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Diabetes PowerPoint
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Diabetes PowerPoint

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  • 1. Type 1 and 2 Diabetes A PowerPoint that provides information, descriptions, and attributes of Type 1 and 2 Diabetes By: Eugene, Liz, Scout, and Betoya “The Greatest Wealth is Health!”
  • 2. Diabetes is a disease where the body fails to properly produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that turns sugars and other foods into another form or energy that can be used by the cells that make up the entire body. What is Diabetes?
  • 3.
    • Type 1 Diabetes:
    • -When the body can not produce insulin, which is a hormone that causes the cells to absorb glucose for fuel.
    • -About 5-10% of people have type one diabetes.
    • Type 2 Diabetes
    • -This is when the body manages to produce insulin but fails to use it properly.
    • There are other kinds of diabetes too, like gestational which occurs only in pregnant women who’s bodies that struggle to compensate for both the baby and herself. and pre-diabetes that is a minor version of type 2 diabetes.
    Forms of Diabetes
  • 4.
    • Doctors believe that diabetes can come from genetics, environment conditions, obesity and lack of exercise can cause diabetes to develop.
    • About 20.8 million children and adults in the United States or 7% of the population have diabetes. About 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, but 6.2 million people are unaware that they have the disease.
    Causes
  • 5. At Risk? Type 1 Diabetes -Usually diagnosed in children and young adults. -History of Type 1 Diabetes in family. -Viral infections such as rubella and mumps are associated with the development of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes -Those with low activity level, excess body weight, hypertension, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and history of gestational diabetes in family. -More common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders.
  • 6. How do I know I have it?
  • 7. SYMPTOMS:
    • I:
    • Increased thirst and urination
    • Increased appetite
    • Fatigue
    • Blurred vision
    • Frequent/slow healing infections
    • II:
    • Dry skin
    • Skin ulcers
    • Numbness in hand and feet
    • Weight loss, weight gain
    • Dehydration
    • Blurred vision
  • 8. Give me some Stats!
  • 9.
    • Diabetes affects an estimated 15.7 million people in the United States (90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes) - 10.3 million have been diagnosed, but 5.4 million are unaware they have the disease. Those affected include:
      • 8.1 million women (8.2 percent of all women).
      • 7.5 million men (8.2 percent of all men).
      • 123,000 children under age 20.
      • 6.3 million adults over age 65 (18.4 percent of the US population).
      • 2.3 million African-Americans (10.8 percent of all African-Americans)
      • 1.2 million Mexican Americans (10.6 percent of all Mexican Americans).
      • 11.3 million Caucasian Americans (7.8 percent of all Caucasian Americans)
    Statistics Concerning Diabetes
  • 10.
    • 10.8 percent of all non-Hispanic blacks (2.3 million) have diabetes.
    • African-Americans also are more likely to suffer from higher incidences of diabetes complications and disability.
    • African-Americans are more likely to undergo lower-extremity amputations than Caucasian or Hispanic Americans.
    • African-Americans with diabetes are four times more likely to suffer end-stage renal disease from diabetes than diabetic Caucasian Americans.
    • African-Americans have a 40 to 50 percent higher risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, partly because this population also has a higher rate of hypertension.
    More Statistics Concerning Diabetes for African Americans
  • 11.
    • Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in 2006, and the sixth leading cause of death from disease.
    • Diabetes contributed to 193,140 deaths in 2006
    • The goals of diabetes treatment are to keep blood glucose within normal range and to prevent long-term complications
    • Exercise can help keep weight and diabetes under control
    • When diet and exercise alone can't control diabetes, two other kinds of treatment are available: oral diabetes medications and insulin.
    More Important information
  • 12.  
  • 13. 1)What is diabetes? 2)What’s the cause of diabetes? 3)Why is increased hunger a symptom of type 1 diabetes? 4) What are some symptoms of Diabetes 5) Give one stat concerning Diabetes
  • 14.
    • American Diabetes Association www.diabetes.org
    • American Association of Diabetes Educators www.aadenet.org
    • Webmd.com
    References
  • 15.