II
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
E6580757
Read first
ISafety
precautions
Introduction
Contents
Connecting
equipme...
(

,, 6DIHW SUHFDXWLRQV
7KH LWHPV GHVFULEHG LQ WKHVH LQVWUXFWLRQV DQG RQ WKH LQYHUWHU LWVHOI DUH YHU LPSRUWDQW VR WKDW RX ...
(

, 3 *HQHUDO RSHUDWLRQ
'DQJHU 6HH LWHP
'LVDVVHPEO
SURKLELWHG
x 1HYHU GLVDVVHPEOH PRGLI RU UHSDLU 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHF...
(

,3 7UDQVSRUWDWLRQ R ,QVWDOODWLRQ
'DQJHU 6HH LWHP
3URKLELWHG
x 'R QRW LQVWDOO RU RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU LI LW LV GDPDJHG R...
(

, 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP
0DQGDWRU
x (OHFWULFDO FRQVWUXFWLRQ ZRUN PXVW EH GRQH E D TXDOLILHG H[SHUW
RQQHFWLRQ RI LQSXW SRZHU E ...
(

,:DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP
3URKLELWHG
x 2EVHUYH DOO SHUPLVVLEOH RSHUDWLQJ UDQJHV RI PRWRUV DQG PHFKDQLFDO HTXLSPHQW 5HIHU WR
WKH...
(

, 'LVSRVDO
:DUQLQJ
0DQGDWRU
x ,I RX WKURZ DZD WKH LQYHUWHU KDYH LW GRQH E D VSHFLDOLVW LQ LQGXVWU ZDVWH GLVSRVDO 
,I RX...
(

,,
,, ,QWURGXFWLRQ
7KDQN RX IRU RXU SXUFKDVH RI WKH 7RVKLED 7269(57 9)6 LQGXVWULDO LQYHUWHU
7KLV LV WKH 9HU 38 YHUVLRQ ...
(
L
 RQWHQWV 
, 6DIHW SUHFDXWLRQV
,, ,QWURGXFWLRQ
 5HDG ILUVW $
 KHFN SURGXFW SXUFKDVH$
 RQWHQWV RI WKH SURGXFW FRGH$
...
(
LL
 ,QSXW VLJQDO VHOHFWLRQ)
 7HUPLQDO IXQFWLRQ VHOHFWLRQ)
 %DVLF SDUDPHWHUV  )
 )UHTXHQF SULRULW VHOHFWLRQ )
 2SHUDWLRQ ...
(
LLL
 %HIRUH PDNLQJ D VHUYLFH FDOO7ULS LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG UHPHGLHV 0
 7ULS FDXVHVZDUQLQJV DQG UHPHGLHV 0
 5HVWRULQJ WKH LQYH...
(
$

 5HDG ILUVW
 KHFN SURGXFW SXUFKDVH
%HIRUH XVLQJ WKH SURGXFW RX KDYH SXUFKDVHG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW LW LV H[DFWO ZK...
(
$

 RQWHQWV RI WKH SURGXFW FRGH
+HUH LV H[SODLQHG WKH WSH DQG IRUP ZULWWHQ RQ WKH ODEHO
:DUQLQJ $OZDV VKXW SRZHU RII ILU...
(
$

 1DPHV DQG IXQFWLRQV
 2XWVLGH YLHZ
(1 ODPS
/LJKWV ZKHQ
HQHUJVDYLQJ
PRGH LV LQ
RSHUDWLRQ
581 NH ODPS
/LJKWV ZKHQ WKH
5...
(
$

RQQHFWRU FRYHU IRU
FRPPRQ VHULDO RSWLRQ
6OLGH WKLV FRYHU WR WKH
ULJKW WR XVH WKH
FRQQHFWRUV IRU RSWLRQV
x 3DUDPHWHU Z...
(
$

[Bottom] [Side]
Wiring hole
Top warning label Note 1)
Name Plate
Cooling fin
Ventilation slits
1RWH  ,I DPELHQW WHPSH...
(
$

 0DLQ FLUFXLW DQG FRQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUGV
 0DLQ FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG
,Q FDVH RI WKH OXJ FRQQHFWRU FRYHU WKH...
(
$

9)6630 a 30
PO
R/L1
PA PB
S/L2 T/L3
PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3
M3 screw (2002∼2007)
M4 screw (2015)
Shorting-bar
Grounding ter...
(
$

9)63/3/
3/3/
R/L1 S/L2 T/L3 PO PA PB PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3
Shoriting-bar
M5 screw
Grounding terminal
M5 screw
Screw hole ...
(
$

 RQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG
7KH FRQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG LV FRPPRQ WR DOO HTXLSPHQW
FLA FLB FLC RY RC CC VIA...
(
$

 1RWHV RQ WKH DSSOLFDWLRQ
 0RWRUV
:KHQ WKH 9)6 DQG WKH PRWRU DUH XVHG LQ FRQMXQFWLRQ SD DWWHQWLRQ WR WKH IROORZLQJ LW...
(
$

([WUHPHO ORZ ORDGV DQG ORZ LQHUWLD ORDGV
7KH PRWRU PD GHPRQVWUDWH LQVWDELOLW VXFK DV DEQRUPDO YLEUDWLRQV RU RYHUFXUUH...
(
$

XUHG LQ VRPH RWKHU ZD WKH RYHUFXUUHQW WULS PD EH DFWLYDWHG EHFDXVH RI WKH ORFNHG URWRU FXUUHQW ZKHQ
WKH EUDNH JRHV LQ...
(
$

LUFXLW LQWHUXSWLQJ ZKHQ WZR RU PRUH LQYHUWHUV DUH XVHG RQ WKH VDPH SRZHU OLQH
%UHDNLQJ RI VHOHFWHG LQYHUWHU
FLUFXLW L...
(
$

3RZHU
VXSSO
/HDN FXUUHQW SDWK DFURVV JURXQG
(/%
0
0
(/%
,QYHUWHU
,QYHUWHU
5HPHGLHV
5HGXFH 3:0 FDUULHU IUHTXHQF
7KH VH...
(
$

5HPHGLHV
8VH WKH HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO EXLOW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU
7KH VHWWLQJ RI WKH HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO LV GRQH XVLQJ SDUDP...
(
$

 ,QVWDOODWLRQ
3 ,QVWDOODWLRQ HQYLURQPHQW
7KH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU LV DQ HOHFWURQLF FRQWURO LQVWUXPHQW 7DNH IXOO FRQVLGHUDWLRQ...
(
$

x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ RI KLJK WHPSHUDWXUH KLJK KXPLGLW
PRLVWXUH FRQGHQVDWLRQ DQG IUHH]LQJ DQG DYRLG ORFDWLR...
(
$

3 +RZ WR LQVWDOO
'DQJHU
3URKLELWHG
x 'R QRW LQVWDOO DQG RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU LI LW LV GDPDJHG RU DQ FRPSRQHQW LV PLVV...
(
$

1RWH 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ ZKHUH WKHUH LV KLJK KXPLGLW RU KLJK WHPSHUDWXUHV DQG ZKHUH WKHUH DUH
ODUJH DPRXQWV...
(
$

x ,QVWDOO QRLVH ILOWHUV LI QHFHVVDU
x ,QVWDOO (0 SODWH DWWDFKHG DV VWDQGDUG DQG VKLHOGHG ZLUHV ILW ZLWK WKH (0 SODWH
...
(
%

 RQQHFWLRQ HTXLSPHQW
'DQJHU
'LVDVVHPEO
SURKLELWHG
x 1HYHU GLVDVVHPEOH PRGLI RU UHSDLU 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKR...
(
%

'DQJHU
%H *URXQGHG
x *URXQG PXVW EH FRQQHFWHG VHFXUHO
,I WKH JURXQG LV QRW VHFXUHO FRQQHFWHG LW FRXOG OHDG WR HOHFWUL...
(
%

 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQV
'DQJHU
3URKLELWHG
x 'R QRW FRQQHFW LQSXW SRZHU WR WKH RXWSXW PRWRU VLGH WHUPLQDOV 87 97 :7  RQQ...
(
%

 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQ GLDJUDP 
 VLQN FRPPRQ 
7KLV GLDJUDP VKRZV D VWDQGDUG ZLULQJ RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW
MCCB
R/L1
S/L2
*...
(
%

 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQ GLDJUDP 
 VRXUFH FRPPRQ 3
DC reactor (DCL)
*2 (option)
Braking resistor
(option)
Main circuitFil...
(
%

 'HVFULSWLRQ RI WHUPLQDOV
 0DLQ FLUFXLW WHUPLQDOV
7KLV GLDJUDP VKRZV DQ H[DPSOH RI ZLULQJ RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW 8VH RSW...
(
%

Q 0DLQ FLUFXLW
7HUPLQDO VPERO 7HUPLQDO IXQFWLRQ
*URXQGLQJ WHUPLQDO IRU FRQQHFWLQJ LQYHUWHU FDVH
5/ 6/ 7/
9 FODVV VLQJ...
(
%

7HUPLQDO
VPERO
,QSXWRXWSXW )XQFWLRQ
(OHFWULFDO
VSHFLILFDWLRQV
,QYHUWHU LQWHUQDO FLUFXLWV

RPPRQ WR
,QSXWRXWSXW
RQWURO...
(
%

7HUPLQDO
VPERO
,QSXWRXWSXW )XQFWLRQ
(OHFWULFDO
VSHFLILFDWLRQV
,QYHUWHU LQWHUQDO FLUFXLWV
287 2XWSXW
0XOWLIXQFWLRQ SUR...
(
%

3 6LQN ORJLF QHJDWLYH FRPPRQ VRXUFH ORJLF SRVLWLYH FRPPRQ
ORJLF VZLWFKLQJ RI LQSXW RXWSXW WHUPLQDOV
XUUHQW IORZLQJ RX...
(
%

Q /RJLF VZLWFKLQJYROWDJHFXUUHQW RXWSXW VZLWFKLQJ MXPSHU
 /RJLF VZLWFKLQJ
-3  ,QSXW -3$  2XWSXW
6ZLWFK ORJLF EHIRUH ZL...
(


 2SHUDWLRQV
'DQJHU
3URKLELWHG
x 'R QRW WRXFK LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDOV ZKHQ HOHFWULFDO SRZHU LV FRQQHFWHG WR WKH LQYHUWHU HYH...
(


 +RZ WR RSHUDWH WKH 9)6
2YHUYLHZ RI KRZ WR RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU ZLWK VLPSOH H[DPSOHV
([DPSOH  6HWWLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ IU...
(


([DPSOH  6HWWLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO DQG UXQ
QLQJ DQG VWRSSLQJ XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO
...
(


([DPSOH  6HWWLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF XVLQJ EXLOWLQ SRWHQWLRPHWHU DQG UXQ
QLQJ DQG VWRSSLQJ XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV
 ...
(


([DPSOH  2SHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF VHWWLQJ UXQQLQJ DQG VWRSSLQJ XVLQJ H[WHUQDO
VLJQDOV
 :LULQJ
,0
)
5/
6/
7/
87
97
:7
5
32 33...
(


 6LPSOLILHG 2SHUDWLRQ RI WKH 9)6
7KH SURFHGXUHV IRU VHWWLQJ RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF DQG WKH PHWKRGV RI RSHUDWLRQ FDQ EH VHO...
(


 +RZ WR VWDUW DQG VWRS
 6WDUW DQG VWRS XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO NHV
8VH WKH DQG NHV RQ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO WR VWDUW D...
(


 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO
6HW WKH IUHTXHQF IURP WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO
 0RYHV WKH IUHTXHQF XS
 0RYH...
(


 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ LQSXW YROWDJH a9
7KH LQSXW WHUPLQDO 9,% FDQ EH XVHG LQ WKH VDPH ZD 9,$ DQG 9,% DUH DXWRPDW...
(
'

 %DVLF 9)6 RSHUDWLRQV
7KH 9)6 KDV WKH IROORZLQJ WKUHH PRQLWRU PRGHV
6WDQGDUG PRQLWRU PRGH
 7KH VWDQGDUG LQYHUWHU PRGH...
(
'

 +RZ WR VHW SDUDPHWHUV
6HWWLQJ PRQLWRU PRGH
7KH VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW SDUDPHWHUV DUH SURJUDPPHG EHIRUH WKH XQLW LV VKLSSHG...
(
'

 +RZ WR VHW WKH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV
%DVLF SDUDPHWHUV
$OO RI WKH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV FDQ EH VHW E WKH VDPH VWHS SURFHGXUHV
6...
(
'

 +RZ WR VHW H[WHQGHG SDUDPHWHUV
7KH 9)6 KDV H[WHQGHG SDUDPHWHUV WR DOORZ RX WR PDNH IXOO XVH RI LWV IXQFWLRQV $OO H[W...
(
'

7KH VWHSV LQ VHWWLQJ DUH DV IROORZV
([DPSOH RI FKDQJLQJ WKH GQDPLF EUDNLQJ VHOHFWLRQ IURP  WR 
.H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD...
(
'

