טיפול בתרופות שאינן ריטלין

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טיפול בתרופות שאינן ריטלין

  1. 1. 275 .enitexom [PGRF [TG { esaeler wolS(. -otA ;enilomeP ;enimatehpmaxeD ;llareddA ;atrecnoC ;etadinehp MBZCT [TG GJCNKG [N 02 P"D [P[L VTGNQ M[[ TE -lyhteM ;nilatiR ;redrosiD ytivitcarepyH/ticifeD noitnettA :sdrow yeK NXGZL JKVGN )JCNKG [N 01 P"D NJKVGN YXZ-JGGI FRP[L 1 FY"Z { FVZT Y[C GZKMGH. CPBPZ HF RPYE CJKVGN CZGVG [BKRG FZKJNKQ FPYGCN FY"Z KMGNKO NKFRG PJKVGN CZGVG ~2|. FFGZKF NJKVGN NJKVGN CPKNVRKEBJ. CNGYKO CF FGB IKRGMK, VSKMGNGDK GVBZPYGNGDK. ZGC FKNEKO TO 5( K[ NJVN CZGVG INGVKG CBGF BGMNGSKKF FPRDE KSPGR HG VGDT C-%3=%9 PMNN FBGMNGSKKF ~1|, GFJKVGN MB[Z VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO BKRO KTKNKO. FPBGVKKR CBKPVGNSKCKG, CFVZTF CZKMGH GCVTKNG-KZ. 4( REZ[G ZGVG CTNG PRDRGQ VTGNF [GRF [FKKRF KTKNG F DHDA ± redrosiD ytivitcarepyH, FKB KSPGR RKEBJ, BL NNB F[VTG-FNGGBK FBGVKKRKG NZGVF. VZT Y[C GZKMGH )FY"Z( { ticifeD noitnettA 3( REZ[KO VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO RGSVKO TO KTKNG HFF NPKNV- JGGI CTNG JGGIK VTGNF [GRKO. FYEPF 2( PKNVRKEBJ KTKN NJGGI YXZ, GREZ[G ZGVG BZGMG- 1( PKNVRKEBJ KTKN C-%07=%08 PFIGNKO CNCE ~11|. BG [NYG CF[VTG-NGGBK PFJKVGN. SKCG: PSVYG PTRF NBGO VNIK BGMNGSKKF [BKRO PDKCKO NZKJNKQ FXGZL CJKVGN CZGVG RGSVG NPKNVRKEBJ RGCT PMPF FRDEG [TKYZF PMGGQ NZKJNKQ TXPG. CRGSU, ZGVG BNF PVKDG INY PQ FFRDEG FCSKSK NJKVGN CZGVG CFY"Z, RPGL PFREZ[ FQ CBZF"C ~9| GFQ CK[ZBN ~01|. KTKNG GCJGIG MPG ZKJNKQ, BNB [PTXO FKGQ "NB ZKJNKQ" PHG, NPZG TNKKF PPE CPSVZ FPJGVNKO CZGVF HG, FJKVGN MINGVF JKVGNK NZKJNKQ. FZGVG FIE[G NB HG CNCE [FQ FZDKN GFQ CBNF FNGPEKO CPKSDZ FIKRGL FPKGIE ~9|. KZF GREGGI CYXZF TN ZGVG RGSVG [FGTNG NBGZL F[RKO NBGZL F[RKO, FQ CBGMNGSKG FKNEKO FNGPEKO CPKSDZ FIKRGL RPRK TO FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO { BJGPGYSJKQ )SJZJZF(, CVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO [GRKO GCTKYZ CPKNVRKEBJ, TGNF CFPEF R FF[VTF FJKVGNK. MQ REGQ CZGVF IE[F RGSV, [BKRF Y K G P F [ N YC G X P RD E K O N J KV G N H F , [ MK I G F J KV G N PCIKR F[VTG-FNGGBK FY[G [RDZPG PRJKNG GFQ PCIK- P[RKO B ET FPRDEKO NJKVGN CPKNVRKEBJ. BL NPZG PGNRJ [FKF TE MF BI FINGVG FTKYZKG, BGNO CTKKK FQ CJKIGG GFRKSKGQ [RXCZ CJKVGN CZGVF PHF 07 [RF, BKRO GISZGRGKFQ. RHMKZ B FVPGNKQ )SKKNZJ, RKBQ(, VSKMGSJK- GXBG PIYZKO RGSVKO ZCKO FPTKEG TN KTKNG FJKVGN, FPKET FPIYZK FTEMRK NDCK FZGVG FIE[G, KZGRGKFQ DO CYCGXF HG, FGB PK[NC [N JKVGN ZGVK GVSKMGNGDK ~8|. [N RDHZG BPVJPKRKO, GEYSEZKQ )EYSBPVJPKQ(. RXKD B JKVGN VSKMGNGDK KTKN CPKEF [GGF. BGNO FJKVGN FKTKN CKGZ, [FKB PKNVRKEBJ BZGL-JGGI CPKGIE, BEZN, [FKB TZGC PKNVRKEBJ. CBO YKKP INGBF RNGGK, MDGQ FVZT IZEF, FGGKYG KGZ. REGQ CVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO FIE[KO YGRXZJF, CSPKRK FBKPVGNSKCKG GVTKNG FKZ CFY"Z FGB CZGVF R S YZ G F ZG VG F IE [G F TK Y ZKG G I N Y PF ZG VG FPSYRG PPIYZ ZC-F[VTF HF FQ, MK FJKVGN FKTKN CKGZ ZGVG IE[G FPFGG INGVF FGNP NZKJNKQ. CPBPZ HF PTRF PSVY NCTKG [VGZJG. NBIZGRF, FGIN C[KGGYQ [N CZGVG CFVZTF FRFDGK HG. FHPKRG NB RKPRG TO YG FJKVGN FZB[GQ CFVZTF, GNB RRG NTGP JKVGNKO VSKMGNGDKKO, NRGMI FFRDEG FR[RK NJKVGN NXGZL CPXKB INGVG NZKJNKQ. TE NBIZGRF FINGVG HIN. FPIYZ RGTE NCEGY PF KTKNG FJKVGN CPKNVRKEBJ FZKJNKQ FRVGXG FQ YXZG-JGGI KISK. SKCG BNF FCKBG CG 975 KNEKO TO FY"Z, C[KGU PZMHK JKVGN [GRKO GCPKPGQ F- RHYYKO NJKVGN CZGVG NP[L [TG ZCG, CTGE [ZGVG C[RKO FBIZGRG RTZL PIYZ I[GC, VZGSVYJKCK, [RMNNG CFVZTG-NGGBK FDGZPG NFVSY FJKVGN, GINY PFPJGVNKO MKVKGQ ~6|, GMQ CKNEKO TO [KGY PGIKQ GFY"Z ~7|. P DK C K O N J K V G N C P K N V R K E B J , I N Y P F P J GV N K O N G Y K O CKNEKO TO FY"Z GPINF MKVKGRK FPBGHR CJKVGN ZGVK RGDE- FRZTKO PRJKN ZGVF HG. CRGSU, INY PFKNEKO BKRO CPCDZKO GCPCGDZKO TO FY"Z ~4|, CKNEKO TO VKDGZ GFY"Z ~5|, CYZC FXKCGZ FZIC GFQ CYZC FPJVNKO PFIGPKO F[GRKO, KTKN CKNEKO CDKN FDQ ~3|, CKNEKO CCK-FSVZ FKSGEK, BL DO T[ZG [RKO MZGVF KTKNF GCJGIF. NPZG HB, ZCKO, FQ JKVGN CVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO, GCTKYZ CPKNVRKEBJ )ZKJNKQ(, GZKMGH )FY"Z(.1 PKNVRKEBJ FGMI CPIYZKO ZCKO NBGZL CCK GCCK-FSVZ FQ CIGO FNKPGEK GFQ CIGO FICZK ~1|. ZKJNKQ, FGB FZGVF FTKYZK FRKR MJKVGN CFVZT Y[C P[VIK BG PINF FPIYF FY"Z. FSPKRKO VGDTKO CKVYGE PKNVRKEBJ, FVSKMGSJKPGNRJ FPGMZ C[PG FPSIZK FRVGW NPTNF PIXK [RF GBKRO RGCTKO PSKCF PGDEZ BIZ, MDGQ P[CZ YXKZ CZGVG FKB NKNEKO TO SKPRKO GSPKRKO [N FY"Z FPPKEKO FKI NRKZGNGDKF [N FKNE, PZMH ZVGBK [TZK-XEY, KZG[NKO EGZK [PGBNK, GZEF DZGS-XGZ PKNVRKEBJ YXZ-JGGI )ZKJNKQ( FVZT Y[C GZKMGH { JKVGN CZGVG [BKRQSYKZG FZVGBF MZL 441, IGC I )BGDGSJ 5002(
  2. 2. PBPZKO ZCKO ~91|, GNMQ NB REGQ CG FVTO, BNB CINGVGKG. 6=21 [RF N[NG[ YCGXG [JGVNG CBI P[NG[ BV[ZGKG: 375FVMG B FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO NJKVGN RVGW CFY"Z. NZKJNKQ KGIEG CPIYZ EGPF [N hciarloW GIC ~12|, SGGDG 282 KNEKO CRKC[KNGC TO PKTGJ F[VTG-FNGGBK GFRGIG FKISK CJKVGN, NJKVGN CP[L MN [TG FKGO CEGPF N[NG[ PRG ZKJNKQ.FFRFDGK [NF )BKPVGNSKCKG GFKVZBYJKCKG( ~31|. MGRF HG, ZKJNKQ. PSYR FIGYZKO FKKF, MK YGRXZJF KTKNF GCJGIFRKJKCK [N FY"Z )Y[C GZKMGH( CRGSU NF[VTF TN FPZMKC FTEKVG CPGCFY JKVGN CYGRXZJF TN-VRK PQ [NG[ PRG NVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO KTKNG PKGIE C[KVGZ FPZMKC FYGD- CGEE [N YGRXZJF FKKF KTKNF MPG [NG[ PRG ZKJNKQ. FGZKOFPYGCNKO CFY"Z ~81|. P[PTGK CKQ FZGVG TXPQ GCF[VTG-FNGGBK [RDZPG. PRF~71|. F[KRGKKO FYZEKGGBSYGNZKKO CKNEKO FO PKHTZKKO CPKRGRKO BKRCG. F[KVGZ FKF FQ FRFDGK GFQ NKPGEK. NB FKF FCENC[N FVTKNG FSKPVJK [N FZGVG, NKYGVRKF GVSKMGHF TNF, CBGVQ [BKRG PVKT, MK NJKVGN CZGVG KZGQ TN-VRKCFKZEPG GBK-[YJ, GFREKZG KGZ FQ TNKKF CNIW-FEO GCEGVY N[NG[ PRG ZKJNKQ YXZ-JGGI GNZGV BKRCG. PGXBG FPIYZFN G G BK F [MK I G F Q K ZK EF C K BC G Q, M B CK - Z B[ , Y [ KK O mahleP GIC ~22| FK[GG PQ PRF CGEE [N YGRXZJFYCGTF GDGZPKO NF[VTG-NGGBK PGTJG KISK ~61|. F[VTG- CFKZEPG, MBCK-CJQ, JKYKO GK[RGRKG ~42|. ZGC FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO RGIKO NJKVGN, BKRO PIKKCKO RJKNF [FZK FIGPZ FVTKN HFF: KZKEF CKBCGQ, MBCK-ZB[, Y[KKOGRGZBEZRNKQ ~31|. F[VTG-FNGGBK FTKYZKG [TNKFQ PEGGI EGPG NZKJNKQ,CZKMGH FYJMGNBPKRKO CPKZGGI FSKRBVJK ~3| CTKYZ EGVBPKQ PKNVRKEBJ NPKRKFQ ~6|.BKRG CZGZ EKG. TO HB, KEGT MK VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO DGZPKO NTNKKF CVKZMGSKO GNFVSKYO IKNF, GBH RKQ NJVN CZGVGGTKYZK CFY"Z. PRDRGQ FVTGNF FPEGKY [N FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO NSPKO BG NBNMGFGN. CIGNK MKVKGQ )yspelipE( K[ NJVNVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO PFGGKO YG JKVGN ZB[GQ MQ, K[ NFKHFZ CPQ FZGVF CIGNKO TO BRBPRHF [N FPMZG ZKSKG )msidioryhtrepyH(. MPG- VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO NDZGO P[CZ NIW-EO DCGF GKZ- ìèéôåì áä÷¢ø® IGSPK PGRGBPKRKEBHF { TNGNKOFPGNKMKO FTXCKKO CPKZGGI FSKRVJK ~31|. 