The	
  Power	
  of	
  	
  
Open	
  Educa2onal	
  Resources	
  
David	
  Wiley,	
  PhD	
  
Chief	
  Academic	
  Officer,	
  L...
Nice	
  and	
  Open	
  
Meanings	
  maGer	
  
“Nice”	
  -­‐	
  late	
  13c.	
  
"foolish,	
  stupid"	
  
“Nice”	
  -­‐	
  late	
  20c.	
  
"kind,	
  thoughRul"	
  
What	
  If…	
  
an	
  educator	
  revived	
  the	
  old	
  meaning?	
  
“Nice	
  people	
  are	
  certain	
  	
  
to	
  fail	
  my	
  course.”	
  
Which	
  “nice”?	
  
	
  
How	
  might	
  the	
...
“Open”	
  –	
  Early	
  70s	
  
“no	
  admission	
  requirements”	
  
“Open”	
  –	
  Late	
  00s	
  
Evolved	
  into	
  a	
  much	
  more	
  nuanced,	
  
specific	
  meaning	
  
Open	
  Educa2onal	
  Resources?	
  
Any	
  kind	
  of	
  teaching	
  materials	
  –	
  
textbooks,	
  syllabi,	
  lesson	...
Open	
  Educa2onal	
  Resources?	
  
1.	
  Free	
  and	
  unfeGered	
  access,	
  and	
  
2.	
  Free	
  permission	
  to	
...
•  Make and own copies
Retain
•  Use in a wide range of ways
Reuse
•  Adapt, modify, and improve
Revise
•  Combine two or ...
What	
  If…	
  
an	
  educator	
  revived	
  the	
  old	
  meaning?	
  
“I’m	
  teaching	
  an	
  	
  
open	
  online	
  course	
  this	
  fall.”	
  
Which	
  “open”?	
  
	
  
How	
  might	
  th...
Genuine	
  Confusion	
  
Open	
  =	
  free?	
  
	
  
Open	
  =	
  free	
  +	
  5Rs	
  
Why	
  Does	
  It	
  MaGer?	
  
Open	
  is	
  extremely	
  powerful	
  
	
  
“Faux-­‐pen”	
  is	
  not	
  
Educa2on	
  is	
  Sharing	
  
Faculty	
  with	
  students	
  
Students	
  with	
  teachers	
  
Faculty	
  Share	
  With	
  Students	
  
Knowledge	
  and	
  skills	
  
Feedback	
  and	
  cri2cism	
  	
  
Encouragement	...
Students	
  Share	
  With	
  Faculty	
  
Ques2ons	
  in	
  Class	
  
Assignments	
  
Exams	
  
Successful	
  Educators	
  
Share	
  most	
  compeltely	
  
with	
  the	
  most	
  students	
  
2008	
  Professor	
  in	
  Southern	
  US	
  
Claimed	
  (c)	
  of	
  his	
  class	
  lectures,	
  	
  
declared	
  studen...
“Demented	
  with	
  the	
  mania	
  of	
  owning	
  things”	
  
Walt	
  Whitman	
  
If	
  there	
  is	
  no	
  sharing…	
  
there	
  is	
  no	
  educa2on.	
  
Interlude:	
  A	
  Riddle	
  
What	
  can	
  you	
  give	
  without	
  giving	
  it	
  away?	
  
Ideas	
  are	
  Magical	
  (Non-­‐rival)	
  
Can	
  be	
  given	
  without	
  being	
  given	
  away	
  
“He	
  who	
  receives	
  
ideas	
  from	
  me,	
  
receives	
  instruc2on	
  
himself	
  without	
  
lessening	
  mine;	
...
Physical	
  Expressions	
  Are	
  Not	
  
To	
  give	
  a	
  book	
  you	
  must	
  give	
  it	
  away	
  
Expressions	
  Are	
  Different	
  
To	
  give	
  a	
  book	
  you	
  must	
  give	
  it	
  away	
  
When	
  Expressions	
  Are	
  Digital	
  
They	
  also	
  become	
  magical	
  
Unprecedented	
  Capacity	
  
We	
  can	
  share	
  (and	
  educate)	
  	
  
as	
  never	
  before	
  
Except	
  We	
  Can’t	
  
©	
  regulates	
  copying,	
  adap2ng,	
  
and	
  distribu2ng	
  those	
  copies	
  
Internet	
  
Enables	
  
What	
  to	
  do?	
  
