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  28. 28. SHUWHQFH;
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  85. 85. SHUWHQFH(OHPDEFGHI@
  86. 86. (OHP D ! (OHP E ! (OHP F ! (OHP G ! (OHP H ! (OHP I ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  87. 87. SHUWHQFHDDEFGHI@
  88. 88. HV SHUWHQFHKDEFGHI@
  89. 89. QR u8OWLPR (OHPHQWR GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  90. 90. XOWLPRDUJ!DUJ!
  91. 91. DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! HOHPHQWR VH D OLVWD WHP DSHQDV XP HOHPHQWR HVWH HOHPHQWR uH VHX uXOWLPR HOHPHQWR R uXOWLPR HOHPHQWR GH XPD OLVWD FRP PDLV GH XP HOHPHQWR uH R uXOWLPR HOHPHQWR GD FDXGD GD OLVWD XOWLPR(OHP@(OHP
  92. 92. XOWLPRB_DXGD@(OHP
  93. 93. XOWLPRDXGD(OHP
  94. 94. ([HPSOR PRGR
  95. 95. XOWLPRFDVDERODFDUURWY@;
  96. 96. ; WY ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  97. 97. XOWLPRDEGHIJ@J
  98. 98. HV
  99. 99. (OHPHQWRV RQVHFXWLYRV HP XPD /LVWD PRGR
  100. 100. FRQVHFXWLYRVDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  101. 101. DUJ! SULPHLUR HOHPHQWR DUJ! VHJXQGR HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD GRLV HOHPHQWRV ( H ( VaDR FRQVHFXWLYRV HP XPD OLVWD VH HOHV IRUHP R SULPHLUR H R VHJXQGR HOHPHQWRV GD OLVWD RX VH IRUHP FRQVHFXWLYRV QD FDXGD GD OLVWD FRQVHFXWLYRV((((_B@
  102. 102. FRQVHFXWLYRV((B_ DXGD@
  103. 103. FRQVHFXWLYRV((DXGD
  104. 104. ([HPSOR PRGR
  105. 105. FRQVHFXWLYRVDEGHIJDE@
  106. 106. HV ([HPSOR PRGR
  107. 107. FRQVHFXWLYRV;GHIJDEJ@
  108. 108. ; G H ! ; H I ! ; I J ! ; J D ! ; D E ! ; E J ! QR 6RPD GRV (OHPHQWRV GH XPD /LVWD 1XPuHULFD PRGR
  109. 109. VRPDDUJ!DUJ!
  110. 110. DUJ! OLVWD QXPHULFD DUJ! VRPD GRV HOHPHQWRV
  111. 111. VH D OLVWD IRU D OLVWD YD]LD D VRPD GH VHXV HOHPHQWRV uH ]HUR VH D OLVWD IRU (OHP_DXGD@ D VRPD GH VHXV HOHPHQWRV uH D VRPD GRV HOHPHQWRV GD FDXGD DXGD PDLV R SULPHLUR HOHPHQWR (OHP VRPD@
  112. 112. VRPD(OHP_DXGD@6
  113. 113. VRPDDXGD6
  114. 114. 6 LV 6(OHP 3RGH VHU REVHUYDGR TXH HPERUD VHMD ORJLFDPHQWH HTXLYDOHQWH HVFUHYHU D VHJXQGD FOuDXVXOD FRPR VRPD(OHP_DXGD@6
  115. 115. 6 LV 6 (OHP VRPDDXGD6
  116. 116. LVWR SURYRFDUuD XP HUUR TXDQGR GD H[HFXzFaDR GH VRPD SRUTXH 3URORJ H[LJH TXH 6 H (OHP HVWHMDP LQVWDQFLDGRV DR WHQWDU SURYDU 6 LV 6 (OHP ([HPSOR PRGR
  117. 117. VRPD@6
  118. 118. 6 ! QR 1uHVLPR (OHPHQWR GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  119. 119. QBHVLPRDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  120. 120. DUJ! QXPHUR DUJ! HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD R SULPHLUR HOHPHQWR GH XPD OLVWD uH D FDEHzFD GD OLVWD R QuHVLPR HOHPHQWR GH XPD OLVWD uH R Q
  121. 121. uHVLPR HOHPHQWR GD VXD FDXGD QBHVLPR(OHP(OHP_B@
  122. 122. QBHVLPR1(OHPB_DXGD@
  123. 123. QBHVLPR0(OHPDXGD
  124. 124. 1 LV 0 ([HPSOR PRGR
  125. 125. QBHVLPR1(OHPELWEWHEORFRUHJLVWURDUTXLYR@
  126. 126. 1 (OHP ELW ! 1 (OHP EWH ! 1 (OHP EORFR ! 1 (OHP UHJLVWUR ! 1 (OHP DUTXLYR ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  127. 127. QBHVLPR(OHPXPGRLVWUHVTXDWURFLQFRVHLV@
  128. 128. (OHP FLQFR! QR 1uXPHUR GH (OHPHQWRV GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  129. 129. QRBHOHPHQWRVDUJ!DUJ!