3 øéèìéï äåà òãééï äúøåôä äòé÷øéú KZ NZKJNKQ, JKVGN CZGVG PSGDMJKVGN CFY"Z PKGTEG NFTNG B ZKMGH áäôøòú ÷ùá åøéëåæ ©ä÷¢ø¨® [FZGVF KMGNF NFIPKZO, ZDK[G-CPKZGGI FSKRVJK. ZGC FZGVG FRKRG ùáäí éù äåøéúÐðâã ìèéôåì áøéèìéï IZEF BG PI YKXGRKKO { MKGGQKISK CZP FEGVBPKQ GFRGZBVKRVZKQ ìúä¬ åéëåìéí ìúú îòðä áîöáéí [KYGN-ET NVRK JKVGN CZGVF FOFFVZTF RDZP MMN FRZBF PKZKEF ùì÷å áäùôòåúÐìååàé áò÷áåú ðèéÐ FZGVF FPXCKO CFO K[ NFVTKNFCSKS GFPGIGQ ~51|. CZPF FBK ìàåúí éìãéí ùìà äâéáå ìøéèìéï àå P B K P F N M N P J G VN . N V K T N G QFJZGO-YEPKKO )latnorf-erP(, DZTKRK 3 äçìåôåú äçãùåú éëåìåú ìäúàéí YGRXZJF, MMN ZGVF, BKRFGZKMGH GFBIZBKKO NFVZTF FO FBHGZKO ìèéôåì áîéãä ùååä® BZGMG. BHGZK FPGI FY[GZKO NKVYGEK Y[C äååúé÷åú éåúø¬ äï éòéìåú åáèåçåú PPG[L C[N [TG NKPGEKO-TCGEFSCKCKKO, GZ[KKO GCKGNGDKKO ~41|. ìôðéãàè ©øéèìé館 ùáðéâåã ìçìåôåú PCDZKO GPCGDZKO FHYGYKO NMKSGKM K F Y "Z R D ZP PP K [ N C [ N D G ZP K O 3 ÷ééîåú äéåí çìåôåú çãùåú ìîúéÐ FX G F ZK K O G FT Z C F P G Y E P G , B GRKZGVSKMKBJZKG BIZG, FF[TZF FKB CCKO GTO P[VIO C[TG BIZ- FVGVKHKGNGDKF [N FY"Z PGZMC, GCEGPF NFVZTG FIGGKO Y[KKO MGXBF PFY"Z DO YGRXZJF KMGNF NFKG PTRF NPXCKO BNF { NEGDPF, CKNEKO~21| BG FY"Z TO FVZTF EKMBGRK )RGDEK-EKMBGQ( ~31|. PRG KGPKG GZO NKZKEF CFKTRG NJKVGN GNMK[NGRG ~81,32|.MDGQ FY"Z TO FVZT JKYKO BG CTKG FRFDG Y[G )YNGRKEKQ( KISK. NTKKO REZ[ F[VTF BZGM-JGGI [N FZGVF. ZKCGKFBIZGRG [FGHMZG RKRG CEZL-MNN MJKVGN CFVZTF P[GNC, ZGVG PKNVRKEBJ FRVGXG CK[ZBN FQ YXZG-VTGNFBIZKO, MPG GRNVYSKQ )roxefE ,enixafalneV( GTGE. FZGVG RKQ NINY, N[CGZ, NNTGS BG NFPKS B FYGVSK.XKYNKKO )stnanesserpeditnA cilycirT ± ACT(, RGDEK-EKMBGQ MKSGK JKVGNK NMN [TG FKPPF ~22|. C[N FPKCRF FPKGIE NBNEGDPF, YNGRKEKQ )enidinolC ,tirinnolC(, RGDEK-EKMBGQ N- FF[VTF FGB 21 [TG ~12|, ML [EK CPRF BI CCGYZ NXGZLFRKRG NTKKO MJKVGN CFY"Z GBKRQ YG FJKVGN FZB[GQ, KZ FYGVSK BKRF PSKSF GPGVZ[ CXGBF. SL HPQarettartS(. PVB YGXZ FKZKTF NB REGQ CZGVG RGSVG FZGVF ~02|.PRDRGRK VTGNF BIZKO, MDGQ BJGPGYSKJKQ ),enitixomotA)natiN ,trelyC ,enilomeP(, GZGVG RGSVG FVGTNG CBPXTG metsys(. ZP F[KB PYCN [[ TE [PGRF [TG NBIZ RJKN GINY [RK IEKZ NPIXF TO [KIZGZ FRP[L T[Z [TG )SORO)llareddA(, EYSJZGBPVJPKQ )EYSEZKQ ~nirdexeD|( GVPGNKQ INYKO: INY BIE FPBV[Z [KIZGZ PKKEK [N %22 PFIGPZ,VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO BIZKO [FJKVGN CFO [MKI, MDGQ BEZN FKKIGEK [N FZGVF FGB YGVSK )eluspaC( FPGZMC P[RKGKTKNGO FG[GGF NKTKNG PKNVRKEBJ. BNF MGNNKO F[KIZGZ FPPG[L [NG FPCGSS TN JMRGNGDKK SORO. FPKCRFBKRG PKNVRKEBJ, [FGMIG CPIYZKO MKTKNKO NJKVGN CFY"Z ZGVF HG PMKNF, CEGPF NZKJNKQ, PKNVRKEBJ, GKKIGEF CPRDRGQJGGI { YGRXZJF )atrecnoC(, GMQ ZGVG [FIGPZ FVTKN CFQ CSYKZF HG REGRF ZGVF PSGD PKNVRKEBJ IE[F GBZGM- YGRXZJF FZVGBF MZL 441, IGC I )BGDGSJ 5002( SYKZG%
