Mejdunarodnaja anatomicheskaya nomenklatura

354 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Anatomical terms

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
0 Kommentare
0 Gefällt mir
Statistik
Notizen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Keine Downloads
Aufrufe
Aufrufe insgesamt
354
Auf SlideShare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
2
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
2
Kommentare
0
Gefällt mir
0
Einbettungen 0
Keine Einbettungen

Keine Notizen für die Folie

Mejdunarodnaja anatomicheskaya nomenklatura

  1. 1. 120,1$$1$720,$ 0(
  2. 2. ./+$32OO+$, $+$7200T(.$ +20(+.-,$73$ FR
  3. 3. XTXDFDQEX8EFWQR0X SXFFª[X[ªHXHD
  4. 4. VHXURH +RUSHUDP,+H0+L;L$52-%,$ O- $,+(,7,%2(((37 ,OLO$%O2O7 $(+3+2(@O2,,22(-,+(++
  5. 5. @5, 0HP$%DSR--DXHDD720XHF%52D0+5-LD7OSODR$HQ S 0;$),-,2?%O$?OH-IQUQD +DF7+P[DQDU-D,%-,+ 7O+7%HSQ7/,L0D+QHSHH0SD R7D++K,O,0,,D O,,-7,-2L,7E2+-R,+H%5Q,,HELQOL0SDQHQHD QRQ +/,+7,,,D+D 720OO O.,,;-7D775S+0,.,2,0,+2%S5FDF[RZ DDVUVD[ SD,,2-,O2O,%7+HR+0EDS0,U;DQDR+DRDSVUDDDD[ UUDFDRD[UDDFU7RHUS0[++2%227%H77%0HH7P
  6. 6. -QDS2-,52IL ULDSP,.2LL D5D720,, O.$22L,L72-,++2+0O,+-.%-LD7SH %+++KOOO,,2-OHLO
  7. 7. -XD,2,D'5OD8720, O[RD.U,S,H;FFD[ %.-,,2D+ O[0HPSDS+R
  8. 8. -++EDQ,D702,, O.OO+[RQUS%H7RFRQ[R
  9. 9. 3FF[HDD72D0OO.O OO7HHSO05OEO227%77%,7 7HS 0,O,OD0OI?O5O
  10. 10. Q-DSR2
  11. 11. LOLD5DDDUDRVHRFDD,,0HR5.D-WLS KOUU FR[SFFDD[USH[DRDQ82-OO2 O2%-L,H, O0OOOD+DDXDVHDDRX QSDDDRDDQPUUSDDFDQSDVSDRDRH[DDQ3RLR7HSSH0+D,2, DRUHDFV[DR+20++HL-LSOHDQDDD$X0+3+DHS,-%H5 %.DDHUFQH R3,,Q+9D,-,LK,+2U%RFHFFRVHDQLRR[DPDDQVDUUR 02%I,,72-,,O20I2S%,2-,2,2% .QDUSDDFFVDUDDPD+S2D.,DQ,S+UDSD OHLL SD+K,; FQH QDDDVDRFSHU
  12. 12. H-DD.,-+S2D55K7,5;,+2% 0O2L
  13. 13. %%D9,U0HPQQD[SRRDQUSQDHRFD0FDHUR%X,ROVDSD PHQPDUU,S,++D70HP—+DRSQDD+DDDQUFRUDQXHD+20H5+-LDU SDDD-L+D+7520 D!53HDULVL1DRPQLDQD$QDWLFRDP31$