Q +RZ WR VHDUFK DQG UHSURJUDP SDUDPHWHUV
7KH RSHUDWLRQV RI VHDUFK DQG UHVHWWLQJ RI SDUDPHWHUV DUH DV IROORZV
.H RSHUD...
(
'

 +RZ WR SURJUDP VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV
6HWXS SDUDPHWHUV
:KHQ WKH VWDQGDUG SDUDPHWHU LV VHW WR VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ WKH ...
(
'

 3DUDPHWHUV WKDW FDQQRW EH FKDQJHG ZKLOH UXQQLQJ
)RU UHDVRQV RI VDIHW WKH IROORZLQJ SDUDPHWHUV KDYH EHHQ VHW XS VR WK...
(
'

Q 6WHSV IRU UHWXUQLQJ DOO SDUDPHWHUV WR VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ
.H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ
'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWL...
(
(

 %DVLF SDUDPHWHUV
%HIRUH RX RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU WKH SDUDPHWHUV WKDW RX PXVW ILUVW SURJUDP DUH WKH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV
 ...
(
(

3DUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ@
7LWOH )XQFWLRQ $GMXVWPHQW UDQJH 'HIDXOW VHWWLQJ
$XWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ
 'LVDEOHG PDQXD...
(
(

, ,I WKH SURJUDPPHG YDOXH LV VKRUWHU WKDQ WKH RSWLPXP DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH GHWHUPLQHG E ORDG
FRQGLWLRQV RYHU...
(
(

.H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ
3UHVV WKH NH WR FKDQJH WKH SDUDPHWHU WR  VHQVRUOHVV YHFWRU
FRQWURO DXWRWXQLQJ 
3UHVV...
(
(

 6HWWLQJ HQYLURQPHQWDO SURWHFWLRQ
 $XWRPDWLF HQYLURQPHQW VHWWLQJ
x )XQFWLRQ
7KLV DXWRPDWLFDOO SURJUDPV DOO SDUDPHWHUV...
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Vf s9 manual
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Vf s9 manual

417 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Tài liệu Biến Tần Vf s9

0 Kommentare
0 Gefällt mir
Statistik
Notizen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Keine Downloads
Aufrufe
Aufrufe insgesamt
417
Auf SlideShare
0
Aus Einbettungen
0
Anzahl an Einbettungen
1
Aktionen
Geteilt
0
Downloads
2
Kommentare
0
Gefällt mir
0
Einbettungen 0
Keine Einbettungen

