Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digging up the core of information literacy!
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Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digging up the core of information literacy!

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Slides of a talk at the seminar "Teaching Library : international trends in information literacy" led by Prof. Christine Gläser in the Master study program "Information, Media, Library" of the ...

Slides of a talk at the seminar "Teaching Library : international trends in information literacy" led by Prof. Christine Gläser in the Master study program "Information, Media, Library" of the Faculty of Design, Media and Information at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences.

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Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digging up the core of information literacy! Information habits in continuously changing information environments : digging up the core of information literacy! Presentation Transcript

  • Information habits in continuously changing information environments Digging up the core of information literacy! Thomas Hapke University Library Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) TUHH Technische UniversityHamburg-Harburg Hamburg Universität of Technology www.tub.tu-harburg.de www.tub.tu-harburg.de TUHH University Library Thomas Hapke - November 2013
  • Put the three spheres of information literacy in order of importance! 1) Find / access/ locate 2) Evaluate / discern / judge 3) Use / communicate / produce ? 123 231 312 132 213 321 Idea: Geoff Walton, Mailing list lis-infoliteracy@jiscmail.ac.uk, April 20, 2012, see also his LILAC 2012 presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/infolit_group/walton-12685154 Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Developments in modern information environments! Social Web Discovery Systems Global players Mobiles Devices (Wenger, E; White, N. & Smith, J.D.: Digital habitats : stewarding technology for communities. Portland, OR : Cpsquare, 2009) … Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Social Web Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Information systems change: In the past user and system were divided! Search result Information system Information specialist Object Search query Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de User Subject
  • Users are co-producers of information systems (Web 2.0) User 2 User 3 „learns from users“ Information system (e.g. Wiki, Blog,…) User 1 e.g. „Tagging“ changes through users permanently Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de „learns“ together with and from other users through the system
  • Changing … • • • • the the the the role of professionals and experts role of learning ways information literacy is learned contents from information literacy education Preece, J. and B. Shneiderman (2009) “The Reader-to-Leader Framework: Motivating Technology-Mediated Social Participation,” AIS Transactions on HumanComputer Interaction, (1) 1, pp. 13-32, hier S. 16 http://aisel.aisnet.org/thci/vol 1/iss1/5/ Information literacy is no product, good or commodity submitted from the expert to the layperson! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • On the future of competences!? „In diesen Tagen darf sich niemand auf das versteifen, was er ‚kann‘. In der Improvisation liegt die Stärke. Alle entscheidenden Schläge werden mit der linken Hand geführt werden.“ „These are the days when no one should rely on his ‚competence‘. Strength lies in inspiration. All the decisive blows are struck left-handed.“ Walter Benjamin, Einbahnstraße, 1928. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Consequences for libraries!? The library is a room for making experiences and learning, not a ware-house! Grainger Engineering Library, Urbana-Champaign, University of Illinois Graphics: D. Bieler Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Discovery Systems Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • „Wir sind doch nicht blöd“ (We are not stupid, however) Searching for a book by Clemens Knobloch in library catalogs! From http://log.netbib.de/archives/2010/08/25/wir-sind-doch-nicht-blod/ Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • „Wir sind doch nicht blöd“ (We are not stupid, however) Searching for a book by Clemens Knobloch in library catalogs! From http://log.netbib.de/archives/2010/08/25/wir-sind-doch-nicht-blod/ Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • TUBfind The library catalog as search engine Project with open source discovery software VuFind: Blog: http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/tubfind-blog/ TechnischeSoftware: http://vufind.org/ Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • TUBfind search Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • TUBfind search Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Catalog interfaces TUBfind Classical catalog interface • Search engine for TUHH library holdings • Only TUHH library holdings • Including articles from journals and national licences • Including TUB web pages and TUB blog posts • Searching for all resources of GBV Common Library Network possible • Search philosophy: Best match, relevance ranking • No journal articles • Searching for resources of GBV Common Library Network in other database interface • Search philosophy: Exact match, Boolean combination of search terms Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Bücher finden! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Information literacy and discovery systems • Does the existence and use of discovery systems change information literacy? • Is the need for information literacy a function of the user interface? • How do indexing, data structure and links, cataloguing rules behind the user interface prevent optimal results when searching for information? • Which components of information literacy are actually not necessary to get the best search result? (See also the discussion at http://plan3t.info/2012/04/05/verbesserndiscovery-systeme-die-informationskompetenz/) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • The searchability of information depends on choices made by authors, publishers, database providers, users and others (Adapted from Falciola, 2009) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • The social construction of search results Specific user and users • information behaviour e.g. used search terms Contents or documents in the system • information literacy • indexed content: bibliogr. description, abstracts, full text • former searches of specific user and of other users Results in a specific search system System‘s „properties“ • „enriched“ data • controlled vocabulary included • user interface • indexing (Boole, best match) Other impacts • structure of data • advertising economics of provider • transfer of data to search system • used cataloguing guidelines and its institutional or personal interpretation Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de • ...!?