  14. 14. .RUDDRS%DQRQHFQQUDUR[0HPQQDS[RRQDUF%DKS[OH;F ,QQRD UUDRHQQDQDFQSD%QKQ-2O,HSDHD.2+0HQR%FDRQRDUQ+DD,U-QRQD-,-! DUVHDDDURXD+DH0FH[PUPQSDH FRUDRHDUFUURUHQQ,ODSDDH F5RLL0HPQQDSRQ+ROODR[HPRUDUSH H+O0LL0H$+,8-+FUQ+FRVHU0
  15. 15. 0XDFUXHSDFVPSQDVRR[ SDDHQXD3QRF7D+2%-LH+R+UH0++%DS+UQSDDDDD XRHR[Q0Q0QSKDOHXHDDDUHHS0++2%31$%0HQ,,,,-;,+DD+FU5D UUQS[HQD5P,-S+++D;-DLDR%QDUH©Q0VHFQUDVQHD%QR-DLªEPRLL 0HQQQ6L+P,F-5R+L5-L,2DQH7D.aPO%8H,QD72-LRURD+D72-OIOO ,.2+ F-LPFHQHQR0HDQ[HQQQHXSXQUF.D.-HRLHLOLO+,,0 HQHFX5RLL XDQH 2QDRD0SHSVH.URHD0HD+R
  16. 16. -U2U%DR-S,DQRQUQ 3FF[LR DDDUR[DY+RH0FHD+5-LLRDāU,,SHS%UDU+RPDFURDFDUDVDDDXD ,,,,D5SFFDDD+D7[2-,853+L;HUH0,S,+2%FRRUUDDHUURRPHUR 31$QPDQSHSPQUQDUDVDDQ$0+3$ā$-.Q2%D% ,0,, XSRT,L2++RQDHDV1URDPLQDDQDWRP0LHFPD—SR+DQQDD DDDVPUVHFFDD+D20H5+-LDU,ORSSDQHQ$ā$,% DQD0QR% 0HQQQDDQ
  17. 17. 2QDDUDUR[R,,2+5%KO-,%[DDRDUSQRUDHU FV[DVDU%Q,W5,WD'U,OSHVPQQDSUDQHDDD%DFHFRURRDDRU +D+2 UR22,'D7+%DD2702%IO7O2-,22,%-02OS2,-,2UQ2%S+%-,-, SHPHQRDQHRQURU.RRD[SVHHHPURX9,,,%FHHRURFD DKRHX-O DDUDRVURUQDRFDUURRDDD0SRQ-,2U%R%U%7DPDDHHU@ QSHRQU3DFFRD[DDDUR[DV+2HOF?,[HF-D,5,-LODSDURDDD[S0K+O,', HUSDQDSDDRR[SDQHDD%D%,3OHUSRRVUFDPRRUR 0 -8,UQURLP7D%HSU.5Q0HQ+FDFUQ QR3SDFDFS[DIRLLRLUVH D+D72O?I,3%L2H05+25LL-LDUF2S2E7,%H7F7%URPHLL ,ODS+,5.2LL 0HLO?Q+DDRSRDHQD+DRDL%LDFU-LHS—HFURRPFUHD0QH QSHQFHQD 7HPQSRS0,,[DOO ,HQ--Q,LL5R2%08,,QS+RG$L%%R SDFRD-DDODHSUD
  18. 18. Q D5DHD0+.$+%3UURTSL/-0U-RL 0++F5
  19. 19. QSR300+RUDQ 2SQHSRDFIS,L2SU+D
  20. 20. +UUDHQ 0RFU
  21. 21. QDQSRTLU$5RS5227%+DDDQV`QSR$3%5SDH% ā0R[FDD
  22. 22. D.DQH0+.$0+*Q3SRF%S5%QSP,+2%0RFD %D
  23. 23. QSRI+!+-ODDS3RDDVDDVQ
  24. 24. SRF%S$+Q5,,7,2,0RHQ HD
  25. 25. DDFHPHQ+QH7DH!-,-LD!DL[DQSRG0LU,OSD-VOHHFQDD USD QPH
  26. 26. Q5$R0S+S U3SURTL03DPP0RF[`DD XRS3+7R.2-,2%$FSUD[D`DVVDF-LPHQ+H+DE,U++HD[.+V 7,3($0-,2%+(
  27. 27. QSFRO!0$SHFHQD-HODDSDQDU
  28. 28. QSRT%QHSDQF.QLLD SDU
  29. 29. HQVRSGL,,,!UQHDRDDRDDHDF
  30. 30. [++OOR%O0RHQ %D
  31. 31. 7%77%%+K,+FH[SHDUSV]QZH7+0U$022%0R%,D^
