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TOP500 - 20th Anniversary
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TOP500 - 20th Anniversary

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Number 1 Systems in all 40 Lists.

Number 1 Systems in all 40 Lists.

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  • 1. TOP500 20th AnniversaryNumber 1 Systems in all 40 ListsHorst Simon, Deputy Laboratory DirectorLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory SC12 Salt Lake City
  • 2. CM-5:Los Alamos National LaboratoryNumber 1 system in June 1993 Thinking Machines Corp. CM-5/1024 Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/93 1,024 59.7 Gflop/s 131 Gflop/s Interconnect: Hypercube, tree Operating System: CMOST Last appearance on the list: No. 80 in November 1998
  • 3. Numerical Wind Tunnel:National Aerospace Laboratory of JapanNumber 1 system in November 1993 and November 1994 to December 1995 Fujitsu Numerical Wind Tunnel National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/93 140 124.2 Gflop/s 235.8 Gflop/s 11/94 167 170 Gflop/s 235.8 Gflop/s 6/95 167 170 Gflop/s 235.8 Gflop/s 12/95 167 170 Gflop/s 235.8 Gflop/s Interconnect: Full distributed crossbar Operating System: UXP/V Last appearance on the list: No. 241 in June 2002
  • 4. Intel XP/S 140 ParagonSandia National LaboratoriesNumber 1 system in June 1994 Intel XP/S140 Paragon Sandia National Laboratories, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/94 3,680 143.4 Gflop/s 184 Gflop/s Interconnect: 2-D mesh (torus) Operating system: SUNMOS Last appearance on list: No. 36 in November 1998
  • 5. Hitachi SR2201:University of TokyoNumber 1 system in June 1996 Hitachi SR2201 University of Tokyo, Japan Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/96 1,024 232.4 Gflop/s 307.2 Gflop/s Interconnect: Hyper crossbar Operating System: HI-UX/MPP Last appearance on list: No. 85 in November 2000
  • 6. CP-PACS:University of TsukubaNumber 1 system in November 1996 Hitachi CP-PACS University of Tsukuba, Japan Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/96 2,048 368.2 Gflop/s 614.4 Gflop/s Interconnect: Hyper crossbar Operating System: UNIX Last appearance on list: No. 302 in June 2003
  • 7. ASCI Red:Sandia National LaboratoriesNumber 1 system from June 1997 to June 2000 Intel ASCI Red Sandia National Laboratories, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/97 7,264 1.068 Tflop/s 1.453 Tflop/s 11/97 9,152 1.34 Tflop/s 1.83 Tflop/s 6/98 9,152 1.34 Tflop/s 1.83 Tflop/s 11/98 9,152 1.34 Tflop/s 1.83 Tflop/s 6/99 9,472 2.1 Tflop/s 3.1 Tflop/s 11/99 9,632 2.4 Tflop/s 3.2 Tflop/s 06/00 9,632 2.4 Tflop/s 3.2 Tflop/s Interconnect: Proprietary Operating System: Paragon OS Last appearance on list: No. 276 in November 2005
  • 8. ASCI White:Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryNumber 1 system from November 2000 to November 2001 IBM ASCI White Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/00 8,192 4.9 Tflop/s 12.3 Tflop/s 6/01 8,192 7.2 Tflop/s 12.3 Tflop/s 11/01 8,192 7.2 Tflop/s 12.3 Tflop/s Interconnect: SP Switch Operating system: AIX Last appearance on the list: No. 158 in June 2007
  • 9. The Earth Simulator:Earth Simulator CenterNumber 1 system from June 2002 to June 2004 NEC Earth Simulator Earth Simulator Center, Japan Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/02 5,120 35.9 Tflop/s 41.0 Tflop/s 11/02 5,120 35.9 Tflop/s 41.0 Tflop/s 6/03 5,120 35.9 Tflop/s 41.0 Tflop/s 11/03 5,120 35.9 Tflop/s 41.0 Tflop/s 6/04 5,120 35.9 Tflop/s 41.0 Tflop/s Interconnect: Multi-stage crossbar Operating System: Super-UX Last appearance on list: No. 74 in November 2008
  • 10. BlueGene/L:Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryNumber 1 system from November 2004 to November 2007 IBM BlueGene/L Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/04 32,768 70.71 Tflop/s 91.8 Tflop/s 6/05 65,536 136.8 Tflop/s 183.5 Tflop/s 11/05 131,072 280.6 Tflop/s 367 Tflop/s 6/06 131,072 280.6 Tflop/s 367 Tflop/s 11/06 131,072 280.6 Tflop/s 367 Tflop/s 6/07 131,072 280.6 Tflop/s 367 Tflop/s 11/07 212,992 478.2 Tflop/s 596 Tflop/s Interconnect: Proprietary Operating System: CNK/SLES 9 Ranked No. 92 in June 2012
  • 11. Roadrunner:Los Alamos National LaboratoryNumber 1 system from June 2008 to June 2009y IBM Roadrunner Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 6/08 122,400 1.03 Pflop/s 1.385 Pflop/s 11/08 129,600 1.11 Pflop/s 1.46 Pflop/s 6/09 129,600 1.11 Pflop/s 1.46 Pflop/s Interconnect: InfiniBand Operating system: Linux Ranked No. 19 in June 2012
  • 12. Jaguar:Oak Ridge National LaboratoryNumber 1 system from November 2009 to June 2010 Cray XT5 Jaguar Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/09 224,162 1.76 Pflop/s 2.33 Pflop/s 6/10 224,162 1.76 Pflop/s 2.33 Pflop/s Interconnect: Cray Gemini Operating system: Cray Linux Ranked No. 6 in June 2012
  • 13. Tianhe-1A:National Supercomputing Center in TianjinNumber 1 system in November 2010 National University of Defense Technology Tianhe-1A National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin, China Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/10 186,368 2.57 Pflop/s 4.7 Pflop/s Interconnect: Proprietary Operating system: Linux Ranked No. 5 in June 2012
  • 14. K computer:RIKEN, Advanced Institute for Computational Science, JapanNumber 1 system from June 2011 to November 2011 Fujitsu K computer RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science, Japan Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 06/11 548,352 8.16 Pflop/s 8.77 Pflop/s 11/11 705,024 10.5 Pflop/s 11.3 Pflop/s Interconnect: Tofu Operating system: Linux Ranked No. 2 in June 2012
  • 15. Sequoia:Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryNumber 1 system in June 2012 IBM BlueGene/Q Sequoia Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 06/12 1,572,864 16.3 Pflop/s 20.1 Pflop/s Interconnect: Custom Operating system: Linux
  • 16. Titan:Oak Ridge National LaboratoryNumber 1 system in November 2012 Titan Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA Linpack Theoretical Date Cores Peak Peak 11/12 562,960 17.59 Pflop/s 26.74 Pflop/s Interconnect: Gemini Operating system: Cray Linux Environment
  • 17. 20th Anniversary Booth Visit Booth #1925 on the exhibition floor − View posters featuring each of the 15 systems to have claimed the number 1 spot − Learn about trends that have emerged over 20 years of tracking the top supercomputers