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The pedagogy of MOOCs
Terese Bird and Gráinne Conole,
University of Leicester
14th March 2014
Open Education Week Webinar
...
Outline
• Overview of MOOCs
• Overview of eMundus
• Pedagogical approaches
• MOOC classification
• Describing MOOCs
• Eval...
OER and MOOCs
• Over ten years of the Open Educational Resource
(OER) movement
• Hundreds of OER repositories worldwide
• ...
The OPAL metromap
http://www.oer-quality.org/
Evaluation shows lack of uptake
by teachers and learners
Shift from developm...
POERUP outputs
• An inventory of more than 300 OER initiatives
http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Countries_with_OER_initiati...
The emergence of MOOCs
• CCK08
– Connectivist MOOC (cMOOC)
– Siemens, Downes and Cormier
– Evaluation (Fini, 2009)
– http:...
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
Free
Distributed global community
Social inclusion
High dropout rates
Learning income ...
The eMundus project
• Aim
– Strengthen
cooperation and
awareness amongst
EU and strategic
partners of
exploiting potential...
Objectives
• Map state of the art of MOOCs and Virtual
Mobility
• Sharing of knowledge, tools and practices
around MOOCs a...
Learning can be achieved by:
Interaction
Communication &
Collaboration
Through
OER & MOOCs Social Media
Facilitated by:
Le...
A
Constructivist
Building on prior
knowledge
Task-orientated
Situative
Learning through
social interaction
Learning in con...
Pedagogical approaches
Drill & practise
learning
Inquiry
learning
Situated
learning
Immersive
learning
Drill and practise learning
Flashlets app
Inquiry-based learning
• Promoting inquiry-
based approaches for
Science –nQuire tools
• Developing public
understanding o...
Springpad curation
Situated learning
Archeological digs
Medical wards
Art exhibitions
Cyber-law
Virtual language exchange
Beyond formal schoo...
Swift project
Paul Rudman and Suzanne Lavelle
Outbreak App
Immersive learning
OLDS MOOC
Dimension Characteristics
Context
Open Degree to which the MOOC is open
Massive How large the MOOC is
Diversity The divers...
The 7Cs of Learning Design
Conceptualise
Vision
CommunicateCreate ConsiderCollaborate
Activities
Combine
Synthesis
Consoli...
Course features
• Pedagogical approaches
• Principles
• Guidance and support
• Content and activities
• Reflection and dem...
Activity profile
• Types of learner activities
– Assimilative
– Information Handling
– Communication
– Production
– Experi...
Start End
Learning
Outcomes
LO1
LO2
LO3
LO4
Assessment LO1
LO2 LO3 LO4
Week 1
Topic 1
Week 2
Topic 2
Week 3
Topic 3
Week 4...
Formal
Informal
Individual Social
Blended courses
DL+ social media
Trad. campus courses
DL courses
OER
xMOOCs
OER + Social...
A new MOOC classification
Dimension Connectivist Siemens MOOC
Context
Open 3
Massive 2
Diversity 3
Learning
Use of multime...
A new MOOC classification
Dimension Connectivist Siemens MOOC
Context
Open 3
Massive 2
Diversity 3
Learning
Use of multime...
MOOCs by pedagogical approach
PLUS:
Cognitive
Associative
Associating a stimulus with a response – operant conditioning.
Create a new stimulus response.
Intermediate Ch...
Cognitive
Learning by experiencing a stimuli but not doing
anything. The way in which a person is encouraged to
contemplat...
Constructivist
Adding meaning to, and building upon, what I
already know
Open University Course Design MOOC ‘OLDS’
http://...
Situative
Learning that occurs in the same context in
which it will be used.
Coursera Introduction to Clinical Neurology
h...
Connectivist
About who or what learning resources we have
access to. People as resources.
George Siemens original Connecti...
MOOCs by pedagogical approach
Dimension Associative
Chinese
Cognitive
Songwriting
Constructivist
OLDS
Situative
Neuro
Conn...
Conclusion
• MOOCs as disruptive
technologies challenging
traditional institutions
• New business models emerging
• New ap...
http://www.slideshare.net/GrainneConole
http://www.le.ac.uk/ili
grainne.conole@le.ac.uk
http://e4innovation.com
@gconole
The Pedagogy of MOOCs
The Pedagogy of MOOCs
The Pedagogy of MOOCs
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The Pedagogy of MOOCs

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Grainne Conole and Terese Bird presented this in a webinar for Open Education Week 2014, on 14th March 2014. The webinar is an activity of the eMundus EU-funded project about virtual mobility and open educational partnerships.

