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Biopower deployment sept2014

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Biopower deployment sept2014

  1. 1. Biomass Power: the current picture David Turley, NNFCC Lead Consultant Bio-based Feedstocks Rushlight BioBriefing 23 Sept 2014
  2. 2. Progress in renewable energy generation DECC Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  3. 3. Progress in renewable energy generation Copyright © NNFCC 2014. UK’s RED target 2020
  4. 4. Generation by renewable source Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  5. 5. Constraints Copyright © NNFCC 2014. • Wind is intermittent (set against decreasing peak demand capacity gap) • Onshore wind - planning permission/opposition • Offshore wind – higher cost
  6. 6. DECC central levelised costs £/MWh (projects starting in 2013) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Onshore >5MW Copyright © NNFCC 2014. Offshore R2 Offshore R3 Biomass conversion Dedicated biomass 5- 50MW Dedicated biomass >50MW
  7. 7. Generation by renewable source Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  8. 8. Power generation from ‘biomass’ in 2014 Copyright © NNFCC 2014. 5169 761 1987 309 707 628 8933 GWh Landfill gas Sewage sludge digestion bioenergy from waste co-firing with fossil fuels Animal biomass Anaerobic Digestion Plant biomass
  9. 9. Biomass Copyright © NNFCC 2014. • Co-firing/biomass conversion – e.g. Drax Power – 4 GW capacity (not all biomass) • Dedicated biomass e.g. Steven’s Croft – 44 MW capacity
  10. 10. UK Biopower feedstock requirement 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 Copyright © NNFCC 2014. 1.74 6.96 1.74 0.00 4.52 6.78 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 1.57 1.57 - Feedstock demand - 2015 Feedstock demand - 2020 Million tonnes of pellets per annum RWE Lynemouth Helius Energy RES Drax Eon Eggborough Power
  11. 11. Biomass resources Dedicated energy crops Residues and wastes Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  12. 12. Ofgem – RO sustainability reporting 2012-13 (annual profiling) (includes cereals and straw)
  13. 13. Ofgem – RO sustainability reporting 2012-13 (annual profiling)
  14. 14. Biomass sources Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  15. 15. Sustainablility impacts • 1 April 2015 - Land and sustainable forest management criteria for wood, as set out in the Governments “Timber Standard” for Heat and Electricity. – The evidential requirements can be met either through • use of wood that is suitably certified (known as Timber Standard Category A evidence) or • through the use of bespoke evidence (known as Timber Standard Category B evidence). • Independent Audit • GHG saving of 60% v EU Grid Average Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  16. 16. Political Uncertainty Renewable Obligation • Sets 400MW cap on ‘grandfathered’ dedicated biomass power only capacity – Grandfathering reduced risks going forward • RO closes to applications in 2017 • Transition to EMR EMR – FiT CfD • Dedicated biomass ineligible (Eligible with CHP applications) • Biomass conversion – uncertainty over support, limited funding envelope Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  17. 17. Summary • Technology that can deliver • Significant investment made • Needs positive signals from government Copyright © NNFCC 2014.
  18. 18. Celebrating 10 years of Bioeconomy development NNFCC is a UK based consultancy with expertise on the conversion of biomass to bioenergy, biofuels and biobased products. We help industry solve complex business challenges and provide vital evidence for policy makers. | | www.nnfcc.com | enquiries@nnfcc.co.uk

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • RED target is 15% of total final energy consumption by 2020 (10% sub target for transport fuels)

    Currently achieving 5.2% of final energy consumption

    30% growth in renewable power generation in 2013 to 53.6 TWh (14% of UK power generation)
  • RED target is 15% of total final energy consumption by 2020 (10% sub target for transport fuels)

    Currently achieving 5.2% of final energy consumption – 3-fold increase required across all sectors

    Set against lukewarm political support and financial controls (scaling back of support) – concerns over energy bills

  • Biggest contribution to growth from onshore wind 52% increase on 2012

    Biomass = green central section – more modest growth, but still >50% increase year on year

    783MW increase in biomass capacity (despite Tilbury closure) – mainly Ironbridge and Drax conversions
  • Should be looking for growth opportunities in Biomass
  • Generation from ‘Plant biomass’ doubled in 2013

    Partly due to decline in co-firing (conversion to dedicated biomass for coal plants subject to Large Combustion Plant Directive 50MW or more)

    (must reduce NOx, SO2 and particulates or face operating hours restrictions)
  • Co-firing – relatively cheap to convert, but very large scale = large biomass and pressure on associated supply chain infrastructure.



    Dedicated – range of scales typically 30MW upwards

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