40. National policy and legislation in relation to child health and welfare.pptx

26. Mar 2023

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40. National policy and legislation in relation to child health and welfare.pptx

  1. The Government of India adopted a National Policy for children in August 1974.
  2. “It shall be the policy of the state to provide adequate services to children both before and after birth and through the period of growth, to ensure their full physical, mental and social development. The state shall progressively increase the scope of such services. So that within a reasonable time all children in the country enjoy optimum conditions for their balanced growth.”
  3. According to the declaration, the development of children has been considered as integral part of national development. The policy recognizes children as the “Nation’s supremely important asset” and declares that the nation is responsible for their “Nurture and Solicitude”.
  4. It also emphasizes the priorities of children’s program and special focus on child health, child nutrition and welfare of the handicapped and destitute (extremely poor) children.
  5. A number of programs were introduced by the Govt.of India, after the declaration of national policy for children. The important programs are:
  6.  ICDS Scheme  Programs of supplementary feeding  Nutrition education  CSSM programs etc.
  7. 1. To achieve an acceptable standard of good health amongst the entire population in children of the country. 2. To provide the framework for assigning priorities to different needs of children and respond to them in an integrated manner. 3. To make all available resources to provide quality nursing care for children. 4. To ensure a more equitable access to health services in children.
  8. Public intervention aimed at establishing, maintaining and strengthening the political, economic, social, and cultural, structured determinants of good health. Public policies aimed at individuals and focussed on changes in individual behaviour and lifestyles. 3rd type of public intervention include socialising and empowering determinants.
  9. 1. A comprehensive health program for all children and provision of nutrition services for children. 2. Provision of health care, nutrition and nutrition education for mothers.
  10. 3.Free and compulsory education up to the age of 14years, informal education for preschoolers and efforts to reduce wastage and stagnation in schools. 4.Out of school education for those not having, access to formal education
  11. 5.Promotion of games, recreation and extracurricular activities in schools and community centers. 6.Facilities for education, training and rehabilitation for children in distress.
  12. 7.Protection against neglect, cruelty and exploitation. 8.Banning of employment in hazardous occupations and in heavy work for children.
  13. 10.Special treatment, education, rehabilitation and care of physically handicapped, emotionally disturbed or mentally retarded children
  14. 11.Priority for the protection and relief of children in times of national distress and calamity. 12. Special programs to encourage talented and gifted children, particularly from the weaker sections.
  15. 13.Paramount consideration in all relevant laws is the “Interests of children”. 14. Strengthening family ties to enable children to grow within the family, neighborhood and community environment. 15. Provision of nutrition in schools
  16. 16. Immunization programme. 17. School health programme. 18. Maternal and child health services. 19. Health education 20. Monitoring and review of progress
  17. •1. Survival, Health and Nutrition •2. Education and Development •3. Protection •4. Participation The rights of the children are categorized under four Key Priority Areas which are:
  18. The Children Act 1960 in India, provides for the care maintenance, welfare, training, education and rehabilitation of the deliquent child. It covers the neglected, destitute, socially handicapped, uncontrollable, victimised and deliquent children.
  19. 1. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 It provides a comprehensive scheme for care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of deliquent juveniles.
  20. 2.The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. 3.The Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 4.The Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956.
  21. 5. The Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and Infant Foods (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 1992. 6. The Pre-Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Technique(Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994. 7. The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995