Ipv6 trien khai

309 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Ipv6 trien khai

Veröffentlicht in: Ingenieurwesen
0 Kommentare
0 Gefällt mir
Statistik
Notizen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Keine Downloads
Aufrufe
Aufrufe insgesamt
309
Auf SlideShare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
2
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
0
Kommentare
0
Gefällt mir
0
Einbettungen 0
Keine Einbettungen

Keine Notizen für die Folie

Ipv6 trien khai

  1. 1. P WVŸY†QxWKDPNKzRNKLWULŽQNKDL P}QJLSY ,3YOP­WJLDRWK»F,QWHUQHWP±L~}²FWKL›WN›QK„P~‚S»QJF‚FzXFŽX Y˜SK‚WWUL™QF‚FG£FKY·P±LYP¯U­QJNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKžWUzQPƒQJ ,QWHUQHW~©QJWK®LNK‡FSK·FQKºQJKƒQFK›NK‚FF´D,3YKLœQQDNK{QJ K«WU²W¢QKP¯F´DJLDRWK»FG£FKY·4R6F‚FFK»FQxQJE€RP’W7X QKLzQJLDRWK»F,3YY,3YNK{QJWK’WV¼W}|QJWK¢FKY±LQKDX0W NK‚FKœWK¬QJ,3Y~ÅSK‚WWUL™QPƒQKP•YKLœQQD~ÅKQKWKQKP­W PƒQJ,QWHUQHWWRQFŽXF§TXLP{K›WV»FU­QJO±QF€Y˜NL›QWU¶FPƒQJY G£FKY·WUzQPƒQJ'RY’WURQJP­WW}|QJODLJŽQNK{QJWK™FKX™Q~ªL PƒQJWRQE­KœWK¬QJPƒQJ,3YKLœQQDVDQJPƒQJ,3Yw™WUL™QNKDL PƒQJ,3YKLœXTX€YWKL›WWK¼FF‚FQKWKL›WN›,3Y~Å~}DUDF‚FJL€L SK‚SVDX • ;yG¼QJF‚FF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLFKRSK–SN›WQ¬LF‚FKRVWURXWHU,3YWUzQ Q˜QF|V¯KƒWŽQJF´DPƒQJ,3YKLœQQD • 6RQJVRQJOWUL™QNKDLN›WQ¬LF‚FPƒQJ,3YOƒLY±LQKDXKQKWKQKP­W PƒQJ,3YWRQFŽXN›WQ¬LYRPƒQJWK¹QJKLœP%RQH
  2. 2. 9Y’WURQJSKŽQQV•WUQKEY˜KRƒW~­QJF´DF‚FF|FK›FKX™Q~ªL QYF‚FzXFŽX~™WK¼FKLœQF‚FN›WQ¬LW±L%RQHw©QJWK®L~}DUDF‚F JL€LSK‚SWUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YWURQJWK¼FW›KLœQQDF´D9LœW1DP ,7ULµQNKDLP›QJ,3YWUŒQQ´Q,3Y ‰FY›Q£FKXQJ 0¨Fv“FK 7K‚FKWK»FP,3YSK€L~¬LPWONK€QxQJFKX™Q~ªLWU¨QY—QF‚FJ§L WLQ,3YW¸~£QKGƒQJWKHRJLDRWK»F,3YVDQJ,3Y~™W¸~§F§WK™Y’Q FKX™QWUzQQ˜QKƒWŽQJOPƒQJ,3YYKŽXK›WF‚FWKL›WE£N›WQ¬LPƒQJ ,QWHUQHWKLœQQD~˜X~}²FWKL›WN›FKR,3Y w™WK¼FKLœQzXFŽXQTX‚WUQKWUL™QNKDL,3YSK€L~€PE€RW¢QKOLQK ~­QJP­WF‚FKW¬L~DQK}QJ~L˜XQOƒLPyXWKXQY±LTXLP{U­QJO±Q F´DPƒQJ,QWHUQHW'RY’~yFµQJF§WK™FRLOP­W~L™PFK¢QKWURQJ TX‚WUQKWKL›WN›W,3Y~€PE€RV¼WKQKF{QJF´DPƒQJ,3Y.K{QJ~€P E€R~}²FzXFŽXWUzQV•NK{QJF§V¼WKQKF{QJF´DPƒQJ,3Y9¢G· WU}±F~y~ÅF§P­WYLJLDRWK»F~}²FWKL›WN›~™WK¹WKDWK›73,3QK} ;73QK}QJ~ÅNK{QJWK™WKQKF{QJOGRNK{QJF§NK€QxQJFKƒVRQJ VRQJGXDOVWDFN
  3. 3. KDNK{QJF§W¢QKW}|QJWK¢FKOQQKDXJLºDF‚FK¨JLDR WK»FFµYP±L1KºQJW¢QKQxQJP±LF´DF‚FJLDRWK»FQQ›XP­WPQK Q§V•NK{QJ~´WKX›WSK·F~™QJ}®LV¹G·QJFKX™QVDQJV¹G·QJ,3Y FµQJY’Q›XY±LF‚F~FW¢QK}XYLœWF´DQ§VRY±L,3YFµQJFK}D~´~™
  4. 4. WKX›WSK·FQJ}®LG³QJE¥PƒQJ,3YKLœQQD~™[yG¼QJPƒQJ,3YGR Y’FŽQSK€L~€PE€RW¢QKW}|QJWK¢FKWUzQF|V¯F‚FFK»FQxQJF´D,3Y WURQJTX‚WUQKFKX™Q~ªLVDQJ,3Y w™WUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YF§F‚FSK}|QJWK»FGLšQUD~©QJWK®LO[yG¼QJ PƒQJ,3YWUzQQ˜QKƒWŽQJOPƒQJ,3YKLœQQDVDX~§WKDWK™GŽQ PƒQJ,3YKLœQQD 0·F~¢FKF´DF‚FF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLO~€PE€RP­WV¬FK»FQxQJFK¢QK QK}VDX • w€PE€RWK¼FKLœQF‚F~FW¢QK}XYLœWF´DPƒQJ,3YVRY±LPƒQJ,3Y • 7’QG·QJKƒWŽQJV†QF§F´DPƒQJ,3YWURQJJLDL~RƒQFKX™QWL›SVDQJ P­WPƒQJWKXŽQ,3Y • 7xQJF}®QJNK€QxQJQyQJF‘SYWUL™QNKDL9LœFFKX™Q~ªL~¬LY±LF‚F KRVWURXWHUNK{QJE£SK·WKX­FYRQKDX • 7¬LWKL›XKR‚V¼SK·WKX­FWURQJF‚FTX‚WUQKQyQJF‘S0­WWURQJQKºQJ ~L˜XNLœQE‡WEX­F~™QyQJF‘SKRVWW±L,3YOKœWK¬QJ'16VHUYHUSK€L ~}²FQyQJF‘S~ŽXWLzQE¯L'16OG£FKY·K«WU²YLœFWPNL™P~£DFKž SK·FY·FKRF‚F»QJG·QJNK‚F‚FKWK»FFL~WYF‘XKQK'16VHUYHU K«WU²,3YV•~}²FWUQKEWURQJSKŽQWK¹QJKLœP‚F~L˜XNLœQ~¬LY±L F‚FURXWHUQK}K«WU²F‚FJLDRWK»F~£QKWX˜Q%*3K«WU²,3YFK}D SK€LOE‡WEX­F • *‚QYF‘SSK‚WF‚FORƒL~£DFKžWKX’QWLœQ.KLF‚FKœWK¬QJ,3Y~}²FFL ~W~}²FJ‚QF‚F~£DFKž,3YPWNK‚F~£DFKž,3YOP­WW’SFRQF´D~£D FKž,3YGRY’F§WK™WL›SW·FV¹G·QJY±LF‚F~£DFKž,3YV†QF§Kž J‚QF‚F~£DFKž,3YWK’WV¼FŽQWKL›WFKRF‚FN›WQ¬LW±L%RQHYWXyQ WKHRF‚FN›KRƒFKSKyQEª~£DFKžF´DWªFK»F~§ • *L‚WKQKNK¯L~L™PWK‘S9NK{QJFŽQFKXQE£FŽQWKL›W~™QyQJF‘SF‚F KœWK¬QJW¸,3YVDQJ,3YNKLWUL™QNKDLP­WKœWK¬QJ,3YP±L|FK› Q~}²FWK¼FKLœQKRQWRQWUzQQ˜Q,3Y~ÅF§ |FK›FKX™Q~ªLF´D,3YOF§WK™N›WK²SF‚FWUƒP,3YF³QJOPYLœF Y±LF‚FWUƒP,3Y¯E‘WN½Q|LQRWUzQ,QWHUQHWFKR~›QNKL~£DFKž,3Y NK{QJF¤QW©QWƒLYFKRSK–SF‚FWUƒP,3YY,3YWURQJP­WNK{QJJLDQ JL±LKƒQ~™F³QJOPYLœFVDX~§‚FF|FK›QE€R~€PNKR€Q~ŽXW}WR O±QF´DQJ}®LG³QJWURQJYLœF[yG¼QJKœWK¬QJPƒQJ,3Y~©QJWK®LWUL™Q NKDL~}²FPƒQJ,3Y zFFtFKŽFKXŒQv›L +LœQQDV¬O}²QJF‚FPƒQJ,3YOU‘WO±QKŽXK›WF‚FG£FKY·YF‚FJLDR G£FKWUzQPƒQJ~˜XG¼DWUzQKƒWŽQJPƒQJ,3YGRY’[X‘WKLœQQKL˜XF| FK›FKX™Q~ªLFKRSK–SN›WQ¬LF‚FKRVW,3YTXDPƒQJ,3Y 9LœF[yG¼QJOƒLJLDRWK»FF´DWŽQJ,QWHUQHWWURQJP{KQK73,3~ÅGQ ~›QQKL˜XWKD~ªL7URQJ~§Y‘Q~˜WKD~ªLO±QQK‘WF´D,3YY±L,3YO YLœFWKD~ªLF‘XWU¶F~£DFKž6¼WKD~ªLQ€QKK}¯QJ~›QF‚FY‘Q~˜VDX • ˜QKK}¯QJW±LKRƒW~­QJF´DF‚FJLDRWK»F¯WŽQJWUzQ7ŽQJJLDRY’QY WŽQJ»QJG·QJ
  5. 5. • ˜QKK}¯QJW±LF‚FSK}|QJWK»F~£QKWX›Q
  6. 6. 0WNK‚FP­WzXFŽXTXDQWU¨QJWURQJYLœFWUL™QNKDL,3YOSK€LWK¼F KLœQ~}²FP·FWLzXEDQ~ŽX~˜UDNKLWKL›WN›JLDRWK»F,3Y~§O,3Y SK€LOPYLœF~}²FWURQJP{LWU}®QJV¹G·QJJLDRWK»F,3Y6•F§KLœQ W}²QJFKžF§QKºQJKRVWG³QJGXQK‘W,3YY~©QJWK®LFµQJW©QWƒL QKºQJKRVWFKžGXQK‘WF§,3Yw©QJWK®LQKºQJKRVWWKXŽQ,3Y~§ SK€LJLDRWL›S~}²FY±LQKºQJKRVW,3YWURQJNKL~§YQ~€PE€R~£DFKž ,3YOF§W¢QKWK¬QJQK‘WWRQFŽX'RY’~™~€PE€RWK¼FKLœQF‚FV¼ W}|QJWK¢FKJLºD,3YY,3YF‚FQKWKL›WN›,3Y~Å[yG¼QJP­WV¬F| FK›FKX™Q~ªLNK‚FQKDX ‚FF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLQF§QKºQJ~F~L™PFKXQJQK}VDX • w€PE€RF‚FKRVWURXWHUFL~W,3YF§WK™OPYLœF~}²FY±LQKDXWUzQ Q˜Q,3Y • +«WU²F‚FNK€QxQJWUL™QNKDLF‚FKRVWYURXWHUKRƒW~­QJWUzQQ˜Q,3Y Y±LP·FWLzXWKDWK›GŽQF‚FKRVW~DQJKRƒW~­QJ,3Y • §P­WSK}|QJWK»FFKX™Q~ªLGšGQJWK¼FKLœQ~}²F¯F‚FF‘S~­NK‚F QKDXW¸SK¢DQJ}®LG³QJFX¬LW±LQJ}®LTX€QWU£KœWK¬QJF‚FQKTX€QOÀ PƒQJYFXQJF‘SG£FKY· ‚FF|FK›QOP­WW’SF‚FJLDRWK»FWK¼FKLœQ~¬LY±LF‚FKRVWYF‚F URXWHUVN“PWKHROF‚FSK}|QJWK»FQK}J‚Q~£DFKžYWUL™QNKDLWKL›WN› ~™OPTX‚WUQKFKX™Q~¬L,QWHUQHWVDQJ,3YOPYLœFY±L¢WU´LURQK‘WF§ WK™~}²F +LœQQDF‚FQKWKL›WN›,3Y~Å~}DUDF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLFK¢QKFKR SK–SN›WQ¬L,3YWUzQQ˜Q,3YQK}VDX • 'XDO,3ODHU|FK›Q~€PE€RP­WKRVWURXWHU~}²FFL~WF€VWDFN ,3YY,3Y¯WŽQJ,QWHUQHW/DHUWURQJNL›QWU¶F73,3F´DQ§ • ,3YWXQQHOTXD,3Y|FK›QWK¼FKLœQ~§QJJ§LP­WJ§LWLQ,3Y WKHRFKXQJLDRWK»F,3Y~™F§WK™PDQJJ§LWLQ~§WUzQQ˜QNL›QWU¶F ,3Y § ORƒL WXQQHOLQJ O FL ~W V†Q RQILJXUHG
