Interaction Possibilities in MOOCs – How Do They Actually Happen?
Interaction Possibilities in MOOCs How Do They Actually Happen? Submission to the 3rd International Conference on Higher Education Development "Future Visions for Higher Education Development" Hanan KhalilInstructional Technology Department , Faculty of Education ,Mansoura University, Egypt Martin Ebner Social Learning, Information Technology Services, Graz University of Technology, Steyrergasse 30, A-8010 Graz, Austria
(MOOC) is an open online course offered forfree to anyone who wants to participate and tolearn about a specific topic
MOOCs attract millions of online learners from all overthe world given the possibility to easily study science,engineering, and humanities subjects delivered by theworld’s best professors from Harvard, Stanford, or MITWithout having to pay expensive tuition
Adapting MOOCs by Egyptian universities can be a further step in higher education. MOOCs can provide innovative solutions to problems such as• Over-crowded classrooms• High prices of traditional educational books• Transportation problem• Need for continued education and specialized training. MOOCs will bring teaching to multitudes of wouldn’ students who otherwise wouldn’t have access to it.
Why are MOOCs becoming popular?The online experience is The increasing costs of MOOCs allow participantsconstantly improving as higher education force to build professional andtechnology continue to some to look for less personal skill sets in evolve expensive alternatives their own time
One of the key components of good teaching in MOOCsis the intellectually stimulating exchange of ideas,those meaningful interactions that occur betweenstudent and student, student and instructor, andstudent and content
Though the importance of online interaction in MOOCs,there are no recommended guidelines or overview for onlineinteraction in MOOCs. In addition, there is a lacking ofresearch on this topic. Thats why the present studyaddresses this research gap and gives apractical overviewof interaction in MOOCs
Research questionsthree specific research questions are raised for this study:• What are the interactions (discussions) in MOOCs about?• How do the three types of interaction “students to student”, “student to instructor”, and “student to content” according to (Moore, 1989) take place in MOOCs?• Which type of interaction is the most used one in MOOCs?
Results and discussionsWhat are the interactions (discussions) inMOOCs about?GeneralGeneralDiscussionDiscussionStudy groupsStudy groups
How do the three types of interaction “students tostudent”, “student to instructor”, and “student to content” according to (Moore, 1989) take place in MOOCs? Student to student interaction Ways in which student to Course Course not Percentage student interaction happened using using of usage Social networks 30 0 100% Discussion group 24 6 80% Meet up 6 24 20%
Student to instructor interactionWays in which student to Course Course not Percentagestudent interaction happened using using of usageAnnouncements 12 18 30%Guides 6 24 20%Participate in online 6 24 20%discussion with studentsAsk and answer questions 6 24 20%Student to content interactionWays in which student to Course Course not Percentagestudent interaction happened using using of usageHomework assignments 24 6 80%Quizzes and tests 18 12 60%Activities and Submitting 6 24 20%projects
Which type of interaction is the most used one in MOOCs?
Since “student to instructor”interaction is missed in MOOCs,future studies should be carriedout to suggest more strategiesand instructional activities thatpromote and enhance MOOCs“student to instructor”interactions.In addition, future researchesshould be done to employ usingMOOCs in Egyptian universitiesin order to provide innovativesolutions to problems such asover-crowded classrooms, highprices of traditional educationalbooks, transportation problems,need for continued education,and specialized training.
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