  130. 130. DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! QXPHUR GH HOHPHQWRV R QuXPHUR GH HOHPHQWRV GH XPD OLVWD YD]LD uH ]HUR R QuXPHUR GH HOHPHQWRV GH XPD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ uH R QuXPHUR GH HOHPHQWRV GD FDXGD DXGD PDLV XP QRBHOHPHQWRV@
  131. 131. QRBHOHPHQWRV(OHP_DXGD@1
  132. 132. QRBHOHPHQWRVDXGD1
  133. 133. 1 LV 1 ([HPSOR PRGR
  134. 134. QRBHOHPHQWRVXPGRLVWUHVTXDWUR@1
  135. 135. 1 ! QR
  136. 136. 3HJDU (OHPHQWRV GH XPD /LVWD GDGD D /LVWD GH VXDV 3RVLzFaRHV PRGR
  137. 137. SHJDUDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  138. 138. DUJ! OLVWD GH SRVLFRHV DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD UHVXOWDQWH SHJDU QHQKXP HOHPHQWR GH XPD OLVWD uH REWHU XPD OLVWD YD]LD VHMD D OLVWD GH SRVLzFaRHV 0_1@ H D OLVWD GH HOHPHQWRV / SHJDU RV HOHPHQWRV GH / HVSHFLnFDGRV QD OLVWD GH SRVLzFaRHV VLJQLnFD SHJDU R 0uHVLPR HOHPHQWR GH / H RV HOHPHQWRV HVSHFLnFDGRV QD FDXGD 1 GD OLVWD GH SRVLzFaRHV SHJDU@B@
  139. 139. SHJDU0_1@/;_@
  140. 140. QBHVLPR0;/
  141. 141. SHJDU1/
  142. 142. ([HPSOR PRGR
  143. 143. SHJDU@DEFGHI@/
  144. 144. / DEFI@ ! QR 5HWLUDU XPD 2FRUUAHQFLD GH XP (OHPHQWR GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  145. 145. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWRDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  146. 146. DUJ! HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD VHP R HOHPHQWR VH R HOHPHQWR (OHP IRU D FDEHzFD GD OLVWD HQWaDR R UHVXOWDGR VHUuD D FDXGD GD OLVWD VH R HOHPHQWR (OHP SHUWHQFH tD FDXGD DXGD UHWLUDU (OHP GH DXGD UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR(OHP(OHP_DXGD@DXGD
  147. 147. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR(OHP(OHP_DXGD@(OHP_DXGD@
  148. 148. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR(OHPDXGDDXGD
  149. 149. ([HPSOR PRGR
  150. 150. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR;DEDGHI@/
  151. 151. ; D / EDGHI@ ! ; E / DDGHI@ ! ; D / DEGHI@ ! ; G / DEDHI@ ! ; H / DEDGI@ ! ; I / DEDGH@ ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  152. 152. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWRDDEFGHI@EFGHI@