  3. 3. 475 FIGNKO PJVGNKO DO CGMRK FRFDGK ~23|. MJKVGN CFY"Z ~43|. BEZN KTKNF MPG [K PRG PKNVRKEBJ, CTKYZ M[CPYCKN CBZXG-FCZK, EYSBPVJPKQ FKB BI FZGVG FRVGXG CPIYZ BIZ [N BGF YCGXF RPXB, MK PR CGYZ CGEE [N FJKVGN GNPT[F VIG I FJKVGN C[K FZGVG ~53|. CFY"Z NVIG MPG PKNVRKEBJ, GCPKRGRKO RPGMKO KISK ~13|. MPG MBCK-CJQ GMBCK-ZB[, EGGIG CPIYZ HF TGE NVRK IKN KGZ I F[VT FPKRGQ FDCGF. BEZN RPXBF KTKNF CJKVGN NGRG ZCG FRI[CG MF[VTG-NGGBK [N VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO, CKBCGQ, MBCK-CJQ, MBCK-ZB[ GY[KK FKZEPG. MBCK-ZB[ CNJG FKZEPG CNJG KGZ I EYSBPVJPKQ NTGP PKNVRKEBJ ~53|. BIE PFO NVIG. F[VTG-FNGGBK FKG PTJG GMNNG KZKEF FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO { KZKEF CKBCGQ GY[KKO CFKZEPG. Y[KK FGZF GPGZF, GCYZC %98 F[VZG PEEKO BNF NVK EKGGI [N F[VTG-FNGGBK FTKYZKG [N EYSBPVJPKQ FKG M[N [BZ CYZC %95 PFKNEKO F[VZG PEEK FY[C GFZKMGH NVK EKGGI F[VTG-FNGGBK. PRF G-3.0 P"D/Y"D/PRF. [RK FPKRGRKO RPXBG KTKNKO PBGE. CBGVQ EGPF N[K FZGVG FQ PCIKR KTKNGO GFQ PCIKR [NF. RCEYG [RK PKRGRKO [GRKO CF[GGBF NBKRCG: 51.0 P"D/Y"D/ CEYSBPVJPKQ NPKNVRKEBJ, GPXBG [BGO 521 KNEKO FDKCG ZB[GQ CKNEKO [BGCIRG MNGYKO CFY"Z GB F[VTG-FNGGBK N[BZ FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO ~33|. norfE GIC ~43| F[GG CKQ JKVGN nnamahA GIC ~92| CEYG B KTKNGF [N BEZN MJKVGN EYSBPVJPKQ FKB RDHZ [N BPVJPKQ GCTN VTKNG EGPF FRZ[PG CKGZ ~13|. NBIZGRF FGIN C[KGGYF CK[ZBN. EYSBPVJPKQ { enimatehpmaxeD )enirdexeD( P[GGY CBZF"C P[R 4991, GFKB BI PPBKKO FZGVG MBCK-ZB[, KZKEF CKBCGQ GY[KK FKZEPG ~82,92|. BEZN NFRKI MK FJKVGN CZGVF HG KVI GKNL. [N BEZN EGPG NBNF [N VSKMGSJKPGNRJKO BIZKO GMGNNG PGPNW, GMKGO, TO FIEZ ZGVG IE[G N[GY FZGVG, SCKZ RDHZG FBPVJPKQ: 4=01 [TG ~31|. F[VTG-FNGGBK FTKYZKG PMN FSKCG [XGKRG NTKN, FJKVGN CVPGNKQ MYG ZB[GQ BKRG NB CZGZF, NTZGC HG F[VTF BZGM-JGGI KGZ PB[Z N[BZ GIGCF NKJGN BGF CYCKTG GNTCGZ PTYC BIZ KVYGEK MCE. PK[NC HF KGXZ KIS 1:3 [N EYSJZG NNCGBPVJPKQ ~82|. PSKCF PYCN ZY [NG[F TE BZCTF [CGTG NBIZ IKN FJKVGN, etarahccas enimatehpma-d, { etaflus enimatehpma-l ,d ~72|. VTKNGF RP[M TE T[Z [TG { BL FF[VTF FJKVGNK BZCTF INYKO [GGKO [N enimatehpma-d, enimatehpma-l, d, CTN F[VTF BZGM-JGGI KISK NVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO BIZKO { BEZN FKB TZGC [N BZCT RDHZG BPVJPKRKO. MN JCNK PMKNF { GVTF REKZF BL FTNGNF NDZGO NPGG. HGFK BGPRO ZGVF BEZN )llareddA( ZB[GQ NJKVGN CFY"Z, P[GO [FGB TNGN NDZGO NBK-SVKY MCE PTZM FTXCKO FPZMHK NZKJNKQ ~33|. FGB BKRG PFGGF YG C[NPGF. PKCRF FMPGSF [N YGRXZJF BKRG PBV[Z VTGNF HG. VPGNKQ FGB VSKMGSJKPGNRJ FEGPF CPKCRFG GCF[VTG TN PHGQ ZL, MEK NFYN TN KNEKO [BKRO PXNKIKO NCNGT BGF VPGNKQ { enilomeP )natiN ,trelyC( FBV[ZG NVGI B MPGS FZKJNKQ AL GNVHZ B GMRF TN CCK-FSVZ, DEGNF KGZ ~52,62|. FCEN RGSU CKQ FZGVG FGB KGZ CF[GGBF NYGRXZJF, GKTKNGF C[TG BNF [CFQ FPJGVN vog.adf.www(. )FPKET RNYI PGL BZ PKRFN FPHGQ GFZGVG FBPZKYBK FKGO. ZP FZGVF CEO CCGYZ NBIZ PQ ZKJNKQ AL DCGFF YXZ-JGGI, BKQ EKGGIKO TN [MKIG PGDCZ [N PGG VBGPK F[KIZGZ F[GRG PYCN [GRK CKTKNG FZGVG FNNG NBGZL CPJGVNKO TO PGO CNC. NDCK FZGVF FP[GGY CK[ZBN, BEZN P[IZZ PKKEK GF[BZ BZCT [TG NBIZ-PMQ ~52|. C[N XGZG NDCK ZGVG BEZN BHFZF CECZ SKMGQ PGDCZ NPGG VBGPK C[GRF PYGRXZJF, NZKJNKQ AL [KIZGZ EG-[NCK: %05 PFIGPZ FRIKGKG NDCK BEZN RX. BRG PHMKZKO, MK PBGDGSJ 4002 YKKP KGPK CGEE [NF F[VTF BZGM-JGGI NP[L ZGC [TG FKGO. FGEKT PKRFN FPHGQ GFZGVG FBPZKYBK, MK BKRG P[RF B FRG[B BU FKB B F[O ZKJNKQ GRKR, CEGPF NYGRXZJF, CPRF BKQ Y[Z SKCK CKQ RJKN BEZN NCKQ PGF. NRGMI RGRKO BNF NBIZGRF FGIN CK[ZBN C[KGGY ZGV PKNVRKEBJ RGSV, FVBGPK