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[Tm]forming teams

  1. Forming Teams “All for one, one for all!” Take notes carefully, there are bonus tasks for your team in this ppt
  2. Session objectives • Understand the concept of team • Realize the importance of team work • Understand the elements of a successful team • Create commitment with the team for the conference’s activities • Choose team leader
  3. Splitting into teams
  4. Group vs. team Group - Several people with common objectives, usually together for the satisfaction of affective needs. Team - Teams are people with common objectives acting together to strive the accomplishment of specific goals.
  5. Why Teams? • When several people use their skills and knowledge together, the result should be a better project. • People working together can sustain the enthusiasm and lend support needed to complete the project.
  6. Team Cohesion • Cohesion is the force by which the molecules of a substance are held together. “The way a team plays as a whole determines its success. You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world, but if they don’t play together, the club won’t be worth a dime.” (Babe Ruth)
  7. Seven Key Elements - Cone of Cohesion
  8. Goals and Objectives • Clarify the team dreams into team goals • Define the mission and vision statement • Obtain commitment of the team members to achieve the goals and objectives • Ensure task connects to needs and meaningful outcomes (perceived value)
  9. Right Resources • Get the “right resources”, not necessarily the “best” • Clarify roles and responsibilities • Individual attitude versus cohesiveness with the team • Mutual respect and trust • Diversity
  10. Communications • Team meetings (frequent and consistent) • Provide feedback on performance • Use of “we and our” versus “I and me”
  11. Game Plan • Methodologies, Project Plans, Team Charter • Defines how the project will be managed and executed • Provides the team with a plan for achieving the established goals and objectives • Establishes continuity/ consistency in practices
  12. Training • COACH: Training specific to the organization and the game plan • Career path, supported by competency model and training • Encourage employees to not just be participants, but also be instructors
  13. Rewards • Challenging project • Gaining new experience • Awards/trophies • Celebrate the victories – Team events/outings – Dinner – Gifts
  14. Leadership • Lead by example • Set the initial team goals • Accept individual differences in team members • Praise team cooperation regardless of outcome
  15. TEAM COHESION BONUS TASK! • Describe one concrete action someone in the team took to achieve one of the 7 team cohesion elements • 5 points for each action • Maximum one action per element • Deadline for delivery of paper with actions description: 19/may (tomorrow) - 10h30m
  16. Does a team starts a great team since the begining? • As most things, teams evolves • Members gradually learn to deal with each other and the pressures that they face. • The team goes through the fairly predictable stages
  17. Stages in Team Building FormingForming StormingStorming NormingNorming PerformingPerforming
  18. Stage 1: FORMING • Team Building – Define team – Determine individual roles – Develop trust and communication – Develop norms • Task –Define problem and strategy –Identify information needed
  19. Stage 2: STORMING During the Storming stage team members: – realize that the task is more difficult than they imagined; – have fluctuations in attitude about chances of success; – may be resistant to the task; – have poor collaboration.
  20. Negotiating Conflict • Separate problem issues from people issues. • Clarify the core issues. • Listen carefully to each person’s point of view. • Check understanding by restating the core issues.
  21. Stage 3Stage 3 NormingNorming • During this stage members accept: – their team; – team rules and procedures; – their roles in the team; and, – the individuality of fellow members. • Team members realize that they are not going to crash-and-burn and start helping each other.
  22. Behaviors in the norming stage • Competitive relationships become more cooperative. • There is a willingness to confront issues and solve problems. • Teams develop the ability to express criticism constructively. • There is a sense of team spirit.
  23. Stage 4 Performing Team members have: – gained insight into personal and team processes; – a better understanding of each other’s strengths and weaknesses; – gained the ability to prevent or work through group conflict and resolve differences; – developed a close attachment to the team.
  24. TEAM BUILDING BONUS TASK • Describe one concrete behavior someone had that shows the team was in one of the 4 stages of team building. • 10 points for each action • Maximum one action per stage • Deadline for delivery of paper with actions description: 19/may (tomorrow) - 10h30m
  25. Benefits of a Cohesive Team • commitment to the shared vision • Shared objectives and goals • Team is able to attain their full potentialpotential • Higher motivation for the team members • Better communications throughout the team and organization • Increased employee retention • More successful projects • Mutual respect and trust • Continuous feedbacks • shared leadership
  26. Time to rock • 1st: Choose team leader • 2nd: be just with 4 feet and 4 hands in the floor. • You CAN’T start 2nd task before delivering the paper with the 1st. • Deadline: in 10 minutes
  27. Questions?
  28. Thanks! • Happy team building, remember not only the leader, but ALL are responsible for a great team.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. 5m
  2. 10m
  3. This is probably the most difficult stage for the team. They may be floundering trying to find a project topic that is narrow enough to study or a mentor to help them. They begin to realize that this project is different than other ones that they have done in the past. Teachers can help students through this stage by encouraging members to use their individual skills and assume more responsibilities. Understanding how personality types interact can ease some of the tensions in the storming stage. Do we have common goals and objectives? Do we agree on roles and responsibilities? Do our task, communication, and decision systems work? Do we have adequate interpersonal skills?
  4. See The Team Book by Peter R. Scholtes, Brian L. Joiner and Barbara Streibel for more background on the various ways people or teams deal with conflict . Avoiding Conflict – you must avoid both the issues likely to lead to conflict and the people with whom you are likely to conflict with Smooth the conflict – minimizing conflict so that group relationships aren’t strained. Forcing the conflict – attempts to overpower others and force them to accept your position. Compromising – tries to get others to give up some of what they want in exchange for giving up some of what you want. Sounds good, but this can be lose-lose strategy because no one achieves their goals. Underlying assumption: everyone should accept less than they want because that is the best that they can hope for. (Should be tried after problem solving hasn’t worked) Problem Solving – Win-win approach. Personal goals and group relationships are highly valued. Purpose to find a path forward that meets everyone’s goals and preserves group relationships. Continued on next slide
  5. During this stage, team members begin to work out their differences and now have more time and energy to spend on their work. Thus they are able to start making significant progress. In the context of the computational science project, the students have probably found a mentor who is helping them and have narrowed their project focus.
  6. During this stage, you should encourage team members to: do detailed planning develop criteria for completion of goals build on positive norms and change unhealthy norms encourage continued team spirit Now that the team is working well, it is important for team members to learn to communicate with each other including how to constructively criticize when necessary.
  7. During the performing stage, the team is now an effective and cohesive unit. As a team, the emphasize quality work; utilize each member’s talents; meet deadlines; and continue to work on team commitment. The duration and intensity of these stages vary from team to team. Sometimes Stage 4 is achieved in a meeting or two; other times it takes months. Understanding the stages of growth will keep you from overreacting to normal problems and setting unrealistic expectations. Don’t panic. With patience and effort the assembly of independent individuals will grow into a team.