Type 1 and 2 Diabetes A PowerPoint that provides information, descriptions, and attributes of Type 1 and 2 Diabetes By: Eugene, Liz, Scout, and Betoya “The Greatest Wealth is Health!”
Diabetes is a disease where the body fails to properly produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that turns sugars and other foods into another form or energy that can be used by the cells that make up the entire body. What is Diabetes?
<ul><li>Type 1 Diabetes: </li></ul><ul><li>-When the body can not produce insulin, which is a hormone that causes the cells to absorb glucose for fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>-About 5-10% of people have type one diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>-This is when the body manages to produce insulin but fails to use it properly. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other kinds of diabetes too, like gestational which occurs only in pregnant women who’s bodies that struggle to compensate for both the baby and herself. and pre-diabetes that is a minor version of type 2 diabetes. </li></ul>Forms of Diabetes
<ul><li>Doctors believe that diabetes can come from genetics, environment conditions, obesity and lack of exercise can cause diabetes to develop. </li></ul><ul><li>About 20.8 million children and adults in the United States or 7% of the population have diabetes. About 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, but 6.2 million people are unaware that they have the disease. </li></ul>Causes
At Risk? Type 1 Diabetes -Usually diagnosed in children and young adults. -History of Type 1 Diabetes in family. -Viral infections such as rubella and mumps are associated with the development of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes -Those with low activity level, excess body weight, hypertension, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and history of gestational diabetes in family. -More common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders.
<ul><li>Diabetes affects an estimated 15.7 million people in the United States (90 to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes) - 10.3 million have been diagnosed, but 5.4 million are unaware they have the disease. Those affected include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8.1 million women (8.2 percent of all women). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7.5 million men (8.2 percent of all men). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>123,000 children under age 20. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.3 million adults over age 65 (18.4 percent of the US population). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.3 million African-Americans (10.8 percent of all African-Americans) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.2 million Mexican Americans (10.6 percent of all Mexican Americans). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>11.3 million Caucasian Americans (7.8 percent of all Caucasian Americans) </li></ul></ul>Statistics Concerning Diabetes
<ul><li>10.8 percent of all non-Hispanic blacks (2.3 million) have diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans also are more likely to suffer from higher incidences of diabetes complications and disability. </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans are more likely to undergo lower-extremity amputations than Caucasian or Hispanic Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans with diabetes are four times more likely to suffer end-stage renal disease from diabetes than diabetic Caucasian Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans have a 40 to 50 percent higher risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, partly because this population also has a higher rate of hypertension. </li></ul>More Statistics Concerning Diabetes for African Americans
<ul><li>Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in 2006, and the sixth leading cause of death from disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes contributed to 193,140 deaths in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>The goals of diabetes treatment are to keep blood glucose within normal range and to prevent long-term complications </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise can help keep weight and diabetes under control </li></ul><ul><li>When diet and exercise alone can't control diabetes, two other kinds of treatment are available: oral diabetes medications and insulin. </li></ul>More Important information
1)What is diabetes? 2)What’s the cause of diabetes? 3)Why is increased hunger a symptom of type 1 diabetes? 4) What are some symptoms of Diabetes 5) Give one stat concerning Diabetes
<ul><li>American Diabetes Association www.diabetes.org </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Diabetes Educators www.aadenet.org </li></ul><ul><li>Webmd.com </li></ul>References
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