  7. 7. Y W¼ ~­QJ $XWRPDWLF
  8. 8. • WR|FK›QKRƒW~­QJG¼DWUzQF‚FKRVW,3Y~ÅV†QF§F‚F~£DFKž ,3YW¸~§[yG¼QJP­W~£DFKž,3YF§F‘XWU¶F~FELœWF‚FKRVWV¹ G·QJF|FK›QNK{QJFŽQSK€LWK{QJTXDP­W,63F§K«WU²,3Y KLWL›WKRƒW~­QJYSK}|QJWK»FWK¼FKLœQF´DF|FK›QV•~}²FWUQK EWURQJSKŽQVDX~y }FK¦'XDO/DHU 0sWx 'XDO,3ODHU|FK›Q~€PE€RP«LKRVWURXWHU~}²FFL~WF€JLDR WK»F,3YY,3Y9±LF|FK›~{LQKRƒW~­QJF´DF‚FKRVWURXWHUKRQ WRQW}|QJWK¢FKY±L,3YY,3Y 7KHRF|FK›Q,3YV•F³QJW©QWƒLY±L,3YYQ§V•G³QJF|V¯KƒWŽQJF´D ,3Y6¼O¼DFK¨Q~™V¹G·QJ6WDFNO¼DFK¨QJLDRWK»FQRWURQJWŽQJ,QWHUQHW
  9. 9. V• G¼DYRWK{QJWLQ~}²FFXQJF‘SE¯LG£FKY·QDPHGTXD'16VHUYHU +QKVDXPLQKK¨DF|FK›Q
  10. 10. Application TCP/UDP IPv4 Network layer IPv6 +ŠQK n FKˆ 'XDO ,3 ODHU |FK›Q~}²FFRLOWK…QJK}±QJQK‘W~™~€PE€RP­WQRGHV,3Y KRQWRQW}|QJWK¢FKY±LQKºQJQRGHV,3YNK‚F1KºQJQRGHY¸DK«WU² ,3YY¸DK«WU²,3YQK}Y’J¨LO,3Y,3Y1KºQJQRGHVQF§NK€ QxQJY¸DQK’QY¸DJ¹LF€QKºQJJ§LWLQ,3YY,3YK¶QJF§WK™OP YLœFWU¼FWL›SY±LF‚FKRVWWKXŽQ,3YV¹G·QJJLDRWK»F,3YY~©QJWK®L Y¸DF§WK™WU¼FWL›SOPYLœFY±LF‚FKRVWWKXŽQ,3YTXDJLDRWK»F,3Y +ƒQFK›F´DP{KQK'XDO6WDFNOSK€LJ‚QWKzPP­W~£DFKž,3Y~¬LY±L P«LQRGH,3YP±L w¬LY±LP«LKRVWV¹G·QJN¿WKX’WGXDO,3ODHUF§WK™N›WK²SY±LF|FK› FKX™Q~ªL,3YRYHU,3YWXQQHOLQJF|FK›QV•WUQKEG}±L~y
  11. 11. w¬LY±LQKºQJQRGHQF§WK™V¹G·QJN›WK²SY±LF‚FF|FK›WXQQHOLQJW¼ ~­QJKRFWXQQHOLQJFLV†QKRFF€N¿WKX’WWXQQHOLQJQ'R~§F§WK™ F§F|FK›FKX™Q~ªL~¬LY±LP«LQRGH,3Y,3YO • 1RGHV,3Y,3YNK{QJN›WK²SV¹G·QJN¿WKX’WWXQQHOLQJ • 1RGHV,3Y,3YV¹G·QJN›WK²SWXQQHOLQJFLV†Q • 1RGHV ,3Y,3Y V¹ G·QJ N›W K²S F€ WXQQHOLQJ FL V†Q Y WXQQHOLQJ W¼ ~­QJ w™WUL™QNKDLWURQJPƒQJ/$1QJ}®LWDWK}®QJY’QG·QJP{KQK'XDO VWDFNKƒQFK›0{KQK'XDO6WDFNKƒQFK›~}²FP{W€QK}VDX0­W VLWHNKLWKL›WN›WKHRP{KQK'XDO6WDFNFKžF§QKºQJQRGHOPVHUYHUO F‚FQRGHGXDOVWDFN1KºQJQRGH~§QJYDLWU¤OLHQWFKžOQKºQJQRGH WKXŽQ,3Y1RGHVHUYHU~§QJYDLWU¤O~L™PFXQJF‘SF‚FG£FKY·QK} '16:HEILOHVKDULQJ9±LSK}|QJWK»FQFKžF§P­W~£DFKž,3Y ~}²FJ‚QFKRVHUYHUJL€PWKL™XF‚F~£DFKž,3YJ‚QFKRF‚FQRGHWURQJ VLWH w¬LY±LP­WKRVWURXWHUNKLK«WU²F€GXDOlVWDFN,3VRQJVRQJFŽQSK€L ~L˜XNKL™QKDLE­~£DFKžNK‚FQKDX1K}QJF‚FJLDRWK»F$XWRPDWLF 1HLJKERXU'LVFRYHUF´D,3YQzQOPFKR6WDFNQOWURQJVX¬W~¬LY±L QKTX€QOÀwFELœWQ›XQK}FK¶QJWDPX¬QVRV‚QKQ§Y±LF‚FJL‚F´D YLœFF‘XKQKF‚FWUƒP,3YQJQD 9LœFQyQJF‘SURXWHU~™K«WU²,3YSK»FWƒSK|Q‚FURXWHUSK€L~}²F WUDQJE£PÅ~™IRUZDUGF‚FJ§L,3YWUDQJE£F‚FJLDRWK»F~£QKWX›Q,3Y YJLDRWK»FTX€QOÀ,3Y 1K}WUzQ~ÅWUQKEF|FK›'XDO6WDFNG¼DYRG£FKY·QDPHVHUYLFH ‚FP‚FK´'XDO6WDFNV•F§F‚FE€QJKL~£DFKžNKDLE‚RWURQJ'16 VHUYHUGRY’'16VHUYHUQSK€LK«WU²,3Y0­WE€QJKL$W}|QJ
  12. 12. ~}|QJ~£DFKž,3YYP­WE€QJKL$$$W}|QJ~}|QJ~£DFKž,3Y0­W JLDRGLœQO’SWUQK
  13. 13. *+1KLœQWƒLFKRSK–SF‚F»QJG·QJQK’Q~}²F~£D FKž,3YW}|QJ»QJY±LP­WGRPDLQDPHV•~}²FWKDWK›E¯LP­WJLDRGLœQ P±L+1$*+1~}²FJ¨LY±LFKžP­WOœQKPWzQF´D~¢FK +1$~}²FJ¨LY±LOœQKO~£DFKž~¢FKYTXDQKœ~£DFKžKRFO$) ,1(7FKR~£DFKž,3Y+RFO$),17FKR~£DFKž,3Y 1›X$),1(7WKWK´W·FV•FKX™Q~£DFKžF´DE€QJKL$F§WURQJ~¢FK F´D'161›XO$),17(7WK´W·FWU}±FK›WV•TXHU'16FKRE€QJKL $$$1›XTXHU~}²FWKWK´W·FOƒLTXDOƒLW¸~ŽX1›XNK{QJWPWK‘ WK´W·FV•TXHU'16P­WOŽQQºDOŽQQOK¥LFKR~£DFKž~¢FK,3Y1§ V•G³QJ,$QQK}P­W~£DFKž,3Y~}²FPDSE¯L,3Y ‚FP‚FK´'XDO6WDFNV•V¹G·QJF‚FJLDRWK»FORRNXSQJ}²FP±L K¶QJV•QKWUDF‚F~£DFKžW¬WQK‘WQJRLGDQKV‚FK~}²FWU€Y˜YV¹ G·QJF‚F~£DFKžQWURQJzXFŽXN›WQ¬L73KRFFRLQK}OF‚F~£DFKž ~¢FKFKRF‚FGDWDJUDP8'3‚FJLDRWK»FY’QFKX™QGXDOVWDFNV•TX›W ~£QKKRFOV¹G·QJ,3YQ›XQK}F‚F~£DFKžOWKXŽQ,3YKRF~|QJL€Q FKžG³QJ~£DFKž,3YQ›XQK}F‚F~£DFKžO~£DFKž~}²FPDSE¯L,3Y 7KHRTX‚WUQKWK¼FKLœQV¼WxQJOzQF´DF‚FP‚FK´LQWHUQHWV•~‚S»QJ FKRF‚F~£DFKž,3YYFK™Q~ªLYR'166¼FKX™QWL›S,3YVDQJ ,3Y
  14. 14. V•[€UDP­WF‚FKW¼QKLzQQJFQJQKL˜XFRQQHFWLRQV¹G·QJ ,3Y6•NK{QJF§E‘WN½P­WQJQRPYLœFWKDWK›QWU¯QzQU¦Q–W WXQKLzQFX¬LF³QJYLœFWKDWK›QV•EDRSK´WRQE­ ‚FWK´W·F'16OWURQJVX¬W~¬LY±LQ­LGXQJF´DF‚FE€QJKLKžQKºQJ VHUYHUYJLDRGLœQQRPFŽQFXQJF‘SKRFWUXQK’SW±L~£DFKž,3Y P±LSK€L~}²FQyQJF‘S 9LœFWUDQJE£FKRF‚FVHUYHUQV•OP­WSKŽQF´DYLœFWUDQJE£,3YFKR F‚FWªFK»FPƒQJQ 1K}QJFK¶QJWDSK€L~€PE€RU„QJF‚FYHUVLRQP±LSK€LKRƒW~­QJ~}²F ~™F§WK™N›WQ¬L~}²F,3Y‚F»QJG·QJ~}²FQyQJF‘SV•WPF‚F~£DFKž WURQJ'16V•F¬J‡QJ~™WKL›WO’SN›WQ¬L73W±LF‚F~£DFKžQ‚FN›W Q¬LQV•E‡W~ŽX~}²FFXQJF‘SF‘XWU¶FRYHUODWUzQLQWHUQHWY~}²F[y G¼QJWUzQF‚F~}®QJQJŽPN›WQ¬LJLºDF‚F¬F~€R 3KutQJSKzSWK­FKLQ 4XDSKŽQSKyQW¢FKWUzQWDWK‘F‚FWK{QJV¬FK¢QK~zWK¼FKLœQF|FK› 'XDOVWDFN~}²FP{W€WURQJE€QJVDX 7K{QJV¬ *L‚WU£ 3KƒPYL‚SG·QJ 6LWH w£DFKž,3YFŽQJ‚Q ~£DFKž~¬LY±LKRVWQKL˜X~£DFKž~¬LY±L5RXWHU w£DFKž,3YzXFŽX ~£DFKž,3Y~¬LY±LKRVWQKL˜X~£DFKž~¬LY±L 5RXWHU zXFŽX~¬LY±L+RVW L~WF€,3Y,3Y
  15. 15. zXFŽX~¬LY±LURXWHU L~WF€,3Y,3Y‚FJLDRWK»F~£QKWX›QSK€LK« WU²,3Y %rQJ tF WKDP V— FŸD Fn FKˆ GXDO VWDFN rXFXY‹JzQv”DFK‘ 9F‚FKRVWQV¹G·QJF€JLDRWK»F¯WŽQJ,3O,3YY,3YGRY’FŽQ J‚QF€ORƒL~£DFKž,3YY,3Y¯P«LKRVWQ.K{QJQK‘WWKL›WSK€LF§ V¼TXDQKœJLºDKDL~£DFKžQGRY’QKºQJKRVW,3Y,3YF§WK™J‚Q QKºQJ~£DFKž,3YY,3YNK{QJF§TXDQKœY±LQKDX w¬LY±LQKºQJQRGHVF§F|FK›FKX™Q~ªLQN›WK²SY±LN¿WKX’W WXQQHOLQJW¼~­QJFŽQSK€LJ‚QP­W~£DFKž,3Y~}²FWƒRE¯L~£DFKž,3Y J‚Q~¬LY±LKRVW~§w£DFKž,3YQJ¨LO,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3Y~Å WUQKEWURQJSKŽQ
  16. 16. ‘XWU¶FF´D~£DFKžQQK}VDX 96 bits 0 32 bits IPv4 128 bits +ŠQK ~X WU¡F pŽD FK‹ ,3YFRPSDWLEOH ,3Y w¬LY±LQKºQJQRGHV,3Y,3YF§WK™F§~}²F~£DFKž,3YWKHRE‘WN½P­W JLDRWK»FF‘XKQK~£DFKž,3YQRK²SOœ9¢G·V¹G·QJTXDF‚FJLDRWK»F F‘S~£DFKž~­QJQK}'+3%22735$53KRFJ‚QWU¼FWL›SF‚F~£DFKž ,3YW¡QK w¬LY±L~£DFKžORRSEDFN7KHRF‘XKQK~£DFKž,3Y~£DFKžORRSEDFNF§ GƒQJ~£DFKžQFKX™QVDQJGƒQJ~£DFKž,3YW}|QJWK¢FKY±L ,3YV•F§GƒQJ~y~}²FFRLOGƒQJ~£DFKžORRSEDFN~¬LY±L ,3Y1KºQJSDFNHWF§~£DFKžORRSEDFNV•FKžW©QWƒLWURQJQRGH~§P NK{QJFKX™QUDPƒQJ .KDLEzR'16 7URQJP­WKœWK¬QJF§FL~WF‚FQRGHK«WU²F|FK›GXDOVWDFNWK~L˜X NLœQW¬LWKL™XFŽQWKL›WOG£FKY·'16F´DKœWK¬QJ~§SK€LK«WU²,3Y +LœQQD~ÅF§P­WV¬SKŽQP˜PQK}%,1'K«WU²,3Y