Keine Notizen für die Folie

Vf s9 manual

  1. 1. II 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 E6580757 Read first ISafety precautions Introduction Contents Connecting equipment Operations Basic VF-S9 operations Basic parameters Extended parameters Applied operation Monitoring the operation status Taking measures to satisfy the CE/UL directive Peripheral devices Table of parameters and data Specifications Beforemakingaservice call-Tripinformationand remedies Inspection and maintenance Warranty Disposal of the inverter NOTICE 1. Make sure that this instruction manual is delivered to the end user of the inverter unit. 2. Read this manual before installing or operating the inverter unit, and store it in a safe place for reference. Instruction Manual The new generation Compact inverter TOSVERT VF-S9 1-phase 200V class 0.2 2.2kW 3-phase 200V class 0.2 15kW 3-phase 400V class 0.75 15kW TOSHIBA INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING CORPORATION 2000 Ver. 101
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
  3. 3. ( , 3 *HQHUDO RSHUDWLRQ 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 'LVDVVHPEO SURKLELWHG x 1HYHU GLVDVVHPEOH PRGLI RU UHSDLU 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN ILUH DQG LQMXU )RU UHSDLUV FDOO RXU VDOHV DJHQF 3URKLELWHG x 1HYHU UHPRYH WKH IURQW FRYHU ZKHQ SRZHU LV RQ RU RSHQ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW 7KH XQLW FRQWDLQV PDQ KLJK YROWDJH SDUWV DQG FRQWDFW ZLWK WKHP ZLOO UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 'RQ W VWLFN RXU ILQJHUV LQWR RSHQLQJV VXFK DV FDEOH ZLULQJ KROH DQG FRROLQJ IDQ FRYHUV 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU RWKHU LQMXU x 'RQ W SODFH RU LQVHUW DQ NLQG RI REMHFW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU HOHFWULFDO ZLUH FXWWLQJV URGV ZLUHV 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH x 'R QRW DOORZ ZDWHU RU DQ RWKHU IOXLG WR FRPH LQ FRQWDFW ZLWK WKH LQYHUWHU 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH 0DQGDWRU x 7XUQ SRZHU RQ RQO DIWHU DWWDFKLQJ WKH IURQW FRYHU RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW ,I SRZHU LV WXUQHG RQ ZLWKRXW WKH IURQW FRYHU DWWDFKHG RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDEL QHW 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU RWKHU LQMXU x ,I WKH LQYHUWHU EHJLQV WR HPLW VPRNH RU DQ XQXVXDO RGRU RU XQXVXDO VRXQGV LPPHGLDWHO WXUQ SRZHU RII ,I WKH HTXLSPHQW LV FRQWLQXHG LQ RSHUDWLRQ LQ VXFK D VWDWH WKH UHVXOW PD EH ILUH DOO RXU ORFDO VDOHV DJHQF IRU UHSDLUV x $OZDV WXUQ SRZHU RII LI WKH LQYHUWHU LV QRW XVHG IRU ORQJ SHULRGV RI WLPH VLQFH WKHUH LV D SRVVLELOLW RI PDOIXQFWLRQ FDXVHG E OHDNV GXVW DQG RWKHU PDWHULDO ,I SRZHU LV OHIW RQ ZLWK WKH LQYHUWHU LQ WKDW VWDWH LW PD UHVXOW LQ ILUH :DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG FRQWDFW x 'R QRW WRXFK KHDW UDGLDWLQJ ILQV RU GLVFKDUJH UHVLVWRUV 7KHVH GHYLFH DUH KRW DQG RX OO JHW EXUQHG LI RX WRXFK WKHP 3URKLELWHG x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
  4. 4. ( ,3 7UDQVSRUWDWLRQ R ,QVWDOODWLRQ 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW LQVWDOO RU RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU LI LW LV GDPDJHG RU DQ FRPSRQHQW LV PLVVLQJ 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH 3OHDVH FRQVXOW RXU ORFDO VDOHV DJHQF IRU UHSDLUV x 'R QRW SODFH DQ LQIODPPDEOH REMHFWV QHDUE ,I D IODPH LV HPLWWHG GXH WR PDOIXQFWLRQ LW PD UHVXOW LQ D ILUH x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ ZKHUH WKH LQYHUWHU FRXOG FRPH LQWR FRQWDFW ZLWK ZDWHU RU RWKHU IOXLGV 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH 0DQGDWRU x 0XVW EH XVHG LQ WKH HQYLURQPHQWDO FRQGLWLRQV SUHVFULEHG LQ WKH LQVWUXFWLRQ PDQXDO 8VH XQGHU DQ RWKHU FRQGLWLRQV PD UHVXOW LQ PDOIXQFWLRQ x 0XVW EH LQVWDOOHG LQ QRQLQIODPPDEOHV VXFK DV PHWDOV 7KH UHDU SDQHO JHWV YHU KRW ,I LQVWDOODWLRQ LV LQ DQ LQIODPPDEOH REMHFW WKLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ ILUH x 'R QRW RSHUDWH ZLWK WKH IURQW SDQHO FRYHU UHPRYHG 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x $Q HPHUJHQF VWRS GHYLFH PXVW EH LQVWDOOHG WKDW ILWV ZLWK VVWHP VSHFLILFDWLRQV HJ VKXW RII LQSXW SRZHU WKHQ HQJDJH PHFKDQLFDO EUDNH 2SHUDWLRQ FDQQRW EH VWRSSHG LPPHGLDWHO E WKH LQYHUWHU DORQH WKXV ULVNLQJ DQ DFFLGHQW RU LQMXU x $OO RSWLRQV XVHG PXVW EH WKRVH VSHFLILHG E 7RVKLED 7KH XVH RI DQ RWKHU RSWLRQ PD UH VXOW LQ DQ DFFLGHQW :DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x :KHQ WUDQVSRUWLQJ RU FDUULQJ GR QRW KROG E WKH IURQW SDQHO FRYHUV 7KH FRYHUV PD FRPH RII DQG WKH XQLW ZLOO GURS RXW UHVXOWLQJ LQ LQMXU x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ DUHD ZKHUH WKH XQLW ZRXOG EH VXEMHFW WR ODUJH DPRXQWV RI YLEUDWLRQ 7KDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ WKH XQLW IDOOLQJ UHVXOWLQJ LQ LQMXU 0DQGDWRU x 7KH PDLQ XQLW PXVW EH LQVWDOOHG RQ D EDVH WKDW FDQ EHDU WKH XQLW V ZHLJKW ,I WKH XQLW LV LQVWDOOHG RQ D EDVH WKDW FDQQRW ZLWKVWDQG WKDW ZHLJKW WKH XQLW PD IDOO UHVXOW LQJ LQ LQMXU x ,I EUDNLQJ LV QHFHVVDU WR KROG PRWRU VKDIW LQVWDOO D PHFKDQLFDO EUDNH 7KH EUDNH RQ WKH LQYHUWHU ZLOO QRW IXQFWLRQ DV D PHFKDQLFDO KROG DQG LI XVHG IRU WKDW SXUSRVH LQMXU PD UH VXOW 3 :LULQJ 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW FRQQHFW LQSXW SRZHU WR WKH RXWSXW PRWRU VLGH WHUPLQDOV 87 97 :7 7KDW ZLOO GHVWUR WKH LQYHUWHU DQG PD UHVXOW LQ ILUH x 'R QRW FRQQHFW UHVLVWRUV WR WKH ' WHUPLQDOV DFURVV 3$3 RU 323 7KDW PD FDXVH D ILUH RQQHFW UHVLVWRUV DV GLUHFWHG E WKH LQVWUXFWLRQV IRU ,QVWDOOLQJ VHSDUDWH EUDNLQJ UHVLVWRUV x :LWKLQ WHQ PLQXWHV DIWHU WXUQLQJ RII LQSXW SRZHU GR QRW WRXFK ZLUHV RI GHYLFHV 0% FRQQHFWHG WR WKH LQSXW VLGH RI WKH LQYHUWHU 7KDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN
  5. 5. ( , 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 0DQGDWRU x (OHFWULFDO FRQVWUXFWLRQ ZRUN PXVW EH GRQH E D TXDOLILHG H[SHUW RQQHFWLRQ RI LQSXW SRZHU E VRPHRQH ZKR GRHV QRW KDYH WKDW H[SHUW NQRZOHGJH PD UH VXOW LQ ILUH RU HOHFWULF VKRFN x RQQHFW RXWSXW WHUPLQDOV PRWRU VLGH FRUUHFWO ,I WKH SKDVH VHTXHQFH LV LQFRUUHFW WKH PRWRU ZLOO RSHUDWH LQ UHYHUVH DQG WKDW PD UHVXOW LQ LQMXU x :LULQJ PXVW EH GRQH DIWHU LQVWDOODWLRQ ,I ZLULQJ LV GRQH SULRU WR LQVWDOODWLRQ WKDW PD UHVXOW LQ LQMXU RU HOHFWULF VKRFN x 7KH IROORZLQJ VWHSV PXVW EH SHUIRUPHG EHIRUH ZLULQJ 7XUQ RII DOO LQSXW SRZHU :DLW DW OHDVW WHQ PLQXWHV DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH FKDUJH ODPS LV QR ORQJHU OLW 8VH D WHVWHU WKDW FDQ PHDVXUH ' YROWDJH 9' RU PRUH DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH YROWDJH WR WKH ' PDLQ FLUFXLWV DFURVV 3$3 LV 9 RU OHVV ,I WKHVH VWHSV DUH QRW SURSHUO SHUIRUPHG WKH ZLULQJ ZLOO FDXVH HOHFWULF VKRFN x 7LJKWHQ WKH VFUHZV RQ WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG WR VSHFLILHG WRUTXH ,I WKH VFUHZV DUH QRW WLJKWHQHG WR WKH VSHFLILHG WRUTXH LW PD OHDG WR ILUH x KHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH LQSXW SRZHU YROWDJH LV RI WKH UDWHG SRZHU YROW DJH ZULWWHQ RQ WKH UDWLQJ ODEHO r ZKHQ WKH ORDG LV LQ FRQWLQXRXV RSHUDWLRQ ,I WKH LQSXW SRZHU YROWDJH LV QRW RI WKH UDWHG SRZHU YROWDJH r ZKHQ WKH ORDG LV LQ FRQWLQXRXV RSHUDWLRQ WKLV PD UHVXOW LQ ILUH %H *URXQGHG x *URXQG PXVW EH FRQQHFWHG VHFXUHO ,I WKH JURXQG LV QRW VHFXUHO FRQQHFWHG LW FRXOG OHDG WR HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH ZKHQ D PDO IXQFWLRQ RU FXUUHQW OHDN RFFXUV :DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW DWWDFK HTXLSPHQW VXFK DV QRLVH ILOWHUV RU VXUJH DEVRUEHUV WKDW KDYH EXLOWLQ FD SDFLWRUV WR WKH RXWSXW PRWRU VLGH WHUPLQDOV 7KDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ D ILUH 3 2SHUDWLRQV 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW WRXFK LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDOV ZKHQ HOHFWULFDO SRZHU LV JRLQJ WR WKH LQYHUWHU HYHQ LI WKH PRWRU LV VWRSSHG 7RXFKLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDOV ZKLOH SRZHU LV FRQQHFWHG WR LW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 'R QRW WRXFK VZLWFKHV ZKHQ WKH KDQGV DUH ZHW DQG GR QRW WU WR FOHDQ WKH LQYHUWHU ZLWK D GDPS FORWK 6XFK SUDFWLFHV PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 'R QRW JR QHDU WKH PRWRU LQ DODUPVWRS VWDWXV ZKHQ WKH UHWU IXQFWLRQ LV VHOHFWHG 7KH PRWRU PD VXGGHQO UHVWDUW DQG WKDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ LQMXU 7DNH PHDVXUHV IRU VDIHW HJ DWWDFKLQJ D FRYHU WR WKH PRWRU DJDLQVW DFFLGHQWV ZKHQ WKH PRWRU XQH[SHFWHGO UHVWDUWV 0DQGDWRU x 7XUQ LQSXW SRZHU RQ DIWHU DWWDFKLQJ WKH IURQW FRYHU :KHQ VWRULQJ LQVLGH WKH FDELQHW DQG XVLQJ ZLWK WKH IURQW FRYHU UHPRYHG DOZDV FORVH WKH FDELQHW GRRUV ILUVW DQG WKHQ WXUQ SRZHU RQ ,I WKH SRZHU LV WXUQHG RQ ZLWK WKH IURQW FRYHU RU WKH FDELQHW GRRUV RSHQ LW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 0DNH VXUH WKDW RSHUDWLRQ VLJQDOV DUH RII EHIRUH UHVHWWLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU DIWHU PDOIXQFWLRQ ,I WKH LQYHUWHU LV UHVHW EHIRUH WXUQLQJ RII WKH RSHUDWLQJ VLJQDO WKH PRWRU PD UHVWDUW VXG GHQO FDXVLQJ LQMXU
