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Sistema de produção de avestruzes

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Na criação de avestruzes, assim como em qualquer outra exploração animal, as intalações têm uma função de apoio às atividades ligadas ao processo produtivo. As pricipais funções são: facilitar o manejo alimentar, sanitário e reprodutivo; oferecer conforto e segurança aos animais; proporcionar condições para obtenção de índeces de produtividade à exploração e condições de contenção e biossegurança, impedindo que as aves tenham contato com outros animais da fauna regional, sendo esta uma exigência do IBAMA. Resuimindo, são instalações, para a criação racional de avestruzes, todas as benfeitorias necessárias para cria, recria, reprodução, incubação e manejo dos animais.
Antes do início da implementação do projeto, a escolha de um bom local é imprescindível para a obtenção do sucesso. Devemos optar por uma área a mais plana possível, sem muita necessidade de utilização de solos férteis, mas com boa drenagem (solos mais arenosos) e por região com baixa pluviosidade, possibilitando, assim, um maior período de animais em reprodução e uma baixa contaminação dos ovos, fatores que proporcionarão uma maior produtivadade.
O local ainda deve ser de fácil acesso a compradores e fornecedores, pois, é importante um canal adequado para escoar a produção para o mercado. A propriedade também deverá ter fornecimento de energia elétrica, para possibilitar a incubação artificial dos ovos. É muito importante o planejamento prévio das instalações e piquetes e também sua distribuição dentro da área. Esta medida beneficia o manejo e a segurança sanitária do plantel.
Podemos dividir a propriedade basicamente em 4 setores: setor de incubação; setor de creche ou cria; setor de recria e setor de reprodução. A distribuição dos setores deverá ser feita de tal maneira que, animais e funcionários, que tenham contato com avestruzes de uma categoria mais velha, e que tenham de passar por setores com animais de categoria mais jovem, realizem uma adequada higienização, diminuindo assim, os riscos de contaminações diversas.
No manejo diário, os funcionários deverão ser alocados por setor ou estabelecer uma rotina, de forma a respeitar o fluxo de idade dos animais, entre os diferentes setores, ou seja, os trabalhadores devem ser iniciados pelo manejo dos animais mais jovens, passando-se, depois, para as categorias com mais idade.

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Sistema de produção de avestruzes