  • Global players Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • How full text have been found from TUHH Access to full texts 2012 at TUHH as a function of the information source („Clickthroughs“ of the linkresolver SFX used by TUB HH) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • A critical view on discovery systems: “Thinking the unthinkable: a library without a catalogue” Simone Kortekaas, Utrecht University Library, Netherlands, 2012 [1] „Giving up on discovery“ – Dale Askey, McMaster University Library, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 2013 [2] How to improve delivery of materials purchased and licensed by the library? [1] http://www.libereurope.eu/blog/thinking-the-unthinkable-a-library-without-acatalogue-reconsidering-the-future-of-discovery-to [2] http://taiga-forum.org/giving-up-on-discovery/ Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • „On the shoulder of“ Google Scholar Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de Ca. 1410 Quelle: http://lccn.loc.gov/50041709
  • Finding full texts Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com
  • Finding full texts Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Using hidden services! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Via linking service to the catalog! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Via linking service to the catalog! Classical interface of the catalog! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • A further example Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Via GBV database! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Full text via interlibrary loan Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Full text via interlibrary loan! Ordering! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Full text via interlibrary loan! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Full text via interlibrary loan! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Finding full texts at a publisher Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Function of Link Resolvers Catalog data, maintenance through library Source of full text URL of source, e.g. DOI (in OpenURL) Cited source Meta data (in OpenURL) Knowledge base with local holdings data Meta data (in OpenURL) Search in catalog, interlibrary loan database Link Resolver Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Thinking about information literacy! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Critical view on information literacy Classical view Critical view Emphasis on competences, standards for information use understanding process or system of information Concept of education, Bildung transfer of knowledge from the knower to the learner creating ability for reflection and critical awareness Concept of knowledge independent of knower result of a social process Concept of inf. process linear not linear, complex Emphasis on information literacy how to find how to produce and share View of the user customer, needy person patron, co-producer View of the library storehouse room for experiences View of the librarian teacher consultant for learning Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Being modest: Information literacy is one of many key competencies and literacies! Media literacy Intercultural competencies Visual literacy Decision-making and responsibility Academic literacy Writing competencies Computer literacy E-literacy Didactical competencies (Martin, A.; Madigan, D.: Digital literacies for learning. London : Facet Publ., 2006. Knobel, M; Lankshear, C.: A new literacies sampler. New York Lang, 2007. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Selber, S. A.: Multiliteracies for a digital age. Carbondale : Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 2004) www.tub.tu-harburg.de Soft skills
  • critical view new literacy transliteracy Information literacy is a … !? multimodal literacy second-order literacy meta competence multi-literacy (Lloyd, A.: Information literacy landscapes : information literacy in education, workplace and everyday contexts. Oxford: Chandos, 2010) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Different views on information literacy Acquistion of ‚information age‘ skills ACRL, Big6 Skills, … Cultivation of habits of mind Kuhlthau, Dervin, … Engagement in information-rich social practices „Multiliteracies“, Lloyd, … Information literacy (According Addison, C. & Meyers, E.: Perspectives on information literacy: a Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg framework for conceptual understanding. Information research 18 (2013) 3) www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Different views on information literacy Discuss the three views on information literacy in relation to the following aspects: Key statements Advantages Challenges Role of information professional (According Addison, C. & Meyers, E.: Perspectives on information literacy: a Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg framework for conceptual understanding. Information research 18 (2013) 3) www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • A further proposal: A cultural view on information literacy! Thinking about the other, the difference! La culture de l'information Culture informationnelle (Olivier Le Deuff) In French „culture“ also means education or „Bildung“! Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Information culture implies ... • to create and develop oneself • diversity (in contrast to Google‘s monoculture) • being different and viewing oneself different • importance of context and relations, e.g. with a disciplinary culture • a more phenomenological or ethnological view on information behaviour and information literacy • a not library-related view on information literacy Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Key aspects of information culture include … Textuality Authenticity Knowledge Power Identity Memory (According Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Tredinnick, L.: Digital information culture, 2008) www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Distinctions Object Subject INFORMATION Material Form Variability Stability Absence Presence Knowledge Data Interpretation, Transformation Representation Technology COMMUNICATION Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de Culture
