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Managing
Stress
University of Houston
Department of Health and
Human Performance
Stress
• Definition:
– State of tension that arises when you experience
demands from your environment or from inside
yourself
Can be a real OR perceived threat
OR
Stress Happens!!
– Childhood
– Adolescence
– Young adult
– Marriage
– Parenthood
– middle age
– aging
– Injury
– Moving
– Death of a loved one
– Divorce
– Retirement
– Pregnancy
– Beginning or ending
formal schooling
•Stress is a normal part of life,
especially during changes in life:
To test the stress in you life due to life events go to:
http://www.stresstoughness.com/lifeevents.htm
Our Body’s Design
• Our bodies are uniquely designed to handle stress.
• When presented with a threatening situation it is our
most basic survival instinct to either:
– Engage in a fight
– Or run for our lives
• This is what is known
as the “fight or flight”
response
During Fight or Flight
• Adrenaline is secreted from the kidneys
• Cortisol (a hormone) is released providing
bursts of energy
• The heart suddenly beats faster
• Breathe rate and blood pressure increase
• Blood sugar is released into the bloodstream
• Hearing and sight are enhanced
• Digestive system and urine production slow
to divert blood to more critical areas, such
as the brain and muscles
It makes us able to fight or run,
BUT…
• It is rarely necessary AND…
• Has some side effects that deteriorate our
health
– increased blood pressure
– Decreased immune function
– Several important functions of the body are
interrupted
Over time this can result in:
• Headaches
• Asthma
• Hypertension
• Ulcers
• Low back pain
• Heart disease
• Stroke
• Upper respiratory
infections
• Difficulty thinking clearly
• Depression
• Anxiety
• Drug abuse
• Mental illness
• Higher risk for suicide
• Addictive disorder
What can we do to prevent
this?
• Fix the fixable
• Accept the inevitable
• Protect yourself from the physical affects
Some stressors can be avoided?
• If traffic stresses you out, take the bus
• If you get anxious about your carpet
being stained, install tile flooring
Many stressors can be avoided.
• When you think about stress as something that
can effect your health, it may encourage you to
take drastic measures
• Many are questioning whether “having it all” is
worth the effort
– Changing jobs
– Spending the holidays with only the immediate family
– BUT…every decision has consequences which in turn
may cause more stress
Could you simplify your life?
You can’t avoid life
• Life is filled with unpredictable ups and
downs that will inevitably promote stress
– One suggestion is to change your
interpretation of the situation for example.
– Consider the following scenario:
– You are driving on a busy highway and
Someone cuts right in front of you then slows
down
– How do you interpret this
situation??
Response??
If you said:
– “I would probably Yell, ‘IDIOT!’ at the top of my lungs.”
OR
– “I would be irritated and likely have negative thoughts
about the driver.”
Than you have just initiated the “Flight or Flight” response.
– Your heart is beating faster, sugar is filling your veins and in the
next several hours your immune system will function a little less
efficiently
Positive Interpretation??
If you said:
– “That person must not have been paying
attention, we all make mistakes.”
Or
– “I’ll be glad when I can pass, but it is no big
deal.”
Or
– “I am glad that I am not in a hurry.”
Than you are stopping the stress response before
it even starts
To stay positive it may help to:
Consider that we are all human and flawed
– Try to think of adults as children who
happened to be grown up. We are less likely
to judge and feel angry when a child makes a
mistake..Why?
– Consider that it is possible that you do not
have all the information to make a decision
about the person or situation.
– For example…
More information
• What if you found out that the person who cut
you off in traffic was rushing to the hospital to
visit his mother. And he just received a beep on
his pager with the message “911.” It is possible
that his mother had just passed away. He was
slowing down because he was distracted by the
news.
• How does this change your interpretation?
Also
• Tell yourself that it may not be a bad thing
that this bad thing is happening right now.
– At the very least you can learn something
from the experience that can help you or
others
– This situation may have prevented you or
someone else from having to deal with one
that was even worse
– Example: You will never know how many
people who have cut you off may have saved
you from being in a life-threatening collision.
Another way to “accept the
inevitable”
• Stress inoculation or preparing yourself for
potentially stressful events ahead of time.