  6. 6. ( ,:DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 2EVHUYH DOO SHUPLVVLEOH RSHUDWLQJ UDQJHV RI PRWRUV DQG PHFKDQLFDO HTXLSPHQW 5HIHU WR WKH PRWRU V LQVWUXFWLRQ PDQXDO 1RW REVHUYLQJ WKHVH UDQJHV PD UHVXOW LQ LQMXU :KHQ VHTXHQFH IRU UHVWDUW DIWHU D PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH LV VHOHFWHG LQYHUWHU :DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 0DQGDWRU x 6WDQG FOHDU RI PRWRUV DQG PHFKDQLFDO HTXLSPHQW ,I WKH PRWRU VWRSV GXH WR D PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH WKH HTXLSPHQW ZLOO VWDUW VXGGHQO DI WHU SRZHU UHFRYHUV 7KLV FRXOG UHVXOW LQ XQH[SHFWHG LQMXU x $WWDFK ZDUQLQJV DERXW VXGGHQ UHVWDUW DIWHU D PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH RQ LQYHUWHUV PR WRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW IRU SUHYHQWLRQ RI DFFLGHQWV LQ DGYDQFH :KHQ UHWU IXQFWLRQ LV VHOHFWHG LQYHUWHU :DUQLQJ 6HH LWHP 0DQGDWRU x 6WDQG FOHDU RI PRWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW ,I WKH PRWRU DQG HTXLSPHQW VWRS ZKHQ WKH DODUP LV JLYHQ VHOHFWLRQ RI WKH UHWU IXQFWLRQ ZLOO UHVWDUW WKHP VXGGHQO DIWHU WKH VSHFLILHG WLPH KDV HODSVHG 7KLV FRXOG UHVXOW LQ XQH[ SHFWHG LQMXU x $WWDFK ZDUQLQJV DERXW VXGGHQ UHVWDUW LQ UHWU IXQFWLRQ RQ LQYHUWHUV PRWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW IRU SUHYHQWLRQ RI DFFLGHQWV LQ DGYDQFH 0DLQWHQDQFH DQG LQVSHFWLRQ 'DQJHU 6HH LWHP 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW UHSODFH SDUWV 7KLV FRXOG EH D FDXVH RI HOHFWULF VKRFN ILUH DQG ERGLO LQMXU 7R UHSODFH SDUWV FDOO WKH OR FDO VDOHV DJHQF 0DQGDWRU x 7KH HTXLSPHQW PXVW EH LQVSHFWHG HYHU GD ,I WKH HTXLSPHQW LV QRW LQVSHFWHG DQG PDLQWDLQHG HUURUV DQG PDOIXQFWLRQV PD QRW EH GLV FRYHUHG DQG WKDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ DFFLGHQWV x %HIRUH LQVSHFWLRQ SHUIRUP WKH IROORZLQJ VWHSV 7XUQ RII DOO LQSXW SRZHU WR WKH LQYHUWHU :DLW IRU DW OHDVW WHQ PLQXWHV DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH FKDUJH ODPS LV QR ORQJHU OLW 8VH D WHVWHU WKDW FDQ PHDVXUH ' YROWDJHV 9' RU PRUH DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH YROWDJH WR WKH ' PDLQ FLUFXLWV DFURVV 3$3 LV 9 RU OHVV ,I LQVSHFWLRQ LV SHUIRUPHG ZLWKRXW SHUIRUPLQJ WKHVH VWHSV ILUVW LW FRXOG OHDG WR HOHFWULF VKRFN
  7. 7. ( , 'LVSRVDO :DUQLQJ 0DQGDWRU x ,I RX WKURZ DZD WKH LQYHUWHU KDYH LW GRQH E D VSHFLDOLVW LQ LQGXVWU ZDVWH GLVSRVDO ,I RX WKURZ DZD WKH LQYHUWHU E RXUVHOI WKLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ H[SORVLRQ RI FDSDFLWRU RU SURGXFH QR[LRXV JDVHV UHVXOWLQJ LQ LQMXU 3HUVRQV ZKR VSHFLDOL]H LQ WKH SURFHVVLQJ RI ZDVWH DQG NQRZQ DV LQGXVWULDO ZDVWH SURGXFW FROOHFWRUV DQG WUDQVSRUWHUV RU LQGXVWULDO ZDVWH GLVSRVDO SHUVRQV ,I WKH FROOHFWLRQ WUDQVSRUW DQG GLVSRVDO RI LQGXVWULDO ZDVWH LV GRQH E VRPHRQH ZKR LV QRW OLFHQVHG IRU WKDW MRE LW LV D SXQLVKDEOH YLRODWLRQ RI WKH ODZ ODZV LQ UHJDUG WR FOHDQLQJ DQG SURFHVVLQJ RI ZDVWH PDWHULDOV $WWDFK ZDUQLQJ ODEHOV 6KRZQ KHUH DUH H[DPSOHV RI ZDUQLQJ ODEHOV WR SUHYHQW LQ DGYDQFH DFFLGHQWV LQ UHODWLRQ WR LQYHUWHUV PRWRUV DQG RWKHU HTXLSPHQW ,I WKH LQYHUWHU KDV EHHQ SURJUDPPHG IRU DXWRUHVWDUW IXQFWLRQ DIWHU PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH RU UHWU IXQFWLRQ SODFH ZDUQLQJ ODEHOV LQ D SODFH ZKHUH WKH FDQ EH HDVLO VHHQ DQG UHDG ,I WKH LQYHUWHU KDV EHHQ SURJUDPPHG IRU UHVWDUW VH TXHQFH RI PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH SODFH ZDUQLQJ ODEHOV LQ D SODFH ZKHUH WKH FDQ EH HDVLO VHHQ DQG UHDG ([DPSOH RI ZDUQLQJ ODEHO ,I WKH UHWU IXQFWLRQ KDV EHHQ VHOHFWHG SODFH ZDUQLQJ ODEHOV LQ D ORFDWLRQ ZKHUH WKH FDQ EH HDVLO VHHQ DQG UHDG ([DPSOH RI ZDUQLQJ ODEHO :DUQLQJ )XQFWLRQV SUR JUDPPHG IRU UHVWDUW 'R QRW JR QHDU PRWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW 0RWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW WKDW KDYH VWRSSHG WHPSRUDULO DI WHU PRPHQWDU SRZHU IDLOXUH ZLOO UHVWDUW VXGGHQO DIWHU UHFRYHU :DUQLQJ )XQFWLRQV SUR JUDPPHG IRU UHWU 'R QRW JR QHDU PRWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW 0RWRUV DQG HTXLSPHQW WKDW KDYH VWRSSHG WHPSRUDULO DI WHU DQ DODUP ZLOO UHVWDUW VXGGHQO DIWHU WKH VSHFL ILHG WLPH KDV HODSVHG
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x RPPXQLFDWLRQ IXQFWLRQV 5656 x ([WHQVLRQ SDQHO3DUDPHWHU ZULWHU x ',1 UDLO NLW )RU 9 FODVV WR N: x )RRWPRXQWHG WHS QRLVH UHGXFWLRQ ILOWHU (0 GLUHFWLYH )RU FODVV $ DQG FODVV % x 2WKHU RSWLRQV DUH FRPPRQ WR DOO PRGHOV
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
  11. 11. ( LLL %HIRUH PDNLQJ D VHUYLFH FDOO7ULS LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG UHPHGLHV 0 7ULS FDXVHVZDUQLQJV DQG UHPHGLHV 0 5HVWRULQJ WKH LQYHUWHU IURP D WULS 0 ,I WKH PRWRU GRHV QRW UXQ ZKLOH QR WULS PHVVDJH LV GLVSODHG«0 +RZ WR GHWHUPLQH WKH FDXVHV RI RWKHU SUREOHPV0 ,QVSHFWLRQ DQG PDLQWHQDQFH1 5HJXODU LQVSHFWLRQ1 3HULRGLFDO LQVSHFWLRQ1 0DNLQJ D FDOO IRU VHUYLFLQJ 1 .HHSLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU LQ VWRUDJH1 :DUUDQW 2 'LVSRVDO RI WKH LQYHUWHU3
  12. 12. ( $ 5HDG ILUVW KHFN SURGXFW SXUFKDVH %HIRUH XVLQJ WKH SURGXFW RX KDYH SXUFKDVHG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW LW LV H[DFWO ZKDW RX RUGHUHG :DUQLQJ 0DQGDWRU 8VH DQ LQYHUWHU WKDW FRQIRUPV WR WKH VSHFLILFDWLRQV RI SRZHU VXSSO DQG WKUHHSKDVH LQGXFWLRQ PRWRU EH LQJ XVHG ,I WKH LQYHUWHU EHLQJ XVHG GRHV QRW FRQIRUP WR WKRVH VSHFLILFDWLRQV QRW RQO ZLOO WKH WKUHHSKDVH LQGXFWLRQ PRWRU QRW URWDWH FRUUHFWO EXW LW PD FDXVH VHULRXV DFFLGHQWV WKURXJK RYHUKHDWLQJ DQG ILUH Name plate ,QYHUWHU WSH 3RZHU VXSSO 5DWHG RXWSXW FXUUHQW DQG FDSDFLW 7SH LQGLFDWLRQ :DUQLQJ ODEHO ,QYHUWHU PDLQ XQLW 1DPH SODWH $SSOLFDEOH PRWRU ODEHO 3HW QDPH 0RWRU FDSDFLW 3RZHU VXSSO DUWRQ ER[
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†† 6SHFLDO VSHFLILFDWLRQ FRGH †† LV WKH QXPEHU : /RJLF QHJDWLYHSRVLWLYH LV VZLWFKHG E RQHWRXFK RSHUDWLRQ 6HH
  14. 14. ( $ 1DPHV DQG IXQFWLRQV 2XWVLGH YLHZ (1 ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ HQHUJVDYLQJ PRGH LV LQ RSHUDWLRQ 581 NH ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ WKH 581 NH LV HQDEOHG 581 NH 3UHVVLQJ WKLV NH ZKLOH WKH 581 NH ODPS LV OLJKWHG VWDUWV RSHUDWLRQV 581 ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ WKH LQYHUWHU LV RSHUDWLQJ %OLQNV ZKHQ WKH DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ LV RSHUDWLQJ 021 ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ WKH LQYHUWHU LV LQ PRQLWRU PRGH 35* ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ WKH LQYHUWHU LV LQ SDUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ PRGH 0RQLWRU NH 'LVSODV RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF SDUDPHWHUV DQG HUURU FDXVHV %XLOWLQ SRWHQWLRPHWHU ODPS (QWHU NH 'RZQ NH 8S NH 6723 NH (YHU SUHVVLQJ RI WKLV NH ZKLOH WKH 581 NH ODPS LV OLW ZLOO FDXVH D VORZGRZQ VWRS 9( ODPS /LJKWV ZKHQ VHQVRUOHVV YHFWRU RSHUDWLRQ FRQWURO LV UXQQLQJ %XLOWLQ SRWHQWLRPHWHU 2SHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF FDQ EH FKDQJHG ZKHQ WKH EXLOWLQ SRWHQWLRPHWHU ODPS LV OLW 8SGRZQ NH ODPS 3UHVVLQJ XS RU GRZQ NH ZKHQ WKLV ODPS LV OLJKWHG DOORZV WKH VHWWLQJ RI RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF )URQW SDQHO @
  15. 15. ( $ RQQHFWRU FRYHU IRU FRPPRQ VHULDO RSWLRQ 6OLGH WKLV FRYHU WR WKH ULJKW WR XVH WKH FRQQHFWRUV IRU RSWLRQV x 3DUDPHWHU ZULWHU x ([WHQVLRQ SDQHO x 5656 KDUJH ODPS ,QGLFDWHV WKDW KLJK YROWDJH LV VWLOO SUHVHQW ZLWKLQ WKH LQYHUWHU 'R QRW RSHQ WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG FRYHU ZKLOH WKLV LV OLW 7HUPLQDO ERDUG FRYHU RYHUV WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG $OZDV VKXW WLJKW EHIRUH RSHUDWLRQ VR WKDW WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG LV QRW WRXFKHG DFFLGHQWDOO 7HUPLQDO ERDUG FRYHU ORFN VFUHZV
  16. 16. ( $ [Bottom] [Side] Wiring hole Top warning label Note 1) Name Plate Cooling fin Ventilation slits 1RWH ,I DPELHQW WHPSHUDWXUH LV KLJK SHHO RII WKLV ODEHO 5HPRYLQJ ODEHO LQYDOLGDWHV 1(0$ UDWLQJ XQOHVV HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW ([DPSOH RI WKH ODEHO
  17. 17. ( $ 0DLQ FLUFXLW DQG FRQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUGV 0DLQ FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG ,Q FDVH RI WKH OXJ FRQQHFWRU FRYHU WKH OXJ FRQQHFWRU ZLWK LQVXODWHG WXEH RU XVH WKH LQVXODWHG OXJ FRQ QHFWRU 6FUHZ VL]H WLJKWHQLQJ WRUTXH 0 VFUHZ 1 y P 0 VFUHZ 1 y P 0 VFUHZ 1 y P 0 VFUHZ 1 y P 9)663/ a 3/ M3 screw (2002∼2007) M4 screw (2015/2022) Shorting-bar Grounding terminal M5 screw Screw hole of EMC plate PO PA PB R/L1 S/L2 PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3
  18. 18. ( $ 9)6630 a 30 PO R/L1 PA PB S/L2 T/L3 PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 M3 screw (2002∼2007) M4 screw (2015) Shorting-bar Grounding terminal M5 screw Screw hole of EMC plate 9)63030 9)63/ a 3/ PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3PB PAPO R/L1 S/L2 T/L3 M4 screw Shorting-bar Grounding terminal M5 screwScrew hole of EMC plate