Published in: Bildung

Transcript of "The Pedagogy of MOOCs"

  1. 1. The pedagogy of MOOCs Terese Bird and Gráinne Conole, University of Leicester 14th March 2014 Open Education Week Webinar National Teaching Fellow 2012 Ascilite fellow 2012EDEN fellow 2013
  2. 2. Outline • Overview of MOOCs • Overview of eMundus • Pedagogical approaches • MOOC classification • Describing MOOCs • Evaluating MOOCs
  3. 3. OER and MOOCs • Over ten years of the Open Educational Resource (OER) movement • Hundreds of OER repositories worldwide • Presence on iTunesU • 2012 Times year of the MOOC
  4. 4. The OPAL metromap http://www.oer-quality.org/ Evaluation shows lack of uptake by teachers and learners Shift from development to community building and articulation of OER practice
  5. 5. POERUP outputs • An inventory of more than 300 OER initiatives http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Countries_with_OER_initiatives • 11 country reports and 13 mini-reports http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Countries • 7 in-depth case studies • 3 EU-wide policy papers
  6. 6. The emergence of MOOCs • CCK08 – Connectivist MOOC (cMOOC) – Siemens, Downes and Cormier – Evaluation (Fini, 2009) – http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/643/1402 • Emergence of large-scale xMOOCs • UK-based FutureLearn • Launch of Massey on Open2Study • What are MOOCs? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3gMGqcZQc • List of MOOCs – http://www.mooc-list.com/ • EFQUEL series of blogs – http://mooc.efquel.org/ • ICDE list of MOOC reports – http://tinyurl.com/gconole-MOOC
  7. 7. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Free Distributed global community Social inclusion High dropout rates Learning income not learning outcome Marketing exercise http://alternative-educate.blogspot.co.uk/2012/12/audio-ascilite-2012-great-debate-moocs.html JOLT, Vol. 9, No. 2, http://jolt.merlot.org
  8. 8. The eMundus project • Aim – Strengthen cooperation and awareness amongst EU and strategic partners of exploiting potential of MOOCs and virtual mobility to support long-term, balanced, inter- cultural partnership http://wikieducator.org/Emundus/Home
  9. 9. Objectives • Map state of the art of MOOCs and Virtual Mobility • Sharing of knowledge, tools and practices around MOOCs and their implications • Promote and mainstream MOOCs and VM • Help institutions, networks and policy makers to develop effective MOOC strategies
  10. 10. Learning can be achieved by: Interaction Communication & Collaboration Through OER & MOOCs Social Media Facilitated by: Learning Design Leading to: New support and accreditation models
  11. 11. A Constructivist Building on prior knowledge Task-orientated Situative Learning through social interaction Learning in context Connectivist Learning in a networked environment E-Pedagogies Mayes & De Freitas, 2004 Conole 2010 E-training Drill & practice Inquiry learning Collective intelligence Resource-based Experiential, Problem-based Role play Reflective & dialogic learning, Personalised learning Flashlets App Springpad App Solve Outbreak App Social media & MOOCs Associative Focus on individual Learning through association and reinforcement
  12. 12. Pedagogical approaches Drill & practise learning Inquiry learning Situated learning Immersive learning
  13. 13. Drill and practise learning
  14. 14. Flashlets app
  15. 15. Inquiry-based learning • Promoting inquiry- based approaches for Science –nQuire tools • Developing public understanding of Science - iSpot
  16. 16. Springpad curation
  17. 17. Situated learning Archeological digs Medical wards Art exhibitions Cyber-law Virtual language exchange Beyond formal schooling http://www.jibbigo.com/ Mark Childs
  18. 18. Swift project Paul Rudman and Suzanne Lavelle
  19. 19. Outbreak App
  20. 20. Immersive learning
  21. 21. OLDS MOOC