  17. 17. w¬LY±LF‚FQRGHV,3Y,3YFŽQSK€LNKDLE‚RF€ORƒLE€QJKLWURQJ'16 VHUYHU+DQ§LF‚FKNK‚FOFŽQSK€LF‘XKQK'16~¬LY±LF€ORƒL~£DFKž PKRVW~§~}²FJ‚Qw¬LY±LP«L~£DFKž,3YF‘XWU¶FE€QJKL'16F§ GƒQJ$$$$wFW€Y˜F‘XWU¶FF‚FORƒLE€QJKLK«WU²,3Y~¬LY±LG£FKY· '16~}²FP{W€WURQJ5)
  18. 18. w¬LY±LP«L~£DFKž,3YF‘XWU¶FE€Q JKL'16F§GƒQJ$ .KLG³QJ~£DFKž,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3Y~}²FJ‚QY±LF‚FKRVW,3Y,3Y QKºQJKRVWQV¹G·QJN¿WKX’WDXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ
  19. 19. F€ORƒLE€QJKL$ Y$$$$SK€L~}²FF‘XKQKWURQJ'16%€QJKL$$$$SK€LNKDLE‚R GƒQJ~Ž~´~£DFKž,3YFRPSDELOH,3YWURQJNKL~§E€QJKL$V•V¹ G·QJELWVWK‘SWURQJ~£DFKžQ
  20. 20. .KLWK¼FKLœQORRNXS~¬LY±LF‚FKRVW,3Y,3YF§WK™WPWK‘ORƒLE€Q JKL$Y$$$$0«LE€QJKLQF§WK™WU¥~›QP«L~£DFKž,3YKRF ,3Y7URQJWU}®QJK²SN›WTX€WPWK‘OP­WE€QJKL$$$$WU¥~›QP­W ~£DFKž,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3YYP­WE€QJKL$WU¥~zQ~£DFKž,3YW}|QJ »QJWKN›WTX€WU€Y˜F§WK™F§F‚FJL‚WU£VDX • 7U€OƒLGXQK‘W~£DFKž,3Y • 7U€OƒLGXQK‘W~£DFKž,3Y • 7U€OƒLF€~£DFKž,3YY,3Y /¼DFK¨QORƒL~£DFKžQR~}²FWU€Y˜SK·WKX­FYRW³W¸QJWU}®QJK²S WURQJWU}®QJK²SF€ORƒL~£DFKž~}²FWU€Y˜WKWU’WW¼V‡S[›SF‚FORƒL~£D FKžOLzQTXDQ~›QOX©QJ,3~¬LY±LKRVW~§1›XP­W~£DFKž,3Y~}²FWU€ Y˜QRGH~§JLDRWL›SY±LQRGH~¢FKWURQJ~§F‚FJ§LWLQ~}²F~§QJJ§LWKHR FKXQ,3Y1›X~£DFKž,3Y~}²FWU€Y˜WKQRGH~§JLDRWL›SY±LP­WKRVW ,3Y }FK¦7XQQHOLQJ o€FvLŒPFKXQJ |V¯KƒWŽQJPƒQJ,QWHUQHWKRƒW~­QJWUzQQ˜Q,3YKRƒW~­QJNK‚ªQ~£QK YF§TXLP{U­QJO±Q7’QG·QJNK€QxQJQF‚FQKWKL›WN›,3Y~Å~}D UDJL€LSK‚SOWK¼FKLœQF|FK›WXQQHOLQJ~}®QJKŽP
  21. 21. WUzQQ˜Q,3Y §ORƒLWXQQHOLQJQK}VDXO$XWRPDWLF7XQQHOLQJYRQILJXUHG 7XQQHOLQJ 7U}±FNKLWUQKEY˜~F~L™PF´DF‚FF|FK›WXQQHOLQJVDX~yV•P{W€P­WV¬ NK‚LQLœPOLzQTXDQ~›QTX‚WUQKWXQQHOLQJ • ,3YRQOQRGHOP­WKRVWKDURXWHUKRƒW~­QJWUzQ Q˜Q ,3Y QKºQJ KRVWKRFURXWHUQNK{QJKL™X,3YF‚FKRVWQFKL›PSKŽQO±QF‚F WKL›WE£WUzQPƒQJ,QWHUQHWKLœQQD7DJ¨LOF‚FQRGHWKXŽQY,3Y • ,3Y,3YQRGHOF‚FQRGHVF§NK€QxQJWK¼FKLœQWUzQQ˜Q,3YKRF ,3Y7DJ¨LOF‚FQRGHVQOQRGHV~{L • ,3YRQOQRGHOF‚FQRGHVFKžF§NK€QxQJKRƒW~­QJWUzQQ˜Q ,3Y NK{QJF§NK€QxQJWK¼FKLœQWUzQQ˜Q,3Y7DJ¨LF‚FQRGHVQOQRGHV WKXŽQ,3Y • ,3YQRGHOQKºQJQRGHVVDXQRGHVWKXŽQ,3YQRGHV~{L,3Y,3Y • ,3YQRGHOQKºQJQRGHVVDXQRGHVWKXŽQ,3YQRGHV~{L,3Y,3Y • ,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3YDGGUHVVOP­W~£DFKž,3Y~}²FJ‚QFKRF‚FQRGH ~{L,3Y,3Y~£DFKžQF§~£QKGƒQJQK}~ÅP{W€WURQJSKŽQF´D P·F,,SKŽQ7DJ¨L~£DFKž,3YORƒLQO~£DFKž,3YW}|QJWK¢FK ,3Yw£DFKžORƒLQ~}²FV¹G·QJWURQJF|FK›WXQQHO,3YWUzQQ˜Q,3Y V•~}²FP{W€VDX~y • ,3YRQODGGUHVVOQKºQJ~£DFKž,3YF¤QOƒL~Å~}²FP{W€WURQJSKŽQ • ,3YRYHU,3Y WXQQHOLQJ N¿ WKX’W Q WK¼F KLœQ YLœF ~§QJ J§L F‚F GDWDJUDPWKHRF‘XWU¶F,3YYRSKŽQGºOLœXF´DGDWDJUDP,3Y~™F§WK™ PDQJF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YTXDPƒQJ,3YWDJ¨LF|FK›QO7XQQHO,3Y
  22. 22. WUzQ Q˜Q ,3Y § KDL SK}|QJ WK»F WXQQHO O RQILJXUHG 7XQQHOLQJ Y $XWRPDWLF7XQQHOLQJw}²F~£QKQJK¡DQK}VDX • RQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJ7KHRSK}|QJWK»FQ~£DFKžFX¬LF³QJF§WXQQHO ~}²F[‚F~£QKQK®WK{QJWLQF‘XKQKWƒLQRGHV~§QJJ§L • $XWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ7KHRSK}|QJWK»FQ~£DFKžFX¬LF³QJF§WXQQHOO ~£DFKž,3YW}|QJWK¢FKY±L~£DFKž,3Y |FK›7XQQHOLQJ~}²FP{W€QK}VDX‚FQRGHV,3Y,3YV•WK¼FKLœQ ~§QJJ§LF‚FGDWDJUDP,3YYRWKQKSKŽQGºOLœXWURQJGDWDJUDP,3Y SKŽQW€LWU¨QJF´DJ§LWLQ,3YWUX˜QWUzQPƒQJOJ§LWLQ,3Y
  23. 23. YGR~§ J§LWLQQV•F§WK™WUX˜QTXDWUzQQ˜Q,3Y+QKVDXPLQKK¨DF|FK› 7XQQHOLQJ ,3Y QRGH (QFDSV ,3Y QRGH (QFDSV ,3Y URXWHU ,3Y URXWHU ,3Y URXWHU ,3Y URXWHU ,3Y QRGH 'HFDSV ,3Y QRGH 'HFDSVTunnel +ŠQK n FKˆ WXQQHOLQJ ‚FN›WQ¬LF§WK™‚SG·QJF|FK›WXQQHOLQJO • 5RXWHUWR5RXWHU‚FURXWHUV,3Y,3YN›WQ¬LY±LQKDXE¯LF|V¯KƒWŽQJ ,3YGR~§F§WK™WK¼FKLœQFKX™QF‚FGDWDJUDP,3YTXDF|FK›WXQQHO 7URQJWU}®QJK²SQF|FK›WXQQHOWU€LU­QJW¸~L™PE‡W~ŽXW±L~L™PN›W WK¶FF´DP­WJ§LWLQ,3Y • +RVWWR5RXWHU0­WKRVW~{L,3Y,3YF§WK™WK¼FKLœQ7XQQHO,3YWUzQ Q˜Q,3Y~™FKX™QF‚FJ§LWLQW±LF‚FURXWHUWUXQJJLDQFµQJ~¼²FF‘X KQKOF‚FQRGHV~{L,3Y,3Y7URQJWU}®QJK²SQWXQQHOWU€LU­QJ WURQJSKƒPYLW¸KRVWW±LURXWHU~§ • +RVWWR+RVW +DL KRVW ~{L ,3Y,3Y F§ WK™ WUX˜Q F‚F GDWDJUDP WKHR ~£QKGƒQJ,3YWUzQQ˜Q,3Y7URQJWU}®QJK²SQF|FK›WXQQHOWU€L U­QJW¸~L™P~ŽX~›Q~L™PFX¬L .¿WKX’WWXQQHO~}²FSKyQORƒLG¼DWUzQQJX›QW‡FV¹G·QJSK}|QJWK»FQR~™ TX›W~£QK~£DFKžF´DQRGHVFX¬LF³QJ~}²FF‘XKQKWXQQHO7URQJSK}|QJ WK»FWXQQHO~ÅP{W€¯WUzQOURXWHUWRURXWHUYKRVWWRURXWHUJ§LWLQ,3Y~}²F WXQQHO~›Q~£DFKžFX¬LF³QJOWƒLURXWHU'R~§~L™PFX¬LF³QJF´DTX‚WUQK WXQQHOQOF‚FURXWHUWUXQJJLDQWƒLF‚FURXWHUQSK€LF§QKLœPY·P¯J§L WLQ~}²FWXQQHOYFKX™QQ§W±L~¢FKFX¬LF³QJw£DFKžWURQJJ§LWLQ,3Y~}²F WXQQHONK{QJK«WU²~£DFKž,3YF´D~L™PFX¬LF³QJWXQQHOWKDYR~§~£DFKž ~L™PFX¬LF³QJWXQQHOSK€L~}²FTX›W~£QKW¸F‚FWK{QJWLQF‘XKQKWUzQQRGHV WK¼FKLœQ~§QJJ§L7KHRF|FK›[‚F~£QK~£DFKžFX¬LQK}Y’WDJ§LOWXQQHO RQILJXUHGF§QJK¡DO~£DFKž~L™PFX¬LF´DTX‚WUQKWXQQHO~Å~}²FNKDLE‚R WU}±F 7KHRSK}|QJWK»FVDXKRVWWRKRVWYURXWHUWRKRVWJ§LWLQ,3Y ~}²FWXQQHOWUzQW‘WF€KQKWUQKF´DFK¶QJFKRW±LNKL~›Q~}²F~¢FK 7KHRF|FK›QQRGHVFX¬LF³QJ~}²F[‚F~£QKWXQQHOO~£DFKž~¢FKF´D J§LWLQ,3Y9Y’~L™PFX¬LF³QJF´DWXQQHOF§WK™~}²FTX›W~£QKW¸ ~£DFKž~£FKF´DJ§LWLQ,3YQ›X~£DFKžQOP­W~£DFKžW}|QJ~}|QJY±L ~£DFKž,3YWKWKHRF‘XWU¶FF´D~£DFKžQELWVWK‘SV•~}²FO‘OP
  24. 24. ~£DFKžF´DQRGHV~¢FKY~}²FV¹G·QJOP~£DFKž~¢FKF´DQRGHVFX¬L F³QJ~}²FWXQQHO.¿WKX’WQWU‚QK~}²FYLœFSK€LNKDLE‚RWU}±F~£DFKž ~¢FKF´DQRGHVFX¬LF³QJWXQQHOJ¨LODXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ €KDLN¿WKX’WDXWRPDWLFYFRQILJXUHGF§NK‚FQKDXF|E€QQK‘WO YLœFTX›W~£QK~£DFKžFX¬LF´DTX‚WUQKWXQQHOF¤QOƒLY˜F|E€QKRƒW ~­QJF´DF|FK›QOJL¬QJQKDX·WK™QK}VDX • wL™PNK¯LWƒRWXQQHO~L™P~§QJJ§LWLQ
  25. 25. WƒRP­WKHDGHU,3Y~§QJJ§LY WUX˜QJ§LWLQ~Å~}²F~§QJJ§L • 1RGHVN›WWK¶FF´DTX‚WUQKWXQQHO~L™PP¯J§LWLQ
