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Energy-efficient data processing in smart networks

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At Networld2020, Jörg Peter Elbers discussed efficient data processing for tomorrow’s networks with domain-specific architectures and the right level of integration. Find out more about new SiP/SoC approaches and advanced optical transceiver chiplets.

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Energy-efficient data processing in smart networks

  1. 1. Energy-efficient data processing Jörg-Peter Elbers, SVP, advanced technology Networld2020 Stakeholder Workshop, Dresden, Oct 2, 2019 in smart networks
  2. 2. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.22 Innovation – speed for customers – trusted partner ADVA at a glance Background • Headquartered in Munich, Germany • Founded in 1994, >1,850 employees • Over EUR 0.5 billion turnover Our mission Being your trusted partner for connecting, extending and assuring the cloud Our vision Virtualization and software are keys to differentiated solutions, but hardware will remain strategically important Open optical networking Packet edge & NFV Network synchronization
  3. 3. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.33 Smart networks - bringing ICT together Zero-touch operation Instantaneous response Access anywhere Intrinsic security Sustainable capacity growth
  4. 4. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.44 We need to drive more efficiency AND new approaches ICT energy consumption is raising “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.” Peter Drucker Data: A. Andrae, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.25103.02724 Source: Heise Technology Review 7/2019 0 2018 TWh/a 500 1000 1500 2000 2020 2022 2024 2026 2028 2030 End-user Device Data Centers Fixed Network Mobile WLAN HW Production
  5. 5. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.55 Most recent advances by increasing the number of cores Microprocessor scaling continues … Scaling trend https://www.karlrupp.net/2018/02/42-years-of-microprocessor-trend-data/
  6. 6. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.66 Trend to domain-specific architectures (GPUs, TPUs, FPGA accelerators, …) … yet processor performance saturates Source: J. L. Hennessy, D. A. Patterson, Communications of the ACM, 2019, Vol. 62, No. 2 Diminishing returns from parallelism General purpose CPU architecture not optimized for data-heavy tasks CISC: complex instruction set computer RISC: reduced instruction set computer GPU: graphics processing unit TPU: tensor flow processing unit FPGA: field programmable gate array 20202015201020051990198519801975 20001995 10 100 1000 1 100000 Performancevs.VAX11-780 10000 RISC 2X/1.5a (52% p.a.) CISC 2X/2.5a (22% p.a.) End of Dennard scaling  Multicore, 2X/3.5a (23% p.a.) Amdahl’s Law 2X/6a (12% p.a.) End of the line 2X/20a (3% p.a.)
  7. 7. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.77 Some examples Adaptive compute acceleration platform Source: Xilinx Source: Google Cloud TPU v3 Cloud TPU v3 Pod (Beta): 100 PetaFLOPS, 32 TB HBM, 2D mesh network (ring) Google Edge TPU TPU: tensor flow processing unit HBM: high-bandwidth memory SoC: system on Chip MPSoC: multi-processor system on chip RFSoC: radio frequency system in chip GPIO: general purpose I/O
  8. 8. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.88 High-bandwidth and low power connectivity is needed Communication challenges increase “In parallel processing, 1Mbit/s of I/O is required for every 1MHz of computation.” Amdahl’s lesser known law Source: Finisar Optical connectivity Electrical connectivity
  9. 9. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.99 The gold standard in WDM networks at 100Gbit/s and beyond Deep-dive: Flexible coherent optics 100G…600G Channel rate – flexible wavelengths Modulation – with fractional QAM Modulation speed – tunable Baud rate Shaping – channel adaption Channel capacity – multiple lambdas FEC – ultimate gain and options 400-1200G Optical WDM network Open line system (OLS) WDM: Wavelength division multiplexing
  10. 10. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1010 Coherent optical DSP evolution Leading edge CMOS technology Leverage for future radio modems?ASV: Adaptive Source Voltage Source: Socionext, 2019 Next Generations
  11. 11. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1111 Integrated coherent TX-RX optical sub-assembly * *external (for IC-TROSA type 1) ** not needed for silicon photonics IC-TROSA type 1 SMT package (reflow-soldering capable) TIA: Transimpedance amplifier TEC: Thermoelectric cooler **
  12. 12. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1212 Silicon as base platform Non-hermetic, uncooled optical transceiver chiplets Electro-photonic integration 2.0 ePIC process (SiGe BiCMOS & silicon photonics) DSP co-integration Electro-photonic integrated circuit on silicon: coherent modulator+driver+receiver InP quantum-dot based laser/amp integration New modulator materials Pluggable interface
  13. 13. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1313 Lower footprint, lower power, lower cost per bit Optical and electronic integration benefits Source: Acacia Communications, 2019
  14. 14. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1414 3.6 Tbit/s capacity <0.25 W/Gbit/s Increasing capacity while lowering the energy per bit WDM transport platform evolution 0 3 6 9 1 10 100 1000 Powerefficiency[W/Gbit/s] WDM channel bitrate [Gbit/s] 2019 1996 2001 2006 2009 2017 FSP 3000 TeraFlexTM
  15. 15. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1515 Systems in a package (SiP) comprising different building blocks From chip to chiplet integration Source: Intel, 2019
  16. 16. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1616 Co-packaging optics with switch, routing, or processing dies Optical transceiver chiplet integration Source: Sicoya, 2016 See also: https://www.facebook.com/ CoPackagedOptics Collaboration 100G intra-office transceiver monolithic ePIC chiplet Next generation top-of-rack (ToR) switch Source: Acacia Communications, 2019
  17. 17. © 2019 ADVA Optical Networking. All rights reserved.1717 Main takeaways Efficient data processing will play a key role in future networks Domain-specific architectures and the right level of integration are necessary Optical connectivity will play an increasing role Network, system, and component research need to go hand-in-hand Research areas (architecture and design, hardware, software): - Novel SiP/SoC approaches (multiple technologies, heterogeneous materials) - Advanced (optical) transceiver chiplets and related digital signal processors - Optical-wireless integration (analog/digital) towards “optical radios” - New processing nodes for edge applications (AI inference, video pre-processing, …) - HW-based security functions
  18. 18. Thank you IMPORTANT NOTICE The content of this presentation is strictly confidential. ADVA Optical Networking is the exclusive owner or licensee of the content, material, and information in this presentation. Any reproduction, publication or reprint, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited. The information in this presentation may not be accurate, complete or up to date, and is provided without warranties or representations of any kind, either express or implied. ADVA Optical Networking shall not be responsible for and disclaims any liability for any loss or damages, including without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, consequential and special damages, alleged to have been caused by or in connection with using and/or relying on the information contained in this presentation. Copyright © for the entire content of this presentation: ADVA Optical Networking. jelbers@advaoptical.com

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