  19. 19. ( $ 9)63/3/ 3/3/ R/L1 S/L2 T/L3 PO PA PB PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 Shoriting-bar M5 screw Grounding terminal M5 screw Screw hole of EMC plate 9)63030 3/3/ R/L1 S/L2 T/L3 PO PA PB PC U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 M6 screw Shorting-bar Grounding terminal M5 screw Screw hole of EMC plate ,Q FDVH RI WKH OXJ FRQQHFWRU FRYHU WKH OXJ FRQQHFWRU ZLWK LQVXODWHG WXEH RU XVH WKH LQVXODWHG OXJ FRQ QHFWRU
  20. 20. ( $ RQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG 7KH FRQWURO FLUFXLW WHUPLQDO ERDUG LV FRPPRQ WR DOO HTXLSPHQW FLA FLB FLC RY RC CC VIA VIB PP II FM F R RST S1 S2 S3 CC OUT P24 FMV /FMC SOURCE /SINK M3 screw (0.5N・m) M2 screw (0.25N・m) JP302 JP301JP301A Case of SINK JP301: Input JP301A: Output :LUH VL]H 6ROLG ZLUH WR PP 6WUDQGHG ZLUH WR PP $:* WR 6KHDWK VWULS OHQJWK PP :LUH VL]H 6ROLG ZLUH WR PP 6WUDQGHG ZLUH WR PP $:* WR 6KHDWK VWULS OHQJWK PP 6HH IRU GHWDLOV RQ DOO WHUPLQDO IXQFWLRQV +RZ WR RSHQ WKH IURQW WHUPLQDO ERDUG FRYHU 7R ZLUH WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG UHPRYH WKH IURQW ORZHU FRYHU LQ OLQH ZLWK WKH VWHSV JLYHQ EHORZ Remove the screw at the right hand side of the front cover. Pull and lift the front (terminal board) cover out toward you.
  21. 21. ( $ 1RWHV RQ WKH DSSOLFDWLRQ 0RWRUV :KHQ WKH 9)6 DQG WKH PRWRU DUH XVHG LQ FRQMXQFWLRQ SD DWWHQWLRQ WR WKH IROORZLQJ LWHPV :DUQLQJ 0DQGDWRU 8VH DQ LQYHUWHU WKDW FRQIRUPV WR WKH VSHFLILFDWLRQV RI WKH WKUHHSKDVH LQGXFWLRQ PRWRU DQG SRZHU VXSSO EHLQJ XVHG ,I WKH LQYHUWHU EHLQJ XVHG GRHV QRW FRQIRUP WR WKRVH VSHFLILFDWLRQV QRW RQO ZLOO WKH WKUHH SKDVH LQGXFWLRQ PRWRU QRW URWDWH FRUUHFWO EXW LW PD FDXVHV VHULRXV DFFLGHQWV WKURXJK RYHUKHDWLQJ DQG ILUH RPSDULVRQV ZLWK FRPPHUFLDO SRZHU RSHUDWLRQ 7KH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU HPSORV WKH VLQXVRLGDO 3:0 VVWHP +RZHYHU WKH RXWSXW YROWDJH DQG RXWSXW FXU UHQW GR QRW DVVXPH D SUHFLVH VLQH ZDYH WKH KDYH D GLVWRUWHG ZDYH WKDW LV FORVH WR VLQXVRLGDO ZDYH IRUP 7KLV LV ZK FRPSDUHG WR RSHUDWLRQ ZLWK D FRPPHUFLDO SRZHU WKHUH ZLOO EH D VOLJKW LQFUHDVH LQ PR WRU WHPSHUDWXUH QRLVH DQG YLEUDWLRQ 2SHUDWLRQ LQ WKH ORZVSHHG DUHD :KHQ UXQQLQJ FRQWLQXRXVO DW ORZ VSHHG LQ FRQMXQFWLRQ ZLWK D JHQHUDO SXUSRVH PRWRU WKHUH PD EH D GHFOLQH LQ WKDW PRWRU V FRROLQJ HIIHFW ,I WKLV KDSSHQV RSHUDWH ZLWK WKH RXWSXW GHFUHDVHG IURP UDWHG ORDG ,I RX ZDQW WR UXQ FRQWLQXRXVO ORZ VSHHG RSHUDWLRQV DW UDWHG WRUTXH SOHDVH XVH WKH 9) PRWRU PDGH HVSHFLDOO IRU 7RVKLED LQYHUWHU :KHQ RSHUDWLQJ LQ FRQMXQFWLRQ ZLWK D 9) PRWRU RX PXVW FKDQJH WKH LQYHUWHU V PRWRU RYHUORDG SURWHFWLRQ OHYHO WR 9) PRWRU XVH $GMXVWLQJ WKH RYHUORDG SURWHFWLRQ OHYHO 7KH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU SURWHFWV DJDLQVW RYHUORDGV ZLWK LWV RYHUORDG GHWHFWLRQ FLUFXLWV HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO 7KH HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO V UHIHUHQFH FXUUHQW LV VHW WR WKH LQYHUWHU V UDWHG FXUUHQW VR WKDW LW PXVW EH DG MXVWHG LQ OLQH ZLWK WKH UDWHG FXUUHQW RI WKH JHQHUDO SXUSRVH PRWRU EHLQJ XVHG LQ FRPELQDWLRQ +LJK VSHHG RSHUDWLRQ DW DQG DERYH +] 2SHUDWLQJ DW IUHTXHQFLHV JUHDWHU WKDQ +] ZLOO LQFUHDVH QRLVH DQG YLEUDWLRQ 7KHUH LV DOVR D SRVVLELOLW WKDW VXFK RSHUDWLRQ ZLOO H[FHHG WKH PRWRU V PHFKDQLFDO VWUHQJWK OLPLWV DQG WKH EHDULQJ OLPLWV VR WKDW RX VKRXOG LQTXLUH WR WKH PRWRU V PDQXIDFWXUHU DERXW VXFK RSHUDWLRQ 0HWKRG RI OXEULFDWLQJ ORDG PHFKDQLVPV 2SHUDWLQJ DQ RLOOXEULFDWHG UHGXFWLRQ JHDU DQG JHDU PRWRU LQ WKH ORZVSHHG DUHDV ZLOO ZRUVHQ WKH OXEUL FDWLQJ HIIHFW KHFN ZLWK WKH PDQXIDFWXUHU RI WKH UHGXFWLRQ JHDU WR ILQG RXW DERXW RSHUDEOH JHDULQJ DUHD
  22. 22. ( $ ([WUHPHO ORZ ORDGV DQG ORZ LQHUWLD ORDGV 7KH PRWRU PD GHPRQVWUDWH LQVWDELOLW VXFK DV DEQRUPDO YLEUDWLRQV RU RYHUFXUUHQW WULSV DW OLJKW ORDGV RI SHUFHQW RU XQGHU RI WKH ORDG SHUFHQWDJH RU ZKHQ WKH ORDG V LQHUWLD PRPHQW LV H[WUHPHO VPDOO ,I WKDW KDSSHQV UHGXFH WKH FDUULHU IUHTXHQF 2FFXUUHQFH RI LQVWDELOLW 8QVWDEOH SKHQRPHQD PD RFFXU XQGHU WKH ORDG DQG PRWRU FRPELQDWLRQV VKRZQ EHORZ RPELQHG ZLWK D PRWRU WKDW H[FHHGV DSSOLFDEOH PRWRU UDWLQJV UHFRPPHQGHG IRU WKH LQYHUWHU RPELQHG ZLWK VSHFLDO PRWRUV VXFK DV H[SORVLRQSURRI PRWRUV 7R GHDO ZLWK WKH DERYH ORZHU WKH VHWWLQJV RI LQYHUWHU FDUULHU IUHTXHQF 'R QRW VHW WR N+] RU ORZHU GXULQJ YHFWRU FRQWURO RPELQHG ZLWK FRXSOLQJV EHWZHHQ ORDG GHYLFHV DQG PRWRUV ZLWK KLJK EDFNODVK ,Q WKLV FDVH VHW WKH 6SDWWHUQ DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ IXQFWLRQ DQG DGMXVW WKH UHVSRQVH WLPH LQHUWLDO PRPHQW VHWWLQJ GXULQJ YHFWRU FRQWURO RU VZLWFK WR 9I FRQWURO RPELQHG ZLWK ORDGV WKDW KDYH VKDUS IOXFWXDWLRQV LQ URWDWLRQ VXFK DV SLVWRQ PRYHPHQWV ,Q WKLV FDVH DGMXVW WKH UHVSRQVH WLPH LQHUWLDO PRPHQW VHWWLQJ GXULQJ YHFWRU FRQWURO RU VZLWFK WR 9I FRQWURO %UDNLQJ D PRWRU ZKHQ FXWWLQJ RII SRZHU VXSSO $ PRWRU ZLWK LWV SRZHU FXW RII JRHV LQWR IUHHUXQ DQG GRHV QRW VWRS LPPHGLDWHO 7R VWRS WKH PRWRU TXLFNO DV VRRQ DV WKH SRZHU LV FXW RII LQVWDOO DQ DX[LOLDU EUDNH 7KHUH DUH GLIIHUHQW NLQGV RI EUDNH GH YLFHV ERWK HOHFWULFDO DQG PHFKDQLFDO 6HOHFW WKH EUDNH WKDW LV EHVW IRU WKH VVWHP /RDGV WKDW JHQHUDWH QHJDWLYH WRUTXH :KHQ FRPELQHG ZLWK ORDGV WKDW JHQHUDWH QHJDWLYH WRUTXH WKH SURWHFWLRQ IRU RYHUYROWDJH DQG RYHUFXUUHQW RQ WKH LQYHUWHU ZLOO JR LQWR RSHUDWLRQ DQG PD FDXVH D WULS )RU WKLV NLQG RI VLWXDWLRQ RX PXVW LQVWDOO D GQDPLF EUDNLQJ UHVLVWRU HWF WKDW FRPSOLHV ZLWK WKH ORDG FRQGLWLRQV 0RWRU ZLWK EUDNH ,I D PRWRU ZLWK EUDNH LV FRQQHFWHG GLUHFWO WR WKH RXWSXW VLGH RI WKH LQYHUWHU WKH EUDNH ZLOO QRW UHOHDVH EHFDXVH YROWDJH DW VWDUWXS LV ORZ :LUH WKH EUDNH FLUFXLW VHSDUDWHO IURP WKH PRWRU V PDLQ FLUFXLWV 7KUHHSKDVH SRZHU VXSSO 7KUHHSKDVH SRZHU VXSSO 0 0 % 5 5 0 0 0 0 1RQH[FLWLQJ EUDNH % ,0 0 0 0 )/% )/ 67 0 ,0 LUFXLW RQILJXUDWLRQ LUFXLW RQILJXUDWLRQ ,Q FLUFXLW FRQILJXUDWLRQ WKH EUDNH LV WXUQHG RQ DQG RII WKURXJK 0 DQG 0 ,I WKH FLUFXLW LV FRQILJ
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
  26. 26. ( $ 5HPHGLHV 8VH WKH HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO EXLOW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU 7KH VHWWLQJ RI WKH HOHFWURQLF WKHUPDO LV GRQH XVLQJ SDUDPHWHU 5HGXFH WKH LQYHUWHU V 3:0 FDUULHU IUHTXHQF +RZHYHU WKDW ZLOO LQFUHDVH WKH PRWRU V PDJQHWLF QRLVH 8VH SDUDPHWHU IRU VHWWLQJ WKH 3:0 FDUULHU IUHTXHQF 7KLV FDQ EH LPSURYHG E LQVWDOOLQJ PaP)9 ILOP FDSDFLWRU WR WKH LQSXWRXWSXW WHUPLQDOV RI HDFK SKDVH LQ WKH WKHUPDO UHOD 7KHUPDO UHOD 7 DQG DPPHWHU ,I D 7 DQG DPPHWHU DUH FRQQHFWHG H[WHUQDOO WR GHWHFW LQYHUWHU RXWSXW FXUUHQW WKH OHDN FXUUHQW V KLJK IUHTXHQF FRPSRQHQW PD GHVWUR WKH DPPHWHU ,I WKH ZLUHV DUH PRUH WKDQ PHWHUV ORQJ LW ZLOO EH HDV IRU WKH KLJK IUHTXHQF FRPSRQHQW WR SDVV WKURXJK WKH H[WHUQDOO FRQQHFWHG 7 DQG EH VXSHULP SRVHG RQ DQG EXUQ WKH DPPHWHU ZLWK PRGHOV KDYLQJ PRWRUV RI ORZ UDWHG FXUUHQW VHYHUDO $ DPSHUH RU OHVV HVSHFLDOO WKH 9 FODVV ORZ FDSDFLW N: RU OHVV PRGHOV EHFDXVH WKH OHDN FXUUHQW ZLOO LQ FUHDVH LQ SURSRUWLRQ WR WKH PRWRU V UDWHG FXUUHQW 5HPHGLHV 8VH D PHWHU RXWSXW WHUPLQDO LQ WKH LQYHUWHU FRQWURO FLUFXLW 7KH RXWSXW FXUUHQW FDQ EH RXWSXW RQ WKH PHWHU RXWSXW WHUPLQDO )0 ,I WKH PHWHU LV FRQQHFWHG XVH DQ DPPHWHU RI P$GF IXOO VFDOH RU D YROWPHWHU RI 9P$ IXOO VFDOH 8VH WKH PRQLWRU IXQFWLRQV EXLOW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU 8VH WKH PRQLWRU IXQFWLRQV RQ WKH SDQHO EXLOW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU WR FKHFN FXUUHQW YDOXHV
  27. 27. ( $ ,QVWDOODWLRQ 3 ,QVWDOODWLRQ HQYLURQPHQW 7KH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU LV DQ HOHFWURQLF FRQWURO LQVWUXPHQW 7DNH IXOO FRQVLGHUDWLRQ WR LQVWDOOLQJ LW LQ WKH SURSHU RSHUDWLQJ HQYLURQPHQW 'DQJHU 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW SODFH DQ LQIODPPDEOH VXEVWDQFHV QHDU WKH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU ,I DQ DFFLGHQW RFFXUV LQ ZKLFK IODPH LV HPLWWHG WKLV FRXOG OHDG WR ILUH 0DQGDWRU x 2SHUDWH XQGHU WKH HQYLURQPHQWDO FRQGLWLRQV SUHVFULEHG LQ WKH LQVWUXFWLRQ PDQXDO 2SHUDWLRQV XQGHU DQ RWKHU FRQGLWLRQV PD UHVXOW LQ PDOIXQFWLRQ :DUQLQJ 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW LQVWDOO WKH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ VXEMHFW WR ODUJH DPRXQWV RI YLEUDWLRQ 7KLV FRXOG FDXVH WKH XQLW WR IDOO UHVXOWLQJ LQ ERGLO LQMXU 0DQGDWRU x KHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH LQSXW SRZHU YROWDJH LV RI WKH UDWHG SRZHU YROWDJH ZULWWHQ RQ WKH UDWLQJ ODEHO r ZKHQ WKH ORDG LV LQ FRQWLQXRXV RSHUDWLRQ ,I WKH LQSXW SRZHU YROWDJH LV QRW RI WKH UDWHG SRZHU YROWDJH r ZKHQ WKH ORDG LV LQ FRQWLQXRXV RSHUDWLRQ WKLV PD UHVXOW LQ ILUH :DUQLQJ 3URKLELWHG x $YRLG RSHUDWLRQ LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ ZKHUH WKHUH LV GLUHFW VSUDLQJ RI WKH IROORZLQJ VROYHQWV RU RWKHU FKHPL FDOV 7KH SODVWLF SDUWV PD EH GDPDJHG WR D FHUWDLQ GHJUHH GHSHQGLQJ RQ WKHLU VKDSH DQG WKHUH LV D SRVVLELOLW RI WKH SODVWLF FRYHUV FRPLQJ RII DQG WKH SODVWLF XQLWV EHLQJ GURSSHG ,I WKH FKHPLFDO RU VROYHQW LV DQWKLQJ RWKHU WKDQ WKRVH VKRZQ EHORZ SOHDVH FRQWDFW XV LQ DGYDQFH 1RWH 7KH SODVWLF FRYHU KDV UHVLVWDQFH WR GHIRUPDWLRQ E WKH DERYH DSSOLFDEOH VROYHQWV 7KH DUH QRW H[DPSOHV IRU UHVLVWDQFH WR ILUH RU H[SORVLRQ 7DEOH ([DPSOHV RI DSSOLFDEOH FKHPLFDOV DQG VROYHQWV KHPLFDO 6ROYHQW +GURFKORULF DFLG GHQVLW RI RU OHVV 0HWKDQRO 6XOIXULF DFLG GHQVLW RI RU OHVV (WKDQRO 1LWULF DFLG GHQVLW RI RU OHVV 7ULRO DXVWLF VRGD 0HVRSURSDQRO $PPRQLD *OFHULQ 6RGLXP FKORULGH VDOW 7DEOH ([DPSOHV RI XQDSSOLFDEOH FKHPLFDOV DQG VROYHQWV KHPLFDO 6ROYHQW 3KHQRO *DVROLQH NHURVHQH OLJKW RLO %HQ]HQHVXOIRQLF DFLG 7XUSHQWLQH RLO %HQ]RO 7KLQQHU