Copyright	
  
Forbids	
  
Use	
  copyright	
  to	
  enable	
  sharing	
  
Features of copyright today
• aGaches	
  any2me	
  “original	
  work	
  of	
  authorship	
  
fixed	
  in	
  tangible	
  med...
Features of copyright today
• copyright	
  infringement	
  expensive	
  (in	
  U.S.	
  
$750-­‐$150,000/work)	
  
• public...
But how to ask
permission?
How to support those that
just want to share?
A simple, standardized,
legally robust way to grant
copyright permissions to
creative works (and data).
“Lowers transaction costs”
CC’s legal infrastructure:
(1) copyright licenses
(2) public domain tools
(1) CC copyright licenses
How do CC licenses work?
• built	
  on	
  tradi2onal	
  copyright	
  law	
  
• works	
  within	
  exis2ng	
  system	
  by	...
Step 1: Choose Conditions"
Attribution"
ShareAlike"
NonCommercial"
NoDerivatives"
Step 2: Receive a License"
(2) CC public domain tools
CC0 Public Domain Dedication
• read	
  “CC	
  Zero”	
  
• universal	
  waiver,	
  permanently	
  surrenders	
  
copyright	...
Public Domain Mark
• not	
  legally	
  opera2ve,	
  but	
  a	
  label	
  to	
  be	
  used	
  
by	
  those	
  with	
  knowl...
Over	
  500M	
  OER! 	
  	
  
Over	
  half	
  a	
  billion	
  pieces	
  of	
  content	
  
use	
  Crea2ve	
  Commons	
  lic...
hGp://crea2vecommons.org/	
  
Open	
  Educa2onal	
  Resources?	
  
Any	
  kind	
  of	
  teaching	
  materials	
  –	
  
textbooks,	
  syllabi,	
  lesson	...
Open	
  Educa2onal	
  Resources?	
  
1.	
  Free	
  and	
  unfeGered	
  access,	
  and	
  
2.	
  Free	
  permission	
  to	
...
•  Make and own copies
Retain
•  Use in a wide range of ways
Reuse
•  Adapt, modify, and improve
Revise
•  Combine two or ...
Open	
  =	
  Use	
  a	
  CC	
  License	
  
The	
  de	
  facto	
  way	
  to	
  make	
  something	
  OER	
  
Internet	
  
Enables	
  
OER	
  
Allows	
  
Leveraging	
  the	
  full	
  technical	
  capability	
  
of	
  the	
  internet...
Decreasing	
  Cost	
  	
  
and	
  Increasing	
  Learning	
  
Prac2cal	
  benefits	
  of	
  OER	
  
Tui2on	
  Is	
  Very	
  Poli2cal	
  
Textbook	
  adop2ons	
  are	
  less	
  poli2cal	
  
Textbook	
  Costs	
  
$1229	
  year	
  ($3131	
  tui2on)	
  
60%	
  some2mes	
  skip	
  
23%	
  regularly	
  skip	
  
“Displacing	
  Adop2ons”	
  
Make	
  the	
  required	
  textbook	
  cost	
  $0	
  
Kaleidoscope	
  Open	
  Course	
  Ini2a2ve	
  
NGLC	
  /	
  Gates	
  funding	
  
8	
  community	
  colleges	
  /	
  OA	
  ...
Core	
  Ac2vi2es	
  
Defining	
  and	
  aggrega2ng	
  outcomes	
  
Finding	
  and	
  aligning	
  OERs	
  to	
  outcomes	
  ...
X-­‐Ins2tu2onal	
  Collabora2on	
  Goals	
  
Cover	
  10	
  GE	
  courses	
  and	
  4,000	
  students	
  
Drop	
  required...
Phase	
  1	
  Results	
  
Covered	
  11	
  GE	
  courses	
  and	
  9,000	
  students	
  
Dropped	
  required	
  textbook	
...
Developmental Math Results"
Percentage passing with C or better
48.40%
60.18%
0.00%
10.00%
20.00%
30.00%
40.00%
50.00%
60....
Phase	
  2	
  Now	
  Underway	
  