  32. 32. 2%75D++20+.-DL7S+D+520+,8,SDDSDIUDQLDR,O-RLDRLH+H+ .272SR,H,;,2-,2,'+,S,,,+'2%+F,R,UDFVHD[DD0HPQX+2DOSORQ DDUDRDFVDRDVQHR0HPPD7SK,QS,O,O+7K0,H;PQQ'DK/+S0RDDD 720,3,QFR.VDU0HDUFU.DPUXUSHDURVUUY,X$1
  33. 33. QDDDQQRH ,ORDRVDHDDHQQPUHU2SEQ,D-,HU2QQHHQSDDRHHQHQR7S, DDQQR0O,+2-,2UQ‡UQF.2OOQS,D.O2S0HQVF-F,U$QQ0O+L+O?UHQ3SHQ FHQDUHDD[VD$Q0+ QS3RT+ $+SDHDFPUD
  34. 34. ,OQSSDDSDWLR3UF[FH.RDODLDURDDDVRHHPDFF[DRDDU,?SRHU 0+FFQDQS,,+-+DLDDRFDRQFUDFUQRQSUQHHQS+K%QUQUHQ;RPL QDDQDPLWFRD0HPQQDQSDRSDRDXQDVUDHFDD[DR[HDUPSRDU ,R,QSHQO$O,% R%QDD0+0HQDQDDD %3FF.2D+Q7D20+[‡HFLZLDRDHDDD%DRUFRQDRDS[HLUQR^ +0F[RSDUVDFQDRUHQHRUUDHHUHDS0+D%VK,QVHQHQPD0H,OORD +,!,0+00D.O02%+0 R,H+X0:,0$ ( 0[,0,+/, ,,$%DURSDF[Q+QSDFUDSVHQHUUHDSVUDDSD[DVD[DUV
  35. 35. URLP,^ +O,!E7K+5-, ,,2H+K+,DDQ[HHPFRR-LHFHR%H0SH++O!,0+ 3FFHQDDQD7R0+.7+H-HUH0SQ+KO—R-,-5+K!7KOQR%,2P +272,-,,,.UQDXDUD VQRH5DPRR3PLXQDD7UED+OQ!7F,H[0S0D,D, +D02QDDD[7+R02-,2UD7DLFHQ.H+,H[,U+SRUUPH++027KQR0SURPDHDUDR[H,DORDDD72
  36. 36. 0-2-,X2%H+S2HUV27RHQS0D++2Q%F DDPDURPH7U/RDQD720+ O,8,; 22SD%D,Q,RO,+ OO2LOFQD7/ FDVQHU 3DFQ-R2,,^H,++H ,DLFL7UHHDDQRSDURDVQRH[RRQ+0S2DF[FDU S,D%7/O;2
  37. 37. -++RSUURSDQRQRVUHSUDDD[QRV-DLR+R+PUIH,R
  38. 38. -,%H25D FFDQDSDRDDDDDDV%HUS;O+0,+.2+ +2I7-,O-D,
  39. 39. L2 O+OO+ 0+DQSHQH
  40. 40. 7HS+0LKOO©FDUQLODªL+V©FXDGODLV%ªDDD[DHDFDRDHHUUUFDHQ +2L%;+S++ªOO+O+,+ª..+DOW7H0S++KO -O2, FQ,HOQ LHUUX, QRRDHLQF5-,+,72 KO+DDDDUR+0 ,HRFL.DRaUPQPD]SE,TH-L%RH.D WH%LKO0.DFQHS+07HRQDS7aDSH.20HQQH72,U-FLVR+E%D7/+0HPL] DSDRQDDR©1RPDLDQQWDPRLVHYHUWLHQULDDª
  41. 41. ,?DPQRKS,U+DOQ-2-OL5+D+ LD7KOO+7+,H,S00++2V0D ,+-,,7H[++-0,-V R,DPHD%DD2S+Q2D%+D27UURS0+++D Q2-,/H7R+SDM?R-%,D+.O-,,++-,+,,U HIS0+.+(2%; UURUQQUHS[HFD75Q+HVQUHDD[HDRDD+DD7D2Q0+D OH 5+;RRSD%D+++ QR O,0+DU0USH SO-+,2K,O,;?H++Q,R2D0H7+ 7-8U,DDVSXHRQUDRVU%0RSUDUSR+-Q
  42. 42. -OQDXFRR[QSD+-,,27+ D3FFVD+RDDR7UQY )L5H2+UUR0H+.-LD%7,?SaFH UOQHHOF2O+,80,2% %7H;-, W+;D[RDU2QO,O,OO2-+-,+,O2O+2L%2+QPURRDSRVDDDDD .-,%--7,,-.+;7HS0+%2%QUSDUD[HS©UDRLSROQ0DQDD[Dª©UDLL 023OO!!7©VHFUDH[DDD7SR!D !©HQF[UDDDUª
