$3$5$72 ,58/$725,2
$3$5$72,58/$725,2 
,QWURGXFFLyQ 
/D0HGLFLQDVHGHILQHFRPR³ODFLHQFLDDUWHGHSUHYHQLUFXUDUODVHQIHUPHGDGHVGHO 
KRPEUH´'LVFLSOLQDH...
KDVWDTXHVXUJLyHOJUDQ +LSyFUDWHVDTXLHQVHGHEHXQD 
YHUGDGHUD FLHQFLD GH FXUDU /D WUDGLFLyQ GH+LSyFUDWHV VLJXH GRPLQDQGR KDVWD...
ODDXWRULGDGPi[LPDGHODPHGLFLQDSRUGRFHVLJORV 
'XUDQWH OD (GDG 0HGLD ORV iUDEHV VRQ ORVPRQRSROL]DGRUHV GH HVWH DUWH KDVWD TXH...
DOD]DJDGHORViUDEHV 
ORVPpGLFRVFULVWLDQRVFREUDQUHQRPEUHHQWUHHOORVHOFpOHEUH$UQDXGH9LODQRYD 
/RVJUDQGHVPRPHQWRVGHODPHGLFLQDOX...
³'H+XPDQLVRUSRULV)DEULFD³(QHOVLJOR;9,, 
+DUYH
FXRSUHFXUVRUHV6HUYHW
GHVFXEUHODFLUFXODFLyQGHODVDQJUH 
FRQILUPDGDSRU 0DOSLJKL HQFRQVXV HVWXGLRVVREUHORVFDSLODUHVVDQJXtQHRVDOYpROR 
SXOPRQDU6LJOR...
FUHDODILVLRORJtDH[SHULPHQWDODSOLFDQGRODYLYLVHFFLyQ 
3DVWHXU   ±
DEUH QXHYRV FDXFHV DO DUULQFRQDU HO GRJPD GH OD JHQHUDFLyQ 
HVSRQWiQHD  GHVFXEULU HO SDSHO FDSLWDO GH ORV PLFURELRV1DFH OD...
HOOR 
SHUPLWHHOUiSLGRHLQLQWHUUXPSLGRDYDQFHGHODFLUXJtD 
'HOFRQFHSWRGHODVEDFWHULDVQDFHHOHVWXGLRGHORVYLUXV3UHVHQWLGRVDSRU3DVW...
(Q HO DX[LOLR TXH SUHVWDQ ODV GHPiV FLHQFLDV D ODPHGLFLQD VREUHVDOH HO XVR GH OD 
HOHFWULFLGDG 5|HQWJHQ HQ  GHVFXEULy ORV ...
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Sistema circulatorio pdf

304 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

aparato circulatorio

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
0 Kommentare
0 Gefällt mir
Statistik
Notizen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Keine Downloads
Aufrufe
Aufrufe insgesamt
304
Auf SlideShare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
13
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
1
Kommentare
0
Gefällt mir
0
Einbettungen 0
Keine Einbettungen

Keine Notizen für die Folie

Sistema circulatorio pdf

  1. 1. $3$5$72 ,58/$725,2
  2. 2. $3$5$72,58/$725,2 ,QWURGXFFLyQ /D0HGLFLQDVHGHILQHFRPR³ODFLHQFLDDUWHGHSUHYHQLUFXUDUODVHQIHUPHGDGHVGHO KRPEUH´'LVFLSOLQDHVWDFDVLWDQDQWLJXDFRPRHOKRPEUH /DPDJLDODVSUiFWLFDVVXSHUVWLFLRVDVKDQVLGRVLHPSUHHQORVSXHEORVSULPLWLYRVVXV PLVWHULRVRV DX[LOLDUHV(Q HOPXQGR RFFLGHQWDO HO FRPLHQ]R GH ODPHGLFLQD VH DWULEXy DORV 'LRVHV (VFXODSLR6HUDSLV
  3. 3. KDVWDTXHVXUJLyHOJUDQ +LSyFUDWHVDTXLHQVHGHEHXQD YHUGDGHUD FLHQFLD GH FXUDU /D WUDGLFLyQ GH+LSyFUDWHV VLJXH GRPLQDQGR KDVWD TXH DSDUHFH *DOHQR VLJOR,,G