  153. 153. HV 5HWLUDU WRGDV DV 2FRUUAHQFLDV GH XP (OHPHQWR GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  154. 154. UHWLUDUBWRGDVDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  155. 155. DUJ! HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD VHP TXDOTXHU RFRUUHQFLD GR HOHPHQWR VH D OLVWD IRU D OLVWD YD]LD R UHVXOWDGR uH D OLVWD YD]LD UHWLUDU WRGDV DV RFRUUAHQFLDV GR HOHPHQWR (OHP GH XPD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ LPSOLFD WDPEuHP HP UHWLUDU (OHP GD FDXGD DXGD UHWLUDU R HOHPHQWR (OHP GH XPD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ FRP (OHP GLIHUHQWH GH (OHP VLJQLnFD REWHU XPD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ RQGH DXGD uH XPD OLVWD VHP RFRUUAHQFLDV GH (OHP UHWLUDUBWRGDVB@@
  156. 156. UHWLUDUBWRGDV(OHP(OHP_DXGD@/
  157. 157. UHWLUDUBWRGDV(OHPDXGD/
  158. 158. UHWLUDUBWRGDV(OHP(OHP_DXGD@(OHP_DXGD@
  159. 159. (OHP ? (OHP UHWLUDUBWRGDV(OHPDXGDDXGD
  160. 160. 'HYH VHU REVHUYDGR TXH R 3URORJ SRVVXL YuDULRV WLSRV GH LJXDOGDGH HQWUH WHUPRV $WuH DJRUD IRL LQWURGX]LGD D LJXDOGDGH EDVHDGD HP XQLnFDzFaDR HVFULWD FRPR ; TXH uH YHUGDGH VH ; H XQLnFDP 2XWUR WLSR GH LJXDOGDGH MuD XWLOL]DGD uH ; LV TXH uH YHUGDGH VH R YDORU GD H[SUHVVaDR DULWPuHWLFD XQLnFD FRP ; $OJXPDV YH]HVuH GHLQWHUHVVHXPWLSRGHLJXDOGDGH HVWULWDHQWUH GRLVWHUPRV GHQRPLQDGD LJXDOGDGH OLWHUDO (VWH WLSR GH LJXDOGDGH HVWuD LPSOHPHQWDGD FRPR XP RXWUR SUHGLFDGR SUuHGHnQLGR HVFULWR FRPR XP RSHUDGRU LQn[R ; TXH uH YHUGDGH VH RV WHUPRV ; H VaDR LGAHQWLFRV RX VHMD WAHP H[DWDPHQWH D PHVPD HVWUXWXUD H VHXV FRPSRQHQWHV FRUUHVSRQGHQWHV QD HVWUXWXUD WDPEuHP VaDR LGAHQWLFRV (P SDUWLFXODU GHYH VHU UHVVDOWDGR TXH RV QRPHV GDV YDULuDYHLV GHYHP VHU RV PHVPRV 3RU H[HPSOR JRVWDPDULDMRVH
  161. 161. JRVWDPDULD;
  162. 162. QR JRVWDPDULDMRVH
  163. 163. JRVWDPDULDMRVH
  164. 164. HV JRVWD;MRVH
  165. 165. JRVWDMRVH
  166. 166. QR $ UHODzFaDR FRPSOHPHQWDU tD uH ? TXH VLJQLnFD QaDR LGAHQWLFR 3RU H[HPSOR ; ? HV JRVWD;MRVH
  167. 167. ? JRVWDMRVH
  168. 168. HV ([HPSOR PRGR
  169. 169. UHWLUDUBWRGDVDFDVD@/
  170. 170. / FV@ ! QR 5HWLUDU (OHPHQWRV 5HSHWLGRV GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  171. 171. UHWLUDUBUHSDUJ!DUJ!