  26. 26. QK’Q~}²FJ§LWLQ ~§QJJ§L[R‚E¥SKŽQKHDGHU,3YV¹D~ªLP­WV¬WU}®QJF´DKHDGHU,3Y Y[¹OÀSKŽQGºOLœXQQK}P­WJ§LWLQ,3Y • 1RGHV~§QJJ§LFŽQGXWUF‚FWK{QJWLQY˜WUƒQJWK‚LF´DP«LTX‚WUQK WXQQHOY¢G·F‚FWKDPV¬078~™[¹OÀF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YE‡W~ŽXWK¼FKLœQ WXQQHO9V¬O}²QJF‚FWL›QWUQKWXQQHOF§WK™WxQJOzQP­WV¬O}²QJNK‚ O±QWURQJNKL~§F‚FWK{QJWLQQWK}®QJOSOƒLYGR~§F§WK™V¹G·QJ N¿WKX’WFDFKHY~}²FORƒLE¥NKLFŽQWKL›W tFKŽv˜QJJ˜LWK­FKLQWXQQHOLQJ +QKVDXPLQKKRƒF|FK›~§QJJ§LWK¼FKLœQWXQQHO IPv4 Header IPv6 Header Transport Layer header Data IPv6 Header Transport Layer header Data +ŠQK n FKˆ p’QJ J’L WK§F KL‰Q WXQQHOLQJ ‘XWU¶FF´DSKŽQKHDGHUSDFNHW,3YNKLWK¼FKLœQWXQQHOLQJ~§QJJ§L ,3YSDFNHWWURQJP{WGDWDJUDP,3Y
  27. 27. QK}VDX
  28. 28. 7KDPV— *LtWUŽELWV
  29. 29. «QJKŒD 9HUVLRQ *LDRWK»FV¹G·QJO,3Y ,3KHDGHUOHQJWK FKL˜XGLW¬L~DF´DWU}®QJQOELWV
  30. 30. w¬LY±L F‚FJ§LWLQ,3Y~§QJJ§LNK{QJVHWJL‚WU£FKRSKŽQ RSWLRQWURQJKHDGHU 7SHRI6HUYLFH 7RWDO/HQJWK EWHV ;‚F~£QK~­O±QJ©PFKL˜XGLSKŽQKHDGHU,3Y FKL˜XGLF´D,3YFKL˜XGL,3YKHDGHU ,GHQWLILFDWLRQ *L‚WU£~}²F[‚F~£QKWK¬QJQK‘WFKRE‘WN½J§LWLQ ,3Y~}²FWUDQVPLWE¯LKœWK¬QJ )ODJV ')KRF0) 7LPHWROLYH 3URWRFRO *‚QW}|QJ»QJY±LORƒLSDORDGWURQJJ§LWLQ,SY ~§QJJ§L +HDGHU KHFNVXP *L‚WU£WªQJF‚FEWHVF´DSKŽQKHDGHU,3Y~™NL™P WUDW¢QKWRQY—QGºOLœXNKLQK’Q¯~£DFKž~¢FK 6RXUFH$GGUHVV ,3YDGGUHVV w£DFKž,3YF´DWUƒPQJX©Q 'HVWLQDWLRQ $GGUHVV ,3YDGGUHVV w£DFKž,3YF´DWUƒP~¢FK %rQJ ~X WU¡F SK{Q KHDGHU FŸD ,3Y NKL WK§F KL‰Q WXQQHOLQJ tFKŽP J˜LNKLWK­FKLQWXQQHO,3YRYHU,3Y .KLP­WKRVWKDP­WURXWHUQK’Q~}²FP­WGDWDJUDP,3YF§NL™XJLDR WK»FOQ§V•E¥SKŽQKHDGHU,3YWURQJJ§LWLQYYJLºOƒLSKŽQGDWD ~§FK¢QKOJ§LWLQ,3Y+QKVDXPLQKKRƒF|FK›P¯J§L
  31. 31. IPv4 Header IPv6 Header Transport Layer header Data IPv6 Header Transport Layer header Data +ŠQK n FKˆ Pš J’L ,3Y NKL WK§F KL‰Q WXQQHOLQJ K¶ÀONKLWK¼FKLœQP¯J§LWLQ,3Y,3YLQ,3Y
  32. 32. SKŽQKHDGHUF´D,3Y NK{QJE£EL›Q~ªL1›X~§OJ§LWLQ~›Q~¢FKFX¬LF³QJJL‚WU£WURQJWU}®QJ KRSOLPLWVV•E£JL€P[X¬QJJL‚WU£3KŽQKHDGHU,3Y~§QJJ§LE£ORƒLE¥ ‚FQRGHVWK¼FKLœQP¯J§LV•WK¼FKLœQYLœFW‚LK²SF‚FGDWDJUDP,3Y WU}±FNKLQ§WK¼FKLœQP¯J§L,3Y'RY’W‘WF€F‚FJL‚WU£RSWLRQV,3Y YQ~}²FJLºQJXzQQK}WU}±FNKL~§QJJ§L 6DXNKLWK¼FKLœQYLœFP¯J§LP¨LTX‚WUQK[¹OÀJL¬QJY±LYLœFQK’Q GDWDJUDP,3YWK{QJWK}®QJNK‚F w™~€PE€RW¢QKW}|QJWK¢FKJLºD,3YY,3YFŽQSK€LF§F|FK›FKX™Q ~ªL~¬LY±LQKºQJWKD~ªLF´D,3YVRY±L,3YPF·WK™OSKŽQKHDGHU F´DF‚FGDWDJUDPYSKŽQWKD~ªL~£DFKžF´D,3Y7URQJSKŽQQFKž JL±LKƒQ¯NK¢DFƒQKP{W€F‚FSK}|QJWK»FFKX™Q~ªL~£DFKž‚FSK}|QJ WK»FFKX™Q~ªL~£DFKž~€PE€RWK¼FKLœQ~}²FF‚FQKLœPY·FK¢QKQK} VDX • w€PE€RF‚FKRVWKRƒW~­QJWUzQQ˜Q ,3YY,3YKRQWRQOPYLœF ~}²FY±LQKDX • +«WU²F‚FNK€QxQJWUL™QNKDLF‚FKRVWYURXWHUKRƒW~­QJWUzQQ˜Q,3Y Y±LP·FWLzXWKDWK›GŽQF‚FKRVW~DQJKRƒW~­QJ,3Y • §P­WSK}|QJWK»FFKX™Q~ªLGšGQJWK¼FKLœQ~}²F¯F‚FF‘S~­NK‚F QKDXW¸SK¢DQJ}®LG³QJFX¬LW±LQJ}®LTX€QWU£KœWK¬QJF‚FQKTX€QOÀ PƒQJYFXQJF‘SG£FKY· • ,3YWXQQHOTXD,3Y|FK›Q~§QJJ§LP­WJ§LWLQ,3YYRWURQJSKŽQ KHDGHUF´D,3Y~™F§WK™PDQJJ§LWLQ~§WUzQQ˜QNL›QWU¶F,3Y§ ORƒLWXQQHOF‘XKQKV†QYW¼~­QJ /­DFK™QJLzWU”078YwSKqQPxQK
  33. 33. *L‚WU£JL±LKƒQN¢FKWK}±FJ§LWLQWURQJWŽQJ'DWDOLQNF´DJLDRWK»F73,3 J¨LO0780D[LPXP7UDQVIHU8QLW
  34. 34. w¬LY±LP«LJLDRWK»FWUzQWŽQJ 'DWDOLQNNK‚FQKDXF§P­WJL‚WU£078NK‚FQKDXY¢G·JL‚WU£078F´D (WKHUQHWORFWHWV
  35. 35. 'RF§QKL˜XSK}|QJWK»FNK‚FQKDX~¬LY±LF‚F OX©QJWUDIILFWURQJPƒQJ,QWHUQHWQzQV•[€UDKLœQW}²QJF‚FJL‚WU£078 WƒLF‚F~L™PJDWHZDQK¥K|QJL‚WU£078F´DF‚FPƒQJWURQJ'RY’V• [€UDKLœQW}²QJSKyQP€QKWƒLF‚F~L™PJDWHZD6DX~§V•[€UDKLœQ W}²QJW‚LK²S¯F‚F~L™P~¢FK+QKVDXPLQKK¨DF|FK›Q 2ULJLQDWLQJ KRVW 2ULJLQDWLQJ KRVW )LUVW *DWHZD )LUVW *DWHZD 6HFRQG *DWHZD 6HFRQG *DWHZD 7KLUG *DWHZD 7KLUG *DWHZD large MTU small MTU ;x UD KL˜Q WUo¬QJ SKkQ PxQK ;x UD KL˜Q Wo°QJ WzL K°S large MTU +ŠQK 3KkQ PrQK Yq WtL KS J’L WLQ w¬LY±LJLDRWK»F,3YJL‚WU£078FKžOEWHVJL‚WU£QF§WK™QK¥ K|QJL‚WU£F´DP­WJ§LWLQ,3Y1K}Y’¯F‚FQRGHHQWUSRLQWNKLWK¼F KLœQ~§QJJ§LF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YV•SK€LNL™PWUDJ§LWLQ,3YPQ§~§QJJ§L F§Y}²WTX‚JL‚WU£078FKRSK–SKDNK{QJ1›XY}²WTX‚WKSK€LWK¼F KLœQSKyQP€QKJ§LWLQ,3Y9LœFSKyQP€QKQGQ~›QF‚FKLœQW}²QJ VDX • ÍSK¢DQK’QV•QK’Q~}²FU‘WQKL˜XF‚FP€QKQK¥~}²FW‚FKUDW¸J§LO±Q 1§V•SK€LP‘WQKL˜XWK®LJLDQYE­QK±~™W‚LK²SF‚FJ§LWLQSKyQP€QK WU}±FNKLP¯J§L • 7URQJWU}®QJK²SP­WJ§LWLQSKyQP€QKE£P‘W F‚FJ§LWLQF¤Q OƒL V• FKL›PP‘WNK{QJJLDQE­~œPFKR~›QNKLY}²WTX‚JL‚WU£77/P±LE£ K´7RQE­,3YO¶FQV•E£P‘WYSK€LWUX˜QOƒL7§POƒLYLœFW‚FK J§LV•FKžOF§KƒLFKRWXQQHOJLºDF‚FP‚FK´ 1K}Y’YLœFWK¼FKLœQSKyQP€QKF‚FJ§LWLQONK{QJKLœXTX€w™[‚F~£QKJL‚ WU£078K²SOÀQJ}®LWD~Å[yG¼QJJLDRWK»F078'LVFRYHU3URWRFRO~}²F P{W€WURQJWLOLœX5)
  36. 36. §WK™P{W€W§PW‡WWKX’WWR‚QFK¨QO¼DJL‚WU£ 078QQK}VDX 1›XJL‚WU£078F´D,3YQK¥K|QKRFE…QJWKF§F‚FWU}®QJ K²SVDX • 1›XJ§LWLQ,3YFŽQ~§QJJ§LF§N¢FKWK}±FO±QK|QEWHVWK¯QRGH HQWUSRLQWWU€Y˜P­WWK{QJE‚R,03WKHRFKXQ,3YY˜QRGHQJX©QF´D J§LWLQ,3Y~§7K{QJE‚R,03F§Q­LGXQJF€QKE‚RON¢FKF°J§LWLQ O±QK|QP»FFKRSK–SSDFNHWWRRELJ
  37. 37. *L‚WU£078K²SOœ 9¯ ~L™PHQWUWXQQHOV•K´J§LWLQzXFŽXWXQQHOLQJ • 1›XJ§LWLQ,3YFŽQ~§QJJ§LF§N¢FKF°QK¥K|QEWHVV•WK¼FKLœQ ~§QJJ§LYJL‚WU£F´DWU}®QJIODJIUDJPHQWLRQWURQJ SKŽQKHDGHU,3Y ~}²FVHW NK{QJSKyQP€QK
  38. 38. 1›XJL‚WU£078F´D,3YO±QK|QWKF§F‚FWU}®QJK²SVDX • 1›XJ§LWLQ,3YFŽQ~§QJJ§LF§N¢FKWK}±FO±QK|QJL‚WU£078F´D,3Y
  39. 39. WK¯QRGHHQWUSRLQWWU€Y˜P­WWK{QJE‚R,03,3YF§Q­LGXQJ
  40. 40. J§LWLQFŽQ~§QJJ§LTX‚O±QSDFNHWWRRELJ*L‚WU£078K²SOœ 078 F´D,3Y9¯~L™PHQWUSRLQWV•K´J§LWLQzXFŽXWXQQHOLQJ • 1›XJ§LWLQ,3YFŽQ~§QJJ§LF§N¢FKF°QK¥K|QJL‚WU£078F´D,3Y
  41. 41. V•WK¼FKLœQ~§QJJ§LYJ‚LWU£F´DWU}®QJIODJIUDJPHQWLRQWURQJSKŽQ KHDGHU,3Y~}²FVHW NK{QJSKyQP€QK
  42. 42. w™JL€P~}²FYLœFSK€LSKyQQK¥J§LW±LP»FQK¥QK‘WURXWHU¯~ŽX WXQQHOWK¼FKLœQWPNL›PJL‚WU£078~}²FFRLOK²SOÀQK‘WK¶QJV• E‡W~ŽXW¸078F´DWXQQHOW±L078F´DJLDRGLœQF·FE­F´DFK¶QJ1›X QK}F‚FPHVVDJH,03WU¯OƒL~™FKžU„QJJ§LOTX‚O±QFK¶QJV•FKX™Q W±LP­W078WK‘SK|Q7URQJP­WYLWU}®QJK²SFK¶QJF§WK”J¹LP­W PHVVDJHWK¹~™NK‚PSK‚UDNK€QxQJWxQJWURQJ078.KL078F´D WXQQHOYQF¤QO±QK|QN¢FKWK}±FJ§LQK¥QK‘WP,3YK«WU²RFWHW