  22. 22. Dimension Characteristics Context Open Degree to which the MOOC is open Massive How large the MOOC is Diversity The diversity of the learners Learning Use of multimedia Extent of use of rich multimedia Degree of communication Amount of communication incorporated Degree of collaboration Amount of collaboration incorporated Amount of reflection Ways in which reflection is encouraged Learning pathway Degree to which the learning pathway is supported Quality assurance Degree of quality assurance Certification Mechanisms for accreditation Formal learning Feed into formal learning offerings Autonomy Degree of learner autonomy A taxonomy of MOOCs http://e4innovation.com/?p=727
  23. 23. The 7Cs of Learning Design Conceptualise Vision CommunicateCreate ConsiderCollaborate Activities Combine Synthesis Consolidate Implementation http://www2.le.ac.uk/projects/oer/oers/beyond-distance-research-alliance/7Cs-toolkit
  24. 24. Course features • Pedagogical approaches • Principles • Guidance and support • Content and activities • Reflection and demonstration • Communication and collaboration http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloud/view/5950
  25. 25. Activity profile • Types of learner activities – Assimilative – Information Handling – Communication – Production – Experiential – Adaptive – Assessment
  26. 26. Start End Learning Outcomes LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 Assessment LO1 LO2 LO3 LO4 Week 1 Topic 1 Week 2 Topic 2 Week 3 Topic 3 Week 4 Topic 4
  27. 27. Formal Informal Individual Social Blended courses DL+ social media Trad. campus courses DL courses OER xMOOCs OER + Social media cMOOCs APEL ePortforlios OERu Badges
  28. 28. A new MOOC classification Dimension Connectivist Siemens MOOC Context Open 3 Massive 2 Diversity 3 Learning Use of multimedia 2 Degree of communication 3 Degree of collaboration 2 Amount of reflection 3 Learning pathway 1 Quality assurance 1 Certification 1 Formal learning 1 Autonomy 3 For each dimension, give the MOOC a score: Low=1, Medium=2 High=3
  29. 29. A new MOOC classification Dimension Connectivist Siemens MOOC Context Open 3 Massive 2 Diversity 3 Learning Use of multimedia 2 Degree of communication 3 Degree of collaboration 2 Amount of reflection 3 Learning pathway 1 Quality assurance 1 Certification 1 Formal learning 1 Autonomy 3 How to rate Open? It’s free = 1 At least some CC materials = 2 All materials CC, and non-registered students can view materials=3 How to rate Massive? Under 500=1 500-10,000=2 Over 10,000=3
  30. 30. MOOCs by pedagogical approach PLUS: Cognitive
  31. 31. Associative Associating a stimulus with a response – operant conditioning. Create a new stimulus response. Intermediate Chinese from Open University of China on iTunes U http://tinyurl.com/chineselang
  32. 32. Cognitive Learning by experiencing a stimuli but not doing anything. The way in which a person is encouraged to contemplate. Coursera Songwriting https://www.coursera.org/course/songwriting
  33. 33. Constructivist Adding meaning to, and building upon, what I already know Open University Course Design MOOC ‘OLDS’ http://www.olds.ac.uk
  34. 34. Situative Learning that occurs in the same context in which it will be used. Coursera Introduction to Clinical Neurology https://www.coursera.org/course/clinicalneurology
  35. 35. Connectivist About who or what learning resources we have access to. People as resources. George Siemens original Connectivist MOOC http://cck11.mooc.ca/
  36. 36. MOOCs by pedagogical approach Dimension Associative Chinese Cognitive Songwriting Constructivist OLDS Situative Neuro Connectivist Siemens Context Open 1 1 3 1 3 Massive 1 2 1 2 2 Diversity 1 2 2 2 3 Learning Use of multimedia 3 2 2 2 2 Degree of communication 1 1 2 2 3 Degree of collaboration 1 1 2 2 2 Amt of reflection 1 1 2 1 3 Learning pathway 1 1 2 2 2 Quality assurance 2 2 2 2 1 Certification 1 2 2 2 1 Formal learning 1 1 2 1 1 Autonomy 3 3 3 2 3
  37. 37. Conclusion • MOOCs as disruptive technologies challenging traditional institutions • New business models emerging • New approaches needed for designing and delivering MOOCs • Need for appropriate pedagogies • Disaggregation of education – High quality resources – Learning pathways – Support – Accreditation
  38. 38. http://www.slideshare.net/GrainneConole http://www.le.ac.uk/ili grainne.conole@le.ac.uk http://e4innovation.com @gconole
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