  28. 28. ( $ x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ RI KLJK WHPSHUDWXUH KLJK KXPLGLW PRLVWXUH FRQGHQVDWLRQ DQG IUHH]LQJ DQG DYRLG ORFDWLRQV ZKHUH WKHUH LV H[SRVXUH WR ZDWHU DQGRU ZKHUH WKHUH PD EH ODUJH DPRXQWV RI GXVW PHWDOOLF IUDJPHQWV DQG RLOPLVW x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ ZKHUH FRUURVLYH JDVHV RU JULQGLQJ IOXLGV DUH SUHVHQW x 2SHUDWH LQ DUHDV ZKHUH DPELHQW WHPSHUDWXUH UDQJHV IURP q WR q 2SHUDWLRQ RYHU q LV DOORZHG ZKHQ SHHO RII WKH WRS ZDUQLQJ ODEHO $QG RSHUDWLRQ RYHU q LV DO ORZHG ZKHQ UHGXFH WR q RU OHVV RI UDWHG FXUUHQW 0HDVXUHPHQW SRVLWLRQ 0HDVXUHPHQW SRVLWLRQ FP FP FP 1RWH 7KH LQYHUWHU LV D KHDWHPLWWLQJ ERG 0DNH VXUH WR SURYLGH SURSHU VSDFH DQG YHQWLODWLRQ ZKHQ LQVWDOO LQJ LQ WKH FDELQHW :KHQ LQVWDOOLQJ LQVLGH D FDELQHW ZH UHFRPPHQG SHHO RI WKH WRS VHDO DOWKRXJK q RU OHVV x 'R QRW LQVWDOO LQ DQ ORFDWLRQ WKDW LV VXEMHFW WR ODUJH DPRXQWV RI YLEUDWLRQ 1RWH ,I WKH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU LV LQVWDOOHG LQ D ORFDWLRQ WKDW LV VXEMHFW WR YLEUDWLRQ DQWLYLEUDWLRQ PHDVXUHV DUH UHTXLUHG 3OHDVH FRQVXOW ZLWK 7RVKLED DERXW WKHVH PHDVXUHV x ,I WKH 9)6 ,QYHUWHU LV LQVWDOOHG QHDU DQ RI WKH HTXLSPHQW OLVWHG EHORZ SURYLGH PHDVXUHV WR LQVXUH DJDLQVW HUURUV LQ RSHUDWLRQ 6ROHQRLGV $WWDFK VXUJH VXSSUHVVRU RQ FRLO %UDNHV $WWDFK VXUJH VXSSUHVVRU RQ FRLO 0DJQHWLF FRQWDFWRUV $WWDFK VXUJH VXSSUHVVRU RQ FRLO )OXRUHVFHQW OLJKWV $WWDFK VXUJH VXSSUHVVRU RQ FRLO 5HVLVWRUV 3ODFH IDU DZD IURP 9)6 ,QYHUWHU
  29. 29. ( $ 3 +RZ WR LQVWDOO 'DQJHU 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW LQVWDOO DQG RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU LI LW LV GDPDJHG RU DQ FRPSRQHQW LV PLVVLQJ 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH 3OHDVH FRQVXOW RXU ORFDO DJHQF IRU UHSDLUV 0DQGDWRU x 0XVW EH LQVWDOOHG LQ QRQIODPPDEOHV VXFK DV PHWDOV 7KH UHDU SDQHO JHWV YHU KRW VR WKDW LI LQVWDOODWLRQ LV LQ DQ LQIODPPDEOH REMHFW WKLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ ILUH x 'R QRW RSHUDWH ZLWK WKH IURQW SDQHO FRYHU UHPRYHG 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x $Q HPHUJHQF VWRS GHYLFH PXVW EH LQVWDOOHG WKDW ILWV ZLWK VVWHP VSHFLILFDWLRQV HJ FXWV RII LQSXW SRZHU WKHQ HQJDJHV PHFKDQLFDO EUDNHV 2SHUDWLRQ FDQQRW EH VWRSSHG LPPHGLDWHO E WKH LQYHUWHU DORQH WKXV ULVNLQJ DQ DFFLGHQW RU LQMXU x $OO RSWLRQV XVHG PXVW EH WKRVH VSHFLILHG E 7RVKLED 7KH XVH RI DQ RWKHU RSWLRQ PD UHVXOW LQ DQ DFFL GHQW :DUQLQJ 0DQGDWRU x 7KH PDLQ XQLW PXVW EH LQVWDOOHG RQ D EDVH WKDW FDQ EHDU WKH XQLW V ZHLJKW ,I WKH XQLW LV LQVWDOOHG RQ D EDVH WKDW FDQQRW ZLWKVWDQG WKDW ZHLJKW WKH XQLW PD IDOO UHVXOWLQJ LQ LQMXU x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q RU OHVV PRGHO RI N: RU OHVV 2SHUDWH DW q RU OHVV PRGHO RI N: RU PRUH xxxx 6WDQGDUG LQVWDOODWLRQ FHQWLPHWHUV RU PRUH xxxx +RUL]RQWDO LQVWDOODWLRQ VLGHEVLGH LQVWDOODWLRQ FHQWLPHWHUV RU PRUH FHQWLPHWHUV RU PRUH 5HPRYH VHDOV RQ WRS $PELHQW WHPSHUDWXUH RI G RU OHVV PRGHO RI N: RU OHVV $PELHQW WHPSHUDWXUH RI G RU OHVV PRGHO RI N: RU PRUH FHQWLPHWHUV RU PRUH FHQWLPHWHUV RU PRUH 9)6 9)6 9)6 9)6 7KH VSDFH VKRZQ LQ WKH GLDJUDP LV WKH PLQLPXP DOORZDEOH VSDFH %HFDXVH DLU FRROHG HTXLSPHQW KDV FRROLQJ IDQV EXLOW LQ RQ WKH WRS RU ERWWRP VXUIDFHV PDNH WKH VSDFH RQ WRS DQG ERWWRP DV ODUJH DV SRVVLEOH WR DOORZ IRU DLU SDVVDJH
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x :LUH VR WKDW WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW ZLUHV DQG WKH FRQWURO FLUFXLW ZLUHV DUH VHSDUDWHG 'R QRW SODFH WKHP LQ WKH VDPH FRQGXLW GR QRW UXQ WKHP SDUDOOHO DQG GR QRW EXQGOH WKHP x 3URYLGH VKLHOGLQJ DQG WZLVWHG ZLUH IRU FRQWURO FLUFXLW ZLULQJ x 6HSDUDWH WKH LQSXW SRZHU DQG RXWSXW PRWRU ZLUHV RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW 'R QRW SODFH WKHP LQ WKH VDPH FRQGXLW GR QRW UXQ WKHP SDUDOOHO DQG GR QRW EXQGOH WKHP x *URXQG WKH LQYHUWHU JURXQG WHUPLQDOV x ,QVWDOO VXUJH VXSSUHVVRU RQ DQ PDJQHWLF FRQWDFWRU DQG UHOD FRLOV XVHG DURXQG WKH LQYHUWHU
  31. 31. ( $ x ,QVWDOO QRLVH ILOWHUV LI QHFHVVDU x ,QVWDOO (0 SODWH DWWDFKHG DV VWDQGDUG DQG VKLHOGHG ZLUHV ILW ZLWK WKH (0 SODWH EMC plate 3 ,QVWDOOLQJ PRUH WKDQ RQH XQLW LQ D FDELQHW ,I RX DUH LQVWDOOLQJ WZR RU PRUH LQYHUWHUV LQ RQH FDELQHW SD DWWHQWLRQ WR WKH IROORZLQJ x (QVXUH D VSDFH RI DW OHDVW FHQWLPHWHUV RQ WKH OHIW DQG ULJKW VLGHV RI WKH LQYHUWHUV ,I WKH LQYHUWHUV DUH KRUL]RQWDOO DUUDQJHG ZLWK QR VSDFH EHWZHHQ WKHP VLGHEVLGH LQVWDOODWLRQ UH PRYH WKH YHQWLODWLRQ VHDOV RQ WRS RI WKH LQYHUWHUV DQG RSHUDWH DW ƒ RU OHVV PRGHO RI N: RU OHVV RU ƒ PRGHO RI N: RU PRUH x (QVXUH D VSDFH RI DW OHDVW FHQWLPHWHUV RQ WKH WRS DQG ERWWRP RI WKH LQYHUWHUV x ,QVWDOO DQ DLU GHIOHFWLQJ SODWH VR WKDW WKH KHDW ULVLQJ XS IURP WKH LQYHUWHU RQ WKH ERWWRP GRHV QRW DIIHFW WKH LQYHUWHU RQ WKH WRS 9HQWLODWLRQ IDQ ,QYHUWHU $LU GHIOHFWLQJ SODWH ,QYHUWHU
  32. 32. ( % RQQHFWLRQ HTXLSPHQW 'DQJHU 'LVDVVHPEO SURKLELWHG x 1HYHU GLVDVVHPEOH PRGLI RU UHSDLU 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN ILUH DQG LQMXU )RU UHSDLUV FDOO RXU VDOHV DJHQF 3URKLELWHG x 'RQ¶W VWLFN RXU ILQJHUV LQWR RSHQLQJV VXFK DV FDEOH ZLULQJ KROH DQG FRROLQJ IDQ FRYHUV 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU RWKHU LQMXU x 'RQ W SODFH RU LQVHUW DQ NLQG RI REMHFW LQWR WKH LQYHUWHU HOHFWULFDO ZLUH FXWWLQJV URGV ZLUHV 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH x 'R QRW DOORZ ZDWHU RU DQ RWKHU IOXLG WR FRPH LQ FRQWDFW ZLWK WKH LQYHUWHU 7KDW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH :DUQLQJ 3URKLELWHG x :KHQ WUDQVSRUWLQJ RU FDUULQJ GR QRW KROG E WKH IURQW SDQHO FRYHUV 7KH FRYHUV PD FRPH RII DQG WKH XQLW ZLOO GURS RXW UHVXOWLQJ LQ LQMXU DXWLRQV RQ ZLULQJ 'DQJHU 3URKLELWHG x 1HYHU UHPRYH WKH IURQW FRYHU ZKHQ SRZHU LV RQ RU RSHQ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW 7KH XQLW FRQWDLQV PDQ KLJK YROWDJH SDUWV DQG FRQWDFW ZLWK WKHP ZLOO UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN 0DQGDWRU x 7XUQ SRZHU RQ RQO DIWHU DWWDFKLQJ WKH IURQW FRYHU RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW ,I SRZHU LV WXUQHG RQ ZLWKRXW WKH IURQW FRYHU DWWDFKHG RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW 7KLV FDQ UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU RWKHU LQMXU x (OHFWULFDO FRQVWUXFWLRQ ZRUN PXVW EH GRQH E D TXDOLILHG H[SHUW RQQHFWLRQ RI LQSXW SRZHU E VRPHRQH ZKR GRHV QRW KDYH WKDW H[SHUW NQRZOHGJH PD UHVXOW LQ ILUH RU HOHFWULF VKRFN x RQQHFW RXWSXW WHUPLQDOV PRWRU VLGH FRUUHFWO ,I WKH SKDVH VHTXHQFH LV LQFRUUHFW WKH PRWRU ZLOO RSHUDWH LQ UHYHUVH DQG WKDW PD UHVXOW LQ LQMXU x :LULQJ PXVW EH GRQH DIWHU LQVWDOODWLRQ ,I ZLULQJ LV GRQH SULRU WR LQVWDOODWLRQ WKDW PD UHVXOW LQ LQMXU RU HOHFWULF VKRFN x 7KH IROORZLQJ VWHSV PXVW EH SHUIRUPHG EHIRUH ZLULQJ 6KXW RII DOO LQSXW SRZHU :DLW DW OHDVW WHQ PLQXWHV DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH FKDUJH ODPS LV QR ORQJHU OLW 8VH D WHVWHU WKDW FDQ PHDVXUH ' YROWDJH 9' RU PRUH DQG FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW WKH YROWDJH WR WKH ' PDLQ FLUFXLWV DFURVV 3$3 LV 9 RU OHVV ,I WKHVH VWHSV DUH QRW SURSHUO SHUIRUPHG WKH ZLULQJ ZLOO FDXVH HOHFWULF VKRFN x 7LJKWHQ WKH VFUHZV RQ WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG WR VSHFLILHG WRUTXH ,I WKH VFUHZV DUH QRW WLJKWHQHG WR WKH VSHFLILHG WRUTXH LW PD OHDG WR ILUH
  33. 33. ( % 'DQJHU %H *URXQGHG x *URXQG PXVW EH FRQQHFWHG VHFXUHO ,I WKH JURXQG LV QRW VHFXUHO FRQQHFWHG LW FRXOG OHDG WR HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH ZKHQ D PDOIXQFWLRQ RU FXU UHQW OHDN RFFXUV :DUQLQJ 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW DWWDFK GHYLFHV ZLWK EXLOWLQ FDSDFLWRUV VXFK DV QRLVH ILOWHUV RU VXUJH DEVRUEHU WR WKH RXWSXW PRWRU VLGH WHUPLQDO 7KLV FRXOG FDXVH D ILUH Q 3UHYHQWLQJ UDGLR QRLVH 7R SUHYHQW HOHFWULFDO LQWHUIHUHQFH VXFK DV UDGLR QRLVH VHSDUDWHO EXQGOH ZLUHV WR WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW V SRZHU WHUPLQDOV 5/ 6/ 7/ DQG ZLUHV WR WKH PRWRU WHUPLQDOV 87 97 :7 Q RQWURO DQG PDLQ SRZHU VXSSO 7KH FRQWURO SRZHU VXSSO DQG WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW SRZHU VXSSO IRU WKH 9)6 DUH WKH VDPH ,I D PDOIXQFWLRQ RU WULS FDXVHV WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW WR EH VKXW RII FRQWURO SRZHU ZLOO DOVR EH VKXW RII :KHQ FKHFNLQJ WKH FDXVH RI WKH PDOIXQFWLRQ RU WKH WULS XVH WKH WULS KROGLQJ UHWHQWLRQ VHOHFWLRQ SDUDPHWHU Q :LULQJ x %HFDXVH WKH VSDFH EHWZHHQ WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW WHUPLQDOV LV VPDOO XVH VOHHYHG SUHVVXUH WHUPLQDOV IRU WKH FRQQHFWLRQV RQQHFW WKH WHUPLQDOV VR WKDW DGMDFHQW WHUPLQDOV GR QRW WRXFK HDFK RWKHU x )RU JURXQG WHUPLQDO XVH ZLUHV RI WKH VL]H WKDW LV HTXLYDOHQW WR RU ODUJHU WKDQ WKRVH JLYHQ LQ WDEOH DQG DOZDV JURXQG WKH LQYHUWHU 9 YROWDJH FODVV ' WSH JURXQG IRUPHU WSH JURXQG@ 9 FODVV WSH JURXQG IRUPHU VSHFLDO WSH JURXQG@ 8VH DV ODUJH DQG VKRUW D JURXQG ZLUH DV SRVVLEOH DQG ZLUH LW DV FORVH DV SRVVLEOH WR WKH LQYHUWHU x 6HH WKH WDEOH LQ IRU ZLUH VL]HV x 7KH OHQJWK RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW ZLUH LQ VKRXOG EH QR ORQJHU WKDQ PHWHUV ,I WKH ZLUH LV ORQJHU WKDQ PHWHUV WKH ZLUH VL]H GLDPHWHU PXVW EH LQFUHDVHG