Cover	
  35	
  GE	
  courses	
  
28	
  Ins2tu2onal	
  partners	
  
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
Making	
  OER	
  Simple	
  to	
  Adopt	
  
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
•  Start	
  from	
  learning	
  outcomes,	
  
•  curated	
  collec2ons	
  of	
  OER,	
  
...
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
Making	
  OER	
  Simple	
  to	
  Adopt	
  
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
Making	
  OER	
  Simple	
  to	
  Adopt	
  
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
Making	
  OER	
  Simple	
  to	
  Adopt	
  
Open	
  Course	
  Frameworks	
  
Making	
  OER	
  Simple	
  to	
  Adopt	
  
“Textbook	
  Zero” 	
  	
  
En2re	
  degree	
  program	
  based	
  on	
  OER	
  
Up	
  to	
  30%	
  off	
  the	
  cost	
  t...
“Textbook	
  Zero” 	
  	
  
Opened	
  Fall	
  2013	
  at	
  Tidewater	
  CC	
  
Finalist	
  for	
  Bellwether	
  Innova2on...
The	
  Daily	
  Divide	
  
The	
  difference	
  between	
  OER	
  and	
  Fauxpen	
  
Analog	
  ⇒	
  Digital	
  
Music,	
  Phones,	
  TV,	
  Newspapers,	
  
Movies,	
  Journals,	
  &c.	
  
Tethered	
  ⇒	
  Mobile	
  
Phones,	
  Internet	
  Access,	
  
Employment	
  	
  
Concealing	
  ⇒	
  Sharing	
  
Photos,	
  Videos,	
  Journal	
  Entries	
  
Isolated	
  ⇒	
  Connected	
  
People,	
  Content,	
  Systems	
  
Generic	
  ⇒	
  Personal	
  
Cars,	
  Computers,	
  Mobile	
  Phones	
  
Consuming	
  ⇒	
  Crea2ng	
  
Newspapers	
  /	
  Blogs	
  	
  
Movies	
  &	
  TV	
  /	
  YouTube	
  
Closed	
  ⇒	
  Open	
  
Research	
  (Ar2cles,	
  Journals)	
  
Data	
  (Government,	
  Weather,	
  GIS)	
  	
  
Content	
 ...
Then	
  vs	
  Now	
  
Analog	
   ⇒	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   ⇒	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   ⇒	
   Sharing	
  
Isolated...
Educa2on	
  vs	
  Everyday	
  
Analog	
   ⇒	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   ⇒	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   ⇒	
   Sharing	
  ...
“Daily	
  Divide”	
  
(As	
  opposed	
  to	
  the	
  digital	
  divide)	
  
“Academic”	
  
(This	
  is	
  where	
  the	
  common	
  usage	
  derives)	
  
“Academic”	
  
(This	
  is	
  where	
  the	
  common	
  usage	
  derives)	
  
What	
  About	
  Online	
  Learning?	
  
What	
  About	
  Online	
  Learning?	
  
Very	
  innova2ve	
  in	
  1994!	
  
Online	
  Learning	
  
Analog	
   or	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   or	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   or	
   Sharing	
  
Isol...
What	
  About	
  MOOCs?	
  
MOOCs	
  
Analog	
   or	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   or	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   or	
   Sharing(?)	
  
Isolated	
   o...
“You	
  may	
  not	
  take	
  any	
  Online	
  
Course	
  offered	
  by	
  Coursera	
  or	
  use	
  
any	
  Statement	
  of...
Open	
  is	
  Fundamental	
  
Why?	
  