  4. 4. ODDXWRULGDGPi[LPDGHODPHGLFLQDSRUGRFHVLJORV 'XUDQWH OD (GDG 0HGLD ORV iUDEHV VRQ ORVPRQRSROL]DGRUHV GH HVWH DUWH KDVWD TXH DSDUHFHQODVSULPHUDVXQLYHUVLGDGHV3DUtV%RORQLD0RQWHSHOOLHU
  5. 5. DOD]DJDGHORViUDEHV ORVPpGLFRVFULVWLDQRVFREUDQUHQRPEUHHQWUHHOORVHOFpOHEUH$UQDXGH9LODQRYD /RVJUDQGHVPRPHQWRVGHODPHGLFLQDOXHJRGHOD(GDG0HGLDSDVDQVRQSRUHWDSDV FRPRODVGHORVVLJORV;9;9,HWDSDIXQGDPHQWDOPHQWHDQDWyPLFDWDOORGHPXHVWUDODREUD GH $QGUHDV9HVDOLR ±
  6. 6. ³'H+XPDQLVRUSRULV)DEULFD³(QHOVLJOR;9,, +DUYH
  7. 7. FXRSUHFXUVRUHV6HUYHW
  8. 8. GHVFXEUHODFLUFXODFLyQGHODVDQJUH FRQILUPDGDSRU 0DOSLJKL HQFRQVXV HVWXGLRVVREUHORVFDSLODUHVVDQJXtQHRVDOYpROR SXOPRQDU6LJOR;9,,,ORVGHVFXEULPLHQWRVGH /DYRLVLHU DEUHQHOFDPLQRDODTXtPLFDELROyJLFD DODILVLRORJtD (GZDUG-HQQHU LQWURGXFHHQODSUiFWLFDGHODYDFXQDFLyQDQWLYDULyOLFD 6LJOR;,;OD PHGLFLQDHQWUDSRUILQHQORVFDPLQRVGHODFLHQFLDSRVLWLYDGHWLSRDQDWRPRFOtQLFR /DDQDWRPtDPLFURVFySLFDRKLVWRORJtDVHHVWDEOHFHFRQODVLQYHVWLJDFLRQHVGH5RELQ5DQYLHU RUQLO 6RXEHUDQ (Q VH GHVFXEUH HO FORURIRUPR VH LQLFLD VX DSOLFDFLyQ HQ ODV DQHVWHVLDV ODXGH%HUQDUG ±
  9. 9. FUHDODILVLRORJtDH[SHULPHQWDODSOLFDQGRODYLYLVHFFLyQ 3DVWHXU ±
  10. 10. DEUH QXHYRV FDXFHV DO DUULQFRQDU HO GRJPD GH OD JHQHUDFLyQ HVSRQWiQHD GHVFXEULU HO SDSHO FDSLWDO GH ORV PLFURELRV1DFH OD EDFWHULRORJtD VH YDORUDHO FRQFHSWR GH OD DVHSVLD QDFLGD GHO JHQLR GH LQYHVWLJDGRU GH /LVWHU ±
  11. 11. HOOR SHUPLWHHOUiSLGRHLQLQWHUUXPSLGRDYDQFHGHODFLUXJtD 'HOFRQFHSWRGHODVEDFWHULDVQDFHHOHVWXGLRGHORVYLUXV3UHVHQWLGRVDSRU3DVWHXU )ULHGULFN/RHIIHUHQGHPXHVWUD VXSDVRDWUDYpVGHODVEXMtDVGHKDPEHUODQGVX SRGHU WUDQVPLVRU $SRDGR SRU PRGHUQRV PHGLRV WpFQLFRV HO DPHULFDQR : 6WDQOH GHPXHVWUD HQ TXH ORV YLUXV QR VRQ PiV TXH QXFOHRSURWHtQDV SXUDV GH XQD VROD PROpFXOD (VWRV GHVFXEULPLHQWRV SHUPLWHQ GHVDUUROODU HO WUDWDPLHQWR SUHYHQWLYR GH ODV HQIHUPHGDGHV LQIHFFLRVDV $SDUHFHQ FRPR FRQVHFXHQFLD OD YDFXQRWHUDSLD VHURWHUDSLD TXLPLRWHUDSLDHOWUDWDPLHQWRFRQDQWLELyWLFRV
  12. 12. (Q HO DX[LOLR TXH SUHVWDQ ODV GHPiV FLHQFLDV D ODPHGLFLQD VREUHVDOH HO XVR GH OD HOHFWULFLGDG 5|HQWJHQ HQ GHVFXEULy ORV 5DRV ; DGHPiV VXUJLHURQ HO HOHFWURGLDJQyVWLFRODHOHFWURWHUDSLDODGLDWHUPLDODHOHFWURFRDJXODFLyQHWF(OGHVFXEULPLHQWR FRQRFLPLHQWR GH GLYHUVRV DVSHFWRV GHO FXHUSR KXPDQR XQLGR D ODV GLYHUVDV GLVFLSOLQDV DSOLFDGDV DEUHQ D