  34. 34. ( % 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQV 'DQJHU 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW FRQQHFW LQSXW SRZHU WR WKH RXWSXW PRWRU VLGH WHUPLQDOV 87 97 :7 RQQHFWLQJ LQSXW SRZHU WR WKH RXWSXW FRXOG GHVWUR WKH LQYHUWHU RU FDXVH D ILUH x 'R QRW FRQQHFW UHVLVWRUV WR ' WHUPLQDOV DFURVV 3$3 RU DFURVV 323 ,W FRXOG FDXVH D ILUH RQQHFW UHVLVWRUV DV GLUHFWHG LQ WKH LQVWUXFWLRQV IRU ,QVWDOOLQJ VHSDUDWH EUDNLQJ UHVLVWRUV x )LUVW VKXW RII LQSXW SRZHU DQG ZDLW DW OHDVW PLQXWHV EHIRUH WRXFKLQJ ZLUHV RQ HTXLSPHQW 0% WKDW LV FRQQHFWHG WR LQYHUWHU SRZHU VLGH 7RXFKLQJ WKH ZLUHV EHIRUH WKDW WLPH FRXOG UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN $OZDV FRQQHFW WR JURXQG x 6HFXUHO FRQQHFW WR JURXQG ZLWK D JURXQG ZLUH ,I D VHFXUH FRQQHFWLRQ WR JURXQG LV QRW PDGH WKLV FRXOG FDXVH HOHFWULF VKRFN RU ILUH ZKHQ D PDOIXQFWLRQ RU OHDN FXUUHQW RFFXUV
  35. 35. ( % 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQ GLDJUDP VLQN FRPPRQ 7KLV GLDJUDP VKRZV D VWDQGDUG ZLULQJ RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW MCCB R/L1 S/L2 *1 U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 FLC FLB FLA RY RC F R RST S1 S2 S3 CC I I P24 OUT FM CC VIA VIB PP + + + - - P0 PA PB PC Ry VF-S9 MCCB(2P) R/L1 S/L2 JP301 JP301A JP302 DC reactor (DCL) *2 (option) Braking resistor (option) Main circuitFilter Main circuit power supply 200V class: single-phase 200 ~ 240V-50/60Hz three-phase 200 ~ 230V-50/60Hz 400V class: three-phase 380 ~ 500V-50/60Hz Motor Operation panel Control circuit Meter Forward Fault detection relay Low-speed detection signal Reverse Reset Preset speed2 Preset speed1 Frequency meter Preset speed3 Current signal: 4 ~ 20mA Voltage signal: 0 ~ 10V External potentiometer (or input voltage signal across VIA-CC terminals: 0 ~ 10V) *The VIA terminal and II terminal cannot be used at the same time. *1 1-phase series don't have T/L3 terminal. *2 The PO-PA terminals are shorted by a bar when shipped from the factory. Before installing the DC reactor (DCL), remove the bar. FMC SINK SOURCEFMV Connector for common serial communications Power supply 1φ200 ~ 240V -50/60Hz IM Common Designated frequency attainment signal T/L3
  36. 36. ( % 6WDQGDUG FRQQHFWLRQ GLDJUDP VRXUFH FRPPRQ 3 DC reactor (DCL) *2 (option) Braking resistor (option) Main circuitFilter Main circuit power supply 200V class: single-phase 200 ~ 240V-50/60Hz three-phase 200 ~ 230V-50/60Hz 400V class: three-phase 380 ~ 500V-50/60Hz MCCB R/L1 S/L2 T/L3 U/T1 Motor Operation panel Control circuit Meter IM Forward Reverse Reset Preset speed2 Preset speed1 Frequency meter Preset speed3 Current signal: 4 ~ 20mA Voltage signal: 0 ~ 10V External potentiometer (or input voltage signal across VIA-CC terminals: 0 ~ 10V) *The VIA terminal and II terminal cannot be used at the same time. *1 1-phase series don't have T/L3 terminal. *2 The PO-PA terminals are shorted by a bar when shipped from the factory. Before installing the DC reactor (DCL), remove the bar. V/T2 W/T3 FLC FLB FLA RY RC P24 F R RST S1 S2 S3 I I CC OUT + + - - P0 *1 PA PB PC RyFMC SINK SOURCEFMV Connector for common serial communications VF-S9 JP301 JP301A JP302 MCCB(2P) Power supply 1φ200 ~ 240V -50/60Hz R/L1 S/L2 FM CC VIA VIB PP Fault detection relay Low-speed detection signal Designated frequency attainment signal
  37. 37. ( % 'HVFULSWLRQ RI WHUPLQDOV 0DLQ FLUFXLW WHUPLQDOV 7KLV GLDJUDP VKRZV DQ H[DPSOH RI ZLULQJ RI WKH PDLQ FLUFXLW 8VH RSWLRQV LI QHFHVVDU Q 3RZHU VXSSO DQG PRWRU FRQQHFWLRQV VF-S9 E R/L1 Power supply Circuit Note) Model of 3-phase 200V-0.2, 0.4, 0.75kW don't have grounding terminal. Ground connecting to flame of inverter. : Flame grounding Motor Power lines are connected to R., S. and T. Motor lines are connected to U., V. and W. S/L2 T/L3 U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 Q RQQHFWLRQV ZLWK SHULSKHUDO HTXLSPHQW 3RZHU VXSSO 1RIXVH EUHDNHU 0DJQHWLF FRQWDFWRU ,QSXW UHDFWRU 1RLVH UHGXFWLRQ ILOWHU %UDNLQJ UHVLVWRU ' UHDFWRU =HURSKDVH UHDFWRU 0RWRUHQG VXUJH YROWDJH VXSSUHVVLRQ ILOWHU 0RWRU / / / 3% 3$ 32 7 7 7 ,0 ,QYHUWHU
  38. 38. ( % Q 0DLQ FLUFXLW 7HUPLQDO VPERO 7HUPLQDO IXQFWLRQ *URXQGLQJ WHUPLQDO IRU FRQQHFWLQJ LQYHUWHU FDVH 5/ 6/ 7/ 9 FODVV VLQJOHSKDVH a9+] WKUHHSKDVH a9+] 9 FODVV WKUHHSKDVH a9+] 6LQJOH ± SKDVH VHULHV GRQ¶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∼ S3 4.7K JP301 +24V SINK SOURCE +5V 0.1μ 3.9K 10K 15K
  39. 39. ( % 7HUPLQDO VPERO ,QSXWRXWSXW )XQFWLRQ (OHFWULFDO VSHFLILFDWLRQV ,QYHUWHU LQWHUQDO FLUFXLWV RPPRQ WR ,QSXWRXWSXW RQWURO FLUFXLW V HTXLSRWHQWLDO WHUPLQDO 33 2XWSXW $QDORJ LQSXW VHWWLQJ SRZHU RXWSXW 9GF SHUPLVVLEOH ORDG FXUUHQW P$GF PP +24V Voltage converter ,, ,QSXW 0XOWLIXQFWLRQ SURJUDPPDEOH DQDORJ LQSXW 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ aP$GF LQ SXW DQG a+] +] VHWWLQJ RU a+] +] VHWWLQJ IUHTXHQF P$ LQWHUQDO LPSHG DQFH : 9,$ ,QSXW 0XOWLIXQFWLRQ SURJUDPPDEOH DQDORJ LQSXW 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ a9GF LQSXW DQG a+] IUHTXHQF 9GF LQWHUQDO LPSHG DQFH N: 15KVIA I I 15K 1K +5V 150 250 9,% ,QSXW 0XOWLIXQFWLRQ SURJUDPPDEOH DQDORJ LQSXW 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ a9GF LQSXW DQG a+] +] VHWWLQJ RU a+] +] VHWWLQJ IUHTXHQF 9GF LQWHUQDO LPSHG DQFH N: 15K +5V VIB 15K 0.1 )0 2XWSXW 0XOWLIXQFWLRQ SURJUDPPDEOH DQDORJ RXW SXW 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ RXWSXW FXU UHQW RQQHFW D P$GF IXOOVFDOH DPPH WHU RU 9GF 9GF P$ IXOOVFDOH YROW PHWHU DQ FKDQJH WR P$ P$ E MXPSHU -3 VZLWFKLQJ P$ IXOOVFDOH ' DPPHWHU RU 9GF P$ IXOOVFDOH GF YROWPHWHU P$ P$ IXOO VFDOH ' DP PHWHU FM FMV FMC JP302 4.7K 33K 29K 100K 0.01μ 0.01μ 100 100 +24V 20K 18K 10K 100K 100K20K RPPRQ WR ,QSXWRXWSXW RQWURO FLUFXLW V HTXLSRWHQWLDO WHUPLQDO 3 2XWSXW 9GF SRZHU RXWSXW 9GFP$ PTC +24V P24 7KH 9,$ WHUPLQDO DQG ,, WHUPLQDO FDQQRW EH XVHG DW WKH VDPH WLPH
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
  42. 42. ( % Q /RJLF VZLWFKLQJYROWDJHFXUUHQW RXWSXW VZLWFKLQJ MXPSHU /RJLF VZLWFKLQJ -3 ,QSXW -3$ 2XWSXW 6ZLWFK ORJLF EHIRUH ZLULQJ WR LQYHUWHU DQG ZLWKRXW VXSSOLQJ SRZHU ,I VLQN DQG VRXUFH DUH VZLWFKHG ZKHQ SRZHU LV VXSSOLHG ILUVW DIWHU ORJLF VZLWFKLQJ RU ZKLOH SRZHU LV EHLQJ LQSXW WR WKH LQYHUWHU WKDW ZLOO GHVWUR WKH LQYHUWHU )LUVW FKHFN WR PDNH VXUH WKDW VZLWFKLQJ LV FRUUHFW DQG WKHQ VXSSO SRZHU 9ROWDJHFXUUHQW RXWSXW VZLWFKLQJ -3 6ZLWFK WKH )P WHUPLQDO V YROWDJHFXUUHQW RXWSXW EHIRUH ZLULQJ WR LQYHUWHU DQG ZLWKRXW VXSSOLQJ SRZHU SOURCE FMV(voltage output) Case of SINK logic FMC(0~20maoutput) SINK JP301 JP301A JP302 $IWHU VZLWFKLQJ VLQNVRXUFH ORJLF PDNH VXUH WKDW VZLWFKLQJ DJDLQ VZLWFKLQJ FDQQRW EH GRQH HDVLO
  43. 43. ( 2SHUDWLRQV 'DQJHU 3URKLELWHG x 'R QRW WRXFK LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDOV ZKHQ HOHFWULFDO SRZHU LV FRQQHFWHG WR WKH LQYHUWHU HYHQ LI WKH PRWRU LV VWRSSHG 7RXFKLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDOV ZKLOH SRZHU LV FRQQHFWHG WR LW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 'R QRW WRXFK VZLWFKHV ZKHQ WKH KDQGV DUH ZHW DQG GR QRW WU WR FOHDQ WKH LQYHUWHU ZLWK D GDPS FORWK 6XFK SUDFWLFHV PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 'R QRW JR QHDU WKH PRWRU LQ DODUPVWRS VWDWXV ZKHQ WKH UHWU IXQFWLRQ LV VHOHFWHG 7KH PRWRU PD VXGGHQO UHVWDUW DQG WKDW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ LQMXU 7DNH PHDVXUHV IRU VDIHW HJ DWWDFKLQJ D FRYHU WR WKH PRWRU DJDLQVW DFFLGHQWV ZKHQ WKH PRWRU XQH[ SHFWHGO UHVWDUWV 0DQGDWRU x 7XUQ SRZHU RQ RQO DIWHU DWWDFKLQJ WKH IURQW FRYHU RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW ,I SRZHU LV WXUQHG RQ ZLWKRXW WKH IURQW FRYHU DWWDFKHG RU FORVLQJ GRRU LI HQFORVHG LQ D FDELQHW WKDW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN RU RWKHU LQMXU x ,I WKH LQYHUWHU EHJLQV WR HPLW VPRNH RU DQ XQXVXDO RGRU RU XQXVXDO VRXQGV LPPHGLDWHO WXUQ SRZHU RII ,I WKH HTXLSPHQW LV FRQWLQXHG LQ RSHUDWLRQ LQ VXFK D VWDWH WKH UHVXOW PD EH ILUH DOO RXU ORFDO VDOHV DJHQF IRU UHSDLUV x $OZDV WXUQ SRZHU RII LI WKH LQYHUWHU LV QRW XVHG IRU ORQJ SHULRGV RI WLPH x 7XUQ LQSXW SRZHU RQ DIWHU DWWDFKLQJ WKH IURQW FRYHU :KHQ HQFORVHG LQVLGH D FDELQHW DQG XVLQJ ZLWK WKH IURQW FRYHU UHPRYHG DOZDV FORVH WKH FDELQHW GRRUV ILUVW DQG WKHQ WXUQ SRZHU RQ ,I WKH SRZHU LV WXUQHG RQ ZLWK WKH IURQW FRYHU RU WKH FDELQHW GRRUV RSHQ LW PD UHVXOW LQ HOHFWULF VKRFN x 0DNH VXUH WKDW RSHUDWLRQ VLJQDOV DUH RII EHIRUH UHVHWWLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU DIWHU PDOIXQFWLRQ ,I WKH LQYHUWHU LV UHVHW EHIRUH WXUQLQJ RII WKH RSHUDWLQJ VLJQDO WKH PRWRU PD UHVWDUW VXGGHQO FDXVLQJ LQMXU :DUQLQJ RQWDFW SURKLELWHG x 'R QRW WRXFK KHDW UDGLDWLQJ ILQV RU GLVFKDUJH UHVLVWHUV 7KHVH GHYLFH DUH KRW DQG RX OO JHW EXUQHG LI RX WRXFK WKHP 3URKLELWHG x $OZDV REVHUYH WKH SHUPLVVLEOH RSHUDWLQJ UDQJHV RI PRWRUV DQG RWKHU HTXLSPHQW VHH WKH LQVWUXFWLRQ PDQXDO IRU WKH PRWRU ,I WKHVH UDQJHV DUH QRW REVHUYHG LW FRXOG UHVXOW LQ LQMXU