  43. 43. WKYLœFSKyQQK¥J§L,3YV•~}²FW‡W~LWURQJ,3YKHDGHU1›XQK}J§L ,3YO±QK|Q078F´DWXQQHOF§WURQJJLDRGLœQ1§V•E£ORƒLE¥Y PHVVDJH,03i,3YSDFNHWWRELJjV•~}²FJ¹LOƒLFKRNK‚FKKQJ 1K}QJN¢FKWK}±FQK¥QK‘WF´DJ§L,3YFKžORFWHWFK»NK{QJSK€LO 078F´DWXQQHOF§WK™¢WNKLQK¥K|QRFWHW~L˜XPEX­FF‚F URXWHU,3YV¹G·QJYLœFSKyQQK¥J§L,3Y 1›X078F´DWXQQHO,3YQK¥K|QRFWHW‚FJ§L,3YO±QK|Q RFWHWV•E£ORƒLE¥YPHVVDJHi3DFNHWWRRELJjV•~}²FJ¹LWU¯OƒLFKRQJ}®L J¹L,3Y*§LQV•FKžUDP­W078,3YF¼F~ƒLF´DRFWHW 1›XP­WJ§L,3YO±QK|Q078F´DWXQQHOQK}QJQK¥K|QE„QJ7K YLœFSKyQQK¥J§LV•NK{QJWK™~}²FG³QJ 6¹G·QJYLœFNK‚PSK‚078V•~€PE€RU„QJF‚FNK‚FKKQJ,3YV•QK’Q ~}²FYLœFV¹G·QJW¸F‚FWXQQHO,3Y +QKVDXPLQKTXƒJLDRWK»F078GLVFRYHU~}²FK«WU²WURQJ,3Y 3KkQ PxQK FKš [‡ UD WŠL L¤P ´QJ J´L Yw OÊD FKµQ JL‰ WU¯ 078 QK² QK›W po°F FKŒS QKQ WUlQ pR{Q WUDIILF W¯L p D FKš pŸFK 2ULJLQDWLQJ KRVW 2ULJLQDWLQJ KRVW )LUVW *DWHZD )LUVW *DWHZD 6HFRQG *DWHZD 6HFRQG *DWHZD 7KLUG *DWHZD 7KLUG *DWHZD large MTU small MTU large MTUsmaller MTU ;zF p QK JLz WU  078 TXD WKXW WRzQ 078 GLVFRYHU FzF WKmQJ WLQ Qw po°F OoX WU¹ WU{L QRGH QJX§Q +ŠQK *LDR WK¦F 078 GLVFRYHU zFJLDRWK¬FWXQQHOYwURXWLQJ .KLWXQQHO~}²FF‘XKQKFK¶QJV•~}²F~¬L[¹QK}QKL˜XORƒL~}®QJOLQN NK‚FWURQJWRQE­F|V¯KƒWŽQJ,3Y1›XQK}WXQQHO~}²FV¹G·QJFKR ~}®QJQ¬LJLºDF‚FGRPDLQ~£QKWX›QW‚FKELœWQKDXQ§V•V¹G·QJFKR YLœFWUDR~ªLJLºDF‚FURXWHUV¹G·QJ,'531›XQK}WXQQHOE£~}DYR~£QK WX›QQ§V•~}²F[HP[–WQK}OP­W~}®QJOLQNVHULDOWKXŽQWXÀE„QJF‚F JLDRWK»FURXWLQJQK}O5,3KRF263)
  44. 44. 1K}QJF‚FWXQQHO~˜XNK{QJSK€LOWKXŽQOF‚FOLQN7URQJWU}®QJK²S F´D5,3WRQE­V¬OLœXOV¬O}²QJKRVW1JŽP~£QKJL‚F´DWXQQHO~WO QK}OP­W~}®QJN›WQ¬LWU¼FWL›SJLºDURXWHUPFG³OF‚FJ§LTXD WXQQHOWURQJWK¼FW›~}²FFKX™QWL›STXDYLOŽQE¯LF‚FO±S,3Yw§F§ WK™OGRN›WTX€F´DF‚FO¼DFK¨QNK‚FJL¬QJQK}F‚FO¼DFK¨QFKRYLœF ~£QKWX›QWK{QJTXDP­WWXQQHOGLWKDYFKX™QWL›STXDP­WV¬O}²QJ QK¥F‚FN›WQ¬L,3YWU¼FWL›S 7URQJP­WGRPDLQ~£QKWX›Q~|QQKLœPY·F´DQKTX€QOÀV•GšGQJ K|QQ›XQK}V¼O¼FK¨QPHWULFF´DWXQQHOO~}²FW¼~­QJQ›XQK}TX‚ WUQK~£QKWX›Q,3YV•F§QJX©QJ¬FPHWULFF´DWXQQHOW¸E€QJ~£QKWX›Q ,3Y 7KŸLJLDQVQJWURQJWXQQHO 'RYLœF~£QKWX›Q,3YO~­QJWK®LJLDQV¹G·QJFKRF‚FJ§LWURQJWXQQHO OWKD~ªL‚FJ§LQzQJ¹LTXDWXQQHOY±L77/,3YY¸D~´~™~€PE€R U„QJFK¶QJNK{QJE£WLPHRXW.KL~£QKWX›QF‚F~FW¢QKKLœQW‚LF´DF| FK›FKX™QWL›SO~Å~}²FO}²FE±WWURQJ~L™PQ1J}®LWDQ§LU„QJ77/ ~}²FO¼DFK¨QWURQJNL™XKRƒW~­QJSK·WKX­FY±LJL‚WU£QJŽP~£QK~}²F ~˜[X‘WWURQJWLOLœX5) 7K¼FW›QJ}®LWDWKL›WO’S77/QP­WF‚FK~­QJJL¬QJQK}F‚FFK}|QJ WUQKWUDFHURXWHWK¼FKLœQ9LœFJL‚PV‚W77/F´DWXQQHOF§WK™F§¢FKQ›X QK}QJ}®LWDPX¬QNK‚PSK‚QKDQKFK§QJV¼WKD~ªLWURQJYLœF~£QK WX›Q,3YYF’SQK’WPHWULFF´DWXQQHO oL‹XNKLŒQYLFFKLDV‡WXQQHO 0­W~L™PKƒQFK›F´D~£QKWX›QWKHRO±SOOPK«Q~­QYLœF~L˜XNKL™Q WLQJXzQ‚FJ§L~}²FTXDWXQQHOV•KRQWKQKYLœFWUX˜QWLQJXzQ Y±LF‚FJ§LWKXŽQ,3Y9‘Q~˜F§WK™JyUDO«LWURQJWU}®QJK²SF‚FURXWHU ,3Y~}²FV¹G·QJE¯LYWXQQHOV•FKžQK’Q~}²FSKŽQFKLDV”F´DWL QJXzQF´DNK‚FKKQJ~§PFG³Q§WK{QJWLQF§WURQJWRQE­J§LWLQ ,3Y ‚FJL€LSK‚SW}|QJW¼V•~}²FV¹G·QJFKR,3YWXQQHO1§F§P­WYLO²L ¢FKVDX 1J}®LTX€QOÀF§WK™~L˜XNKL™QYLœFFKLDV”PƒQJP~}²F~£QKY£WURQJ ,3Y '€LWK{QJWXQQHOF§WK™~}²FV¹G·QJ~™‘Q~£QKPHWULFKLœQWK¼FW±L WXQQHO µQJF§P­WYLF‚FE‘WO²LWL˜PQ7KHR~£QKQJK¡DYLœF–SEX­FPÅJL±L KƒQW¬F~­FKR,3YWXQQHOQJK¡DOF‚FJ§L,3YV•NK{QJV¹G·QJFKXQJ ~}²FF‚FWLQJXzQ~DQJNK{QJV¹G·QJ~›QQK}OF‚FJ§LWKXŽQ,3Y µQJYY’Q›XQK}JL€LExQJWK{QJW}|QJ»QJNK{QJ~}²FGQKULzQJF§ KLœXTX€¯P»F,3YWKFK¢QKV‚FK¯P»F,3YV•NK{QJ~€PE€R~}²F U„QJF‚FJ§LF§P»F}XWLzQFDRQK‘WONK{QJE£ORƒLE¥¯~yX~§WURQJ WXQQHO
  45. 45. wyO~L˜XNK‚U¦UQJ1J}®LWDF§WK™W}¯QJW}²QJUDJLDRWK»F~L˜X NKL™QWXQQHO~­QJJL‚PV‚WJL€LWK{QJF§V†QFKRWXQQHOWURQJF‚FOX©QJ ,3YWK®LJLDQWK¼F1K}QJ~§FµQJOY‘Q~˜QJXKL™PE¯LYF§QKL˜X V¼W}|QJW‚FU‘WSK»FWƒSJLºDF‚FSKŽQ~L˜XNKL™QW¬F~­J¹LF´DF‚FJ§L WURQJWXQQHOYNK€QxQJF´DWXQQHO9LœFWKL›WO’SJL€LWK{QJ~}²F~£QK QJK¡DWU}±FYEX­FQ§V¹G·QJWƒLP»F,3YONK‚GšGQJYF§WK™YºQJ FK‡FK|Q9LœFWUL™QNKDLQKDQKF‚FNK€QxQJQJXzQWKX¾F´D,3YF§WK™ V•OW¬WK|QE¯LYFK¶QJWDV•WKR‚WUDNK¥L~}²FWXQQHO 77/FKRFzFWXQQHOW­vžQJ ‚FWXQQHO~ÅW¸QJQK’QF‚FJ§LW±LYW¸F‚FKRVW~­FO’S~ÅNK{QJ~}²F F‘XKQKP­WF‚FKW}®QJPLQKYY’QJ}®LWDSK€LFK¨QF‚FWK{QJV¬,3Y QK}O77/KRF0787URQJWU}®QJK²SF´D77/F‚FNKX›QQJK£P FK¶QJWD~Å~}²F~˜F’SW¸WU}±FWKYQ~}²FJLºOƒLQ›XQK}FK¶QJWD NK{QJEL›WWKzPJP±LF‚FKRVWV•G³QJF‚FJL‚WU£~}²FNKX›QQJK£ WURQJF‚F5)QHPEHUKLœQWƒLONKX›QQJK£FKR5)7U}®QJ K²SF´D079WKSK»FWƒSK|Q7K¼FW›FK¶QJWDF§WU}®QJK²S • ‚FKRVW~­FO’STX€QOÀWXQQHO~|QW±LURXWHU,3YJŽQQK‘W • ‚FKRVWTXDO~L˜XNKL™QF‚FWXQQHOW±LF‚FSDUWQHO~­FO’SF´DFK¶QJ • ‚FURXWHUGXDO[XzQF‚FJ§LW±LF‚FKRVW~­FO’SPWKDPWFKRF‚F KRVWWKXŽQ,3Y ‚FKRVW~­FO’SFKž~L˜XNKL™QWXQQHOK¶QJF§WK™F§JLDRWK»FSK‚W KLœQ078‚FKRVWFKƒGXDOFµQJQzQF§NK€QxQJFKƒJLDRWK»FSK‚W KLœQ078FKRW‘WF€F‚FWXQQHOKLœQWƒL~DQJN¢FKKRƒWPFG³F‚FP‚ FK´SKªWK{QJNK{QJSK€LWU€O®LFKRQKL˜XNK‚FKKQJWPUDQ§FµQJNK‚ NK§NKxQ‚FURXWHUGXDOV•V±P~¬LPWY±LU‘WQKL˜XF‚FWXQQHO~DQJ N¢FKKRƒWSK€LF§NK€QxQJW¢QKWR‚QF‚FKKLœXTX€WK{QJV¬078FKR P«LURXWHUK¶QJV•OX{QOX{QF§O²LNKLV¹G·QJW¬LWKL™XQJŽP~£QKF´D 078OEWHYTX€QOÀ~}²FYLœFSKyQP€QK,3YF‚FURXWHUPWK¼F KLœQYLœFWXQQHOLQJF§WK™QK’Q~}²FF‚FE‚RKLœXO«LNK‚FWK}®QJO,03 w™WU‚QKF‚FO«~HQQFK¶QJWK}®QJF¬J‡QJFKX™QF‚FE‚RKLœXQ WURQJ,3Y,03TXDWU¯OƒLQJX©Q,3Y ‚F0HVVDJH,03EDRJ©PEWHWK»QK‘WF´DJ§L,3YEWHWL–SWKHR V•OKHDGHU,3YQJXzQWKX¾1›XFK¶QJ[X‘WKLœQWKURXWHUV•V¹G·QJ FK¶QJV•K©LSK·FOƒL~£DFKžQJX©Q,3YQJXzQWKX¾QK„P[yG¼QJ PHVVDJHE‚RO«L,03,3Y }FK¦RQILJXUH7XQQHOLQJ 0sWx 9±LSK}|QJWK»FWXQQHOLQJQ~£DFKžP¯J§L~}²FTX›W~£QKE¯LF‚F WK{QJWLQ~}²FF‘XKQK¯QRGH~§QJJ§LHQWUSRLQWHQFDSVXODWLRQV
  46. 46. w¬L Y±LP«LWXQQHOGƒQJQF‚FQRGHQSK€LO}X~£DFKžF´DF‚FWUƒPFX¬L F‚FWUƒPP¯J§LHQGSRLQW
  47. 47. .KLF‚FSDFNHW,3Y~}²FFKX™QTXDWXQQHO