  172. 172. DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD VHP HOHPHQWRV UHSHWLGRV XPD OLVWD YD]LD QaDR WHP HOHPHQWRV UHSHWLGRV
  173. 173. UHWLUDU RV HOHPHQWRV UHSHWLGRV GH XPD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ VLJQLnFD FULDU XPD QRYD OLVWD TXH SRVVXD VRPHQWH XP HOHPHQWR (OHP H VXD FDXGD QaDR WHQKD HOHPHQWRV UHSHWLGRV UHWLUDUBUHS@@
  174. 174. UHWLUDUBUHS(OHP_DXGD@(OHP_DXGD@
  175. 175. UHWLUDUBWRGDV(OHPDXGD/LVWD
  176. 176. UHWLUDUBUHS/LVWDDXGD
  177. 177. ([HPSOR PRGR
  178. 178. UHWLUDUBUHSDEDEDEDDED@/
  179. 179. / DE@ ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  180. 180. UHWLUDUBUHSDEFGDDD@DEFG@
  181. 181. HV UHWLUDUBUHSDEDEDEF@FED@
  182. 182. QR ,QVHULU XP (OHPHQWR HP XPD /LVWD 8P HOHPHQWR SRGH VHU LQVHULGR HP XPD OLVWD FRPR SULPHLUR HOHPHQWR GD OLVWD RX HQWaDR HP TXDOTXHU RXWUD SRVLzFaDR GD OLVWD ,VWR GuD RULJHP D GXDV SRVVurYHLV LPSOHPHQWDzFaRHV YLVWDV D VHJXLU ,QVHUzFaDR GR (OHPHQWR QD 3ULPHLUD 3RVLzFaDR GD /LVWD PRGR
  183. 183. LQVHULUBDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  184. 184. DUJ! HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD FRP R HOHPHQWR LQVHULGR LQVHULU XP HOHPHQWR (OHP QD OLVWD /LVWD VLJQLnFD FULDU XPD QRYD OLVWD QD TXDO (OHP uH D FDEHzFD H /LVWD uH D FDXGD LQVHULUB(OHP/LVWD(OHP_/LVWD@
  185. 185. ([HPSOR PRGR
  186. 186. LQVHULUBDQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@/
  187. 187. / DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@ ! QR ,QVHUzFaDR GR (OHPHQWR HP 4XDOTXHU 3RVLzFaDR GD /LVWD 6H R HOHPHQWR uH LQVHULGR HP TXDOTXHU SRVLzFaDR GD OLVWD R SURJUDPD SRGH VHU GHnQLGR HP IXQzFaDR GR SURJUDPD UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR YLVWR QD VHzFaDR SJ PRGR
  188. 188. LQVHULUBDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  189. 189. DUJ! HOHPHQWR DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD FRP R HOHPHQWR LQVHULGR HP TXDOTXHU SRVLFDR LQVHULU XP HOHPHQWR (OHP QD OLVWD /LVWD VLJQLnFD HQFRQWUDU XPD QRYD OLVWD /LVWD GD TXDO UHWLUDQGRVH R HOHPHQWR (OHP REWuHPVH D OLVWD /LVWD LQVHULUB(OHP/LVWD/LVWD
  190. 190. UHWLUDUBHOHPHQWR(OHP/LVWD/LVWD
  191. 191. ([HPSOR 0RGR
  192. 192. LQVHULUBDQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@/
  193. 193. / DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@ ! / SHGURDQDPDULDMRVH@ ! / SHGURPDULDDQDMRVH@ ! / SHGURPDULDMRVHDQD@ ! QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  194. 194. LQVHULUB;@
  195. 195. ; @ ! ; @ ! ; @ ! ; @ ! QR
  196. 196. 6XEVWLWXLU XP (OHPHQWR GH XPD /LVWD SRU XP 2XWUR (OHPHQWR PRGR
  197. 197. VXEVWLWXLDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  198. 198. DUJ! HOHPHQWR D VHU VXEVWLWXLGR DUJ! HOHPHQWR TXH VXEVWLWXL DUJ! OLVWD RULJLQDO DUJ! OLVWD UHVXOWDQWH VH OLVWD IRU D OLVWD YD]LD R UHVXOWDGR uH D OLVWD YD]LD VXEVWLWXLU XP HOHPHQWR ; SRU RXWUR HOHPHQWR HP XPD OLVWD TXH WHP ; SRU FDEHzFD H / SRU FDXGD LPSOLFD HP VXEVWLWXLU D FDEHzFD GD OLVWD SRU H HP VXEVWLWXLU ; SRU HP / VXEVWLWXLU XP HOHPHQWR ; SRU RXWUR HOHPHQWR HP XPD OLVWD TXH QaDR WHP ; SRU FDEHzFD LPSOLFD HP VXEVWLWXLU ; SRU QD FDXGD VXEVWLWXL;@@
  199. 199. VXEVWLWXL;;_/@_/@
  200. 200. VXEVWLWXL;//
  201. 201. VXEVWLWXL;=_/@=_/@
  202. 202. ; ? = VXEVWLWXL;//
  203. 203. ([HPSOR PRGR
  204. 204. VXEVWLWXL@/
  205. 205. / @ ! QR 'XSOLFDU RV (OHPHQWRV GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  206. 206. GXSOLFDDUJ!DUJ!
