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Etude psychosociale sur la féminité et le handicap une double discrimination !

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Dans le présent article, à partir de données statistiques concernant la mise au travail et l’étude des représentations sociales du handicap et de la féminité, nous tenterons de démontrer que la femme handicapée subit une double discrimination, l’une due à son handicap et l’autre à sa féminité, les deux discriminations se cumulant.



1 - Approche statistique

Les données statistiques de l'INSEE (institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques), reprises par Annie Triomphe (2006), concernant le taux d'activité, le taux de chomage et le travail à temps partie, révèlent une double discriminiation de la femme handicapée.

tout d'abord, le taux d'activité de la population globale s'élève à 68% et celui des personnes handicapées à 44 % des lors, dans cette population, une discrimination hommes-femmes.


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Etude psychosociale sur la féminité et le handicap une double discrimination !

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  41. 41. /ȆDFFHVVLELOLWªJªQªUDOLVªHPHWGRQFOȆDFFHQW VXUOHIDLWTXȆXQHVRFLªWªVHGRLWGȆ«WUHDFFHVVLEOH¡WRXVFHTXLUªGXLUDLWDPSOHPHQWODSUREOªPDWLTXHGXKDQGLFDS 'HODP«PHPDQL©UHODFRQYHQWLRQGHOȆ2185UHODWLYHDX[GURLWVGHVSHUVRQQHVKDQGLFDSªHVUDSSHOOHOHVGURLWVGH FKDFXQ¡EªQªɏFLHUGȆDYDQWDJHVVRFLDX[GHODTXDOLWªGHYLHHWGHVELHQIDLWVGHODVRFLªWªFRPSULVGDQVOHFKDPSGH ODVH[XDOLWª/HVSHUVRQQHVKDQGLFDSªHVRQWQRWDPPHQWOHGURLW¡OȆDFFRPSOLVVHPHQWGHOHXUVGªVLUVVH[XHOVHWGHOHXU ªSDQRXLVVHPHQWVH[XHO ZZZZKRLQWFODVVLɏFDWLRQLFI KWWSGFDOLQIULQWHUQDWGHFODUDWLRQBPDGULGKWPO KWWSZZZVWRSGLVFULPLQDWLRQLQIRɏOHDGPLQSGIV1DWLRQDOHB,QKDOWH%HOJLXP*HVHW]SGI KWWSZZZGLYHUVLWHEHDFWLRQ ZHWJHYLQJBGHWDLO LG KWWSZZZXQRUJIUHQFKGLVDELOLWLHV /ȆHQVHPEOHGHVSURJUDPPHVHXURSªHQVLQVLVWHQWVXUODSUREOªPDWLTXHGHJHQUHHWODVWUXFWXUDWLRQLQªJDOLWDLUHGH ODIªPLQLWªSDUUDSSRUW¡ODPDVFXOLQLWª/HVDFWLRQVSROLWLTXHVĔXYUHQWHQYXHGHFRPSHQVHUFHWWHGLVFULPLQDWLRQ H[LVWDQWHQWUHOȆKRPPHHWODIHPPH'HSOXVFHVSURJUDPPHVOXWWHQWFRQWUHOHVGLVFULPLQDWLRQVGXHVDXKDQGLFDS '©VORUVLOVȆDJLWGHGªYHORSSHUXQHDFWLRQYRORQWDULVWHGHOXWWHFRQWUHOHVLQªJDOLWªVGHVFKDQFHVSURGXLWHVSDU les structures sociales et de lutter contre les stigmatisations et les