ODPHGLFLQD KRUL]RQWHV SRVLELOLGDGHV GH JUDQ DOFDQFHV HO HTXLOLEULR GHO FXHUSRKXPDQRHQHVSHFLDOHQVXVIXQFLRQHVPiVGHOLFDGDVFRPRODFLUFXODWRULDODQHUYLRVD SXHGH VHU REWHQLGR FRQ SUHFLVLyQ /D SURORQJDFLyQ JHQHUDO GH OD YLGD KXPDQD HV XQD GHPRVWUDFLyQGHODHILFDFLDGHODVFLHQFLDVPpGLFDVDFWXDOHV (QHODIiQGH FRQRFLPLHQWR SHUIHFFLyQORVyUJDQRVIXQFLRQHVGHOFXHUSRKXPDQR IXHURQVHSDUDGDVSDUDVXHVWXGLRGDQGRRULJHQDODVGLYHUVDVHVSHFLDOLGDGHVPpGLFDVFRPR KR ODV FRQRFHPRV ORJUiQGRVH DVt ORV PiV tQWLPRV FRQRFLPLHQWRV GH FDGD XQR GH ORV VLVWHPDVWDOORVTXHDERUGDUHPRVDSDUWLUGHDTXt $SDUDWRLUFXODWRULR RPSUHQGHHOVLVWHPDSRUHOTXH GLVFXUUHODVDQJUHDWUDYpVGHODVDUWHULDVORV FDSLODUHVODVYHQDVHVWHUHFRUULGRWLHQHVXSXQWRGHSDUWLGDVXILQDOHQHOFRUD]yQ (Q ORV KXPDQRV HQ ORV YHUWHEUDGRV VXSHULRUHV HO FRUD]yQ HVWi IRUPDGR SRU FXDWUR FDYLGDGHV i DXUtFXODGHUHFKD i DXUtFXODL]TXLHUGD i YHQWUtFXORGHUHFKR i YHQWUtFXORL]TXLHUGR (O ODGR GHUHFKR GHO FRUD]yQ ERPEHD VDQJUH FDUHQWHGHR[tJHQRSURFHGHQWHGHORVWHMLGRV KDFLD ORV SXOPRQHVGRQGHVHR[LJHQDHOODGRL]TXLHUGR GHO FRUD]yQ UHFLEH OD VDQJUH R[LJHQDGD GH ORV SXOPRQHVODLPSXOVDDWUDYpVGHODVDUWHULDV D WRGRV ORVWHMLGRVGHORUJDQLVPR
  13. 13. /D FLUFXODFLyQ VH LQLFLD DO SULQFLSLR GH OD YLGD IHWDO 6H FDOFXOD TXH XQD SRUFLyQ GHWHUPLQDGDGHVDQJUHFRPSOHWDVXUHFRUULGRHQXQSHULRGRDSUR[LPDGRGHXQPLQXWR LUFXODFLyQSXOPRQDU /DVDQJUHSURFHGHQWHGHWRGRHORUJDQLVPROOHJDDODDXUtFXODGHUHFKDDWUDYpVGHGRV YHQDVSULQFLSDOHVODYHQDFDYDVXSHULRUODYHQDFDYDLQIHULRU XDQGRODDXUtFXODGHUHFKDVHFRQWUDHLPSXOVDOD VDQJUH DWUDYpVGHXQRULILFLRKDFLDHOYHQWUtFXORGHUHFKR /DFRQWUDFFLyQGHHVWHYHQWUtFXORFRQGXFHODVDQJUHKDFLD ORV SXOPRQHV /D YiOYXOD WULF~VSLGH HYLWD HO UHIOXMR GH VDQJUH KDFLD OD DXUtFXOD D TXH VH FLHUUD SRU FRPSOHWR GXUDQWHODFRQWUDFFLyQGHOYHQWUtFXORGHUHFKR (Q VX UHFRUULGR D WUDYpV GH ORV SXOPRQHV OD VDQJUH VH R[LJHQD HV GHFLU VH VDWXUD GH R[tJHQR 'HVSXpV UHJUHVD DO FRUD]yQ SRU PHGLR GH ODV FXDWUR YHQDVSXOPRQDUHVTXHGHVHPERFDQHQODDXUtFXODL]TXLHUGD
  14. 14. XDQGRHVWDFDYLGDGVHFRQWUDHODVDQJUHSDVDDOYHQWUtFXORL]TXLHUGRGHVGHDOOtD ODDRUWDJUDFLDVDODFRQWUDFFLyQYHQWULFXODU/DYiOYXODELF~VSLGHRPLWUDOHYLWDHOUHIOXMRGH VDQJUHKDFLDODDXUtFXODODVYiOYXODVVHPLOXQDUHVRVLJPRLGHDVTXHVHORFDOL]DQHQODUDt] GH OD DRUWD HO UHIOXMR KDFLD HO YHQWUtFXOR (Q OD DUWHULD SXOPRQDU WDPELpQ KD YiOYXODV VHPLOXQDUHVRVLJPRLGHDV 5DPLILFDFLRQHV /D