  48. 48. Q~£DFKžF´DF‚FHQGSRLQW~}²FF‘XKQKVDRFKRJL¬QJY±L~£DFKž~¢FK WURQJSKŽQKHDGHUF´DJ§LWLQ,3Y~§QJJ§L ‚FWK{QJV¬zXFŽX~¬LY±LF|FK›FRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJQK}VDX • .K€QxQJ»QJG·QJVLWH • zXFŽXJLDRWK»F,3YN›WQ¬LJLºDF‚FVLWHV¹G·QJ,3Y • w£DFKž,3YW¬LWKL™XF§P­W~£DFKž,3YWURQJP­WVLWH • zXFŽXJLDRWK»F,3YNK{QJFŽQWKL›W • zXFŽXY˜~£DFKž,3YNK{QJFŽQWKL›W • zXFŽXKRVW,3YVWDFNKRF,3Y,3YVWDFN • zXFŽX~¬LY±LURXWH,3Y,3YURXWHU 3KutQJSKzSWK­FKLQ w™TX›W~£QK~}®QJ~LF´DF‚FWXQQHOLQJKDQ§LF‚FKNK‚F~™F§~}²F F‚FWK{QJWLQY˜QRGHHQGSRLQWFŽQSK€LG¼DYRE€QJ~£QKWX›QYK}±QJ ~LF´DF‚FSDFNHWVSK€LG¼DYR~£DFKž~¢FKF´DFK¶QJV¹G·QJF‚FN¿WKX’W QHWPDVN 'HIDXOWRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJ*L¬QJQK}ÀQJK¡DF´DJL‚WU£GHIDXOWURXWH WURQJE€QJ~£QKWX›Q~¬LY±LP­WWXQQHONKLWK¼FKLœQSK}|QJWK»F FRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJQ›XQ§NK{QJWPWK‘~LDFKž~¢FKWURQJE€QJ~£QK WX›QQ§V•V¹G·QJP­WJL‚WU£GHIDXOWNKDLWUzQURXWH~§OP~£DFKž~¢FK WURQJSDFNHW~§QJJ§L *L‚WU£GHIDXOWWXQQHOLQJQF§WK™OP­W~£DFKž,3YGƒQJDQFDVWY±L SK}|QJWK»FQSDFNHW~§QJJ§LV•~}²FIRUZDUG~›QQKL˜XURXWHUNK‚F }FK¦$XWRPDWLF7XQQHOLQJ 0sWx 9±LSK}|QJWK»FWXQQHOLQJQ~£DFKž~¢FKWURQJJ§LWLQ~§QJJ§L,3Y ~}²F[‚F~£QKO~£DFKž~¢FKF´DJ§LWLQ,3Y'RY’~£DFKž~¢FKF´DJ§L WLQ,3Y~}²F~§QJJ§LSK€LF§GƒQJ~£DFKž,3YW}|QJWK¢FKY±L,3Y ,3YFRPSDELOLW,3Y
  49. 49. w¬LY±LQKºQJJ§LWLQ,3YP~£DFKž~¢FKO GƒQJ~£DFKžNK{QJF§GƒQJ,3YFRPSDELOHWKV•NK{QJWK™WK¼FKLœQ DXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ |FK›$XWRPDWLF7XQQHOLQJWK}®QJ~}²FV¹G·QJNKLFŽQWK¼FKLœQQKºQJ N›WQ¬LY±LF‚FKRVWKRFY±LF‚FPƒQJ,3YWURQJP­WWK®LJLDQQJ‡QKRF WURQJQKºQJWQKKX¬QJQJXQKLzQ ‚FWK{QJV¬OLzQTXDQ~›Q$XWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ • .K€QxQJ»QJG·QJ~¬LY±LF‚FKRVW • zXFŽXJLDRWK»F,3YzXFŽXF§F‚FN›WQ¬L,3YJLºDF‚FVLWHV • zXFŽX~£DFKž,3YW¬LWKL™XF§P­W~£DFKž,3Y • zXFŽXJLDRWK»F,3Y.K{QJFŽQWKL›W • zXFŽX~£DFKž,3Yw£DFKžGƒQJ,3YFRPSDWLEOH • zXFŽX~¬LY±LKRVWFL~WGXDOVWDFN,3Y,3Y
  50. 50. • zXFŽX~¬LY±LURXWHQRQH 3KutQJWK¬FWK­FKLQ w¬LY±LQKºQJQRGHV,3Y,3YF§P­WSK}|QJWK»F~™TX›W~£QKOLœXF‚F J§LWLQ,3YF§~}²FDXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJKDNK{QJ~§OG¼DYRF‚F WK{QJV¬WURQJE€QJ~£QKWX›QW¡QKoLY¢LFzFKRVWF˜v”DFK‘v“FKG{QJ Vˆvu£FWK­FKLQW­vžQJv”QKWXŽQ9QKºQJKRVWQWK¥DPÅQ ~L˜XNLœQOF§~£DFKž~¢FKF§GƒQJ,3YFRPSDELOH
  51. 51. }FK¦WR +LœQQD~™WUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YWªFK»F,*75$1V,3QJ7UDQVLWLRQ :RUNLQJ*URXSP­WQK§PWKX­F,(7)
  52. 52. ~Å~}DUDP­WJL€LSK‚SWK»ED~™ WUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YWUzQQ˜Q,3YOF|FK›WR0­WWURQJQKºQJKƒQFK› O±QQK‘WF´DF|FK›WUzQF|FK›GXDOVWDFNYF|FK›WXQQHOLQJ
  53. 53. OY±L P«LNK‚FKKQJFX¬LHQGXVHUVVLWH
  54. 54. ~™N›WQ¬LY±LPƒQJ,3YY¢G· %RQH
  55. 55. ~˜XFŽQSK€LO¼DFK¨QP­W,63F§K«WU²G£FKY·,3Y~™JL€LTX›W F‚FY‘Q~˜OLzQTXDQ~›QF‘SSK‚W~£DFKžYWXQQHOLQJ0WNK‚FSK}|QJ SK‚SQFµQJKƒQFK›~}²FQKºQJNK§NKxQF´DF|FK›WXQQHOLQJQK}F‚F KRƒW~­QJWƒRTX€QOÀGXWUF‚FF‘XKQKWXQQHOLQJF´DSK}|QJSK‚S WXQQHOLQJ rXFX • 0­WKRVWSK€LF§~£DFKž,3Y • w™~€PE€RKRƒW~­QJFK¢QK[‚FF´DWRWURQJP­WWRSRPƒQJSK»FWƒS W‘WF€F‚FKRVW,3YSK€L~€PE€RWKX’WWR‚QVDX~yOF§JL‚WU£w§O WKX’WWR‚QOLzQTXDQ~›QO¼DFK¨Q~£DFKžNKLWK¼FKLœQJ¹LJ§LWLQ,3Y9 WDEL›WU„QJP­WQRGHF§WK™J‚QQKL˜XGƒQJ~£DFKž,3YNK‚FQKDX'R Y’WURQJG£FKY·WzQPL˜Q'16F§WK™NKDLQKL˜XE€QJKLW}|QJ»QJY±L F‚F~£DFKž,3YNK‚FQKDXFX€KRVW~§7KX’WWR‚QO¼DFK¨Q~£DFKž~€P E€RWURQJP­WW’SF‚F~£DFKž,3YWU€Y˜NKLKRVWWK¼FKLœQTXHU'16 VHUYHUV•O¼DFK¨QP­W~£DFKžF§GƒQJWL˜QW¬ WURQJW’SF‚F~£D FKžWU€Y˜~™J¹LF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YWURQJF‚FN›WQ¬LF´DKRVW~§ 0sWx 7KHRF‘XWU¶FF´DGƒQJ~£DFKž*OREDO8QLFDVWSKŽQ~£QKGDQKWL˜QW¬7/$ ~}²FJ‚QE¯LWªFK»F,$1$9¢G·WL˜QW¬))(~}²FJ‚QFKRPƒQJ WK¹QJKLœP%RQH+D~}²FSKyQEªWKHRF|FK›SURGXFWLRQ +LœQQDWªFK»FQFµQJJ‚QP­WWL˜QW¬~FELœWO ~™K«WU²F|FK› WR7KHR~§F‘XWU¶F~£DFKž,3YF´DP­WQRGHWK¼FKLœQWRF§GƒQJQK}VDX 3 13 32 16 64 001 0x0002 V4ADDR SLA ID Interface ID 7URQJ~§ • 3KŽQ7/$,'~}²FJ‚QJL‚WU£ • 3KŽQ1/$J‚QELWVF¤QOƒLO~£DFKž,3YF´DQRGH~§
  56. 56. 1K}Y’P­WQRGHPX¬QWK¼FKLœQF|FK›WRSK€LF§P­W~£DFKž,3YWK¼F~£D FKž,3YQSK€LF§JL‚WU£WUzQPƒQJ,QWHUQHWNK{QJSK€LO~£DFKžF´DPƒQJ ULzQJ
  57. 57. ‘XWU¶FGƒQJ~£DFKžQ~€PE€RKRQWRQJL¬QJY±LF‚F~£QKGƒQJ~£D FKž,3Y*OREDO8QLFDVWWK{QJWK}®QJNK‚F *§LWLQ,3YWURQJF‚FVLWHF‘XKQKWR~}²F~§QJJ§LWKHRGƒQJ,3Y JL¬QJF|FK›WXQQHOLQJRYHU
  58. 58. NKLF‚FJ§LWLQQFŽQFKX™QUDPƒQJ QJRL6DXNKLJ§LWLQ~§QJJ§LGƒQJ,3YV•~}²FFKX™QWURQJPƒQJ,3Y QK}KRƒW~­QJF´DPƒQJ,QWHUQHWKLœQQD 3KŽQKHDGHUF´DJ§LWLQ,3YF§~£DFKž~¢FKY~£DFKžQJX©QGƒQJ,3Y ‚F~£DFKžQF§~}²FOG¼DYRF|FK›O¼DFK¨Q~£DFKžVDX~§WK¼FKLœQ O‘ELWV~£DFKž9$''5WURQJF‘XWU¶F~£DFKž,3YF§WL˜QW¬ ‘XWU¶FF´DGƒQJJ§LWLQ,3YQQK}VDX Ver IHL Type of Ser Total Length Indentification Flags Fragment offset TTL Protocol = 41 Header Checksum Source Address Destination Address Options Padding IPv6 header + payload.... +ŠQK ~X WU¡F J’L WLQ ,3Y p’QJ J’L WKHR Fn FKˆ WR 7U}®QJK²SWUL™QNKDL~|QJL€QQK‘WF´DF|FK›WROV¹G·QJF|FK›Q ~™N›WQ¬LF‚FVLWH,3YY±LQKDXP«LVLWHQF‚FN›WQ¬LY±LQKDXG¼DWUzQ PƒQJ,3Y.K{QJzXFŽXF‚FVLWHQF§F‚FN›WQ¬LY±LF³QJP­W,63 KžF§P­WzXFŽXOF‚FVLWH~}²FFL~W,3YK«WU²F|FK›WR~™WKL›W O’SJL‚WU£3URWRFRO WURQJF‚FSDFNHW,3Y w™F|FK›QKRƒW~­QJP«LVLWHF¤QFŽQSK€LJ‚QP­W~£DFKž,3YWKHR F‘XWU¶F~£DFKž~ÅP{W€¯WUzQw©QJWK®LWƒRP­WE€QJKL'16W}|QJ»QJ Y±L~£DFKžQ 9LG·0­WVLWH$F§~£DFKž,3YOV•WƒRP­WE€QJKLWUzQ '16Y±LWL˜QW¬,3YF§GƒQJ^)3 7/$ [1/$ %$$` 0­WVLWH%F§~£DFKž,3YOV•WƒRP­WE€QJKLWUzQ'16 Y±LWL˜QW¬,3YF§GƒQJ^)3 7/$ [1/$ )()')` .KLP­WKRVW,3YWUzQVLWH%FŽQN›WQ¬LY±LP­WKRVW,3YWUzQVLWH$F‚F E}±FWK¼FKLœQQK}VDX • 1§WK¼FKLœQTXUHW±L'16VHUYHU~™WP~£DFKž,3YF´DKRVWWUzQVLWH$ *L€ V¹ ~£D FKž PƒQJ WU€ Y˜ O ^)3 7/$ [ 1/$ %$$`w£DFKžP­WKRVWWURQJVLWH$F§GƒQJWL˜QW¬QK}WUzQY P­WJL‚WU£6/$Y,QWHUIDFH,'F§GƒQJE‘WN½ • *§LWLQ,3Y~}²FKQKWKQKY~}²FWUX˜QQK}WK{QJWK}®QJEzQWURQJ KDLVLWHQW¸F‚FKRVW,3Y~›QF‚FURXWHUWR~}²FWUX˜QF‚FJ§LWLQ
  59. 59. WKXŽQ,3YNK{QJF§E‘WN½P­WF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLQR[€UD¯WURQJQ­L E­P­WVLWH‚FURXWHUWR~}²FFRLOF‚FURXWHUF’QELzQ
