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New bibliographic framework

AFTER MARC: OPTIONS
Aside: what we need to do
• Identify the resources we are describing, e.g.
  http://lccn.loc.gov/agr52000278
• Identify the data elements we are using, e.g.
  http://rdvocab.info/Elements/title
• Identify (where possible) the information of
  our description, e.g.
  http://www.geonames.org/4984247/ann-arbor.html
Aside: what we need to do


http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/474017053           http://viaf.org/viaf/27068555



              http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
RDA scenarios
5editor2rev.pdf
                              1. Relational/object-oriented
RDA Database Implementation
Scenarios                     2. Linked bibliographic and
                                 authority records
                              3. Flat file (no links)
New bibliographic
framework scenarios
                      1. Go native
according to Coyle
                      2. Extract
                      3. Serialize
Serialize


“To put data into a particular data format that
can be stored or transmitted.”
Serialize


dc:title=“Scheduling Ourselves to Death”
dc:date=“2003”
dc:description=“The use of office scheduling software has led to an increase in
        meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for meetings after
        retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is in the basic premise of
        the software: you are either in a meeting, or available to be in a meeting.”
dc:creator=“Karen Coyle”




                           key/value pairs
Serialize



<dc:title>Scheduling Ourselves to Death</dc:title>
<dc:date>2003</dc:date>
<dc:description>The use of office scheduling software has led to an increase in
meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for meetings after
retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is in the basic premise of the
software: you are either in a meeting, or available to be in a meeting.</dc:description>
<dc:creator>Karen Coyle</dc:creator>



                                   XML
Serialize


{
   "title": "Scheduling Ourselves to Death",
   "date": "2003",
   "description": "The use of office scheduling software has led to an
increase in meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for
meetings after retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is
in the basic premise of the software: you are either in a meeting, or
available to be in a meeting.",
   "creator": "Karen Coyle"
}



                             JSON
MARC & MARCXML
100 $a Coyle, Karen   <datafield tag="100" ind1="1" ind2=" ">
                      <subfield code="a”>Coyle, Karen
245 $a Scheduling…    </subfield>
                      </datafield>
                      <datafield tag="245" ind1="1"
                         ind2="0">
                      <subfield code="a">Scheduling…
                      </subfield>
                      </datafield>
MARC to RDF



001 1234567

100 $a Coyle, Karen

245 $a Scheduling ourselves to death
MARC to RDF


1234567    100 $a   Coyle, Karen

1234567    245 $a   Scheduling
                    ourselves to death
MARC to RDF


                     100 $a   Coyle, Karen
http://mystuff/123
4567
                     245 $a   Scheduling
http://mystuff/123            ourselves to death
4567
MARC to RDF


                     http://mystuff/100   Coyle, Karen
http://mystuff/123   $a
4567
                     http://mystuff/245   Scheduling
http://mystuff/123   $a                   ourselves to death
4567
MARC to RDF


                      http://mystuff/100   Coyle, Karen
 http://mystuff/123   $a
 4567
                      http://mystuff/245   Scheduling
 http://mystuff/123   $a                   ourselves to death
 4567


                           relationship
subject URI                                        “Text”
                               URI
“things and strings”
      id:1234                           id:abcd




                                           id:$%^&
id:3n5b


                    “Herman Melville”
MARC to RDF


                     http://mystuff/100   Coyle, Karen
http://mystuff/123   $a
4567
                     http://mystuff/245   Scheduling
http://mystuff/123   $a                   ourselves to death
4567
http://mystuff/123   http://mystuff/830   457
4567                 $v
http://mystuff/123   http://mystuff/100   1949
4567                 $d
advantages                  disadvantages
• mechanical                • doesn’t change the data
• doesn’t change the data   • keeps library data in a
• doesn’t require system       library-only silo
  changes                   • doesn’t link to any data
                               outside of libraries
Extract
database
of MARC
 records


            id:1234                        id:abcd




                                              id:$%^&
      id:3n5b


                       “Herman Melville”




           “things and strings”
What’s a “thing”?
What’s a “thing”?
   Work                       Object
                  Person



Expression
                               Place
                  Family




Manifestation                 Concept
                   Corp




   Item                        Event

                FRBR
National Library of Spain (BNE)
OCLC “linked data”

                     • Uses microformats (RDFa
                       and schema.org)
                     • Is embedded in the record
                       display
                     • Was announced June
                       20, 2012
Extract
Advantages                      Disadvantages
• Does not require library      • Isn’t visible to catalogers, so
  system changes                   no human QC
• Can be re-extracted as we     • Key identifiers are not part
  learn more                       of the base metadata
• Isn’t visible to catalogers   • Limited by what we put into
                                   records today
“go native”
• things, elements and values that have URIs
• a data design that stores things and
  relationships
• a creation interface that hides this from
  creators but maintains the integrity of the
  data
“go native”
Advantages                        Disadvantages
• Interoperability with web       • Requries replacement of
  resources                          library systems
• Interoperability with intent    • Difficult to make the
  of RDA                             cost/benefit argument
• Possibilities for a richer
  library catalog, and one that
  does not require the user to
  choose between the library
  and the web as information
  resources
… MORE THOUGHTS?