DRUWD VHGLYLGH HQ XQDVHULH GH UDPDVSULQFLSDOHVTXHDVXYH] VHUDPLILFDQHQ RWUDVPiVSHTXHxDVGHPRGRTXHWRGRHORUJDQLVPRUHFLEHODVDQJUHDWUDYpVGHXQSURFHVR FRPSOLFDGRGHP~OWLSOHVGHULYDFLRQHV /DV DUWHULDVPHQRUHV VH GLYLGHQ HQ XQD ILQD UHG GH YDVRV D~QPiV SHTXHxRV ORV OODPDGRVFDSLODUHVTXHWLHQHQSDUHGHVPXGHOJDGDV'HHVWDPDQHUDODVDQJUHHQWUDHQ HVWUHFKRFRQWDFWRFRQORVOtTXLGRVORVWHMLGRVGHORUJDQLVPR (QORVYDVRVFDSLODUHVODVDQJUHGHVHPSHxDWUHVIXQFLRQHVOLEHUDHOR[tJHQRKDFLDORV WHMLGRVSURSRUFLRQDDODVFpOXODVGHORUJDQLVPRGHQXWULHQWHVRWUDVVXVWDQFLDVHVHQFLDOHV TXHWUDQVSRUWDFDSWDORVSURGXFWRVGHGHVKHFKRGHORVWHMLGRV'HVSXpVORVFDSLODUHVVH XQHQSDUDIRUPDUYHQDVSHTXHxDV$VXYH]ODVYHQDVVHXQHQSDUDIRUPDUYHQDVPDRUHV KDVWDTXHSRU~OWLPRODVDQJUHVHUH~QHHQODYHQDFDYDVXSHULRUHLQIHULRUFRQIOXHHQ HOFRUD]yQFRPSOHWDQGRHOFLUFXLWR LUFXODFLyQSRUWDO $GHPiVGHODFLUFXODFLyQSXOPRQDUVLVWpPLFDGHVFULSWDVKDXQVLVWHPDDX[LOLDUGHO VLVWHPDYHQRVRTXHUHFLEHHOQRPEUHGHFLUFXODFLyQSRUWDO 8QFLHUWRYROXPHQGHVDQJUHSURFHGHQWHGHOLQWHVWLQRFRQIOXHHQODYHQDSRUWDHV WUDQVSRUWDGR KDFLD HO KtJDGR $TXt SHQHWUD HQ XQRV FDSLODUHV DELHUWRV GHQRPLQDGRV VLQXVRLGHVGRQGHHQWUDHQFRQWDFWRGLUHFWRFRQODVFpOXODVKHSiWLFDV
  15. 15. (Q HO KtJDGR VH SURGXFHQ FDPELRV LPSRUWDQWHV HQ OD VDQJUH YHKtFXOR GH ORV SURGXFWRV GH ODGLJHVWLyQTXHDFDEDQ GHDEVRUEHUVHDWUDYpVGHORVFDSLODUHVLQWHVWLQDOHV /DV YHQDV UHFRJHQ OD VDQJUH GH QXHYR OD LQFRUSRUDQ D OD FLUFXODFLyQ JHQHUDO KDFLD OD DXUtFXODGHUHFKD $PHGLGDTXHDYDQ]DDWUDYpVGHRWURVyUJDQRVODVDQJUHVXIUHPiVPRGLILFDFLRQHV LUFXODFLyQFRURQDULD /DFLUFXODFLyQFRURQDULDLUULJDORVWHMLGRVGHOFRUD]yQDSRUWDQGRQXWULHQWHVR[tJHQR UHWLUDQGR ORV SURGXFWRV GH GHJUDGDFLyQ (Q OD SDUWH VXSHULRU GH ODV YiOYXODV VHPLOXQDUHV QDFHQGHODDRUWDGRVDUWHULDVFRURQDULDV'HVSXpVpVWDVVHGLYLGHQHQXQDFRPSOLFDGDUHG FDSLODUHQHOWHMLGRPXVFXODUFDUGLDFRODVYiOYXODV /DVDQJUHSURFHGHQWHGHODFLUFXODFLyQFDSLODUFRURQDULDVHUH~QHHQGLYHUVDVYHQDV SHTXHxDVTXHGHVSXpVGHVHPERFDQGLUHFWDPHQWH HQ ODDXUtFXODGHUHFKD VLQSDVDUSRUOD YHQDFDYD )XQFLyQFDUGLDFD /D DFWLYLGDG GHO FRUD]yQ FRQVLVWH HQ OD DOWHUQDQFLDVXFHVLYDGHFRQWUDFFLyQVtVWROH
  16. 16. UHODMDFLyQ GLiVWROH