  60. 60. • .KLF‚FURXWHUQQK’QWK‘~£DFKž~¢FKF§SKŽQWL˜QW¬ Q§V• WK¼FKLœQF|FK›J¹LQK}VDX w§QJJ§LJ§LWLQ,3YWKHRGƒQJ,3YY±LF‘XWU¶FJ§LWLQ,3Y~ÅP{W€¯WUzQ WURQJ~§~£DFKž~¢FKF´DJ§LWLQ,3YQ~}²FO‘W¸ELWVF´DWU}®QJ9$''5 WURQJ~£DFKžFKž~¢FK,3YF´DJ§LWLQ,3Y6DX~§FKX™QJ§LWLQQK}JLDRWK»F ,3YWK{QJWK}®QJTXDF‚FJLDRWK»F~£QKWX›QF´D,3Y w¬LY±LF‚FURXWHUEzQVLWH$VDXNKLQK’QF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YV•WK¼FKLœQF|FK›P¯ J§LQK}VDX 7K¼FKLœQNL™PWUDJL‚WU£F´DWU}®QJ3URWRFROWURQJSKŽQKHDGHUF´DJ§LWLQ F§E„QJKDNK{QJ 1›XJL‚WU£Q V•WK¼FKLœQE¥SKŽQKHDGHUF´DJ§LWLQ,3YYO‘ SKŽQGDWDF´DJ§LWLQ,3YQOP­WJ§LWLQ,3YVDX~§FKX™QWURQJ ORFDOVLWHE„QJF‚FJLDRWK»F,3Y+QKVDXP{W€KRƒW~­QJF´DTX‚WUQK Q IPv6 Site A 2002:CBA2:000A::/48 IPv4 Internet Router 6to4 IPv4 Site A 203.162.0.10 Host IPv6 Host IPv6 Router 6to4 Host IPv6 Host IPv6 IPv4 Site B 9.254.253.252 IPv6 Site B 2002:09FE:FDFC::/48 +ŠQK n FKˆ p’QJ Pš J’L 3K~}QJWKÉFOÊDFKµQF‰FF}FK¦ w¬LY±LQKºQJQRGHV,3Y,3YSK€LF§SK}|QJWK»FO¼DFK¨QNKLQRJ¹L J§LWLQ,3YNKLQRJ¹LJ§LWLQ,3YYNKLQRWK¼FKLœQDXWRPDWLFKRF FRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJ1KºQJN¿WKX’WGXDO,3ODHUFRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJ YDXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJV¹G·QJN›WK²SY±LQKDX‚FWU}®QJK²SF§WK™ [€UDQK}VDX • *¹LJ§LWLQ,3YW±LW‘WF€F‚F~£DFKž~¢FK,3Y • *¹LJ§LWLQ,3YW±LW‘WF€F‚F~£DFKž~¢FK,3YWUzQF³QJP­WOLQN • 6¹G·QJDXWRPDWLFWXQQHOLQJ*¹LF‚FJ§LWLQ,3Y~§QJJ§L,3YF§~£DFKž ~¢FKOGƒQJGƒQJ~£DFKž,3YFRPSDELOH • *¹LF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YUDPƒQJQJRLPURXWHWURQJPƒQJ~§F§K«WU²,3Y • *¹LF‚FJ§LWLQ,3YUDPƒQJQJRLV¹G·QJGHIDXOWWXQQHOLQJNKLNK{QJF§ URXWHK«WU²,3Y ‚FWKX’WWR‚QW}|QJ»QJY±LF‚FWU}®QJK²SQQK}VDX 1ˆXpŽDFK‹FŸDQRGHFX—LOqP˜WpŽDFK‹,3Y 1›X~£DFKž~¢FK~}²FORFDWHWUzQP­WDWWDFKHGOLQNWKV•J¹LJ§LWLQ ,3YW±LQRGHFX¬L
  61. 61. 1›X~£DFKžF´DQRGHFX¬LNK{QJORFDWHWUzQOLQNY±LQRGHQJX©QWK KRF 1›XF§P­WURXWH,3YWUzQOLQNQRGHQJX©QV•J¹LJ§LWLQ GƒQJ,3Yw£DFKž~¢FKOP­W~£DFKžGƒQJ,3Y 1›XNK{QJ~£DFKž~¢FKV•OXQUHDFKDEOHYQ§NK{QJQ„P WUzQOLQNKRVWQJX©QYFµQJNK{QJQ„POLQNY±LURXWH 1ˆXpŽDFK‹FŸDQRGHFX—LOqP˜WpŽDFK‹GuQJ,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3YF’FtF WŠQKKX—QJVDX 1›X~£DFKž~¢FK~}²FORFDWHWUzQP­WDWWDFKHGOLQNNKL~§KRVWQJX©Q V•J¹LSDFNHWGƒQJ,3YNK{QJ~§QJJ§L
  62. 62. w£DFKž~¢FKF´DJ§LWLQ,3YO ~£DFKž*OREDO8QLFDVWF´DWUƒP~¢FK 1›XWUƒP~¢FKNK{QJORFDWHWUzQOLQNSK€LWK{QJTXDURXWH
  63. 63. F§F‚F WQKKX¬QJVDX[€UD 1›X~§OP­WURXWH,3YWKP­WJ§LWLQ,3Y~}²F~§QJJ§L GƒQJ,3Y~™WXQQHOTXDURXWHw£DFKž~¢FK,3YO~£DFKž,3YF´D QRGHFX¬Lw¬LY±LJ§LWLQ,3Y~£DFKž~¢FKOELWVWK‘SF´D~£DFKž GƒQJ,3YFRPSDWLEOH,3Yw£DFKžGDWDOLQNO~£DFKžGDWDOLQNF´D URXWH,3Y 1›XOP­WURXWH,3YQ„PWUzQ~}®QJOLQNWKJ§LWLQ~}²FJ¹L W¸WUƒPQJX©QF§GƒQJJ§LWLQ,3Yw£DFKžQJX©QOP­W~£DFKž ,3YF´DQRGHQK’QJ§LWLQw£DFKžGDWDOLQNO~£DFKž,3YF´DURXWH 1›XNK{QJNK{QJWK™N›WQ¬LY±LWUƒP~¢FKXQUHDFKDEOH
  64. 64. 1ˆXQRGHQKQOqP˜WQRGHWKX{Q,3YF’FtFWŠQKKX—QJVDX 1›XQRGHQK’QQ„PWUzQOLQNY±LQRGHJ¹LV•J¹LJ§LWLQGƒQJ,3Y w£DFKž~¢FKO~£DFKž,3YF´DQRGHFX¬Lw£DFKžGDWDOLQNO~£DFKžF´D QRGHFX¬L 1›XQRGHFX¬LNK{QJQ„PWUzQOLQNF§F‚FWQKKX¬QJVDX 1›XF§P­WURXWH,3YWKJ§LWLQJ¹L~}²F~£QKGƒQJ,3Y wLDFKž~¢FK,3YO~£DFKžF´DQRGHFX¬Lw£DFKžGDWDOLQNO~£DFKž ,3YF´DURXWH 1›X~£DFKž~¢FKF§WK™F§~}²FTXDFRQILJXUHGWXQQHOLQJY F§P­WURXWH,3Y~™N›WQ¬LUDQJRLWKJ§LWLQJ¹LV•~}²F~§QJJ§L WKHR,3Yw£DFKž~¢FK,3YO~£DFKžF´DQRGHFX¬Lw£DFKž~¢FKF´D J§LWLQ,3YO~£DFKž,3YF´DQRGHP¯J§Lw£DFKžGDWDOLQNO~£D FKž,3YF´DURXWH,3Y 1›XNK{QJ~£DFKž~¢FKNK{QJWK™N›WQ¬LW±LXQUHDFKDEOH
  65. 65. %€QJVDXP{W€TX›W~LQKSK}|QJWK»FFKX˜QJ§LWLQ
  66. 66. 'ƒQJ~£D FKžF´D QRGH~¢FK 1RGH ~¢FK WUzQ OLQN 5RXWH ,3Y WUzQ OLQN 5RXWH ,3Y WUzQ OLQN w£QK GƒQJJ§L WLQ~™ J¹L 'ƒQJ~£D FKž~¢FK ,3Y 'ƒQJ~£D FKž~¢FK ,SY 'ƒQJ~£D FKž~¢FK 'OLQN ,3Y HV 1$ 1$ ,3Y 1$ ( (/ ,3Y 1R HV 1$ ,3Y 1$ ( 5/ ,3Y 1R 1R 1$ 815+ 1$ 1$ 1$ ,SY FRPSDW HV 1$ 1$ ,3Y ( 1$ (/ ,SY FRPSDW 1R HV 1$ ,SY ( ( 5/ ,3Y FRPSDW 1R 1R HV ,3Y ( 1$ 5/ ,3Y FRPSDW 1R 1R 1R 815+ 1$ 1$ 1$ ,3YRQO HV 1$ 1$ ,3Y ( 1$ (/ ,3YRQO 1R 1$ HV ,3Y ( 1$ 5/ ,3YRQO 1R HV 1R ,3Y ( 7 5/ ,3YRQO 1R 1R 1R 815+ 1$ 1$ 1$ %rQJ 7’P WyW SKonQJ WK¦F O§D FK“Q Fn FKˆ FKX†Q p•L K§WK“FK • 1$.K{QJF§WURQJWK¼FW› • (w£DFKž,3YF´DQRGHFX¬L • (w£DFKž,3YF´DQRGHFX¬L • (/w£DFKžGDWDOLQNF´DQRGHFX¬L • 7w£DFKž,3YF´D~L™PP¯J§LWURQJWXQQHO • 5w£DFKž,3YF´DURXWH • 5w£DFKž,3YF´DURXWH • 5/'ƒQJ~£DFKžGDWDOLQNF´DURXWH • ,3Yw£QKGƒQJJ§LWLQ,3Y • ,3Yw£QKGƒQJJ§LWLQ,3Y • ,3Y,3Y*§LWLQ,3Y~}²F~§QJJ§LG}±LGƒQJ,3Y • 815+*§LWLQNK{QJ~}²FJ¹L'HVWLQDWLRQLVXQUHDFKDEOH
  67. 67. ,,7ULµQNKDLP›QJ,3YÊLYÏLYL¸WQDP ;zGÊQJPŠQJO~¾L 9'OP­WQKFXQJF‘SG£FKY·,QWHUQHWFK¢QKF´D9LzWQDP,$3Y ,63
  68. 68. µQJQK}P­W,63NK‚FKœWK¬QJPƒQJO}±LF´D9'F§WK™~}²F FKLDOPY³QJFK¢QK • 0ƒQJWUXQJWyPRUH1HWZRUN • ‚FN›WQ¬LF´DF‚F,63NK‚FQK}1HWQDP)37
  69. 69. • ‚FN›WQ¬LF´DF‚FNK‚FKKQJ IPv6 layers of deployment *DWHZD URXWHUV %*3
  70. 70. National Firewall National Firewall Routers Routers DNS Other serversCORE network Access Network Consumers' Network Internet Other services ISPs Customers end-users +ŠQK tF OœS F{Q TX KRuFK FKR ,3Y w™WUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YF‚FY‘Q~˜FŽQJL€LTX›W~¬LY±LP«LY³QJQ EDRJ©P • 4XLKRƒFKYF‘SSK‚WNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKž,3YFKRP«LY³QJ • wxQJNÀF‚FVLWH,3Y • L~W'16VHUYHUK«WU²,3Y 7ULŒQNKDLP{QJ,3YvLY¢LP{QJWUXQJWqP ,63FŽQSK€L[‚F~£QKF§QzQFL~WULzQJELœWF‚FURXWHUKRVWWKHRF|FK› GXDOVWDFNKDFKžOQKºQJQRGHWKXŽQ,3Y4X›W~£QKQG¼DWUzQF‚F N›WQ¬LW±LPƒQJWUXQJWyP‚FSK}|QJWK»F~£QKWX›QFŽQ~}²FFL~W~™
  71. 71. VDRFKRF‚FJ§LWLQ,3Y~}²F~£QKWX›QWUzQQ˜QKƒWŽQJPƒQJ,3YF¤Q F‚FJ§LWLQ,3Y~}²F~£QKWX›QWUzQQ˜QKƒWŽQJPƒQJ,3YP±L 6DXNKLJLDL~RƒQF‚FURXWHUFKƒFK›~­GXDOVWDFNªQ~£QK‚F,63F§WK™ F‘XKQKF‚FURXWHUWURQJPƒQJFRUHOQKºQJURXWHUFKƒGXDOVWDFN~™ ~£QKWX›QF€,3YY,3Y *LDL~RƒQWL›SWL›SWKHROWK¼FKLœQF‚FN›WQ¬LW±LPƒQJ,3YWRQFŽX§ WK™OPF‚FN›WQ¬LQWK{QJTXDF‚FSK}|QJWK»FN›WQ¬LWU¼FWL›SYRP­W PƒQJ,3YWRQFŽXQK}PƒQJWK¹QJKLœP%RQH
  72. 72. KRFWK{QJTXDF|FK› WXQQHOLQJ1›XPƒQJFRUHK«WU²,3YYF‚F,63NK‚FFµQJK«WU²,3YWK F§WK™F‘XKQKF‚FN›WQ¬LWU¼FWL›S,3YPNK{QJFŽQWK{QJTXDWXQQHO KRFGXDOVWDFN w©QJWK®LF‚F,63FµQJSK€LTX›W~£QKV¹G·QJP­WKRFP­WYLF‚F URXWHUQ„P¯i~}®QJELzQjWURQJTX‚WUQKFKX™Q~ªLW¸PƒQJ,3YVDQJ PƒQJ,3Y.K‚LQLœPi~}®QJELzQjQ~}²FKL™XQK}OF‚FURXWHUOF‚F JDWHZD~§QJYDLWU¤O~L™PFKX™QWL›SJLºDPƒQJ,3YYPƒQJ,3Y 7ULŒQNKDLP{QJ,3YvLY¢LP{QJWUXQK…SF¥DNKzFKKwQJ ‚FNK‚FKKQJF´DP«L,63F§WK™WUXQK’SYRPƒQJTXD~}®QJGLDOXS F‚FNK‚FKKQJJL‚QWL›S
  73. 73. KRFTXD~}®QJOHDVHGOLQHF‚FNK‚FKKQJWU¼F WL›S