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Libraries and Linked Data: Looking to the Future (2)

  • 2. Aside: what we need to do • Identify the resources we are describing, e.g. http://lccn.loc.gov/agr52000278 • Identify the data elements we are using, e.g. http://rdvocab.info/Elements/title • Identify (where possible) the information of our description, e.g. http://www.geonames.org/4984247/ann-arbor.html
  • 3. Aside: what we need to do http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/474017053 http://viaf.org/viaf/27068555 http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
  • 4. RDA scenarios 5editor2rev.pdf 1. Relational/object-oriented RDA Database Implementation Scenarios 2. Linked bibliographic and authority records 3. Flat file (no links)
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8. New bibliographic framework scenarios 1. Go native according to Coyle 2. Extract 3. Serialize
  • 9. Serialize “To put data into a particular data format that can be stored or transmitted.”
  • 10. Serialize dc:title=“Scheduling Ourselves to Death” dc:date=“2003” dc:description=“The use of office scheduling software has led to an increase in meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for meetings after retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is in the basic premise of the software: you are either in a meeting, or available to be in a meeting.” dc:creator=“Karen Coyle” key/value pairs
  • 11. Serialize <dc:title>Scheduling Ourselves to Death</dc:title> <dc:date>2003</dc:date> <dc:description>The use of office scheduling software has led to an increase in meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for meetings after retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is in the basic premise of the software: you are either in a meeting, or available to be in a meeting.</dc:description> <dc:creator>Karen Coyle</dc:creator> XML
  • 12. Serialize { "title": "Scheduling Ourselves to Death", "date": "2003", "description": "The use of office scheduling software has led to an increase in meetings, to the point that I am definitely scheduled for meetings after retirement, and probably even after death. The fault is in the basic premise of the software: you are either in a meeting, or available to be in a meeting.", "creator": "Karen Coyle" } JSON
  • 13. MARC & MARCXML 100 $a Coyle, Karen <datafield tag="100" ind1="1" ind2=" "> <subfield code="a”>Coyle, Karen 245 $a Scheduling… </subfield> </datafield> <datafield tag="245" ind1="1" ind2="0"> <subfield code="a">Scheduling… </subfield> </datafield>
  • 14. MARC to RDF 001 1234567 100 $a Coyle, Karen 245 $a Scheduling ourselves to death
  • 15. MARC to RDF 1234567 100 $a Coyle, Karen 1234567 245 $a Scheduling ourselves to death
  • 16. MARC to RDF 100 $a Coyle, Karen http://mystuff/123 4567 245 $a Scheduling http://mystuff/123 ourselves to death 4567
  • 17. MARC to RDF http://mystuff/100 Coyle, Karen http://mystuff/123 $a 4567 http://mystuff/245 Scheduling http://mystuff/123 $a ourselves to death 4567
  • 18. MARC to RDF http://mystuff/100 Coyle, Karen http://mystuff/123 $a 4567 http://mystuff/245 Scheduling http://mystuff/123 $a ourselves to death 4567 relationship subject URI “Text” URI
  • 19. “things and strings” id:1234 id:abcd id:$%^& id:3n5b “Herman Melville”
  • 20. MARC to RDF http://mystuff/100 Coyle, Karen http://mystuff/123 $a 4567 http://mystuff/245 Scheduling http://mystuff/123 $a ourselves to death 4567 http://mystuff/123 http://mystuff/830 457 4567 $v http://mystuff/123 http://mystuff/100 1949 4567 $d
  • 21. advantages disadvantages • mechanical • doesn’t change the data • doesn’t change the data • keeps library data in a • doesn’t require system library-only silo changes • doesn’t link to any data outside of libraries
  • 22. Extract database of MARC records id:1234 id:abcd id:$%^& id:3n5b “Herman Melville” “things and strings”
  • 24. What’s a “thing”? Work Object Person Expression Place Family Manifestation Concept Corp Item Event FRBR
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30. National Library of Spain (BNE)
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36. OCLC “linked data” • Uses microformats (RDFa and schema.org) • Is embedded in the record display • Was announced June 20, 2012
  • 37. Extract Advantages Disadvantages • Does not require library • Isn’t visible to catalogers, so system changes no human QC • Can be re-extracted as we • Key identifiers are not part learn more of the base metadata • Isn’t visible to catalogers • Limited by what we put into records today
  • 38. “go native” • things, elements and values that have URIs • a data design that stores things and relationships • a creation interface that hides this from creators but maintains the integrity of the data
  • 39. “go native” Advantages Disadvantages • Interoperability with web • Requries replacement of resources library systems • Interoperability with intent • Difficult to make the of RDA cost/benefit argument • Possibilities for a richer library catalog, and one that does not require the user to choose between the library and the web as information resources

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. A lot that don’t make sense by themselves.
  2. Think about our things, not in terms of fields and subfields, because it may take more than one field or subfield to represent a thing.