PCTKF ZVGBK BIZ, [BKRF Y[GZF NBEZN. RZBF MK ZKJNKQ BZGL-JGGI )gnitcA gnoL( AL nilatiR ZPG ZTKNG [N BEZN CEO, GC[BZ FKNEKO RDZO FPGG CNC, PXC FPTNF B FSKMGQ NPGG VBGPK. CKNE BIE RPXBG FJKVGN CYGRXZJF C[N F[VTG-NGGBK. FZGVG GFPHGQ FBPZKYBK FGEKT [NIPK[F PFO FKF PGO PKCRK VIGF TN Y[KKO CFKZEPG GFGVT JKYKO. ZY %7.6 FVSKYG B BKZGTK PGG VBGPK [N 21 KNEKO [RJNG B FZGVF. PKRFN NF[VTG-NGGBK EGPG NZKJNKQ, BGNO NYGRXZJF FKKF F[VTF RX, C[GY FYREK. FVTGNF FCSSF TN EKGGIKO PBZF"C, NDCK CPEEK FY"Z CYCGX FPJGVNKO NTGP BKRCG. YGRXZJF DZPF ZGVG B [KGGYF [N FZGVF BZGM-FJGGI [N BEZN, BEZN FTKEG TN ML [NBGZL MN [R FPTYC FPKE F[KVGZ FPGCFY CIKN [R 5002 FK[TF FSGMRG FYREK NVKYGI TN CYGRXZJF CP[L [RF ~42|. FPTYC RTZL PEK IGE[, GGXBGKG FJGCF CKGZ TCGZG. BGF YCGX PIYZ FPKEF CPTYC BIZ FPJGVNKO [N ZGVG [GRG MEK [RKQ KFKF NFBKO NMN KNE B FZGVF CZKJNKQ BG CYGRXZJF. [GGF N[K FZGVG ~33|. PKPXB HF PIHY B FXGZL CHPKRGQ TN-VRK BKRCG C[KVGZ PEEK FY"Z, NNB FCEN P[PTGK CKQ JKVGN PFKNEKO FDKCG JGC KGZ NJKVGN CBEZN, G-%83 FDKCG CXGZF CP[L IGE[ GFGXBG FKG EGPG { KZGQ NJKVGN CZGVG %52 PFKNEKO FDKCG JGC KGZ NJKVGN CPKNVRKEBJ, %73 PRF CGEE [N YGRXZJF, BKRCG G[NG[ PRG ZKJNKQ. RTZL PTYC NB MN FKNEKO FDKCG CBGVQ [GGF NPKNVRKEBJ GNBEZN:SYKZG FZVGBF MZL 441, IGC I )BGDGSJ 5002(
  4. 4. CEGPF NZKJNKQ, GMK FQ ZBGKG NFKG INY PZGVG FYG FZB[GQ .37-06 :22 ;1002 ,rtaideP vaheB 575[RPXBG CPIYZKO F[GGBKKO, MK FQ KTKNG GCJGIG NJKVGN veD J .sredivorp erac yramirp rof snoitacilppa dna snoitacilpmi C[RKO FBIZGRG FGIN C[KGGYQ [N PSVZ ZGVG IE[G : )A T M ( D H DA fo y d u tS t ne m t a e r T l a d om i t l u M H M I NNP[KPF [BKRF V[GJF. eht morf sgnidniF ,la & MJ nosnawS ,PS wahsniH ,SP nesneJ .8MGRG BNF FVMG B FJKVGN CKNEKO [ZKJNKQ NB FBKO NFO .668 -368 :71 ;2002 ,lorueN dlihC J .)DHDA( redrosid ytivitcarepyhNMGNO F[VTG-NGGBK ZCG KISK GBU PSMRG-IKKO )VPGNKQ(. ticifed noitnetta dna yslap larberec htiw nerdlihc ni etadin)YNGRKEKQ(, GHPQ PPG[L TGCZ TE NYCN F[VTF JKVGNK. CRGSU, -ehplyhtem fo ycaciffE ,la & N ihidaB ,SR velehS ,V ruzT-ssorG .7CFY"Z. ZGVG BNG PIKKCG RJKNF YCGTF, NTKKO MKGN BKJK .44-04 :031 ;6991 ,scirtaideP J ?evitceffe dnaN-XKYNKKO GYNGRKEKQ, MGNO BKRO PFGGKO YG JKVGN ZB[GQ efas ti si :yspelipe dna redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta niNBIZGRF INKVK FZKJNKQ FRVGXKO FKG VPGNKQ, RGDEK-EKMBGQ etadinehplyhteM ,la & J reeM red naV ,O ronaM ,V ruzT-ssorG .6ZCKO. BGNO ZKJNKQ, MMN ZGVF, BKRG PBKO NMN BIE. TE .612-902 :24 ;3002 ,yrtaihcysPCKGZ NFY"Z, GFKB DO FZGVF FPBKPF CKGZ TCGZ KNEKO cslodA dlihC dacA mA J .DHDA dna noitadrater latnemPPKNVRKEBJ { FKB TEKKQ FZGVF FKTKNF, FHPKRF GFHGNF htiw nerdlihc ni tnemtsujda laroivaheb no etadinehplyhtem fo stceffe tnemtaerT ,la & DJ ehcaoR ,WC sotnaS ,AD nosraeP .5 NSKMGO, ZKJNKQ { FZGVF FRVGXF CKGZ FPGZMC .866-856 :151 ;4991 ,yrtaihcysP J mA .ypareht tnalumits cinorhcF[VTGKF BZGMG-FJGGI. retfa ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw stluda ni msilobatemHG P[GGY PHF [RKO SVGZG CNCE, GNB RXCZ TEKKQ PKET NDCK esoculg larbereC ,la & CA gniK ,LL reuanebeiL ,AL kihcotaM .4CZGVF, GNB EGGI TN IGNKO [RVJZG PRJKNF. TO HB, ZGVF .222-191EGGI TN BKZGTKO Y[KO BG PSMRK-IKKO [RKQ NY[ZO NJKVGN :51 ;2991 ,mA N nilC cirtaihcysP .ygolocamrahpohcysP cirtaideP .)dE( ,D reffhS :nI .stnalumits ehT ,J namredeiB & ET sneliW .3FTNKKF CP[YN FKKXC. PBH FGIN FJKVGN CBJGPGYSJKQ NB .0991 ,kroY weN ,sserP drofliuG .tnemtaerT dna sisongaiDKZKEF PTJF CKBCGQ GCP[YN, BL GVTF HG INVF CFP[L GYXC rof koobdnah A .