Virginia dairy regulations

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Presented to Virginia Farmers Market Managers to educate on state regulations pertaining to dairy sales.

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Virginia dairy regulations

  1. 1. John A. Beers Office of Dairy and Foods Animal and Food Industry Services Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
  2. 2. Virginia State Law <ul><li>Law authorizes regulation of sales only </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations do not apply to milk and dairy products intended for your personal consumption or given away </li></ul>
  3. 3. Permits Required <ul><li>All milk and dairy products require permits </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations Governing Grade “A” Milk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluid milk products: whole milk, skim milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonfat milk, buttermilk, flavored milk, half and half, table cream, sour cream, cottage cheese, and yogurt </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Regulations <ul><li>Regulations Governing Milk for Manufacturing Purposes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Butter, Cheese, Condensed Milk, Powder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rules and Regulations Governing the Production, Processing and Sale of Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts and Similar Products. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Regulations <ul><li>Regulations Governing the Cooling, Storing, Sampling and Transporting of Milk </li></ul><ul><li>Rules apply to all species of milk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cows, Goats, Sheep, Water Buffalo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rules require dedicated facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No home kitchens or domestic use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rules prohibit sale of unpasteurized milk for human consumption </li></ul>
  6. 6. Regulations <ul><li>Dairy Farm Minimum Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk room for cooling and storing milk, cleaning equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milking parlor or barn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potable water and approved supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May include animal housing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Regulations <ul><li>Grade “A” Plant minimum requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate rooms for pasteurizing, processing, cooling and packaging, cleaning milk cans, bottles and cases, tank truck wash facilities, toilet rooms, employee lockers, dry storage, refrigerated storage, potable water, approved sewer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most expensive, complicated and under Virginia Department of Health </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Regulations <ul><li>Dairy plants manufacturing cheese, butter, powder or condensed milk must comply with similar requirements to Grade “A” </li></ul><ul><li>Small Scale Cheese Plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption to separate rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can use a dedicated room for cheese making </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must perform one step at a time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have 25 operations under permit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 Cow 13 Goat 1 Sheep 3 Commercial </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Regulations <ul><li>Cheese may be made from pasteurized or unpasteurized milk </li></ul><ul><li>Pasteurized Milk – immediate sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chevre or Camembert </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raw Milk Cheese – aged 60 days above 35 degrees Fahrenheit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheddar, Monterey Jack or Gouda </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Regulations <ul><li>Ice Cream and Frozen Desserts </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum requirements similar to Grade “A” </li></ul><ul><li>If contain any potentially hazardous ingredients (milk, egg, cream, etc.) must be pasteurized </li></ul>
  11. 11. Regulations <ul><li>All Dairy Products Must Be Labeled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of the product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Net contents in the container by volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ingredient statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name and address of manufacturer or distributer </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Regulations <ul><li>Guidance Documents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructions for viewing regulations through Virginia’s Legislative Information System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Food Safety Guide for Farmer’s Markets – Dairy Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Operation Packages – Virginia Food Laws </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Regulations <ul><li>Copies of the regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Advice </li></ul><ul><li>Call Dairy Services 804-786-1452 </li></ul>
  14. 14. VDACS Resources <ul><li>Agribusiness Development Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist with business plan development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help locating your business in Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help dealing with local requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Finest Product Promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generic Product Advertising </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Regulations <ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>