• Example:
– If you know you have to face the boss with
information that may cause a conflict, you
may practice sharing this information with a
spouse, with friends, or even in front of a
video camera.
• This can reduce or even eliminate the
stress response from the actual event.
Protect Yourself
• Whether it is a stressor that you can
change or one you cannot it is imperative
that you practice techniques that prevent
the stress response from taking over your
body.
• Several techniques can be used to
decrease your bodies response to stress
Exercise
Exercise boosts endorphins
which in turn can
–Put us in a better mood
–Give us more energy
–Reduces anger
–Improves mental alertness
Deep Breathing
• Breath in deeply and slowly.
• Focus on the air moving in your nose, down your
neck into your chest and feel your belly push
out. Hold your breath for a few seconds.
• Now exhale slowly. First feel your belly contract
in towards your spine, then feel the air move
through the chest, up the neck, and through your
mouth.
• Visualize stress leaving your body
Meditation
• Close your eyes and mental follow the air in
and out of your body. As you exhale mentally
repeat a soothing word like “Peace”
Or
• Visualize a peaceful scene
• Do this for 5 to 30 minutes
Progressive Muscle Relaxation
• While sitting or lying down, tense the muscles
of your feet (curling your toes) as hard as you
can.
• Then relax them.
• Do this once or twice for each part of the
body
• Continue this process for each muscle group
all the way up your body until you reach your
head.
• When finished remain relaxed for a few
minutes
Stretching
• Several stretches can be done at your desk
• Tilt head to the left and hold
• Tilt head to right and hold
• Reach arms over the head
and interlace fingers
For information of stretches that can be done at
your desk or for the head and neck click on the
stretching girl
Get a Massage from yourself or
from a professional
Self-Massage
• Sit with your shoulders relaxed
• Use your right hand to massage you left
shoulder and neck, working your way up to the
scalp
• Repeat with left hand for right shoulder
Laugh!!
• Find ways to add laughter in your life
– Buy tapes of comedians you like and listen to
them during your commute or whenever you
need a boost.
– Read joke books or funny books
– Watch your favorite comedy on television
– Buy movies that are sure to make you laugh
– Don’t take yourself too seriously

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stress.ppt

  • 1. Managing Stress University of Houston Department of Health and Human Performance
  • 2. Stress • Definition: – State of tension that arises when you experience demands from your environment or from inside yourself Can be a real OR perceived threat OR
  • 3. Stress Happens!! – Childhood – Adolescence – Young adult – Marriage – Parenthood – middle age – aging – Injury – Moving – Death of a loved one – Divorce – Retirement – Pregnancy – Beginning or ending formal schooling •Stress is a normal part of life, especially during changes in life: To test the stress in you life due to life events go to: http://www.stresstoughness.com/lifeevents.htm
  • 4. Our Body’s Design • Our bodies are uniquely designed to handle stress. • When presented with a threatening situation it is our most basic survival instinct to either: – Engage in a fight – Or run for our lives • This is what is known as the “fight or flight” response
  • 5. During Fight or Flight • Adrenaline is secreted from the kidneys • Cortisol (a hormone) is released providing bursts of energy • The heart suddenly beats faster • Breathe rate and blood pressure increase • Blood sugar is released into the bloodstream • Hearing and sight are enhanced • Digestive system and urine production slow to divert blood to more critical areas, such as the brain and muscles
  • 6. It makes us able to fight or run, BUT… • It is rarely necessary AND… • Has some side effects that deteriorate our health – increased blood pressure – Decreased immune function – Several important functions of the body are interrupted
  • 7. Over time this can result in: • Headaches • Asthma • Hypertension • Ulcers • Low back pain • Heart disease • Stroke • Upper respiratory infections • Difficulty thinking clearly • Depression • Anxiety • Drug abuse • Mental illness • Higher risk for suicide • Addictive disorder
  • 8. What can we do to prevent this? • Fix the fixable • Accept the inevitable • Protect yourself from the physical affects
  • 9. Some stressors can be avoided? • If traffic stresses you out, take the bus • If you get anxious about your carpet being stained, install tile flooring
  • 10. Many stressors can be avoided. • When you think about stress as something that can effect your health, it may encourage you to take drastic measures • Many are questioning whether “having it all” is worth the effort – Changing jobs – Spending the holidays with only the immediate family – BUT…every decision has consequences which in turn may cause more stress Could you simplify your life?