•  Make and own copies
Retain
•  Use in a wide range of ways
Reuse
•  Adapt, modify, and improve
Revise
•  Combine two or ...
Online	
  Learning	
  
Analog	
   or	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   or	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   or	
   Sharing	
  
Isol...
Online	
  Learning	
  
Analog	
   or	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   or	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   or	
   Sharing	
  
Isol...
Connec2ng	
  
It’s	
  “hard”	
  to	
  connect	
  to	
  something	
  if	
  
you	
  don't	
  have	
  access	
  to	
  it	
  
Personalizing	
  
It’s	
  “hard”	
  to	
  personalize	
  something	
  
if	
  you	
  don't	
  have	
  permission	
  to	
  m...
Crea2ng	
  and	
  Sharing	
  
It’s	
  “hard”	
  to	
  make	
  and	
  share	
  things	
  when	
  
you’re	
  constantly	
  w...
When	
  You	
  Can	
  Assume	
  “Open”	
  
These	
  problems	
  disappear	
  
OER-­‐based	
  Courses	
  
Analog	
   or	
   Digital	
  
Tethered	
   or	
   Mobile	
  
Concealing	
   or	
   Sharing	
  
...
Divide	
  is	
  Growing	
  Apart	
  -­‐	
  Fast	
  
Moving	
  both	
  direc2ons	
  at	
  once	
  
Expensive	
  ⇒	
  Affordable	
  
Music,	
  Movies,	
  TV	
  Shows	
  
Affordable	
  ⇒	
  Expensive	
  
Textbooks	
  (+800%)	
  
Content	
  Affordability	
  
Provider	
   Cost	
  
Ne?lix	
  –	
  20,000	
  Movies	
  (and	
  TV)	
   $7.99	
  /	
  month	
...
Content	
  Affordability	
  
Provider	
   Cost	
  
Ne?lix	
  –	
  20,000	
  Movies	
  (and	
  TV)	
   $7.99	
  /	
  month	
...
Impacts	
  of	
  Open	
  on:	
  
Pedagogy	
  
Assessment	
  
Tenure	
  and	
  Promo2on	
  
Research	
  
Scholarship	
  
Bu...
Organizing	
  and	
  Transforming	
  (0.85)	
  
“Overt	
  or	
  covert	
  rearrangement	
  of	
  
instruc2onal	
  material...
But	
  Where	
  Are	
  All	
  These	
  OER?!?	
  
Demo	
  2me!	
  
OER	
  +	
  Analy2cs	
  
Con2nuous	
  improvement	
  
OER	
  
Give	
  you	
  permission	
  to	
  make	
  changes	
  
	
  
But	
  don’t	
  tell	
  you	
  what	
  to	
  change	
  
Analy2cs	
  
Tell	
  you	
  what	
  to	
  change	
  
	
  
But	
  don’t	
  give	
  you	
  permission	
  to	
  make	
  chang...
OER	
  +	
  Analy2cs	
  
Con2nuous	
  improvement	
  
Faculty	
  Feedback	
  
“I	
  wish	
  I	
  had	
  this	
  for	
  every	
  class	
  I	
  
teach,	
  for	
  every	
  module!...
Conclusion	
  
(Finally!)	
  
Genuine	
  Open	
  Moves	
  Us	
  Forward	
  
Increase	
  learning	
  
Decrease	
  costs	
  
Enable	
  new	
  pedagogies	
...
Fauxpen	
  Takes	
  Us	
  Backward	
  
Free	
  but	
  not	
  open	
  
None	
  of	
  the	
  benefits	
  of	
  open	
  
	
  
Lumen	
  Learning	
  
It’s	
  all	
  open	
  
	
  
Full	
  set	
  of	
  services	
  enabling	
  open	
  learning	
  
(e.g....
Discussion	
  
hGp://lumenlearning.com/	
  
hGp://davidwiley.org/	
  
@opencontent	
  
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in ...5
×

The Power of Open Educational Resources

10,203

Published on

Keynote address delivered to the Maryland Distance Learning Association (MDLA), March 2014.

Published in: Bildung
3 Kommentare
17 Gefällt mir
Statistiken
Notizen
  • Dear David,

    Many thanks for sharing this presentation. On slide 71, it appears an increase on the passing rate of around 12%. Which were the factors behind this increase with the OER adoption?
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie...  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • Dear David,