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnettA .)dE(GBK-KXKCG ZD[K ~63|. CIKN FJKVGN CBJGPGYSJKQ RKXVF ,AR yelkraB :nI .ypareht noitacideM ,AR yelkraB & JG luaPuD .2YNF, NNB P[PTG ZVGBK, CNIW-FEO FEKBSJGNK GCYXC FNC, .4991 ,CD notgnihsaWPRJKN BJGPGYSJKQ FQ MBCK-ZB[, MBCK-CJQ, CIKNG, TNKKF ,noitaicossA cirtaihcysP naciremA .)noitide htrof( launaMMJKVGN CFY"Z { YNGRKEKQ ~73|. F[VTG-FNGGBK FTKYZKG lacitsitatS dna citsongaiD ,noitaicossA cirtaihcysP naciremA .1GRSCN JGC KGZ PB[Z ZGVF BEZRZDK BIZ FRKR BU FKB CKCNKGDZVKF BJGPGYSJKQ CZKZRK PBGE CVTGNG, GNMQ FGB KTKN KGZGCJKIG JKVGNK MPG NPKNVRKEBJ. FGTN PFJKVGN CFQ.FSKYG [NBJGPGYSJKQ, NVIG CPIYZ ZB[GRK HF, KTKNG NFXKT JKVGN CZGVG NKNEKO FHYGYKO NG G[RPRTF PFO CTCZF[VTG-FNGGBK BG CXGZL CFVSY FJKVGN CDKRQ. FIGYZKO PVKDF INY PFFRDEG FCSKSK [N FFGZKO NJKVGN, GPBV[ZF T ZM F F G Z K O G F I G Y ZK O , NN B F CE N P [ P T G K C [ K T G Z FTGCEF FV[GJF [[PQ [N FZGVG FIE[G BKRG "ZKJNKQ",YSJKQ(. C[K FYCGXG IN [KVGZ P[PTGK CPEEK FY"Z NVK M[FSKCF NEIKK FJKVGN CZGVG FKB FZKTF PZKJNKQ.[JGVNF CPKNVRKEBJ NTGP 481 CYCGXF [JGVNF CBJGPG- FZGVG FIE[G PYNG TN FJKVGN CKNEKO TO FY"ZMVGN-SPKG BJGPGYSJKQ BG PKNVRKEBJ )FKG 44 KNEKO CYCGXF CNCE, GBKQ TEKKQ PKET TN F[VTGKG BZGMG-FJGGI.KNEKO TO FY"Z [SGGDG BYZBK N[K YCGXG GYKCNG CBGVQ [N FVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO. BJGPGYSKJKQ RKQ MJKVGN [RKO SVGZGCBIE FPIYZKO RTZL PTYC CP[L T[ZF [CGTG BIZ 822 { ZGVF CTN PRDRGQ [GRF, BL TO ZP CJKIG FEGPF NHGCPSVZ PIYZKO ~83=04|, GFKB [GG-TZL NKTKNGG [N FZKJNKQ. NJKVGN CVSKMGSJKPGNRJKO RKQ NFXKT MKGO JKVGN CBJGPGYSJKQNRJKO. KTKNGF [N FZGVF CF[GGBF NBKRCG FGMIF TE TF JGC KGZ NNB SKCF CZGZF ~23|. NBGO KNEKO [BKRO PDKCKO PRDRGQ FVTGNF [N BJGPGYSJKQ [GRF P[N FVSKMGSJKPG- FINV FJKVGN ~23|. CRGSU, K[ KNEKO [KDKCG NBI FZGVGCPCGDZKO. ZKJNKQ, F[VTG-FNGGBK VIGG GNTKKO NB GVTRF MNN NBIZ[BG[ZF NXGZL JKVGN CFY"Z GFZB[GRF [BG[ZF NXGZL JKVGN NGGBK, BL FPIYZ GFRKSKGQ PTKEKO TN ML [KISK NZGVFCKNEKO TO FY"Z. HGFK FZGVF FZB[GRF [BKRF VSKMGSJKPGNRJ FBIZKO K[ BGPRO PRDRGQ VTGNF EGPF GBGG PKDGGQ F[VTG- CRGCPCZ 2002 BG[Z BJGPGYSJKQ TN-KEK F-ADF NJKVGN NF[VTG-NGGBK, RKQ NFXKT MKGO INGVG. NVSKMGSJKPGNRJKOsrezialobatem(. MKGO CZGZ [BKQ NMGRF HG P[PTG JKVGNK ~73|. GBJGPGYSJKQ. CKNEKO [ZKJNKQ BKRF KTKNF TCGZO BG DGZPPFKZKO )srezilobatem evisnetxE( GNPVZYKO BKJKKO )rooP BZGMG-JGGI RGSVG, MDGQ BEZN, EYSBPVJPKQ )EYSEZKQ()6D2PYC(. RKQ NSGGD B FBGMNGSKKF NVK FDRGJKV, NPVZYKO ZKJNKQ BZGMG-FJGGI, MPG YGRXZJF GZKJNKQ AL, GMQ PZGVGBJGPGYSJKQ TGCZ IKNGU-IGPZKO TN-KEK XKJGMZGO 6D2054P NMKSGK ZGVK CP[L [TG BZGMG KMGNKO NKFRG PZGVG[N FPTCKZ FJZGO-SKRVJK [N RGZBEZRNKQ )Mn5.4iK(. CGMRK FJKVGN K[ N[YGN B XGZMK FKNE. KNEKO FHYGYKOrotibihni ekatpuer enilanerdaron evitceleS ~63| TN-KEK TKMGC NFPNKW TN FTZCG ZGVK.BJGPGYSJKQ FGB PTMC CZKZRK [N YNKJF R[RK [N RGZBEZRNKQ { JKVGNKG, BL FQ PDEKNG B PZIC FVTGNF [N FPJVN CCGBG BJGPGYSJKQ { )arettartS( enitexomotA CFY"Z. DO NZGVG FIE[G K[ F[VTG-NGGBK GPKDCNG FZVGBF MZL 441, IGC I )BGDGSJ 5002( SYKZG