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  8. 8. ^2TKPEKRCKUEWKFCFQUPCKORNGOGPVCÁºQFGWOUKUVGOCFGRTQFWÁºQFGCXGUVTWGU 1 OQPKVQTCOGPVQ FG /[EQRNCUOC ICNNKUGR VKEWOG/U[PQXKCGFGXGT¶UGTHGKVQCVTCXÃU FGKUQNCOGPVQQWRQT2%4GQEQPVTQNGRCTC C FQGPÁC FG 0GYECUVNG G KPHNWGPC CXK¶TKC FGXG UGT HGKVQ CVTCXÃU FG GZCOGU UQTQNÎ IKEQU 1UGUVCDGNGEKOGPVQUFGTCVKVCU RCTVKEKRCPVGU FQ 205# PºQ RQFGTºQ WVKNKCT SWCNSWGT XCEKPCRTGRCTCFCEQOCFLWXCPVGQNGQUQFW TCPVG CU SWCVTQ UGOCPCU SWG CPVGEGFGO QU VGUVGU #U CÁÐGU FG XKIKN¸PEKC G GTTCFKECÁºQ FC FQGPÁC FG 0GYECUVNG G FC KPHNWGPC CXK¶TKC UGTºQGZGEWVCFCUCVTCXÃUFGOQPKVQTCOGPVQ EQOEQNJGKVCFGUQTQGUWCDGUFGVTCSWÃKCG FG ENQCEC QW HGGU FG FQ GHGVKXQ RQT ECVGIQTKCFGKFCFGCUGTEQPVTQNCFCCUCDGT • #XGUFGWOFKCCUGKUOGUGU • #XGU FG UGKU OGUGU CVà C GPVTCFC GO TGRTQFWÁºQ • #XGU CFWNVCU GO TGRTQFWÁºQ QW FGUECPUQ 1 RGTEGPVWCN RGUSWKUCFQ FG COQUVTCU GO RNCPVÃKU FG CVà XKPVG CXGU CVGPFGT¶ EGO RQT EGPVQ FCU CXGU QW Q KPVGTXCNQ FG EKPEQCXKPVGCOQUVTCURQTECVGIQTKCRQFGP FQ UGT TGCNKCFQ RQQN FG CVà EKPEQ CXGU FGRGPFGPFQFCRQRWNCÁºQCNQLCFC # EQNJGKVC FG COQUVTCU GO RNCPVÃKU CEKOC FG CXGU RQFGT¶ UGT TGCNKCFC GO RQQN FGCOQUVTCURQTECVGIQTKCUGPFQQO¶ZKOQ FGCXGURQTRQQN 1U RTQEGFKOGPVQU FG GZCOGU FG OQPKVQTC OGPVQ FGXGTºQ UGT HGKVQU EQO KOWPÎIGPQU CPVÈIGPQU UQTQU EQPVTQNGU G MKVU TGIKUVTC FQUPQ/#2#QDUGTXCFQUQURTCQUFGXCNK FCFG#URTQXCUNCDQTCVQTKCKUUQOGPVGUGTºQ CEGKVCUSWCPFQTGCNKCFCUGONCDQTCVÎTKQQHK EKCN GQW ETGFGPEKCFQ RGNQ /#2# KFGPVKHK ECPFQ Q CPVÈIGPQ Q PÕOGTQ FC RCTVKFC G C SWCPVKFCFGWVKNKCFC $TCUKN#OQPKVQ TKCGZVTCQHKEKCNFGXGT¶UGTTGCNKCFCFGCEQT FQ EQO Q TKUEQ CQ SWCN Q TGDCPJQ GUV¶ GZ RQUVQCQUFKHGTGPVGURCVÎIGPQU #RTGUGPÁCFGRCTCUKVCUPQRNCPVGNFGXG UGT XGTKHKECFC EQPVKPWCOGPVG %QPHQTOG FKCI PQUVKECFQ QU CXGUVTWGU UºQ UWEGRVÈXGKU C GPFQRCTCUKVCU EQOQ 'KOGTKC URR 1WVTQU EQOQ *GZCOKVC URR )KCTFKC URR *[QUVTQPI[NWU URR 6TKEJQOQPCU URR %T[RVQURQTKFKWO URR 6QZQRNCUOC URR VCODÃO RQFGO KPHGEVCT CU CXGU 1 FKCIPÎUVKEQ FGXG UGT TGCNKCFQ RQT GZCOGU FGHGGURGTKÎFKEQUGWOCXGEQPHKTOCFQU FGXGO UGT VTCVCFQU EQO XGTOÈHWIQU 1 TQFÈKQ FQU RKSWGVGU FG RCUVCIGPU à KORQT VCPVG RCTC SWGDTCT Q EKENQ FQU RCTCUKVCU #XGUVTWGUVCODÃOUºQUWUEGRVÈXGKU´GEVQ RCTCUKVCU EQOQ QU CTVTÎRQFGU ECTTCRCVQU RKQNJQU G ¶ECTQU FC SWKNJC FCU RGPCU SWG ECWUCO ITCPFGU RGTFCU GEQPÏOKECU ´U ETKCÁÐGURQTNGUCTGOCRGNGFCPKHKECTGO CU RNWOCUCNÃOFGGUVTGUUCTGOCUCXGU'UUGU FGXGO UGT EQODCVKFQU RGNC CFOKPKUVTCÁºQ EWKFCFQUCFCU FTQICU GURGEÈHKECU GZKUVGPVGU PQOGTECFQQDUGTXCPFQQRGTÈQFQFGECTÄP EKCRTGUETKVQRCTCECFCOGFKECOGPVQ 6QFCUCUKPUVCNCÁÐGUFQETKCVÎTKQEQOQCDTK IQUGNQECKURCTCCTOCGPCIGOFGCNKOGPVQU QW QXQU FGXGO UGT OCPVKFQU KUGPVQU FG KPUGVQU G TQGFQTGU1 EQPVTQNG FG OQUECU G TQGFQTGU FGXG UGT WO RTQEGFKOGPVQ EQPU VCPVG RQT OGKQ FQ OCPGLQ CFGSWCFQ FQU FGLGVQU G FC OCPWVGPÁºQ FG WO CODKGPVG NKORQGQTICPKCFQPQUTGURGEVKXQUUGVQTGUG KOGFKCÁÐGU 1 EQPVTQNG HÈUKEQSWÈOKEQ FC ¶IWC FGXG UGT TGCNKCFQ EQORGTKQFKEKFCFG CPWCN G Q OQPK VQTCOGPVQOKETQDKQNÎIKEQEQORGTKQFKEKFCFG UGOGUVTCN1TGURQPU¶XGN VÃEPKEQ RGNQUKUVG OC ETKCVÎTKQ FGXGT¶ OCPVGT WOC HKEJC EQO TGIKUVTQUFG ECFC NQVGFG CXGU TGHGTGPVG CQ OCPGLQ FQ RNCPVGN UKVWCÁºQ GRKFGOKQNÎIKEC GO SWG EQPUVG FCFQU UQDTG OQTVCNKFCFG FKCIPÎUVKEQ FG FQGPÁCU OQPKVQTCOGPVQ UC PKV¶TKQVTCVCOGPVQUGXCEKPCÁÐGU %%QQPPUUKKFFGGTTCCÁÁÐÐGGUUHHKKPPCCKKUU #GUVTWVKQEWNVWTCÃWOGORTGGPFKOGPVQEWLC KORNCPVCÁºQ TGSWGT EWKFCFQU SWG CDTCPIGO VQFQU QU UGIOGPVQU FC RTQFWÁºQ FGUFG C NQECNKCÁºQ FQ UKUVGOC RTQFWVKXQ CSWKUKÁºQ FCUCXGURTQEGFKOGPVQUUCPKV¶TKQUGFGOC
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