the Ugly
Minute Papers

http://www.flickr.com/photos/holtsman/4331034955/
Minute Paper Example Questions
Best Practices for Question
Drafting
• Convert your learning outcomes to
questions.
• Include three to five “meaty” questi...
Best Practices for Question
Drafting
• Get a reviewer.
• If at first you don’t succeed….

More help with constructing ques...
Review Responses
• On the spot? Yes!
• Look for…
• Percentage of correct answers.
• Trends in missed answers.
• What to ch...
Verbal Setup

http://www.flickr.com/photos/twenty_questions/2348686991/
Survey and Poll Tools
• SurveyMonkey:
http://www.surveymonkey.com
• Poll Daddy:
http://polldaddy.com/
• Poll Everywhere:
h...
SurveyMonkey
PollDaddy
Poll Everywhere
Google Forms in Google Drive
Review
• Write learning outcomes.
• Base your questions on the
outcomes and on your needs.
• Review and reflect on the ans...
Thank you!
Contact me at ssteiner@gsu.edu
Other Resources
• “Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Domain.”
http://classweb.gmu.edu/ndabbagh/Resources/Resources2/bloomstax....
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Steiner—How to Improve Your Library Instruction: Assessment in Five Minutes

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Information literacy expert Sarah Steiner will show you how five minutes of skilled, targeted assessment is all you need to give you a precise understanding of students’ needs, learning, and retention.

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Steiner—How to Improve Your Library Instruction: Assessment in Five Minutes