  5. 5. 675 EGB"N: moc.liamtoh@66ileumhstirod .104-393 :24 JNVGQ: 3112346=20, RKKE: 035506=250. ;3002 ,tenikocamraF nilC .stluda yhtlaeh ni noitalumrof esaeler PICZ PMGC: EGZK [PGBNK, ZIGC DNCZ 4, KZG[NKO. ± deifidom owt fo noitartsinimda laro retfa etadinehplyhtem fo scitenikocamrahP ,la & SK kcirtaP ,BA nhguartS ,SJ ztiwokraM .52 .334-424 .57e :011 ;2002 ,scirtaideP .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed :24 ;3002 ,yrtaihcysP cselodA dlihC mA J .yduts lebal mret gnol noitnetta htiw slrig ega-loohcs ni obecalp susrev enitexomota a morf stluser htnom 21 miretni :etadinehplyhtem SORO yliad fo ycaciffE ,la & ED seiraF ,HJ nietsnegnilieH ,J namredeiB .04 -ecno htiw tnemtaert DHDA ,la & M nietS ,W mahleP ,T sneliW .42 .1091-6981 :951 ;2002 ,yrtaihc .732-622 :68 ;0991 ,scirtaideP .enilomep dna enimatehpmaortxed -ysP J mA .yduts dellortnoc-obecalp ,dezimodnar a :redrosid esaeler-deniatsus ,etadinehplyhtem esaeler-deniatsus ,etadinehp y t i v i t c a r ep y h t i c i f e d no i t n e tt a h t i w n e r d l ih c ro f tn em t a e r t -lyhtem dradnats fo nosirapmoc a :redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed enitexomota yliad-ecnO ,la & J rensurB ,JA nellA ,D noslehciM .93 noitnetta htiw nerdlihc no stnalumits gnitca-gnol fo ycaciffe .7411-0411 :36 ;2002 ,yrtaihcysP evitaleR ,la & M notlimaH-eddoV ,FK edalsneerG ,EW mahleP .32 nilC J .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw nerdlihc .501E ni enitexomota fo seiduts dellortnoc-obecalp ,tpecnoc-fo-foorp :701 1002 ,scirtaideP .sgnittes larutan dna yrotarobal ni etadin 2 morf stluseR ,la & J namredeiB ,HJ nietsnegnilieH ,J recnepS .83 -ehplyhtem yliad-semit-eerht susrev etadinehplyhtem atrecnoC .94-24 yad-a -ecnO ,la & L naelcaM-sworruB ,ME yganG ,EW mahleP .22 :)7 lppus( 95 ;8991 ,yrtaihcysP nilC J .stnecseloda dna nerdlihc .298-388 :801 :DHDA fo ygolocamrahpohcysP ,WJ nigoD & LR gnildniF .73 ;1002 ,scirtaideP .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw .22-61 :)21 lppus( 36 ;2002 ,yrtaihcysP nerdlihc ni yad a ecno etadinehplyhtem SORO fo liart dellortnoc nilC J .nerdlihc ni redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta ,dezimodnaR ,la & L mahleP ,W llihneerG ,LM hciarloW .12 rof tnemtaert levoN ,la & ET sneliW ,J namredeiB ,SJ recnepS .63 .503-592 :66 ;9991 ,rehT locamrahP nilC .nerdlihc ni redrosid yti .666-266 :001 -vitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta fo tnemtaert eht ni etadinehplyhtem ;7991 ,scirtaideP .lairt revossorc ,dnilb-elbuod a :redrosid ytivitca ot ecnarelot etucA ,la & D atniuG ,S atpuG ,J nosnawS .02 -repyh ticifed noitnetta htiw nerdlihc ni enimatehpmaxed dna .)werbeH nI( 47-17 etadinehplyhtem fo stceffe ediS ,M rekraB & F namraJ ,D norfE .53 :231 ;7991 ,hauferaH .emordnys ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta .6e :001 ;7991 ,scirtaideP .lairt revossorc ,dnilb-elbuod a :redrosid rof tnemtaert etadinehplyhteM ,V rusT-ssorG & SR velahS .91 ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw nerdlihc ni enimatehpmaxed .674-374 :54 ;4891 ,yrtaihcysP nilC J .gninoitcnuf ralucsavoidrac susrev etadinehplyhteM ,M rekraB & F namraJ ,D norfE .43 dna laroivaheb ,noitnetta no etadinehplyhtem fo tceffe eht dna .1002 ,kroY weN ,noisiviD gnihsilbuP lacideM lliH-warGcM redrosid ticifed noitnettA ,WL remmilS & EM ennyW ,TR nworB .81 . no i t i de h t 0 1 , sc i t ue p a r eh T fo s i s a B l a c i g o lo c am r ah P eh T .861-321 ,samreliG dna namdooG :nI .)sdE( ,EL dribmiL ,GJ namdraH .33 :4 ;5991 ,mA htroN nilC cirtaihcysP cselodA dlihC .stnalumits .1131-0031 :401 ;9991 eht : r e d r o s id y t i v it c a r e p y h t i c i f e d n o i t n e t t A , L L l l i h n e e r G .71 ,scirtaideP .