  207. 207. DUJ! OLVWD RULJLQDO DUJ! OLVWD FRP RV HOHPHQWRV GXSLFDGRV VH D OLVWD IRU D OLVWD YD]LD R UHVXOWDGR uH D OLVWD YD]LD GXSOLFDU RV HOHPHQWRV GH XPD OLVWD FXMD FDEHzFD uH ; H FDXGD / VLJQLnFD GXSOLFDU D FDEHzFD H GXSOLFDU RV HOHPHQWRV GH /
  208. 208. GXSOLFD@@
  209. 209. GXSOLFD;_/@;;_/@
  210. 210. GXSOLFD//
  211. 211. ([HPSOR PRGR
  212. 212. GXSOLFD@/
  213. 213. / @ ! QR 3HUPXWDU RV (OHPHQWRV GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  214. 214. SHUPXWDFDRDUJ!DUJ!
  215. 215. DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! SHUPXWDFDR GRV HOHPHQWRV GD OLVWD D SHUPXWDzFaDR GH XPD OLVWD YD]LD uH D SUuRSULD OLVWD YD]LD VH D OLVWD D VHU SHUPXWDGD uH (OHP_DXGD@ SULPHLUDPHQWH ID]VH D SHUPXWDzFaDR GH DXGD VHMD DXGD D OLVWD SHUPXWDGD $ VHJXLU LQVHUHVH R HOHPHQWR (OHP HP TXDOTXHU SRVLzFaDR GD OLVWD DXGD FRPR PRVWUD D nJXUD D VHJXLU (OHP DXGD DXGD R x
  216. 216. 3HUPXWDU DXGD DXGD SHUPXWDzFaDR GH DXGD R x
  217. 217. LQVHULU (OHP REWHQGR XPD SHUPXWDzFaDR GH (OHPDXGD@ ! SHUPXWDFDR@@
  218. 218. SHUPXWDFDR(OHP_DXGD@/LVWDBSHUP
  219. 219. SHUPXWDFDRDXGDDXGD
  220. 220. LQVHULUB(OHPDXGD/LVWDBSHUP
  221. 221. ([HPSOR PRGR
  222. 222. SHUPXWDFDRFDVDFDVWHORSDODFLR@/
  223. 223. / FDVDFDVWHORSDODFLR@ ! / FDVWHORFDVDSDODFLR@ ! / FDVWHORSDODFLRFDVD@ ! / FDVDSDODFLRFDVWHOR@ ! / SDODFLRFDVDFDVWHOR@ ! / SDODFLRFDVWHORFDVD@ ! QR RQFDWHQDU GXDV /LVWDV PRGR
  224. 224. FRQFDWHQDUDUJ!DUJ!DUJ!