  17. 17. GHODVSDUHGHVPXVFXODUHVGHODVDXUtFXODV ORVYHQWUtFXORV 'XUDQWHHOSHULRGRGHUHODMDFLyQODVDQJUHIOXH GHVGHODVYHQDVKDFLDODVGRVDXUtFXODVODVGLODWDGH IRUPDJUDGXDO$O ILQDO GH HVWH SHULRGR OD GLODWDFLyQ GH ODV DXUtFXODV HV FRPSOHWD 6XV SDUHGHVPXVFXODUHV VH FRQWUDHQ H LPSXOVDQ WRGR VX FRQWHQLGR D WUDYpV GH ORV RULILFLRVDXULFXORYHQWULFXODUHVKDFLDORVYHQWUtFXORV (VWH SURFHVR HV UiSLGR VH SURGXFH FDVL GH IRUPDVLPXOWiQHD HQ DPEDV DXUtFXODV /DPDVD GHVDQJUH HQ ODV YHQDVKDFHLPSRVLEOHHO UHIOXMR/DIXHU]DGHOIOXMRGHODVDQJUHHQ ORVYHQWUtFXORVQRHVOREDVWDQWHSRGHURVDSDUD DEULUODVYiOYXODVVHPLOXQDUHVSHURGLVWLHQGHORVYHQWUtFXORVTXHVHHQFXHQWUDQD~QHQXQ HVWDGRGHUHODMDFLyQ/DVYiOYXODVPLWUDOWULF~VSLGHVHDEUHQFRQODFRUULHQWHGHVDQJUHVH FLHUUDQDFRQWLQXDFLyQDOLQLFLRGHODFRQWUDFFLyQYHQWULFXODU
  18. 18. /DVtVWROHYHQWULFXODUVLJXHGHLQPHGLDWRD OD VtVWROH DXULFXODU /D FRQWUDFFLyQ YHQWULFXODU HV PiV OHQWD SHUR PiV HQpUJLFD /DV FDYLGDGHV YHQWULFXODUHV VH YDFtDQ FDVL SRU FRPSOHWR FRQ FDGD VtVWROH /D SXQWD FDUGLDFD VH GHVSOD]D KDFLD GHODQWH KDFLD DUULED FRQ XQ OLJHURPRYLPLHQWR GH URWDFLyQ(VWHLPSXOVRGHQRPLQDGRHOFKRTXHGH OD SXQWDVHSXHGHHVFXFKDUDOSDOSDUHQHOHVSDFLR HQWUH ODTXLQWDODVH[WDFRVWLOOD 'HVSXpV GH TXH VH SURGXFH OD VtVWROH YHQWULFXODU HO FRUD]yQ TXHGD HQ FRPSOHWR UHSRVR GXUDQWH XQ EUHYH HVSDFLR GH WLHPSR (O FLFOR FRPSOHWR VH SXHGH GLYLGLU HQ WUHV SHULRGRV ODVDXUtFXODVVHFRQWUDHQ VHSURGXFHODFRQWUDFFLyQGHORVYHQWUtFXORV DXUtFXODVYHQWUtFXORVSHUPDQHFHQHQUHSRVR (QORVVHUHVKXPDQRVODIUHFXHQFLDFDUGLDFDQRUPDOHVGHODWLGRVSRUPLQXWRHO FLFOR FDUGLDFR WLHQH XQD GXUDFLyQ DSUR[LPDGD GH VHJXQGRV /D VtVWROH DXULFXODU GXUD DOUHGHGRUGHVHJXQGRVODYHQWULFXODUVHJXQGRV3RUORWDQWRHOFRUD]yQVHHQFXHQWUD UHODMDGRGXUDQWHXQ HVSDFLRGHVHJXQGRVFDVLODPLWDGGHFDGDFLFORFDUGLDFR (QFDGDODWLGRHOFRUD]yQHPLWHGRVVRQLGRVTXHVHFRQWLQ~DQGHVSXpVGHXQDEUHYH SDXVD(OSULPHUWRQRTXHFRLQFLGHFRQHOFLHUUHGHODVYiOYXODVWULF~VSLGHPLWUDOHOLQLFLR GHODVtVWROHYHQWULFXODUHVVRUGRSURORQJDGR(OVHJXQGRWRQRTXHVHGHEHDOFLHUUHEUXVFR GH ODV YiOYXODV VHPLOXQDUHV HV PiV FRUWR DJXGR /DV HQIHUPHGDGHV TXH DIHFWDQ D ODV YiOYXODVFDUGLDFDVSXHGHQPRGLILFDUHVWRVUXLGRVPXFKRVIDFWRUHVHQWUHHOORVHOHMHUFLFLR SURYRFDQJUDQGHVYDULDFLRQHVHQHOODWLGRFDUGLDFRLQFOXVRHQODJHQWHVDQD /DIUHFXHQFLDFDUGLDFDQRUPDOGHORVDQLPDOHVYDUtDPXFKRGHXQDHVSHFLHDRWUD(Q XQ H[WUHPR VH HQFXHQWUD HO FRUD]yQ GH ORV PDPtIHURV TXH KLEHUQDQ TXH SXHGH ODWLU VyOR