    Many thanks for sharing this presentation. On slide 71, it appears an increase on the passing rate of around 12%. Which were the factors behind this increase with the OER adoption?
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie...  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
  • ok i prepare money
       Antworten 
    Sind Sie sicher, dass Sie...  Ja  Nein
    Ihre Nachricht erscheint hier
Keine Downloads
Views
Gesamtviews
10,203
Bei Slideshare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
46
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
58
Kommentare
3
Gefällt mir
17
Einbettungen 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Power of Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. The  Power  of     Open  Educa2onal  Resources   David  Wiley,  PhD   Chief  Academic  Officer,  Lumen  Learning   Scholar  in  Residence,  University  of  Utah  
  2. 2. Nice  and  Open   Meanings  maGer  
  3. 3. “Nice”  -­‐  late  13c.   "foolish,  stupid"  
  4. 4. “Nice”  -­‐  late  20c.   "kind,  thoughRul"  
  5. 5. What  If…   an  educator  revived  the  old  meaning?  
  6. 6. “Nice  people  are  certain     to  fail  my  course.”   Which  “nice”?     How  might  the  student  success   conversa2on  change?  
  7. 7. “Open”  –  Early  70s   “no  admission  requirements”  
  8. 8. “Open”  –  Late  00s   Evolved  into  a  much  more  nuanced,   specific  meaning  
  9. 9. Open  Educa2onal  Resources?   Any  kind  of  teaching  materials  –   textbooks,  syllabi,  lesson  plans,   videos,  readings,  exams  
  10. 10. Open  Educa2onal  Resources?   1.  Free  and  unfeGered  access,  and   2.  Free  permission  to  engage  in  the     “5R  ac2vi2es”  
  11. 11. •  Make and own copies Retain •  Use in a wide range of ways Reuse •  Adapt, modify, and improve Revise •  Combine two or more Remix •  Share with others Redistribute The  5Rs  
  12. 12. What  If…   an  educator  revived  the  old  meaning?  
  13. 13. “I’m  teaching  an     open  online  course  this  fall.”   Which  “open”?     How  might  the  affordability   conversa2on  change?  
  14. 14. Genuine  Confusion   Open  =  free?     Open  =  free  +  5Rs  
  15. 15. Why  Does  It  MaGer?   Open  is  extremely  powerful     “Faux-­‐pen”  is  not  
  16. 16. Educa2on  is  Sharing   Faculty  with  students   Students  with  teachers  
  17. 17. Faculty  Share  With  Students   Knowledge  and  skills   Feedback  and  cri2cism     Encouragement  
  18. 18. Students  Share  With  Faculty   Ques2ons  in  Class   Assignments   Exams  
  19. 19. Successful  Educators   Share  most  compeltely   with  the  most  students  
  20. 20. 2008  Professor  in  Southern  US   Claimed  (c)  of  his  class  lectures,     declared  student  notes  deriva2ve  works,   and  asserted  control  over  their  use  
  21. 21. “Demented  with  the  mania  of  owning  things”   Walt  Whitman  
  22. 22. If  there  is  no  sharing…   there  is  no  educa2on.  
  23. 23. Interlude:  A  Riddle   What  can  you  give  without  giving  it  away?  
  24. 24. Ideas  are  Magical  (Non-­‐rival)   Can  be  given  without  being  given  away  
  25. 25. “He  who  receives   ideas  from  me,   receives  instruc2on   himself  without   lessening  mine;  as  he   who  lights  his  taper   at  mine  receives  light   without  darkening   me.”   Thomas  Jefferson  
  26. 26. Physical  Expressions  Are  Not   To  give  a  book  you  must  give  it  away  
  27. 27. Expressions  Are  Different   To  give  a  book  you  must  give  it  away  
  28. 28. When  Expressions  Are  Digital   They  also  become  magical  
  29. 29. Unprecedented  Capacity   We  can  share  (and  educate)     as  never  before  
  30. 30. Except  We  Can’t   ©  regulates  copying,  adap2ng,   and  distribu2ng  those  copies  