  43. 43. +HH]DVDUVDHR%D.-, ,2I++HH D%DUDRDD[FHUUURQRXHDVSDDU V0^S
  44. 44. -RLU +HFU[Q QUQ72-U,2+,,^+;UHS0++2% +H+0,2+LO;O -,OE OLDXD [HDDQ
  45. 45. O+-D,+D72027%D.5D5%DDFUQHURHDQSHVUD FPFHPLRª0HL5XDSR+D
  46. 46. ,,!H02S2+-,UO2 O5 D,+HO,U+72-2,U+,H
  47. 47. HDDDXR0+H.-LDSE7,7%PHSQHX+KOQHD,;0HPQRXQDSXR0 52+ USHFDQFD7V202%%-7HPUUQSDQ%HU ,Q^R7+02USUD[HQDQHH++2+EO I+E+,;DD(U0%72%D+%;K, -,2%227%77%,2PXRT[QPQD-+LEE,00HPQXDSR+Q!,,0USHXD QD00H
  48. 48. K+,D,,-+EL-LD7HSD-LE`,,QL,+DSDS0UD0%U2U.HDSSQQVDSQ UDPPULLDQS
  49. 49. QPS5QSRDDHDPRUUDW%D0[HFQU+QXH RQFQ7+S0D2DQDHHD++H2-,EO7 H,S+OE+2?,%+;%,S[FRFD 7SD+5S+,,,-2+O5O%OHO+0HHF,-2,7+QR%-LH+7%2QS+R7H-LE+E,; +E,;Q-+,+,72-LES%DF+,F,[+.D%[+%D-LH+Q72D%QSD[HS QP QR[D7VDP-LD0 , +O+O2Q7D-SLD
  50. 50. %02-F,EOU H,+S/[LDHQVU 7SDLXSFWGIDS%UDHXDDUUSF!F5+LL+%,E5FQHQH +U,7D7EQSHQ ,O2 ,-7L++EK7,0++%7H[-,D D,[[RUQD2,',-LQUUQSRD[RSFDQSR 7SD++H/,%0@,U8HQa %FD[DD[QS00H+HUPQVDQF7%2%QDP!,;),++2+K ,,+KO; -,2%%HH7S0++2-,2, + ,H2 ,.H+7HD+++Q5S2+%2OOF%DKH,HQU 27D%-,E+7+;22++6QXSDPRUR7HUSLDP 5 ,ODUSSDDFIDDLRSSVDDDDD++2+E,+E-,;7H0S++2%%%2
  51. 51. 0/+,; %+20+.-7LSD+;2
  52. 52. + 0O2FRPRQ7ED+2S0E,-2,%22RSDDR%D ++++USD00D7+5S+FF[RUR DDVUDD -LHQQRH7,QF!%+D 7,227/,QSHHVRQRQSQHHDHRD-DLRD+U+ H[RRU-,%D2 +H+0H-,+HSF5F2L-FLKD
  53. 53. 5[,+?;%+%D-LH+72% IRPUQDQSR0Q7HEQ%H+DOD!+5DURQLQRXSRQPRQDUD[D %,,27SQ0D++Q2S%DH[FH-S,Q+DHU7FHDS0+©+-,2.7F%2+ FUD7D2VQRP5H+,7/H,S70E++52-,%F+E,F+UDVª` 2SUDUPHDRFFDQDDDQQVUQHFSQUSU7RRUDURUSD5M!,,HF QROO0.+27@2-O,,O%70K+K,;2-@+E,+%%D+LQ, 3DIULD5RR0WFUFXQQSF[RQFD-LQHDPQQ0URRSDDRK0QHH-,!+/L W-L,H,%K5R0,7+O,URRPUUQDRUUMSQWHHHDPDSHDDHQDV+U20HUPUD7 SVUUURS3++-DODVSRSDDQ-ELHO ,,H7+HS0++/ª,Q?H DHVVUHDQSR72:,%ªQSRS%$+D.+57-2©2FURHDURDDª ,W QSRF-L0D[DQL+LDQRRU0LU$02%202, 2,,-,0U ©QQQHF02-,2U+Q+S!R!I$OU5RSR7%520,,22U-,RPU,OSFDD©HIDOQUDHSDUDHDDVDD+-@DE7,-;/,+DD+70E!