  225. 225. DUJ! SULPHLUD OLVWD DUJ! VHJXQGD OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD FRQFDWHQDGD VH R SULPHLUR DUJXPHQWR IRU D OLVWD YD]LD HQWaDR R VHJXQGR H R WHUFHLUR DUJXPHQWRV VaDR D PHVPD OLVWD VH R SULPHLUR DUJXPHQWR QaDR IRU D OLVWD YD]LD HQWaDR uH GR WLSR (OHP_/LVWD@ R UHVXOWDGR GH VXD FRQFDWHQDzFaDR FRP D OLVWD /LVWD uH D OLVWD (OHP_/LVWD@ RQGH /LVWD uH D FRQFDWHQDzFaDR GH /LVWD H /LVWD FRQFDWHQDU@/LVWD/LVWD
  226. 226. FRQFDWHQDU(OHP_/LVWD@/LVWD(OHP_/LVWD@
  227. 227. FRQFDWHQDU/LVWD/LVWD/LVWD
  228. 228. ([HPSOR PRGR
  229. 229. FRQFDWHQDUXPGRLVWUHV@TXDWURFLQFRVHLV@/
  230. 230. / XPGRLVWUHVTXDWURFLQFRVHLV@ QR ([HPSOR PRGR
  231. 231. RP HVWH PRGR GH FKDPDGD R SURJUDPD uH XVDGR SDUD GHFRPSRU XPD OLVWD HP GXDV OLVWDV FRQFDWHQDU//DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@
  232. 232. / @ / DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@ !
  233. 233. / DQD@ / SHGURPDULDMRVH@ ! / DQDSHGUR@ / PDULDMRVH@ ! / DQDSHGURPDULD@ / MRVH@ ! / DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@ / @ ! QR (VWH H[HPSOR PRVWUD TXH uH SRVVurYHO GHFRPSRU D OLVWD DQDSHGURPDULDMRVH@ GH FLQFR PDQHLUDV GLIHUHQWHV H R SURJUDPD HQFRQWUD WRGDV DV VROXzFaRHV QR UHWURFHVVR u( SRVVurYHO WDPEuHP XVDU HVVH SURJUDPD SDUD SURFXUDU SRU XP SDGUaDR HP XPD OLVWD 3RU H[HPSOR SDUD HQFRQWUDU RV GLDV GD VHPDQD TXH SUHFHGHP H DQWHFHGHP XP GDGR GLD SRGHVH ID]HU D VHJXLQWH LQWHUURJDzFaDR FRQFDWHQDU$QWHULRUTXDUWD_3RVWHULRU@ VHJXQGDWHUFDTXDUWDTXLQWDVH[WDVDEDGRGRPLQJR@
  234. 234. $QWHULRU VHJXQGDWHUFD@ 3RVWHULRU TXLQWDVH[WDVDEDGRGRPLQJR@ ! QR 3DUD HQFRQWUDU R GLD DQWHULRU H SRVWHULRU D XP GDGR GLD LQWHUURJDVH FRP FRQFDWHQDU;'DQWWHUFD'SRVW_@ VHJXQGDWHUFDTXDUWDTXLQWDVH[WDVDEDGRGRPLQJR@
  235. 235. ; @ 'DQW VHJXQGD@ 'SRVW TXDUWD@ TXLQWDVH[WDVDEDGRGRPLQJR@ ! QR FRQFDWHQDU;'DQWVH[WD'SRVW_@ VHJXQGDWHUFDTXDUWDTXLQWDVH[WDVDEDGRGRPLQJR@
  236. 236. ; VHJXQGDWHUFDTXDUWD@ 'DQW TXLQWD@ 'SRVW VDEDGR@ GRPLQJR@ ! QR
  237. 237. 6XEOLVWDV GH XPD /LVWD PRGR
  238. 238. VXEOLVWDDUJ!DUJ!