  31. 31. Internet   Enables   What  to  do?   Copyright   Forbids  
  32. 32. Use  copyright  to  enable  sharing  
  33. 33. Features of copyright today • aGaches  any2me  “original  work  of  authorship   fixed  in  tangible  medium  of  expression”   • is  automa2c   • applies  to  published/unpublished  works   • lasts  a  long  2me  (typically  life  of  author  +  50   or  70  years)   • “bundle  of  rights”  =  reproduce,  deriva2ve   works,  distribute,  public  performance  
  34. 34. Features of copyright today • copyright  infringement  expensive  (in  U.S.   $750-­‐$150,000/work)   • public  domain  =  not  protected  by  copyright   • copyright  =  “all  rights  reserved”;  public   domain  =  “no  rights  reserved”   • you  have  to  ask  permission  
  35. 35. But how to ask permission?
  36. 36. How to support those that just want to share?
  37. 37. A simple, standardized, legally robust way to grant copyright permissions to creative works (and data).
  38. 38. “Lowers transaction costs”
  39. 39. CC’s legal infrastructure: (1) copyright licenses (2) public domain tools
  40. 40. (1) CC copyright licenses
  41. 41. How do CC licenses work? • built  on  tradi2onal  copyright  law   • works  within  exis2ng  system  by  allowing   movement  from  “all  rights  reserved”  to   “some  rights  reserved”   • gives  creators  a  choice  about  which  freedoms   to  grant  and  which  rights  to  keep   • minimizes  transac2on  costs  by  gran2ng  the   public  certain  permissions  beforehand  
  42. 42. Step 1: Choose Conditions" Attribution" ShareAlike" NonCommercial" NoDerivatives"
  43. 43. Step 2: Receive a License"
  44. 44. (2) CC public domain tools
  45. 45. CC0 Public Domain Dedication • read  “CC  Zero”   • universal  waiver,  permanently  surrenders   copyright  and  related  rights,  placing  the  work   as  nearly  as  possible  into  the  worldwide   public  domain  
  46. 46. Public Domain Mark • not  legally  opera2ve,  but  a  label  to  be  used   by  those  with  knowledge  that  a  work  is   already  in  the  public  domain   • useful  for  very  old  works  where  we  know  it  is   in  the  public  domain   • only  intended  for  use  with  works  in   worldwide  public  domain  
  47. 47. Over  500M  OER!     Over  half  a  billion  pieces  of  content   use  Crea2ve  Commons  licenses  
  48. 48. hGp://crea2vecommons.org/  
  49. 49. Open  Educa2onal  Resources?   Any  kind  of  teaching  materials  –   textbooks,  syllabi,  lesson  plans,   videos,  readings,  exams  
  50. 50. Open  Educa2onal  Resources?   1.  Free  and  unfeGered  access,  and   2.  Free  permission  to  engage  in  the     “5R  ac2vi2es”  
  51. 51. •  Make and own copies Retain •  Use in a wide range of ways Reuse •  Adapt, modify, and improve Revise •  Combine two or more Remix •  Share with others Redistribute The  5Rs  
  52. 52. Open  =  Use  a  CC  License   The  de  facto  way  to  make  something  OER  
  53. 53. Internet   Enables   OER   Allows   Leveraging  the  full  technical  capability   of  the  internet  
  54. 54. Decreasing  Cost     and  Increasing  Learning   Prac2cal  benefits  of  OER  
  55. 55. Tui2on  Is  Very  Poli2cal   Textbook  adop2ons  are  less  poli2cal  
  56. 56. Textbook  Costs   $1229  year  ($3131  tui2on)   60%  some2mes  skip   23%  regularly  skip  
  57. 57. “Displacing  Adop2ons”   Make  the  required  textbook  cost  $0  
  58. 58. Kaleidoscope  Open  Course  Ini2a2ve   NGLC  /  Gates  funding   8  community  colleges  /  OA  colleges  
  59. 59. Core  Ac2vi2es   Defining  and  aggrega2ng  outcomes   Finding  and  aligning  OERs  to  outcomes   Crea2ng  100%  OER  textbook  replacements  
  60. 60. X-­‐Ins2tu2onal  Collabora2on  Goals   Cover  10  GE  courses  and  4,000  students   Drop  required  textbook  cost  by  50%  