  19. 19. DOJXQDVYHFHVSRUPLQXWRPLHQWUDVTXHHQHORWURODIUHFXHQFLDFDUGLDFDGHOFROLEUtHVGH ODWLGRVSRUPLQXWR 3XOVR XDQGR OD VDQJUH HV LPSXOVDGD KDFLD ODV DUWHULDV SRU OD FRQWUDFFLyQ YHQWULFXODU VX SDUHGVHGLVWLHQGH'XUDQWHODGLiVWROH ODVDUWHULDVUHFXSHUDQVXGLiPHWURQRUPDOGHELGRHQ JUDQPHGLGDDODHODVWLFLGDGGHOWHMLGRFRQMXQWLYRDODFRQWUDFFLyQGHODVILEUDVPXVFXODUHV GHODVSDUHGHVGHODVDUWHULDV (VWDUHFXSHUDFLyQGHOWDPDxRQRUPDOHVLPSRUWDQWHSDUDPDQWHQHUHOIOXMRFRQWLQXRGH VDQJUH D WUDYpV GH ORV FDSLODUHVGXUDQWHHOSHULRGR GH UHSRVRGHO FRUD]yQ /DGLODWDFLyQ FRQWUDFFLyQGHODVSDUHGHVDUWHULDOHVTXHVHSXHGHSHUFLELUFHUFDGHODVXSHUILFLHFXWiQHDHQ WRGDVODVDUWHULDVUHFLEHHOQRPEUHGHSXOVR /RVODWLGRVFDUGLDFRV /DIUHFXHQFLDHLQWHQVLGDGGHORVODWLGRVFDUGLDFRVHVWiQVXMHWRVDXQFRQWUROQHUYLRVR DWUDYpVGHXQDVHULHGHUHIOHMRVTXHORVDFHOHUDQRGLVPLQXHQ6LQHPEDUJRHOLPSXOVRGH ODFRQWUDFFLyQQRGHSHQGHGHHVWtPXORVQHUYLRVRVH[WHUQRVVLQRTXHVHRULJLQDHQHOSURSLR P~VFXORFDUGLDFR (O UHVSRQVDEOH GH LQLFLDU HO ODWLGR FDUGLDFR HV XQD SHTXHxD IUDFFLyQ GH WHMLGR HVSHFLDOL]DGR LQPHUVR HQ OD SDUHG GH OD DXUtFXOD GHUHFKD HO QRGR R QyGXOR VLQXVDO 'HVSXpVODFRQWUDFFLyQVHSURSDJDDODSDUWH LQIHULRUGHODDXUtFXODGHUHFKDSRUORVOODPDGRV IDVFtFXORV LQWHUQRGDOHV HV HO QRGR OODPDGR DXULFXORYHQWULFXODU /RV KDFHV DXULFXORYHQWULFXODUHVDJUXSDGRVHQHOOODPDGRIDVFtFXORRKD]GH+LVFRQGXFHQHOLPSXOVR GHVGHHVWHQRGRDORVP~VFXORVGHORVYHQWUtFXORVGHHVWDIRUPDVHFRRUGLQDODFRQWUDFFLyQ UHODMDFLyQGHOFRUD]yQ DGD IDVH GHO FLFOR FDUGLDFR HVWi DVRFLDGD FRQ OD SURGXFFLyQ GH XQ SRWHQFLDO HQHUJpWLFR GHWHFWDEOH FRQ LQVWUXPHQWRV HOpFWULFRV FRQILJXUDQGR XQ UHJLVWUR GHQRPLQDGR HOHFWURFDUGLRJUDPD
  20. 20. DSLODUHV 5HGFDSLODU 8QDUHGGHPLQ~VFXORVYDVRVVDQJXtQHRVVHUDPLILFDGHVGHODVDUWHULRODVSDUDOOHYDUVDQJUHDWRGRVORV WHMLGRV (VWRV SHTXHxRV FDSLODUHV FRQYHUJHQ HQ YDVRV FDGD YH] PiV JUDQGHV TXH OOHYDQ OD VDQJUH GHVR[LJHQDGDD]XO
  21. 21. GHYXHOWDDOFRUD]yQ /DFLUFXODFLyQGHODVDQJUHHQORVFDSLODUHVVXSHUILFLDOHVVHSXHGHREVHUYDUPHGLDQWH HOPLFURVFRSLR6HSXHGHYHUDYDQ]DUORVJOyEXORVURMRVFRQUDSLGH]HQOD]RQDPHGLDGHOD FRUULHQWHVDQJXtQHDPLHQWUDVTXHORVJOyEXORVEODQFRVVHGHVSOD]DQFRQPiVOHQWLWXGVH HQFXHQWUDQSUy[LPRVDODVSDUHGHVGHORVFDSLODUHV /DVXSHUILFLHTXHHQWUDHQFRQWDFWRFRQODVDQJUHHVPXFKRPDRUHQORVFDSLODUHV TXH HQ HO UHVWR GH ORV YDVRV VDQJXtQHRV SRU OR WDQWR RIUHFH XQD PDRU UHVLVWHQFLD DO PRYLPLHQWR GH OD VDQJUH SRU OR TXH HMHUFHQ XQD JUDQ LQIOXHQFLD VREUH OD FLUFXODFLyQ /RV FDSLODUHVVHGLODWDQFXDQGRODWHPSHUDWXUDVHHOHYDHQIULDQGRGHHVWDIRUPDODVDQJUHVH FRQWUDHQFRQHOIUtRFRQORTXHSUHVHUYDQHOFDORUGHORUJDQLVPR 7DPELpQGHVHPSHxDQXQSDSHOPXLPSRUWDQWHHQHOLQWHUFDPELRGHVXVWDQFLDVHQWUH ODVDQJUHORVWHMLGRVGHELGRDODSHUPHDELOLGDGGHODVSDUHGHVGHORVFDSLODUHVpVWRVOOHYDQ R[tJHQRKDVWDORVWHMLGRVWRPDQGHHOORVVXVWDQFLDVGHGHVHFKRGLy[LGRGHDUERQR2