  1. 1. How to Improve Your Library Instruction: Assessment in Five Minutes Sarah Steiner January 8, 2014
  2. 2. During Today’s Class, We Will… • Analyze the purpose and benefits of quick assessment in one-shot instruction sessions. • Draft learning outcomes for a session using Bloom’s Taxonomy. • Compose assessment questions based on our learning outcomes. • Select appropriate assessment tools based on your instruction goals and population. http://www.flickr.com/photos/topgold/4858921901/
  3. 3. Our Focus Classroom assessment (versus programmatic or institutional) http://www.flickr.com/photos/rogersg/3814863064/
  4. 4. What Can Quick Classroom Assessment Do? • It can identify instructional gaps or disconnects. • It can help you determine how you spend class time. • It can build your confidence. • It can provide evidence of efficacy and impact. • It should be a basis for change. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sercasey/324341982/
  5. 5. What Should I Assess? • To assess: – Comprehension – Retention – Achievement of learning outcomes • Not to assess: – – – – Your personal shortcomings Your speaking mistakes Your hairstyle The feng shui and temperature of the classroom http://www.flickr.com/photos/toniblay/52445415/
  6. 6. Have you ever written learning objectives or outcomes? • • • • Nope, not yet. Yes, a few times. Yes, regularly. I’m not sure. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dadaistic_fantastic/5089525186/
  7. 7. Learning Outcomes “A Learning Outcome is a statement of what the student should understand and be able to do as a result of what she has learned ... ‘the essential and enduring knowledge, abilities, and attitudes or dispositions’ that enable a learner to practice and apply her learning in the real world.” -Valencia Community College http://www.flickr.com/photos/gblakeley/5583354276/
  8. 8. A Good Learning Outcome Will… • • • • • • • Set a time frame and a context. Identify the audience. Be jargon-free. Be measurable. Be action-oriented. Be brief. Be linked to learner needs. “By the end of this class, you will be able to identify a scholarly source.” http://www.flickr.com/photos/auntiep/4310267/
  9. 9. Determine the Class Priorities • Choose three to five – What must the students accomplish? – What must they know in order to accomplish it? – What do they already know/find obvious? http://www.flickr.com/photos/paloetic/4795592340/
  10. 10. Write the Learning Outcomes Stem + Verb + Product/Outcome http://www.flickr.com/photos/jjpacres/3293117576/
  11. 11. Stem By the end of this class, you will be able to… http://www.flickr.com/photos/47108884@N07/4594962925/
  12. 12. Verb: Bloom’s Taxonomy http://www.flickr.com/photos/tryingmyhardist/1366874433/
  13. 13. Choose Verbs: Knowledge Students will… define, describe, identify, know, label, list, match, name, outline, recall, recognize, reproduce, select, state http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/reway2007/4693202935/
  14. 14. Choose Verbs: Comprehension Students will… comprehend, convert, defend, distinguish, estimate, explain, extend, generalize, give an example, infer, interpret, paraphrase, predict, rewrite, summarize, translate http://www.flickr.com/photos/bsmith4815/112307904/
  15. 15. Choose Verbs: Application Students will… apply, change, compute, construct, demonstrate, discover, manipulate, modify, operate, predict, prepare, produce, relate, show, solve, use http://www.flickr.com/photos/28478778@N05/5729009434/
  16. 16. Choose Verbs: Analysis Students will… analyze, break down, compare, contrast, diagram, deconstruct, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, identify, illustrate, infer, outline, relate, select, separate http://www.flickr.com/photos/billselak/2709756134/
  17. 17. Choose Verbs: Synthesis Students will… categorize, combine, compile, compose, create, devise, design, explain, generate, modify, organize, plan, rearrange, reconstruct, relate, reorganize, revise, rewrite, summarize, tell, write http://www.flickr.com/photos/littleredelf/3081832532/
  18. 18. Choose Verbs: Evaluation Students will… appraise, compare, conclude, contrast, criticize, critique, defend, describe, discriminate, evaluate, explain, interpret, justify, relate, summarize, support http://www.flickr.com/photos/christinamatheson/108818379/
  19. 19. Add Product or Outcome What do they need? • A book on their topic • A thesis statement • Keyword search strategies (basic or advanced) What is the context? • A class assignment • A real-world scenario http://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/2907794565/
  20. 20. All Together Now! Stem + Verb + Product/Outcome By the end of this class, you will be able to identify a scholarly source on your paper topic. By the end of this session, you will be able to locate books on your paper topic in the library using the online catalog, GILFind. http://www.flickr.com/photos/revlimit/2186765034/
  21. 21. What’s Wrong Here? Today I’ll talk about… 1. The library website. 2. Database searching for peer-reviewed journals using boolean logic and the thesaurus. 3. How you can search the catalog, search the databases, and use ILL. http://www.flickr.com/photos/mythoto/2604818537/
  22. 22. Question Time http://www.flickr.com/photos/sugarhiccuphiccup/5485691671/
  23. 23. Have you ever assessed students’ achievement of preset learning outcomes? • • • • Nope, not yet. Yes, a few times. Yes, regularly. I’m not sure. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dadaistic_fantastic/5089525186/
  24. 24. Today’s Assessment Tools • Polls • Quizzes (pre and post or post only) • Minute papers http://www.flickr.com/photos/azarius/225340667/
  25. 25. Polls
  26. 26. Poll Example Questions • How many of you have had a library instruction class here before? • Is this an article or a journal? • Is this website reputable? • Is this source peer-reviewed? / Is this source scholarly or popular? • Who is the author of this book? • Are you confused about topic x? http://www.flickr.com/photos/rakka/3451170932/
  27. 27. Quizzes
  28. 28. Quiz Example Questions
  29. 29. The Good, the Bad, the Ugly
  30. 30. Minute Papers http://www.flickr.com/photos/holtsman/4331034955/
  31. 31. Minute Paper Example Questions
  32. 32. Best Practices for Question Drafting • Convert your learning outcomes to questions. • Include three to five “meaty” questions, two or three general questions. • Avoid overly easy or “all of the above” answers. • Avoid nebulous or complicated questions. • Work in terminology to ensure it’s understood. http://www.flickr.com/photos/djmccrady/6118626233/
  33. 33. Best Practices for Question Drafting • Get a reviewer. • If at first you don’t succeed…. More help with constructing questions: http://ets.tlt.psu.edu/learningdesign/effective_ questions/why http://www.flickr.com/photos/djmccrady/6118626233/
  34. 34. Review Responses • On the spot? Yes! • Look for… • Percentage of correct answers. • Trends in missed answers. • What to change next time. http://www.flickr.com/photos/xingty/3421423768/
  35. 35. Verbal Setup http://www.flickr.com/photos/twenty_questions/2348686991/
  36. 36. Survey and Poll Tools • SurveyMonkey: http://www.surveymonkey.com • Poll Daddy: http://polldaddy.com/ • Poll Everywhere: http://www.polleverywhere.com/ • Google Forms: http://www.google.com/google-d-s/forms/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/litlnemo/5045121567/
  37. 37. SurveyMonkey
  38. 38. PollDaddy
  39. 39. Poll Everywhere
  40. 40. Google Forms in Google Drive
  41. 41. Review • Write learning outcomes. • Base your questions on the outcomes and on your needs. • Review and reflect on the answers you get. http://www.flickr.com/photos/demonbaby/4228327167/
  42. 42. Thank you! Contact me at ssteiner@gsu.edu
  43. 43. Other Resources • “Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Domain.” http://classweb.gmu.edu/ndabbagh/Resources/Resources2/bloomstax.htm • Educational Oasis, “Framework of Learning Outcomes.” http://www.educationoasis.com/instruction/bt/learning_objectives.htm • London Deanery, “Setting Learning Objectives.” http://www.faculty.londondeanery.ac.uk/e-learning/setting-learningobjectives • Penn State, “Writing Effective Questions to Promote Learning.” http://ets.tlt.psu.edu/learningdesign/effective_questions/ • Utah State University Library, “Assessment.” http://library.usu.edu/instruct/assessment/index.php • “Virginia Tech Instruction Clearinghouse.” http://www.lib.vt.edu/RIS/clearinghouse/assessments.html

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