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UK policy overview, Building a high value Bioeconomy, Opportunities from waste

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UK policy overview, Building a high value Bioeconomy, Opportunities from waste

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This presentation was given at a Scottish Industrial Biotechnology Working Group meeting on the 28th April 2015.
It reviews the UK Government policy paper con Building a high value Bioeconomy, Opportunities from waste

This presentation was given at a Scottish Industrial Biotechnology Working Group meeting on the 28th April 2015.
It reviews the UK Government policy paper con Building a high value Bioeconomy, Opportunities from waste

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UK policy overview, Building a high value Bioeconomy, Opportunities from waste

  1. 1. UK Policy overview Building a high value bioeconomy OPPORTUNITIES FROM WASTE Adrian Higson, NNFCC Prepared for the Scottish Industrial Biotechnology Working Group 28th April 2015
  2. 2. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Purpose • The paper is intended to act as a launch pad for the new administration. • It provides; – A statement of opportunity, – A presentation of the areas critical for sector development, – The current landscape, – Ongoing and near term planned actions.
  3. 3. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. http://www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-committees/science-technology/wasteandbioeconomy/Waste-Bioeconomy-Govt-Response.pdf http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090609003228/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file51144.pdf http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090609003228/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file51891.pdf http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldselect/ldsctech/141/141.pdf Background
  4. 4. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Political Perspective • Context – Advanced Manufacturing, Circular Economy, Climate Change. • Aims – Sustainable economic growth. – Protect and improve the environment and reduce GHG emissions. • Objectives – Development of a coordinated approach across Government and Industry. – Support business led activity. • Cross UK Government policy championed through a joint-Ministerial role; – Minister of State for Business, Enterprise and Energy – Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Water, Forestry, Rural Affairs and Resource Management
  5. 5. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Political Vision • A growing UK bioeconomy. • Operating waste fed commercial UK plants. • Focussed entrepreneurial effort maximising scientific and economic potential, – Delivering environmental benefits. • Stimulating inward investment. • UK as a global leader in the waste based bioeconomy • Supporting advanced manufacturing. • UK as an exporter of process technology and business models.
  6. 6. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Political Mission • To work with business to stimulate circular economy. • Promote the use of sustainable carbon waste (in alignment to the bioenergy strategy). • Support underpinning research, development and innovation; – Includes demonstration, – Includes skills development. • Support business to lead sector development (right policy, right incentives). • Ensure coordinated actions.
  7. 7. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Scope • Definition: ‘bioeconomy’ the part of the economy using biological resources (biomass), or bioprocesses, for the production of value added products, such as food, feed, materials, fuels, chemicals, bio-based products and bioenergy. • Feedstock not produced as products, – Harvest residues, process by-products, wastes. • Includes the biotechnological processing of non biogenic feedstock. • Note the report does not use the term ‘waste’ in its legal context.
  8. 8. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Economic Potential • European bioeconomy, – Turnover €2 trillion, Employment 22 million. • UK Industrial biotechnology, – Turnover CAGR 11%, Employment CAGR 5% (2009-2013). • Large investment opportunity in waste treatment, £5bn by 2020. • Opportunities in the global advanced biofuels and bio-based chemicals market. • Current activity – Commissioned analysis of the ‘Economic impact of Industrial Biotechnology in the UK’.
  9. 9. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Legislative context • Recognised as a complex landscape; – Waste regulation (devolved) and renewable energy policy, – Food first principle (for agricultural land), use of residues and wastes considered in line with sustainability objectives. • Restatement of general objectives; – Continued move to a circular economy and follow waste hierarchy, – Reduce GHG emissions and other atmospheric pollutants, – Protect environment through use of Best Available Technologies, – Promote the use of sustainable low carbon fuels, – Maximise overall benefits and minimise overall costs.
  10. 10. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Legislative challenges • EU policy uncertainty around circular economy. • Reconciling regulations with guidelines with rapid technology development. • Understanding if/how incentives drive or distort technology development and deployment. • Action – Regular reviews of incentive schemes to avoid unintentional distortion of markets.
  11. 11. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Innovation System • RCUK with Innovate UK best placed to take forward the research agenda. • Focus on Key Enabling Technologies, – Not limited or steered by UK raw materials. • Need for skills provision to keep pace sector growth. • Action – Cogent commissioned review of skills training, demand and gaps in provision.
  12. 12. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Innovation System • Key areas, – Partnerships, pilot and demonstration plants, Finance. • Extensive networking through KTN and NIBB. • Significant IB funding through the IB Catalyst. • Action – IB Catalyst portfolio will be monitored for effectiveness in supporting sector development.
  13. 13. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Innovation System • Recognised need of accessible Pilot plants. • Green Investment Bank focus of waste recycling. • Actions – Commissioned study into availability and status of IB processing plants and equipment. – GIB detailed exploration of investment opportunities in recycling and reprocessing market.
  14. 14. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. • Build advanced manufacturing capability. • Better understand investment drivers. • Action – Continue to engage industry to understand inward investment decisions – Potential for waste and the bioeconomy as part of Government ‘2020 Export Drive’. Export & Inward Investment
  15. 15. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Benchmarking, Sustainability and Data • Identifying and adopting international best practice. • A recognition of the need for separated, clean and consistent feedstock. • The need for data on available feedstock. • Actions – IEEP have been commissioned to review the international landscape and provide policy recommendations. – Work to encourage and improve the uptake of Edoc. Review how it can be used and if alternative approaches are required – Gather data on feedstock availability (outside of Edoc).
  16. 16. Copyright © NNFCC 2015. Conclusion • The report represents a starting point, the economic potential is not in question • Government has a role; – Supporting mechanisms for legislation navigation, – Provision of incentives with minimal market distortion, – Maintain research base and ensure skills evolve, – Provide funding, finance and supporting infrastructure, – Create strong innovation ecosystem, – Provide data on feedstock supply, • Commitment of Government to work with partners on long term objectives.

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