  61. 61. Phase  1  Results   Covered  11  GE  courses  and  9,000  students   Dropped  required  textbook  cost  to  $0   Increased  success  rate  by  ~  10%  
  62. 62. Developmental Math Results" Percentage passing with C or better 48.40% 60.18% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER n=2,842
  63. 63. Phase  2  Now  Underway   Cover  35  GE  courses   28  Ins2tu2onal  partners  
  64. 64. Open  Course  Frameworks   Making  OER  Simple  to  Adopt  
  65. 65. Open  Course  Frameworks   •  Start  from  learning  outcomes,   •  curated  collec2ons  of  OER,   •  openly  licensed  with  detailed  aGribu2on,   •  organized  in  a  way  that  looks  and  feels  like   an  online  course,   •  intended  to  be  modified  before  use,   •  compa2ble  with  our  con2nuous   improvement  analy2cs  service.  
  66. 66. Open  Course  Frameworks   Making  OER  Simple  to  Adopt  
  67. 67. Open  Course  Frameworks   Making  OER  Simple  to  Adopt  
  68. 68. Open  Course  Frameworks   Making  OER  Simple  to  Adopt  
  69. 69. Open  Course  Frameworks   Making  OER  Simple  to  Adopt  
  70. 70. “Textbook  Zero”     En2re  degree  program  based  on  OER   Up  to  30%  off  the  cost  to  graduate  
  71. 71. “Textbook  Zero”     Opened  Fall  2013  at  Tidewater  CC   Finalist  for  Bellwether  Innova2on  Award     Cost  $112k  to  launch   Each  graduate  saves  ~  $3000  
  72. 72. The  Daily  Divide   The  difference  between  OER  and  Fauxpen  
  73. 73. Analog  ⇒  Digital   Music,  Phones,  TV,  Newspapers,   Movies,  Journals,  &c.  
  74. 74. Tethered  ⇒  Mobile   Phones,  Internet  Access,   Employment    
  75. 75. Concealing  ⇒  Sharing   Photos,  Videos,  Journal  Entries  
  76. 76. Isolated  ⇒  Connected   People,  Content,  Systems  
  77. 77. Generic  ⇒  Personal   Cars,  Computers,  Mobile  Phones  
  78. 78. Consuming  ⇒  Crea2ng   Newspapers  /  Blogs     Movies  &  TV  /  YouTube  
  79. 79. Closed  ⇒  Open   Research  (Ar2cles,  Journals)   Data  (Government,  Weather,  GIS)     Content  (Open  Educa2onal  Resources)  
  80. 80. Then  vs  Now   Analog   ⇒   Digital   Tethered   ⇒   Mobile   Concealing   ⇒   Sharing   Isolated   ⇒   Connected   Generic   ⇒   Personal   Consuming   ⇒   Crea2ng   Closed   ⇒   Open  
  81. 81. Educa2on  vs  Everyday   Analog   ⇒   Digital   Tethered   ⇒   Mobile   Concealing   ⇒   Sharing   Isolated   ⇒   Connected   Generic   ⇒   Personal   Consuming   ⇒   Crea2ng   Closed   ⇒   Open  
  82. 82. “Daily  Divide”   (As  opposed  to  the  digital  divide)  
  83. 83. “Academic”   (This  is  where  the  common  usage  derives)  
  84. 84. “Academic”   (This  is  where  the  common  usage  derives)  
  85. 85. What  About  Online  Learning?  
  86. 86. What  About  Online  Learning?   Very  innova2ve  in  1994!  
  87. 87. Online  Learning   Analog   or   Digital   Tethered   or   Mobile   Concealing   or   Sharing   Isolated   or   Connected   Generic   or   Personal   Consuming   or   Crea2ng   Closed   or   Open  
  88. 88. What  About  MOOCs?  
  89. 89. MOOCs   Analog   or   Digital   Tethered   or   Mobile   Concealing   or   Sharing(?)   Isolated   or   Connected   Generic   or   Personal   Consuming   or   Crea2ng   Closed   or   Open  
  90. 90. “You  may  not  take  any  Online   Course  offered  by  Coursera  or  use   any  Statement  of  Accomplishment   as  part  of  any  tui2on-­‐based  or  for-­‐ credit  cer2fica2on  or  program  for   any  college,  university,  or  other   academic  ins2tu2on  without  the   express  wriGen  permission  from   Coursera.”  
  91. 91. Open  is  Fundamental   Why?  
  92. 92. •  Make and own copies Retain •  Use in a wide range of ways Reuse •  Adapt, modify, and improve Revise •  Combine two or more Remix •  Share with others Redistribute The  5Rs  