  54. 54. O !URSI! %ODO FDFUHQS[RD-ªL0+;D+-,2%©HSQQQHSªR%S%5UU S,+52%©$SHSUDDQQHVQªUQSR-$L%%RSQFRD-,+0FSD 7, ,HF5DDFDUHQDSRDG9ª,L-,+DUDQ©,OHQUSDQVDDD DDFDDFUHUVUUSDRD033 DQ++ ,OSQ%UR+DQQQP+H SDªUUSR,S,,
  55. 55. 7HQD+2%,OHS,,M!DHSHQSD,HHQFDD5FDDUH 0DªSLR0WH5HUHD77+%QR%QS
  56. 56. RGL0IR-L ©%DUVUDUQQ DDD QHS+FD7HDD0DDQ
  57. 57. S
  58. 58. RG%LQHDSD[DFD©2SUD+KO ,%7%U!SUR!M!0,,[DLLUUUUSRR%0-!$SHFHDD -LD7+UHDQª5DPQ%/USVDHQD%QRFQHUQRUQSHDXFF[UDDSDQDFD QRF2-%,,2,DDDDQFDHDD5QR0+++QR5DPPQU7HSUQQSQD +,-0RDF-LL[RDQUDHDDDRVHSHPHD,HDSO%HK,VODSLDDQUQSRR[UD,--- SDRVF-LD%,2,DFHRUQHDHDD%DFHFR,+2,2 QDVDRRUIPRLHHUDDDDD 7202%IO7O2-,,22 %+602SO2O-,2%U2%2+2%+E,U2-2,%+/LH+D ,+2 +-LHQR5%+HD7+H+-,7/+770O+!+O+7HSF7%DDQSDDDRDHR[DDSD 3 Q$0+3%SHDDDPQR%0,Q%U-L%+D,27H0S++22-a,
  59. 59. 7F5H[RXDFF%KDOU-RQ,R2QVHRDRR-,,!PDRFH-QLSRHZPH Q5LXLDD0H LD0PGHU'TH-,[,!-ULRTPHQPROU!Q^H%5-LD7SZ %HHDDDHUD +DQXSDHSQRP2H/P,U-QS,D+FF27S,2?,,0KHOLWLFF QRRQUPQQD+Q+F;UQRW-7QHS%DRQR--U227.22%%5WH-DO77K+RUR DDSDDDU%2D0H%5-LDK7,%S%++F%, F.DDD++,'8QR,DHVDDDDD O?8DQ,7R.200%7DS.+D.+.-LDQUQFI7XDP.+.SFF57+H0S+0 %D0FRH7D%-R,RU%TE5D,2H00H%7DS5RU0Q02%7DSPU XDFDURUTXH FD7HS0,,3+21%$%%--7+',[HUDHS,U,RU'R©D1RXPPLQD DQDWR PLFDª $PVWHUGDPFRFF2V[UIDRD[UDDG,D$D1XP.R 0+7H7+
  60. 60. SR07HRUR OD.720K0H+7DSQHQUUSQRDDDHLUYUHPQ F.ROQLR0H+.-LD5720S+HFRFPLULFRE,-,.DDD0+,R,VUDFFPR` F+5227SK0,+QSH]PYH+++0LODDQSDDHS%HSQQ7S08©+XSR ,?25+2+5!`% %7+:7,-+DDWQLH[HSPRUPDD-,2, + OH ,,?H7HS0++KH,FUODWVQªWHDFDXGDOOVV ©YHQWUDOWVª +H,,2-E,L,%D7O-+O!25EOOE+ O8 ,+/L, HPDSSR[RQSO ,0H!H+%D H .PUPQZ+
