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Past simple – to be (biti)

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Past simple – to be (biti)

  1. 1. Past Simple – TO BE (biti) Potvrdni oblik – Affirmative • I was at the cinema yesterday. – Ja sam bila u bisokopu juče. • Prošlo vreme glagola TO BE ima svoje posebne oblike, WAS i WERE. 1. I was – ja sam bio/bila 2. you were – ti si bio/bila 3. he on je bio she was – ona je bila it ono je bilo 1. we were – mi smo bili 2. you were – vi ste bili 3. they were – oni su bili
  2. 2. Odrični oblik – Negative • He wasn’t at the hospital last week. – On nije bio u bolnici prošle nedelje. U odričnom obliku koristimo WASN’T i WEREN’T 1. I wasn’t – ja nisam bila/bio 2. you weren’t – ti nisi bio/ bila 3. he on nije bio she wasn’t – ona nije bila it ono nije bilo 1. we weren’t – mi nismo bili 2. you weren’t – vi niste bili 3. they weren’t – oni nisu bili
  3. 3. Upitni oblik – Questions • Were you at the aquarium last Saturday? – Jesi li ti bio u akvarijumu prošle subote? WAS ili WERE su ispred subjekta (KO) • - Yes, I was. • - No, I wasn’t. 1. was I? – jesam li ja bila/ bio 2. were you? – jesi li ti bio/ bila 3. he on bio was she? – je li ona bila it ono bilo 1. were we? – jesmo li mi bili 2. were you? – jeste li vi bili 3. were they? – jesu li oni bili Na ovakava pitanja uvek odgovaramo sa YES ili NO.
  4. 4. Past Simple – regular verbs Potvrdni oblik – Affirmative • Prošlo vreme pravilnih glagola u engleskom jeziku nastaje tako što na glagol dodajemo u SVIM!!! licima nastavak –ED ili ako se glagol ZAVRŠAVA NA –E, samo nastavak –D • PLAY- igrati We played basketball. – Mi smo igrali košarku. 1. I played – ja sam igrala/igrao 2. you played – ti si igrao/igrala 3. he on je igrao she played – ona je igrala it ono je igralo 1. we played – mi smo igrali 2. you played – vi ste igrali 3. they played – oni su igrali
  5. 5. Odrični oblik – Negative • He didn’t play football. – On U odričnom obliku uvodimo izraz nije igrao fudbal. DIDN’T, da kažemo da se nešto nije desilo. 1. I didn’t play – ja nisam igrala/ igrao 2. you didn’t play – ti nisi igrao/igrala 3. he on nije igrao she didn’t play – ona nije igrala it ono nije igralo 1. we didn’t play – mi nismo igrali 2. you didn’t play – vi niste igrali 3. they didn’t play – oni nisu igrali Sa izrazom DIDN’T gubi se nastavak –ED ili –D sa glagola: * PRAVILNO – didn’t play * NEPRAVILNO – didn’t played
  6. 6. Upitni oblik – Questions • Did you play volleyball? – Da li si ti igrao/ igrala odbojku? U upitnom obliku ispred • -Yes, I did. subjekta stoji izraz DID, • -No, I didn’t. sledi subjekat (KO) i glagol (ŠTA) 1. did I play? – da li sam ja igrala/ igrao 2. did you play? – da li si ti igrao/ igrala 3. he on igrao • Na ovakva pitanja uvek did she play? – da li je ona igrala odgovaramo sa YES ili NO. it ono igralo • Kada u upitnom obliku imamo 1. did we play? – da li smo mi igrali DID, sa glagola se gubi 2. did you play? – da li ste vi igrali nastavak –D ili –ED. 3. did they play? – da li su oni igrali * PRAVILNO – did you play * NEPRAVILNO – did you played
  7. 7. Ako se pravilni glagol završava na Y ispred kog stoji suglasnik, -Y prelazi u –I i dodajemo nastavak –ED STUDY – STUDIED -Y → -I +ED She studied geography. Ona je učila geografiju. Neki glagoli udvostručavaju poslednji suglasnik ispred nastavka –ED : TRAVEL – TRAVELLED She travelled to Paris. – Ona je putovala u Pariz. STOP – STOPPED He stopped the car. – On je zaustavio automobil.
  8. 8. • Prošlim vremenom iskazujemo radnje koje su se desile u prošlosti u datom trenutku. Vreme dešavanja radnje je uvek poznato i navedeno. Tačno se zna kada!!! • YESTERDAY – juče • They visited her grandparents yesterday. – Oni su posetili babu i dedu juče. • LAST week/year/month/ Saturday... – prošle nedelje/godine/meseca/subote... • I stayed in a hotel last year. – Ja sam odsela/odseo u hotelu prošle godine. • ...AGO – pre... • He cried two days ago. – On je plakao pre dva dana.

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