  22. 22. TXH WUDQVSRUWDQ KDVWD ORV yUJDQRV H[FUHWRUHV ORV SXOPRQHV UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH $OOt VH SURGXFHGHQXHYRXQLQWHUFDPELRGHVXVWDQFLDVGHIRUPDTXHODVDQJUHTXHGDR[LJHQDGD OLEUHGHLPSXUH]DV
  23. 23. 7HQVLyQDUWHULDO (VODUHVXOWDQWHGHODSUHVLyQHMHUFLGDSRUODVDQJUHVREUHODVSDUHGHVGHODVDUWHULDV /D WHQVLyQ DUWHULDO HV XQ tQGLFH GH GLDJQyVWLFR LPSRUWDQWH HQ HVSHFLDO GH OD IXQFLyQ FLUFXODWRULD 'HELGR D TXH HO FRUD]yQ SXHGHLPSXOVDU KDFLD ODV JUDQGHV DUWHULDV XQ YROXPHQ GH VDQJUHPDRU TXH HO TXH ODV SHTXHxDV DUWHULRODV FDSLODUHV SXHGHQ DEVRUEHU OD SUHVLyQ UHWUyJUDGDUHVXOWDQWHVHHMHUFHFRQWUDODVDUWHULDVXDOTXLHUWUDVWRUQRTXHGLODWHRFRQWUDLJD ORV YDVRV VDQJXtQHRV R DIHFWH D VX HODVWLFLGDG R FXDOTXLHU HQIHUPHGDG FDUGLDFD TXH LQWHUILHUDFRQODIXQFLyQGHERPEHRGHOFRUD]yQDIHFWDDODSUHVLyQVDQJXtQHD (Q ODV SHUVRQDV VDQDV OD WHQVLyQ DUWHULDO QRUPDO VH VXHOHPDQWHQHU GHQWUR GH XQ PDUJHQGHWHUPLQDGR(OFRPSOHMRPHFDQLVPRQHUYLRVRTXHHTXLOLEUDFRRUGLQDODDFWLYLGDG GHOFRUD]yQGHODVILEUDVPXVFXODUHVGHODVDUWHULDVFRQWURODGRSRUORVFHQWURVQHUYLRVRV FHUHEURHVSLQDOVLPSiWLFRSHUPLWHXQDDPSOLDYDULDFLyQORFDOGHODWDVDGHIOXMRVDQJXtQHR VLQDOWHUDUODWHQVLyQDUWHULDOVLVWpPLFD 3DUDPHGLUODWHQVLyQDUWHULDOVHWLHQHQHQFXHQWDGRVYDORUHVHOSXQWRDOWRRPi[LPR HQHOTXHHOFRUD]yQVHFRQWUDHSDUDYDFLDUVXVDQJUHHQODFLUFXODFLyQOODPDGRVtVWROHHO SXQWREDMRRPtQLPRHQHOTXHHOFRUD]yQVHUHODMDSDUDOOHQDUVHFRQODVDQJUHTXHUHJUHVD GHODFLUFXODFLyQOODPDGRGLiVWROH /DSUHVLyQVHPLGHHQPLOtPHWURVGHPHUFXULRPP+J
  24. 24. FRQODDXGDGHXQLQVWUXPHQWR GHQRPLQDGR HVILJPRPDQyPHWURRQVWD GH XQPDQJXLWR GH JRPD LQIODEOH FRQHFWDGR DXQ GLVSRVLWLYR TXH GHWHFWD OD SUHVLyQ FRQ XQ PDUFDGRU RQ HO PDQJXLWR VH URGHD HO EUD]R L]TXLHUGRVHLQVXIODDSUHWDQGRXQDSHUDGHJRPDFRQHFWDGDDpVWHSRUXQWXER 0LHQWUDVHOPpGLFRUHDOL]DODH[SORUDFLyQDXVFXOWDFRQXQHVWHWRVFRSLRDSOLFDGRVREUH XQDDUWHULDHQHODQWHEUD]R$PHGLGDTXHHOPDQJXLWRVHH[SDQGHVH FRPSULPHODDUWHULDGH IRUPDJUDGXDO(OSXQWRHQHOTXHHOPDQJXLWRLQWHUUXPSHODFLUFXODFLyQODVSXOVDFLRQHVQR VRQ DXGLEOHV GHWHUPLQD OD SUHVLyQ VLVWyOLFD R SUHVLyQ Pi[LPD 6LQ HPEDUJR VX OHFWXUD KDELWXDOVHUHDOL]DFXDQGRDOGHVLQIODUOROHQWDPHQWHODFLUFXODFLyQVHUHVWDEOHFH(QWRQFHVHV