  61. 61. D O UWQ2H,SHPRDQ7-3$-%HQ2SDFDDRFDVQDH SF 5+H%QHDRUR'SVSUHUªH
  62. 62. .DRHP02FUH-%FL+URDDDFDU5VRFD 0+LFUQHSQHV-DLRDURQQFDHS[+T7HXKOQ[SDFDDD%2P+D [ XSHQQRUVHDDD +DSDHQSDSDD7R5RLLSFUHRDFRDQFDDUHDSQDRD.R0+FFXLL DDHFD%D31$0DRUQRSH`O QRRHPHHP-G,L,OO7ODH.PU+UHR QSHULQ5RDFPDH-P,U+Q2K7.'D5-LUEH+KS,;XDRDDRHDDRQSRVR]V ?D,2%7,,+S.5270H0%7DSQP7DU.QD
  63. 63. ,-H-SLED/DaDHDRD a-LDUF7H+DDªQSRTL0+[DLLQ-L0RD$SHFHQQ ©HUVFHDUDSDDRVHU[+RDQU[HS[RHHDDDDQªHSRZ0Q [DLL2%-,+QS0S,,.DUDQ©$SUHS++HHSQQªDQSRS %QHSD+.+LL©%HPU2-,+2R%UR0RDUD!!QSRFS+05D UDQ
  64. 64. .DDDDDSEDLDHSDIL'R,-UD,[D+DQSDD%D,$H1DD%2-X PDV ,D7/QSH]YURPHQ,S,DD+ULDD,,%5.R-U0LRH+TQ7DH%UFRQ0D FRQ7H%HS7RDUDQRDDD3D1$RPPQRQHRDUSVRUH QHRPQHDQR RQRR%SHXDPFZLQUT+VHQ0DPRUQQQQR0HUT%H+UXEHaOQSD]R PH%OOL- 2UDRHSUDWL5RR0U+H++QFRRHQUHRDVDHUHURDQXRRDSRRURDSD SFHDD[LO.%O,%aDUQQPH+L7]2%+DSDR,S,D,O73,2L0H ,.;+U[SHVUDDRD 2/,-DD,,FQ,QU+RDQFUDPQQDHDPD!F,HQDQDDURQSRHSQDS+0D 00+++7HSHD7Q%SDDQRR[SDDH3QDDQDSHDDU ,OS,7,20RURSUURSH+aR0SDRS+P72U,RS,D+R 5R 0E,,,,,+ 7OSR,H,[2
  65. 65. U-, 27D2%+-DL7H2+0%+2+ OH+20.H2P+PāD7SSEDO027 SH,Q,RSRRSHD QD,D-D LFDH%Q++D22D+0DD+.-LD75S2+0+2OO++ QSD,OHVS+Q+$00H+ D%3FHDUVILSUHU%HSPDH+ 9,,,%FHHR,F+ 'O,!0HDSD2RD[0RUDUDHURDQ%RUR02S,,2-,2 URD %DDURRDPHDDD Q,7D+HD+D00HDQHQDUDQHFHPU;H0UHHPDD --QDSROO+20DQ+RD7D2U0S+H %FO7FHHR[52D0R-
  66. 66. LD7++ HPP757SQDRHR7TP+QQDQ/20+OO3D0PHPQRQSRXDDQROL D5D720+W-DHRF0HWPRLPWDU©S/1,HPLDQQVDWRPW)FRDXUHGWLK WLR$QSªSURYEHWGKH 7HQWK ,QWHUQD$WQLRDRWQDO RQJUHVV PLWVVDW7RNR$XJVXW$PVHWUGD2P[IRUG

×