  74. 74. 'RY’F§KDLY‘Q~˜FŽQJL€LTX›W~™WUL™QNKDLPƒQJ,3YQK}VDX • ŽQSK€LQyQJF‘SF‚FURXWHU~™F‚FURXWHUQK«WU²GXDOVWDFN'RY’ ~€PE€RF‚FF‚FNK‚FKKQJ,3YYNK‚FKKQJ,3Y~˜XF‚FWU€QxQJ WUXQK’SYRPƒQJ • +RFFL~WF‚FURXWHU,3YY,3YULzQJU•QKDX6DX~§WK¼FKLœQSKyQ W‚FKF‚FNK‚FKKQJWKX­FPƒQJ,3YV•WUXQK’STXDURXWHU,3YFµ F¤Q F‚F NK‚FK KQJ P±L V• WUX QK’S TXD URXWHU ,3Y 1KºQJ DFFHVV URXWHUQSK€LK«WU²F‚FN›WQ¬LW±LPƒQJ,3YWRQFŽX1›XPƒQJFRUH NK{QJK«WU²,3YFŽQSK€LFL~WF‚FF|FK›FKX™Q~ªLGXDOVWDFNKD WXQQHOLQJ
  75. 75. WUzQF‚FURXWHU,3Y • w¬LY±LF‚FNK‚FKKQJOQKºQJVLWH,3YF‚F,63FŽQSK€LFL~WF‚FF| FK›FKX™Q~ªL~™K«WU²NK‚FKKQJF§WK™WUXQK’SYRF‚FQRGH,3Y F§WK™WK{QJTXDF‚FF|FK›QK}1$7 4XLKRŠFK¯DFK© 0­WY‘Q~˜~WUD~¬LY±LF‚F,$3QK}9'OYLœFTX€QOÀYSKyQKRƒFK ~£DFKžVDRFKRKLœXTX€YNKRDK¨F~FELœWO~¬LY±L~£DFKž,3YF§P­W NK{QJJLDQ~£DFKžU‘WO±Q4X€QOÀYSKyQEª~£DFKž,3Y~}²FW’SWUXQJ YRFK´›XYRORƒL~£DFKž*OREDO8QLFDVW w¬LY±LP«L~£DFKž,3YGƒQJ*OREDO~™J‚QFKRF‚FJLDRGLœQWK¼FKLœQ N›WQ¬L,QWHUQHW
  76. 76. WK}®QJF§GƒQJWL˜QW¬ELWVELWVVXEQHWELWV ~£QKGDQKJLDRGLœQ1K}Y’F§NKR€QJ VXEQHWF§WK™~£QK QJK¡DYWURQJP«LVXEQHWQF§NKR€QJ KRVW QJKQWžKRVW 7KHR F‘X WU¶F F´D GƒQJ ~£D FKž *OREDO SKŽQ JL‚ WU£ 7/$ ,' 7RS /HYHO $JJUHDEOH
  77. 77. ~}²FWªFK»F,11$J‚QFKRP­WV¬PƒQJ~FELœWQK}VDX • *L‚WU£))(~}²FJ‚QFKRPƒQJ%RQH
  78. 78. • *L‚WU£~}²FJ‚QFKRSK}|QJWK»FFKX™Q~ªLWR • §FKL˜XGLSKŽQ7/$,'WURQJF‘XWU¶F~£DFKž,3YGƒQJ*OREDO8QLFDVWO ELWVGRY’WUzQWRQFŽXV•F§NKR€QJ JL‚WU£7/$,'J‡QY±LF‚F7/$ NK‚FQKDXw™F§P­WNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKž,3YP­W,63FŽQWK¼FKLœQF‚FTXLW‡F [LQF‘SSK‚W~£DFKžQK}VDX tFKŽ[LQF„Sv”DFK‘,3Y w£DFKž,3YF§WK™QK’Q~}²FW¸P­WYLWªFK»FTX¬FW›F§WU‚FKQKLœP FXQJF‘S~£DFKžQK},5LQWHUQHW5HJLVWULHV
  79. 79. KRF/,5/RFDO,QWHUQHW 5HJLVWULHV
  80. 80. KRFTXDF‚F,63NK‚F~ÅK«WU²,3Y4X‚WUQKF‘S~£DFKž ,3YFµQJJL¬QJQK}F‘S~£DFKž,3Y~ŽXWLzQF‚F,5NKDLE‚RP­WNK{QJ JLDQ~£DFKžFKRP«LWªFK»FORFDO,56DX~§F‚F/,5O‘P­WSKŽQQK¥ WURQJNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKžF´DQ§F‘SFKRF‚FNK‚FKKQJYF‚FWªFK»FF‘S ~£DFKžFKLDWKHRY³QJ
  81. 81. 7KHRF‘XWU¶F~£DFKž,3Y*OREDOWKV¬ELWVW¬L~DPP«L,5KRF/,5F§ WK™J‚QFKRP«LNK‚FKKQJOELWVOPWL˜QW¬WURQJNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKž F´DK¨ §WK™FKLDOPORƒL,63QK}VDX • 1KºQJ,63zXFŽXNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKž~™QK’Q~}²FP­WVXE7/$7/$ F‘SFRQ
  82. 82. W¸P­W,5Y³QJ*¨LQKºQJ,63QO7/$,631KºQJ,63Q V•QK’Q~}²FJL‚WU£VXE7/$‚F7/$,63~ŽXWLzQV•QK’Q~}²FF‚FJL‚ WU£VXE7/$TXDF‚FWªFK»FPQ§zXFŽX[LQF‘S~£DFKž+QKVDXPLQK KRƒSK}|QJWK»FJ‚Q~£DFKžQ 3 13 13 19 16 64 FP TLA ID sub-TLA NLA ID SLA ID Interface ID TLA ISP prefix *L‰ WU¯ 1/$ ,' P† F‰F 7/$ ,6$ J‰Q FKR 1/$ ,63 Q ELWV
  83. 83. '†QK FKR F‰F 1/$ ,' J‰Q ¯D FK© F‰F F‰F NK‰FK K†QJ FX¹L +ŠQK iŽD FK‹ O~ W£ 6XE7/$ 1K}Y’SKŽQSUHIL[F´DF‚F7/$,63V•OELWVELWV)3ELWV7/$ F´DWªFK»F[LQF‘S~£DFKž,3ELWVJ‚QFKR7/$,63
  84. 84. 9¢G·Q›XWD[LQ TXDERQHWKELWV~ŽXF§JL‚WU£O))( • 1KºQJ,63NK{QJQK’Q~}²FVXE7/$*¨LQKºQJ,63QO1/$,63V 6DXNKL[LQ~}²FJL‚WU£VXE7/$F‚F7/$,63V•WK¼FKLœQF‘SSK‚WOƒLF‚F ~£DFKžWURQJNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKžF´DQ§FKRF‚FWªFK»FNK‚F3KŽQNK{QJ JLDQ~£DFKžF‘SSK‚WOƒLV•O ELWV1K}Y’FKL˜XGLY³QJ~£D FKžPF‚F7/$,63~}²FSK–SF‘SSK‚WOƒLFKRF‚F1/$,63VV•O Q 9±LF‚F1/$,63SKŽQELWV~£QKGDQKF‚F,63QQ„PW¸ELWV WK»~›QE¢W‚F1/$,63V•WK¼FKLœQF‘SSK‚WSKŽQELWVF¤QOƒLFKR
  85. 85. NK‚FKKQJw€PE€RF‚FNK‚FKKQJF´DF‚F1/$,63V•F§SKŽQ~£QK GDQKWL˜QW¬F§FKL˜XGLELWV+QKVDXPLQKKRƒF|FK›Q 3 13 13 19 16 64 FP TLA ID sub-TLA NLA ID SLA ID Interface ID NLA ISP prefix 3K‰Q p QK GDQK FzF NKzFK KwQJ FXªL GR FzF 1/$ ,63 FŒS 'wQK FKR FzF NKzFK KwQJ FXªL SKkQ KR{FK p D FKš +ŠQK iŽD FK‹ O~ W£ 1/$ 0žWVY“G¨Y‹F„SYwSKqQE›v”DFK‘,3Y 9LG¨Y‹YLFSKqQE›v”DFK‘,3Y 9'~§QJYDLWU¤OP­WQKFXQJF‘S~£DFKž,3YFKRF‚FWKXzEDRWURQJ PƒQJ,QWHUQHWF´D9LœW1DP9±LYDLWU¤QK}Y’9'OP­W7/$,63 4X‚WUQK[LQF‘SYSKyQEª~£DFKžGLšUDQK}VDX • 9'WK¼FKLœQzXFŽX[LQF‘S~£DFKžTXDP­WWªFK»F7/$9¢G·TXD %RQHRPPXQLW§7/$,'O))(
  86. 86. • *L€V¹%RQHRPPXQLWF‘SFKR9'JL‚WU£VXE7/$,'F§~­GLO ELWV1K}Y’SKŽQWL˜QW¬F´D7/$,'F´D9'F§FKL˜XGL ELWV ELWVELWV
  87. 87. • 6DXNKLQK’Q~}²FJL‚WU£7/$,'9'F§WK™SKyQKRƒFKV¹G·QJF‚FJL‚ WU£F¤QOƒL ELWV
  88. 88. WURQJFKL˜XGLELWVQK}VDX ELWVWURQJV¬ELWVF¤QOƒLF´DSKŽQ1/$~™~£QKGDQKFKRF‚F QK FXQJ F‘S ~£D FKž F‘S FRQ NK‚F WURQJ Q}±F Y¢ G· QK} )37 1HWQDP6*3‚F,63QJ¨LO1/$,63
  89. 89. 1K}Y’F§WK™~£QK GDQK~}²FW¬L~D 1/$,63 • w¬LY±LP«L1/$,63F¤QOƒLELWV~™~£QKGDQJF‚FNK‚FKKQJFX¬L 7¬L~DP«L1/$,63F§WK™~£QKGDQK~}²F F‚FNK‚FKKQJ FX¬L • w¬LY±LP«LNK‚FKKQJFX¬LKDP«LVLWH,'FKRSK–S~£QKGDQK VXEQHW VXEQHWWURQJVLWH~§ • 6¬O}²QJW¬L~DF‚FKRVWWURQJP«LVXEQHWO [‘S[žNKR€QJQJKQW¾ KRVW • 1K}Y’V¬O}²QJW¬L~DF‚F~£DFKžF´D9'F§NK€QxQJFXQJF‘SO 1/$,63
  90. 90. [HQGXVHUVVLWH1/$,63
  91. 91. [ VXEQHWVHQGXVHUVVLWH
  92. 92. [QJKQW¾KRVWVXEQHW
  93. 93. 9“G¨Y‹VªG¨QJv”DFK‘,3Y 1K}Y’VDXTX‚WUQKSKyQEª~£DFKž¯WUzQP­WVLWHOP­WNK‚FKKQJ FX¬LHQGXVHUVLWH
  94. 94. QK’Q~}²FP­WNK{QJJLDQ~£DFKžF§ELWVSUHIL[9¢ G·~£DFKž~§O))(6LWHQWK¼FKLœQYLœFJ‚Q~£DFKž QK}VDX
  95. 95. R1 R3 R4 R5 R2 I1 I2 I3 links links links links 3FFE:1234:5678::/48 +ŠQK 9 G¢ F~S SKtW pŽD FK‹ ,3Y 5@OF‚FURXWHU ,@OF‚F,QWHUIDFHWUzQ5RXWHU*L€V¹U„QJV¬O}²QJF‚FKRVWN›WQ¬L YRF‚FURXWHUF‚FOLQNV
  96. 96. TXDQxPWK»QK‘WYQxPWK»KDLQK}E€QJVDX 5RXWHU %DQ~ŽX 1xPWK»QK‘W 1xPWK»KDL 5RXWHU5 5RXWHU5 5RXWHU5 5RXWHU5 ‚F~£DFKž~}²FJ‚QWUzQF‚F,QWHUIDFHF´DURXWHU5QK}VDX , ))( , ))( , ))( 9±LSUHIL[J‚QFKR,F§JL‚WU£))F§WK™FKLD WKQKF‚FVXEQHWQK}VDX ))( ))( ))())
  97. 97. ))()) ))( ))())) 9±LSUHIL[))(F§WK™WL›SW·FFKLDQK¥QK}VDX ))( ))( ))() ))( ))( ))() ))() ))() ))() ))($ ))()) 9±LSUHIL[))(F§WK™WL›SW·FFKLDQK¥QK}VDX ))( ))( ))() ))( ))() ))( ))()) .¦WQ¹LY†RPŠQJWKÇQJKL§P%RQH w¬LY±L~L˜XNLœQ9LœW1DPKLœQQD~™WUL™QNKDLPƒQJWK¹QJKLœPPƒQJ ,3YQzQN›WQ¬LY±LPƒQJ%RQHYW¢QKSKªWK{QJYK«WU²N¿WKX’WF´D
  98. 98. KœWK¬QJPƒQJQ9Y’SKŽQVDX~yV•JL±LWKLœXKœWK¬QJPƒQJQ ~©QJWK®L~}DUDQKºQJzXFŽX~™N›WQ¬LYR%RQH

×