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Food safety, Private Regulations
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Food safety, Private Regulations


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Brief evaluation on private regulations on the food chain. Focus on food safety management schemes, audits and certification

Brief evaluation on private regulations on the food chain. Focus on food safety management schemes, audits and certification

Published in: Business

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  • 1. Food safety and quality: impact of private regulation on the industry European University Institute 12 March 2010 Dario Dongo CIAA, Food Safety Management / Hygiene Task Force, v.chairman Global Food Safety Initiative TC, CIAA representative ISO TC34/SC17 (Food Safety Management), CIAA representative Federalimentare, EU & Regulative Policies, responsible
  • 2. The EU food & drink market 77,500 food industries (>9 employees) QUALITY PRICE BRAND TRADITION INNOVATION COMPETITION NON-NEGOTIABLE CONDITION SAFETY TRUST SAFETY <10 retailers (70% of the market)
  • 3. Market requests Values Ma rk et ing Healthiness Quality TR Safety US Legislation T
  • 4. Trust building, keys • Legal requirements (HACCP-based procedures) + • Incident management (internal procedure) + • Interaction with the other actors in the food chain (from stable to table) • Food safety system/scheme + • Third-party certification
  • 5. What the retail asks for ISO 9001 Dutch HACCP IFS MEANS GlobalGAP SQF 2000 BRC ... ... Product Safety AIMS Supplier’s reliability
  • 6. B2B standards and schemes
  • 7. Available standards & schemes • Many certifications & audits related to food safety are imposed by retailers on different markets • Year after year, retail owned schemes are updated with further requirements. Their scope tends to grow, from food safety to environmental criteria, and others ... • The Food industry suffers from a multitude of audit/certification schemes and formats, and needs Harmonization and stakeholders consultation on common grounds and objectives, no sense to multiply efforts and costs -> a cost-efficiency issue
  • 8. How do standards compare? ISO ISO BRC IFS 9001 22000 Stakeholder independent + + - - Covers Quality Management system + 0 0 0 Covers Food Safety system - + + + Covers PRP (Pre-Requisite Programs, - 0 + + GMP's) Certificate recognized globally + + - - Auditable through major certifiers + + + + Allows for specific customer + + 0 0 requirements Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) benchmark
  • 9. Goal: a single, open system • Transparency -> access to retail global market make Q/FS manual online available to customers make requirements available to suppliers • Risk assessment -> address EU-Codex rules level of attention to individual suppliers/details dependent on risk analysis • Use of “customer requirements” -> no multiple schemes specific requirements, to be agreed between supplier and customer, to be covered within (not: additional to) ISO 22000/PRP ->an efficient, transparent, auditable way to make requirements carry through and ensure true chain management
  • 10. ISO 22000:2005
  • 11. About ISO 22000 Pros: can be applied by the whole food chain (manufacturers/suppliers/co-manufacturers/licensees alike) owned by standard organization supported by ~ 140 countries auditable globally through reputable certifiers can be integrated with ISO 9001, ISO 14001 certification (to cover the entire Food Quality-Safety spectrum) Cons: still a “hollow shell” … -> something had to be done ->
  • 12. Our solution Since GFSI recognized that a ‘Pre Requisite Program’ – Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) chapter was missing from ISO 22000, • CIAA drafted a PRP-GMP doc, based on company know-how and Codex Alimentarius • BSI (British Standards Institute), then ISO standardized this doc -> PAS (Publicly Available Specification) 220:2008 -> ISO/TS 22002-1:2009 • FSSC 22000 certification scheme was then developed, in order to integrate ISO 22000+PAS 220 • GFSI recognized FSSC 22000 as equivalent to its own Guidance doc, Rev- 5 (23 Feb. 2010)
  • 13. Food industry GMP’s (1)
  • 14. Food industry GMP’s (2)
  • 15. From the past present ... Examples of certifications and audits imposed by retailers in the EU 1) Quality management (company policy): ISO 9001 certification 2) UK: BRC certification 3) Germany/France: IFS certification 4) Holland/Denmark: NL/DK-HACCP certification 5) Sale of by-products as animal feed: GMP+feed cert. other possible audits: public controls and “ad hoc” export certificates, customs controls, customers audits, Halal (US$2tn market), Kosher
  • 16. … to the near future ! A single certification & audit on food safety, to be recognized on the global market: ISO 22000 System certificate + ISO 22002
  • 17. The certification process • Implementing ISO 22000 & PAS 220 • Meeting FSSC 22000 scheme FSMS requirements • Certification by approved Certification Body • Minor and major non-conformities • Report and Certificate • Registration on website • Validity certificate (3 years) • Annual surveillance audit, 3 yearly renewal