  • Prerequisites to develop information literacy!? • • • • • Curiosity Skill to play and to explore Having the time for it Critical attitude ...? Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • What is the core of information literacy? What is the real, the characteristic, the „Eigentliche“ of information literacy? Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Proposals for the core of information literacy/culture • Don‘t trust only one information source. • Be prepared for constant change. • Know your skills and limits! • When searching: „Bullshit in, bullshit out“. • Tolerate ambiguity and differences. • Don‘t give up too early. • Be aware that every fact is the result of an act, that information has been created by somebody with a certain purpose. Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Information literacy in academic education Part of academic research methods and writing! Made with http://www.wordle.net Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • IL challenges and concerns for engineering students and scholars • • • • • Availability of full texts Uncertainty to miss important information Coping with information overload Uncertainty about the quality what found … Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg Matej Krén, Idiom, Town Library Prague (1998), Photo 2009 www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • How to reduce uncertainty to miss important information? Using different databases. Using subject-specific databases. Reflecting on appropriate search terms. Knowing how to logically combine of search terms within a specific database interface. • Keeping overview through effective reference management. • … • • • • Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Recipes and/or reflection!? An important recipe: Recipes don‘t work in any context! (Antranikian, G.: Science meets cooking – Wenn Wissenschaftler kochen. Hamburg : TuTech Innovation, 2006) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Reflecting on science and scholarship ? ? Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • The core of information literacy/culture in academic education Critical and reflected handling of data, information and communication processes as well as epistemological processes Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • The core of information literacy/culture in academic education How to name this? One proposal by Wayne Bivens-Tatum, Princeton University Library: “scholarly habitude” From: http://blogs.princeton.edu/librarian/2013/10/some-context-for-thelatest-p2p-review-column/ Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • An example for information literacy content written for a special „disciplinary culture“ Hapke, T.: Appendix I. The world of biotechnology information: seven points for reflecting on your information behavior. In: Buchholz, K., Kasche, V., Bornscheuer, U.T.: Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology. 2. ed. Wiley-VCH, October 2012. Preprint available at: http://www.chemie.unigreifswald.de/~biotech/assets/downloads/Info rmation_BuchholzKascheBornscheuer.pdf Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Information literacy/culture and creativity How can information systems increase individual creativity? E.g. through enabling and enhancing combinatorics and remixing! (For a view from history see: Hapke, T.: Wilhelm Ostwald’s Combinatorics as a Link between In-formation and Form. Library Trends 61 (2012) 2, 286-303. Also online at http://doku.b.tu-harburg.de/volltexte/2013/1192/ ) Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Further reading Addison, C. & Meyers, E.: Perspectives on information literacy: a framework for conceptual understanding. Information research 18 (2013) 3 Hapke, T.: Informationskompetenz in einer neuen Informationskultur. In: Handbuch Informationskompetenz, pp. 36-48. Ed. W. Sühl-Strohmenger. Berlin: de Gruyter Saur, 2012. Preprint at http://doku.b.tu-harburg.de/volltexte/2013/1204/ Falciola, L, Searching biotechnology information: A case study. World patent information 2009, 31, 1, 36-47 Le Deuff, O.: Culture de l’Information. Espace d’Olivier Le Deuff. http://www.culturedel.info/ Lloyd, A.: Information literacy landscapes : information literacy in education, workplace and everyday contexts. Oxford: Chandos, 2010. Tredinnick, L.: Digital information culture : the individual and society in the digital age. Oxford: Chandos Publ., 2008. Hamburg-Harburg Technische Universität www.tub.tu-harburg.de
  • Contact Thomas Hapke Web: http://www.tuhh.de/b/hapke/ Blog: http://blog.hapke.de Slidespace: http://www.slideshare.net/thapke Tweets: http://twitter.com/thapke „ Informing – Points to survive“ at http://www.tub.tu-harburg.de/en/subject-information/informing-points-tosurvive/ TUHH TechnischeUniversityHamburg-Harburg Hamburg Universität of Technology www.tub.tu-harburg.de www.tub.tu-harburg.de TUHH University Library Thomas Hapke – November 2013