  • 11. You can’t avoid life • Life is filled with unpredictable ups and downs that will inevitably promote stress – One suggestion is to change your interpretation of the situation for example. – Consider the following scenario: – You are driving on a busy highway and Someone cuts right in front of you then slows down – How do you interpret this situation??
  • 12. Response?? If you said: – “I would probably Yell, ‘IDIOT!’ at the top of my lungs.” OR – “I would be irritated and likely have negative thoughts about the driver.” Than you have just initiated the “Flight or Flight” response. – Your heart is beating faster, sugar is filling your veins and in the next several hours your immune system will function a little less efficiently
  • 13. Positive Interpretation?? If you said: – “That person must not have been paying attention, we all make mistakes.” Or – “I’ll be glad when I can pass, but it is no big deal.” Or – “I am glad that I am not in a hurry.” Than you are stopping the stress response before it even starts
  • 14. To stay positive it may help to: Consider that we are all human and flawed – Try to think of adults as children who happened to be grown up. We are less likely to judge and feel angry when a child makes a mistake..Why? – Consider that it is possible that you do not have all the information to make a decision about the person or situation. – For example…
  • 15. More information • What if you found out that the person who cut you off in traffic was rushing to the hospital to visit his mother. And he just received a beep on his pager with the message “911.” It is possible that his mother had just passed away. He was slowing down because he was distracted by the news. • How does this change your interpretation?
  • 16. Also • Tell yourself that it may not be a bad thing that this bad thing is happening right now. – At the very least you can learn something from the experience that can help you or others – This situation may have prevented you or someone else from having to deal with one that was even worse – Example: You will never know how many people who have cut you off may have saved you from being in a life-threatening collision.
  • 17. Another way to “accept the inevitable” • Stress inoculation or preparing yourself for potentially stressful events ahead of time. • Example: – If you know you have to face the boss with information that may cause a conflict, you may practice sharing this information with a spouse, with friends, or even in front of a video camera. • This can reduce or even eliminate the stress response from the actual event.
  • 18. Protect Yourself • Whether it is a stressor that you can change or one you cannot it is imperative that you practice techniques that prevent the stress response from taking over your body. • Several techniques can be used to decrease your bodies response to stress
  • 19. Exercise Exercise boosts endorphins which in turn can –Put us in a better mood –Give us more energy –Reduces anger –Improves mental alertness
  • 20. Deep Breathing • Breath in deeply and slowly. • Focus on the air moving in your nose, down your neck into your chest and feel your belly push out. Hold your breath for a few seconds. • Now exhale slowly. First feel your belly contract in towards your spine, then feel the air move through the chest, up the neck, and through your mouth. • Visualize stress leaving your body
  • 21. Meditation • Close your eyes and mental follow the air in and out of your body. As you exhale mentally repeat a soothing word like “Peace” Or • Visualize a peaceful scene • Do this for 5 to 30 minutes
  • 22. Progressive Muscle Relaxation • While sitting or lying down, tense the muscles of your feet (curling your toes) as hard as you can. • Then relax them. • Do this once or twice for each part of the body • Continue this process for each muscle group all the way up your body until you reach your head. • When finished remain relaxed for a few minutes
  • 23. Stretching • Several stretches can be done at your desk • Tilt head to the left and hold • Tilt head to right and hold • Reach arms over the head and interlace fingers For information of stretches that can be done at your desk or for the head and neck click on the stretching girl
  • 24. Get a Massage from yourself or from a professional Self-Massage • Sit with your shoulders relaxed • Use your right hand to massage you left shoulder and neck, working your way up to the scalp • Repeat with left hand for right shoulder
  • 25. Laugh!! • Find ways to add laughter in your life – Buy tapes of comedians you like and listen to them during your commute or whenever you need a boost. – Read joke books or funny books – Watch your favorite comedy on television – Buy movies that are sure to make you laugh – Don’t take yourself too seriously