  25. 25. SRVLEOHHVFXFKDUXQVRQLGRHQpUJLFRDPHGLGDTXHODFRQWUDFFLyQFDUGLDFDLPSXOVDODVDQJUH DWUDYpVGHODVDUWHULDV 'HVSXpVVHSHUPLWHTXHHOPDQJXLWRVHGHVLQIOHJUDGXDOPHQWHKDVWDTXHGHQXHYRHO VRQLGR GHO IOXMR VDQJXtQHR GHVDSDUHFH /D OHFWXUD HQ HVWH SXQWR GHWHUPLQD OD SUHVLyQ GLDVWyOLFD RSUHVLyQPtQLPD TXHVHSURGXFHGXUDQWHODUHODMDFLyQGHOFRUD]yQ'XUDQWHXQ FLFOR FDUGLDFR R ODWLGR OD WHQVLyQ DUWHULDO YDUtD GHVGH XQ Pi[LPR GXUDQWH OD VtVWROH D XQ PtQLPRGXUDQWHODGLiVWROH 3RUORJHQHUDODPEDVGHWHUPLQDFLRQHVVHGHVFULEHQFRPRXQDH[SUHVLyQSURSRUFLRQDO GHOPiVHOHYDGRVREUHHOLQIHULRUSRUHMHPSORXDQGRVHDSRUWDXQDVRODFLIUDpVWD VXHOH FRUUHVSRQGHU DO SXQWR Pi[LPR R SUHVLyQ VLVWyOLFD 6LQ HPEDUJR RWUD FLIUD VLPSOH GHQRPLQDGDFRPRSUHVLyQGHSXOVRHVHOLQWHUYDORRGLIHUHQFLDHQWUHODSUHVLyQPiVHOHYDGD PiVEDMD3RUORWDQWRHQXQDSUHVLyQGHWHUPLQDGDFRPRODSUHVLyQPHGLDVHUi (Q ODV SHUVRQDV VDQDV OD WHQVLyQ DUWHULDO YDUtD GHVGH HQ ODFWDQWHV D XQRV DORVDxRVKDVWDDORVRPiV(VWHDXPHQWRVHSURGXFHFXDQGRODV DUWHULDV SLHUGHQ VX HODVWLFLGDG TXH HQ ODV SHUVRQDV MyYHQHV DEVRUEH HO LPSXOVR GH ODV FRQWUDFFLRQHV FDUGLDFDV /D WHQVLyQ DUWHULDO YDUtD HQWUH ODV SHUVRQDV HQ XQ PLVPR LQGLYLGXR HQ PRPHQWRV GLIHUHQWHV 6XHOH VHU PiV HOHYDGD HQ ORV KRPEUHV TXH HQ ODV PXMHUHV ORV QLxRV HVPHQRU GXUDQWH HO VXHxR HVWi LQIOXLGD SRU XQD JUDQ YDULHGDG GH IDFWRUHV 0XFKDVSHUVRQDVVDQDVWLHQHQXQDSUHVLyQVLVWyOLFDKDELWXDOGHDTXHQRHVWi DVRFLDGD FRQ VtQWRPDV RHQIHUPHGDG /DWHQVLyQDUWHULDOHOHYDGDVLQPRWLYRVDSDUHQWHVR KLSHUWHQVLyQ HVHQFLDO VH FRQVLGHUD XQD FDXVD TXH FRQWULEXH D OD DUWHULRVFOHURVLV /DV WR[LQDV JHQHUDGDV GHQWUR GHO RUJDQLVPR SURYRFDQ XQD KLSHUWHQVLyQ H[WUHPD HQ GLYHUVDV HQIHUPHGDGHV /D SUHVLyQ EDMD GH IRUPD DQRUPDO R KLSRWHQVLyQ VH REVHUYD HQ HQIHUPHGDGHV LQIHFFLRVDVGHELOLWDQWHVKHPRUUDJLDFRODSVR8QDSUHVLyQVLVWyOLFDLQIHULRUDVHVXHOH DVRFLDUFRQXQHVWDGRGHVKRFN
  26. 26. %LEOLRJUDItD 6LVWHPDQHUYLRVR5RGROIR'DVVHQ2VYDOGR)XVWLQRQL(GLWRULDO(O$WHQHR%XHQRV$LUHV 7UDWDGRGH$QDWRPtD+XPDQD/7HVWXW$/DWHUMHW (GLWRULDO6DOYDW%XHQRV$LUHV 9tDV HQWURV 1HUYLRVRV - 'HOPDV $ 'HOPDV (GLWRULDO 7RUD0DVVRQ %DUFHORQD 7UDWDGR GH 0HGLFLQD ,QWHUQD 3% %HHVRQ : 0F'HUPRWW (GLWRULDO ,QWHUDPHULFDQD %XHQRV$LUHV 6HPLRORJtDVHPLRWpFQLFD FOtQLFD SURSHGpXWLFD/XFLR96DQJXLQHWWL/RSH]/LEUHURV (GLWRUHV65/ (QFDUWD 0LFURVRIWRUS

×