  93. 93. Online  Learning   Analog   or   Digital   Tethered   or   Mobile   Concealing   or   Sharing   Isolated   or   Connected   Generic   or   Personal   Consuming   or   Crea2ng   Closed   or   Open  
  94. 94. Online  Learning   Analog   or   Digital   Tethered   or   Mobile   Concealing   or   Sharing   Isolated   or   Connected   Generic   or   Personal   Consuming   or   Crea2ng   Closed   or   Open  
  95. 95. Connec2ng   It’s  “hard”  to  connect  to  something  if   you  don't  have  access  to  it  
  96. 96. Personalizing   It’s  “hard”  to  personalize  something   if  you  don't  have  permission  to  modify  it  
  97. 97. Crea2ng  and  Sharing   It’s  “hard”  to  make  and  share  things  when   you’re  constantly  worried  about  being  sued  
  98. 98. When  You  Can  Assume  “Open”   These  problems  disappear  
  99. 99. OER-­‐based  Courses   Analog   or   Digital   Tethered   or   Mobile   Concealing   or   Sharing   Isolated   or   Connected   Generic   or   Personal   Consuming   or   Crea:ng   Closed   or   Open  
  100. 100. Divide  is  Growing  Apart  -­‐  Fast   Moving  both  direc2ons  at  once  
  101. 101. Expensive  ⇒  Affordable   Music,  Movies,  TV  Shows  
  102. 102. Affordable  ⇒  Expensive   Textbooks  (+800%)  
  103. 103. Content  Affordability   Provider   Cost   Ne?lix  –  20,000  Movies  (and  TV)   $7.99  /  month   Hulu  Plus  –  45,000  TV  (and  Movies)   $7.99  /  month   Spo:fy  –  15M  Songs   $9.99  /  month       CourseSmart  –  1  Biology  Textbook   $20.25  /  month  
  104. 104. Content  Affordability   Provider   Cost   Ne?lix  –  20,000  Movies  (and  TV)   $7.99  /  month   Hulu  Plus  –  45,000  TV  (and  Movies)   $7.99  /  month   Spo:fy  –  15M  Songs   $9.99  /  month       CourseSmart  –  1  Biology  Textbook   $20.25  /  month   OpenStax  –  1  Open  Bio  Textbook   $0.00  /  month  
  105. 105. Impacts  of  Open  on:   Pedagogy   Assessment   Tenure  and  Promo2on   Research   Scholarship   Business  Model    
  106. 106. Organizing  and  Transforming  (0.85)   “Overt  or  covert  rearrangement  of   instruc2onal  materials  to  improve  learning.   (e.g.,  making  an  outline  before  wri2ng  a   paper)....  The  types  of  strategies  included  in   this  category  (such  as  summarizing  and   paraphrasing)  promote  a  more  ac3ve   approach  to  learning  tasks.”     Ha}e,  p.  190-­‐191   hGp://pm4id.org/    
  107. 107. But  Where  Are  All  These  OER?!?   Demo  2me!  
  108. 108. OER  +  Analy2cs   Con2nuous  improvement  
  109. 109. OER   Give  you  permission  to  make  changes     But  don’t  tell  you  what  to  change  
  110. 110. Analy2cs   Tell  you  what  to  change     But  don’t  give  you  permission  to  make  changes    
  111. 111. OER  +  Analy2cs   Con2nuous  improvement  
  112. 112. Faculty  Feedback   “I  wish  I  had  this  for  every  class  I   teach,  for  every  module!  The   feedback  and  recommenda2ons  are   posi2ve,  specific  and  are  changes  that   I  can  implement  quickly  with  minimal   effort  on  my  part.”  
  113. 113. Conclusion   (Finally!)  
  114. 114. Genuine  Open  Moves  Us  Forward   Increase  learning   Decrease  costs   Enable  new  pedagogies   Empower  faculty   Facilitate  con2nuous  improvement  
  115. 115. Fauxpen  Takes  Us  Backward   Free  but  not  open   None  of  the  benefits  of  open    
  116. 116. Lumen  Learning   It’s  all  open     Full  set  of  services  enabling  open  learning   (e.g.,  training,  licensing,  ID,  hos2ng,  support,  CI)    
  117. 117. Discussion   hGp://lumenlearning.com/   hGp://davidwiley.org/   @opencontent  
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×