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw nerdlihc .234-904 :53 ;6991 ,yrtaihcysP cselodA dlihC dacA ni etadinehplyhtem yliad-semit eerht dna ,yliad-eciwt ,ylno mA J .elcyc efil ssorca redrosiD ytivitcarepyH ticifeD noitnettA -gninrom ot llareddA noonretfa etal/gninrom dna ylno-gninrom fo yparehtocamrahP ,la & T sneliW ,J namredeiB ,T recnepS .61 fo nosirapmoc A ,la & MA sinorhC ,ME yganG ,EW mahleP .23 .18 .34e -36 :611 ;03 ;2002 ,seR yrtaihcysP .emordnys etteruoT ro redrosid :301 ;9991 ,scirtaideP .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta htiw syob ni ebol latnorf eht fo htiw nerdlihc ni esruoc-emit dna ycaciffe :llareddA dna nilatiR noitallecrap IRM ,la & HS yksfotsoM ,M eskirederF ,RW setaK .51 fo nosirapmoc A ,la & KJ maldiM ,RH ffonorA ,EW mahleP .13 .9-3 :)21 lppuS( 36 ;2002 ,yrtaihcysP nilC J .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta fo ygoloiboruen .9991 ,scimonocE dna weivrevO ,la & ET sneliW ,J namredeiB ,SJ recnepS .41 lacideM .sgurd noitpircserp eman dnarb 002 poT ,JN elavtnoM .03 .92-41 :)41 lppuS( .01e :701 ;1002 ,scirtaideP 85 ;7991 ,yrtaihcysP nilC J .redrosiD ytivitcarepyH ticifeD .stceffe edis dna etar ycaciffe :)llareddA( stlas enimatehpma dna noitnettA fo tnemtaert eht ni stnasserpeditnA ,WC reppoP .31 stlas enimatehpmaortxed ± erutxim enimatehpma fo noitaulave .498-688 :24 ;3002 dellortnoc-obecalP ,la & R greB ,WF eyehT ,AP nnamhA .92 ,yrtaihcysP cslodA dlihC dacA mA J .nerdlihc evissergga dna .8901-5801 :54 ;8991 ,mA htroN nilC rtaideP evitcarepyh rof noitacidem tnalumitsohcysp ot dedda enidinolc .tneitap cirtaidep eht ni stnalumitsohcysp fo esu ehT ,RS aksilP .82 fo lairt dellortnoc dezimodnar A ,EJ trautS & LP llezaH .21 .4003-3003 .7011-0011 :972 ;8991 ,AMAJ .stnecseloda ;9991 ,scimonocE deM .ecnerefeR kseD snaicisyhP .)etaflus dna nerdlihc ni redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta fo enimatehpma ,etaflus enimatehpmaortxed ,etatrapsa enimat tnemtaert dna sisongaiD ,la & JR namzeB ,M leneG ,SL namdloG .11 -ehpma ,etarahccas enimatehpmaortxed( llareddA ,JN elavtnoM .72 .729-529 :3 ;1002 ,J cossA deM rsI .555-545 :5 ;3002 .eussi laisrevortnoc a ± learsI nrehtron ni redrosid ytivitcarepyh ,sgurD rtaidaeP .yad loohcs eht ssorca redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta rof esu etadinehplyhteM ,E nahaK & Y namlegoF .01 t ic i fe d n o i tn et ta h t i w n e rd l i hc n i o be c a lp dna ) at r ec no C .7701-1701 :061 ;3002 ,yrtaihcysP dna AL nilatiR( snoitalumrof etadinehplyhtem yliad ecno J mA .redrosid ytivitcarepyh ticifed noitnetta fo tnemtaert owt fo ycaciffe evitarapmoC ,la & L hciertseP ,R avliS ,F zepoL .62 eht ni sdnert lanoitaN ,la & CS sucraM ,JM fforemaG ,M nosflO .9SYKZG FZVGBF MZL 441, IGC I )BGDGSJ 5002(

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