  239. 239. DUJ! VXEOLVWD DUJ! OLVWD 6XE uH VXEOLVWD GD OLVWD /LVWD VH /LVWD SRGH VHU GHFRPSRVWD HP GXDV OLVWDV / H / H / SRU VXD YH] SRGH VHU GHFRPSRVWD HP GXDV RXWUDV OLVWDV 6XE H / FRPR PRVWUD D )LJXUD D VHJXLU / 6XE / /LVWD / )LJXUH 6XEOLVWD GH XPD /LVWD VXEOLVWD6XE/LVWD
  240. 240. FRQFDWHQDU///LVWD
  241. 241. FRQFDWHQDU6XE//
  242. 242. ([HPSOR PRGR
  243. 243. VXEOLVWD;DEFG@
  244. 244. ; @ ; D@ ! ; DE@ ! ; DEF@ ! ; DEFG@ ! ; @ ! ; E@ ! ; EF@ ! ; @ ! ; F@ ! ; @ ! QR ,QYHUWHU XPD /LVWD 6aDR DSUHVHQWDGDV D VHJXLU GXDV LPSOHPHQWDzFaRHV SDUD LQYHUWHU XPD GDGD OLVWD D VHJXQGD GHODV uH D TXH GHYH VHU HIHWLYDPHQWH XWLOL]DGD SRU VHU D PDLV HnFLHQWH
  245. 245. PRGR
  246. 246. LQYHUWHUBYDUJ!DUJ!
  247. 247. DUJ! OLVWD DUJ! OLVWD LQYHUWLGD D OLVWD LQYHUWLGD GD OLVWD YD]LD uH D OLVWD YD]LD D OLVWD LQYHUWLGD GD OLVWD (OHP_DXGD@ uH REWLGD LQYHUWHQGRVH DXGD H FRQFDWH QDQGR R UHVXOWDGR FRP D OLVWD (OHP@ LQYHUWHUBY@@
  248. 248. LQYHUWHUBY(OHP_DXGD@/LVWD
  249. 249. LQYHUWHUBYDXGDDXGD
  250. 250. FRQFDWHQDUDXGD(OHP@/LVWD
  251. 251. ([HPSOR PRGR
  252. 252. LQYHUWHUBY@/
  253. 253. / @ ! QR 3RGHVH REVHUYDU TXH HVWH SURJUDPD DLQGD TXH ORJLFDPHQWH FRUUHWR uH PXLWR LQHnFLHQWH XPD YH] TXH SDUD LQYHUWHU D OLVWD LQYHUWH D FDXGD UHPDQHVFHQWH GH FDGD OLVWD FRQVLGHUDGD SDUD VuR HQWaDR DWUDYuHV GH FRQFDWHQDU FRQVWUXLU D OLVWD LQYHUWLGD 6HJXH XPD YHUVaDR PDLV HnFLHQWH GHVWH SURJUDPD LQYHUWHUBY/LVWD/LVWDBLQY
  254. 254. LQY/LVWD@/LVWDBLQY
  255. 255. LQY@/LVWD/LVWD
  256. 256. LQY(OHP_DXGD@/LVWDBLQW/LVWDBLQY
  257. 257. LQYDXGD(OHP_/LVWDBLQW@/LVWDBLQY
  258. 258. (VWH SURFHVVR GH LQYHUWHU D OLVWD FRQVWUXLQGR GLUHWDPHQWH D OLVWD LQYHUWLGD WRUQD R SURJUDPD LQYHUWHUBY PXLWR PDLV UuDSLGR GR TXH R SURJUDPD DQWHULRU 2 SURJUDPD LQYHUWHUBY XWLOL]D D WuHFQLFD GR XVR GH XP DFXPXODGRU FRPR SDUAD PHWUR YLVDQGR WRUQDU R SURFHVVR GH LQYHUVaDR GD OLVWD PDLV HnFLHQWH (VWD WuHFQLFD uH IUHTXHQWHPHQWH XWLOL]DGD HP SURJUDPDzFaDR 3URORJ 4XDQGR XP SURJUDPD 3URORJ YDUUH XPD HVWUXWXUD R XVR GR DFXPXODGRU REMHWLYD UHSUHVHQWDU R UHVXOWDGR REWLGR DWuH R PRPHQWR 2 SURJUDPD LQYHUWHUBY ID] XVR GHVWH DUWLIurFLR 3DUD WDQWR XP SURJUDPD DX[LOLDU LQY IRL GHnQLGR FRP RV PHVPRV SDUADPHQWURV GH LQYHUWHUBY OLVWD H VXD OLVWD LQYHUWLGD
  259. 259. H FRP R DFXPXODGRU LQLFLDOL]DGR FRP D OLVWD YD]LD
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