représentations sociales ne permettant pas une LQFOXVLRQVRFLDOHªJDOLWDLUHWDQWSRXUODIHPPHTXHSRXUODSHUVRQQHKDQGLFDSªH 4. Conclusion En conclusion, il convient de lutter contre les discriminations à l’égard des femmes, tant du point de vue de OȆREMHFWLYLWª GHYDQW «WUH SUªVHQWH VXU OH PDUFKª GX WUDYDLO TXH SDU UDSSRUW DX[ VWLJPDWLVDWLRQV VRFLDOHV GH SHUIRUPDQFHHWGȆH[FHOOHQFHHWªJDOHPHQWGXSRLQWGHYXHGHVUHSUªVHQWDWLRQVVRFLDOHVGHODSHUVRQQHKDQGLFDSªH HWGHODIªPLQLWª HWWHOXWWHFRQWUHOHVGLVFULPLQDWLRQVGHJHQUHHVWSUªVHQWHDXVHLQGHGLYHUVSURJUDPPHVHXURSªHQV'HSOXVOD FRQYHQWLRQGHOȆ218HWOD'ªFODUDWLRQGH0DGULGFRPEDWWHQWOHVGLVFULPLQDWLRQVOLªHVDXKDQGLFDS/HVSURJUDPPHV HXURSªHQVGRLYHQWªJDOHPHQWPHWWUHHQªYLGHQFHOȆH[LVWHQFHGȆXQHGRXEOHGLVFULPLQDWLRQ¡OȆªJDUGGHVIHPPHV WULEXWDLUHVGXKDQGLFDS Bibliographie AFrAHM. (2003). +DQGLFDSGHJUDQGHGÌSHQGDQFH'LɑFXOWªGHFRQFLOLHUYLHIDPLOLDOHHWYLHSURIHVVLRQQHOOHSRXUOHV SDUHQWV$)U$+0 Baudelot, C. Establet, R. (2007). 4XRLGHQHXIFKH]OHVɶOOHV (QWUHVWªUªRWSHVHWOLEHUWªVNathan Castel, R. (1999). /HVPÌWDPRUSKRVHVGHODTXHVWLRQVRFLDOH XQHFKURQLTXHGXVDODULDW*DOOLPDUG De Beauvoir, S. (1949). 'HX[LËPHVH[H/HVIDLWVHWOHVPWKHVWGallimard De Gaulejac, V. Aubert, N. (2007). /HFRÞWGHOȫH[FHOOHQFH, Seuil Ehrenberg, A. (1999). /HFXOWHGHODSHUIRUPDQFH, Hachette littératures Giami, A., Humbert, C. Laval, D. (2001). L’ange et la bête,5HSUªVHQWDWLRQVGHODVH[XDOLWªGHVKDQGLFDSªVPHQWDX[ par les parents et les éducateurs, CTNERHI Gianini Belotti, E. (1974). 'XF×WÌGHVSHWLWHVɶOOHVŠGLWLRQVGHVIHPPHV Héritier, F. (2002). 0DVFXOLQ)ÌPLQLQ,/DSHQVªHGHODGLɎªUHQFH2GLOH-DFRE Méda, D. (1996). 8QHPLVHHQSHUVSHFWLYHGHODYDOHXUWUDYDLO La revue internationale du travail
  42. 42. Mercier, M. (1997). $SSURFKHGHVUHSUÌVHQWDWLRQVVRFLDOHVUHODWLYHVÃOȫHPSORLGHVSHUVRQQHVKDQGLFDSÌHVHQ5ÌJLRQ wallonne)81'3HW0LQLVW©UHGHOȆ$FWLRQVRFLDOHGXORJHPHQWHWGHOD6DQWª Morvan, J-S. (1997). 5HSUÌVHQWDWLRQVGHVVLWXDWLRQVGHKDQGLFDSVHWGȫLQDGDSWDWLRQVGHX[L©PHªGLWLRQDEUªJªHHW remaniée, CTNERHI Moscovici, S. (1974). +RPPHVGRPHVWLTXHVHWKRPPHVVDXYDJHV8QLRQ*ªQªUDOHGȆªGLWLRQV Olivier, C. (2000). /HV)LOOHVGȫ(YH/DUHODWLRQP©UHɏOOH'HQRHO Siegrist, D. Montreynaud, F. (2000). 2VHUÍWUHIHPPH+DQGLFDSVHWLGHQWLWªIªPLQLQHDesclée De Brouwer Triomphe, A. (2006). /ȫÌFRQRPLHGXKDQGLFDS38) Wood, P. (1980).RPPHQWPHVXUHUOHVFRQVªTXHQFHVGHODPDODGLHKURQLTXH206

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