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
  47. 47. ( ([DPSOH 2SHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF VHWWLQJ UXQQLQJ DQG VWRSSLQJ XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV :LULQJ ,0 ) 5/ 6/ 7/ 87 97 :7 5 32 33%3$ 0% ,,* 9,%9,$ 33 0DLQ FLUFXLW RQWURO FLUFXLW 5HYHUVH URWDWLRQ VLJQDO RPPRQ 0RWRU )RUZDUG URWDWLRQ VLJQDO XUUHQW VLJQDO a P$ 9ROWDJH VLJQDO a 9 ([WHUQDO SRWHQWLRPHWHU RU YROWDJH VLJQDO WR 9,$ a 9 1RLVH ILOWHU 3DUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ 7LWOH )XQFWLRQ 3URJUDPPHG YDOXH RPPDQG PRGH VHOHFWLRQ )UHTXHQF VHWWLQJ PRGH VHOHFWLRQ 2SHUDWLRQ 5XQVWRS 212)) LQSXW WR ) DQG 5 6HW -3 WR 6LQN ORJLF )UHTXHQF VHWWLQJ 9,$ DQG 9,% 9GF H[WHUQDO SRWHQWLRPHWHU ,, ,QSXW P$GF 1RWH 7KH 9,$ WHUPLQDO DQG ,, WHUPLQDO FDQQRW EH XVHG DW WKH VDPH WLPH
  48. 48. ( 6LPSOLILHG 2SHUDWLRQ RI WKH 9)6 7KH SURFHGXUHV IRU VHWWLQJ RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF DQG WKH PHWKRGV RI RSHUDWLRQ FDQ EH VHOHFWHG IURP WKH IROORZLQJ 5XQ VWRS 5XQ DQG VWRS XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV WR WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG 5XQ DQG VWRS IURP WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO )UHTXHQF VHWWLQJ 6HWWLQJ XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV WR WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG 9GF P$GF 6HWWLQJ XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO 6HWWLQJ XVLQJ WKH SRWHQWLRPHWHU RQ WKH LQYHUWHU PDLQ XQLW 8VH WKH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV FRPPDQG PRGH VHOHFWLRQ DQG IUHTXHQF VHWWLQJ PRGH VHOHFWLRQ IRU VHOHFWLQJ 7LWOH )XQFWLRQ $GMXVWPHQW UDQJH 'HIDXOW VHWWLQJ RPPDQG PRGH VHOHFWLRQ 7HUPLQDO ERDUG 2SHUDWLRQ SDQHO )UHTXHQF VHWWLQJ PRGH VHOHFWLRQ 7HUPLQDO ERDUG 2SHUDWLRQ SDQHO ,QWHUQDO SRWHQWLRPHWHU 6WHSV LQ VHWWLQJ SDUDPHWHUV@ .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF RSHUDWLRQ VWRSSHG :KHQ VWDQGDUG PRQLWRU GLVSOD VHOHFWLRQ LV VHW WR 2SHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF@ 3UHVV WKH 021 NH WR GLVSOD WKH ILUVW EDVLF SDUDPHWHU DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ 3UHVV HLWKHU WKH NH RU WKH NH WR VHOHFW 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR GLVSOD WKH SDUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ KDQJH WKH SDUDPHWHU WR 7HUPLQDO ERDUG E SUHVVLQJ WKH NH 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR VDYH WKH FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHU DQG WKH SDUDPHWHU VHW YDOXH DUH GLVSODHG DOWHUQDWHO 3UHVV HLWKHU WKH NH RU WKH NH WR VHOHFW 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR GLVSOD WKH SDUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ 6WDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ KDQJH WKH SDUDPHWHU WR 2SHUDWLRQ SDQHO E SUHVVLQJ WKH NH 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR VDYH WKH FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHU DQG WKH SDUDPHWHU VHW YDOXH DUH GLVSODHG DOWHUQDWHO 3UHVVLQJ WKH 021 NH WZLFH UHWXUQV WKH GLVSOD WR VWDQGDUG PRQLWRU PRGH GLVSODLQJ RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF
  49. 49. ( +RZ WR VWDUW DQG VWRS 6WDUW DQG VWRS XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO NHV 8VH WKH DQG NHV RQ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO WR VWDUW DQG VWRS WKH PRWRU 581 0RWRU VWDUWV 6723 0RWRU VWRSV VORZGRZQ VWRS 6WDUW DQG VWRS XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV WR WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG 8VH H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV WR WKH LQYHUWHU WHUPLQDO ERDUG WR VWDUW DQG VWRS WKH PRWRU 6HW -3 WR VLQN ORJLF 6KRUW ) DQG WHUPLQDOV UXQ IRUZDUG 2SHQ ) DQG WHUPLQDOV VORZ GRZQ DQG VWRS RDVW VWRS 7KH VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ LV IRU VORZGRZQ VWRS 7R PDNH D FRDVW VWRS DVVLJQ DQ 67 WHUPLQDO IXQFWLRQ WR DQ LGOH WHUPLQDO XVLQJ WKH SURJUDPPDEOH WHUPLQDO IXQFWLRQ $QG VHW WKH 67 VLJQDO VHOHFWLRQ )RU FRDVW VWRS RSHQ WKH 67 ZKHQ VWRSSLQJ WKH PRWRU LQ WKH VWDWH GHVFULEHG DW OHIW 7KH PRQLWRU RQ WKH LQYHUWHU DW WKLV WLPH ZLOO GLVSOD +RZ WR VHW WKH IUHTXHQF 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH SRWHQWLRPHWHU RQ WKH LQYHUWHU PDLQ XQLW 6HW WKH IUHTXHQF ZLWK WKH QRWFKHV RQ WKH SRWHQWLRPHWHU 0RYH FORFNZLVH WKURXJK WKH KLJKHU QRWFKHV IRU WKH KLJKHU IUHTXHQFLHV 0RWRU VSHHG RDVW VWRS 67 ))UHTXHQF ) 6ORZGRZQ VWRS 21 2))
  50. 50. ( 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO 6HW WKH IUHTXHQF IURP WKH RSHUDWLRQ SDQHO 0RYHV WKH IUHTXHQF XS 0RYHV WKH IUHTXHQF GRZQ Q ([DPSOH RI RSHUDWLQJ D UXQ IURP WKH SDQHO .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF :KHQ VWDQGDUG PRQLWRU GLVSOD VHOHFWLRQ LV VHW WR RSHUD WLRQ IUHTXHQF@ 6HW WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF 3UHVV WKH (17 NH WR VDYH WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF DQG WKH VHW IUHTXHQF DUH GLVSODHG DOWHUQDWHO 3UHVVLQJ WKH NH RU WKH NH ZLOO FKDQJH WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF HYHQ GXULQJ RSHUDWLRQ 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ H[WHUQDO VLJQDOV WR WKH WHUPLQDO ERDUG Q )UHTXHQF VHWWLQJ 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ H[WHUQDO SRWHQWLRPHWHU 7KH LQSXW WHUPLQDO 9,% FDQ EH XVHG LQ WKH VDPH ZD DQG 9,$ DQG 9,% DUH DXWRPDWLFDOO VZLWFKHG E WKH GHIDXOW VHWWLQJV 6HW SDUDPHWHUV WR VSHFLI SULRULW )RU PRUH GHWDLOV VHH 1RWH7KH 9,$ WHUPLQDO DQG ,, WHUPLQDO FDQQRW EH XVHG DW WKH VDPH WLPH 3RWHQWLRPHWHU FRQWURO 6HW IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH SRWHQWLRPHWHU aN: : )RU PRUH GHWDLOHG LQIRUPDWLRQ RQ DGMXVWPHQWV VHH 6HWWLQJ IUHTXHQF XVLQJ WKH SRWHQWLRPHWHU )UHTXHQF +] RU +]%
  51. 51. ( 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ LQSXW YROWDJH a9 7KH LQSXW WHUPLQDO 9,% FDQ EH XVHG LQ WKH VDPH ZD 9,$ DQG 9,% DUH DXWRPDWLFDOO VZLWFKHG E WKH GHIDXOW VHWWLQJV 6HW SDUDPHWHUV WR VSHFLI SULRULW )RU PRUH GHWDLOV VHH 1RWH7KH 9,$ WHUPLQDO DQG ,, WHUPLQDO FDQQRW EH XVHG DW WKH VDPH WLPH 6HWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF XVLQJ FXUUHQW LQSXW aP$ 6HWWLQJ RI SDUDPHWHUV DOVR DOORZ P$GF 1RWH7KH 9,$ WHUPLQDO DQG ,, WHUPLQDO FDQQRW EH XVHG DW WKH VDPH WLPH YROWDJH VLJQDO 6HWWLQJ IUHTXHQF XVLQJ YROWDJH VLJQDOV a9 )RU PRUH GHWDLOHG LQIRUPDWLRQ RQ DGMXVWPHQWV VHH 9ROWDJH VLJQDO 9GF )UHTXHQF XUUHQW VLJQDO 6HWWLQJ IUHTXHQF XVLQJ FXUUHQW VLJQDOV aP$ )RU PRUH GHWDLOHG LQIRUPDWLRQ RQ DGMXVWPHQWV VHH XUUHQW VLJQDO P$GF )UHTXHQF +] RU +] +] RU +]
  52. 52. ( ' %DVLF 9)6 RSHUDWLRQV 7KH 9)6 KDV WKH IROORZLQJ WKUHH PRQLWRU PRGHV 6WDQGDUG PRQLWRU PRGH 7KH VWDQGDUG LQYHUWHU PRGH 7KLV PRGH LV HQDEOHG ZKHQ LQYHUWHU SRZHU JRHV RQ 7KLV PRGH LV IRU PRQLWRULQJ WKH RXWSXW IUHTXHQF DQG VHWWLQJ WKH IUHTXHQF GHVLJ QDWHG YDOXH ,Q LW LV DOVR GLVSODHG LQIRUPDWLRQ DERXW VWDWXV DODUPV GXULQJ UXQQLQJ DQG WULSV x 6HWWLQJ IUHTXHQF GHVLJQDWHG YDOXHV VHH x 6WDWXV DODUP ,I WKHUH LV DQ HUURU LQ WKH LQYHUWHU WKH DODUP VLJQDO DQG WKH IUHTXHQF ZLOO IODVK DOWHUQDWHO LQ WKH /(' GLVSOD :KHQ D FXUUHQW IORZV DW RU KLJKHU WKDQ WKH RYHUFXUUHQW VWDOO OHYHO :KHQ D YROWDJH LV JHQHUDWHG DW RU KLJKHU WKDQ WKH RYHU YROWDJH VWDOO OHYHO :KHQ D ORDG UHDFKHV RU KLJKHU RI WKH RYHUORDG WULS YDOXH :KHQ WHPSHUDWXUH LQVLGH WKH LQYHUWHU ULVHV WR WKH RYHUKHDWLQJ SURWHF WLRQ DODUP OHYHO 0RGHO RI N: RU OHVV DERXW q 0RGHO RI N: RU PRUH DERXW q 6HWWLQJ PRQLWRU PRGH 7KH PRGH IRU VHWWLQJ LQYHUWHU SDUDPHWHUV )RU PRUH RQ KRZ WR VHW SDUDPHWHUV VHH 6WDWXV PRQLWRU PRGH 7KH PRGH IRU PRQLWRULQJ DOO LQYHUWHU VWDWXV $OORZV PRQLWRULQJ RI VHW IUHTXHQFLHV RXWSXW FXUUHQWYROWDJH DQG WHUPLQDO LQIRUPDWLRQ )RU PRUH RQ KRZ WR XVH WKH PRQLWRU VHH 3UHVVLQJ WKH NH ZLOO PRYH WKH LQYHUWHU WKURXJK HDFK RI WKH PRGHV 6WDQGDUG PRQLWRU PRGH 6WDWXV PRQLWRU PRGH 6HWWLQJ PRQLWRU PRGH
  53. 53. ( ' +RZ WR VHW SDUDPHWHUV 6HWWLQJ PRQLWRU PRGH 7KH VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW SDUDPHWHUV DUH SURJUDPPHG EHIRUH WKH XQLW LV VKLSSHG IURP WKH IDFWRU 3DUDPHWHUV FDQ EH GLYLGHG LQWR WKUHH PDMRU FDWHJRULHV 6HOHFW WKH SDUDPHWHU WR EH FKDQJHG RU WR EH VHDUFKHG DQG UHWULHYHG %DVLF SDUDPHWHUV 7KH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV WKDW PXVW EH SURJUDPPHG EH IRUH WKH ILUVW XVH ([WHQGHG SDUDPHWHUV 7KH SDUDPHWHUV IRU GHWDLOHG DQG VSHFLDO VHWWLQJ 8VHU SDUDPHWHUV DXWRPDWLF HGLW IXQFWLRQ ,QGLFDWHV SDUDPHWHUV WKDW DUH GLIIHUHQW IURP WKH VWDQ GDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ SDUDPHWHUV 8VH WKHP WR FKHFN DIWHU VHWWLQJ DQG WR FKDQJH VHWWLQJ 3DUDPHWHU WLWOH 6HWXS SDUDPHWHUV :KHQ WKH VWDQGDUG VHWWQJ LV HQWHUHG WKLV SDUDPHWHU LV GLVSODHG $GMXVWPHQW UDQJH RI SDUDPHWHUV $Q DWWHPSW KDV EHHQ PDGH WR DVVLJQ D YDOXH WKDW LV KLJKHU WKDQ WKH SURJUDPPDEOH UDQJH 2U DV D UHVXOW RI FKDQJLQJ RWKHU SDUDPHWHUV WKH SURJUDPPHG YDOXH RI WKH SDUDPHWHU WKDW LV QRZ VHOHFWHG H[FHHGV WKH XSSHU OLPLW $Q DWWHPSW KDV EHHQ PDGH WR DVVLJQ D YDOXH WKDW LV ORZHU WKDQ WKH SURJUDPPDEOH UDQJH 2U DV D UHVXOW RI FKDQJLQJ RWKHU SDUDPHWHUV WKH SURJUDPPHG YDOXH RI WKH SDUDPHWHU WKDW LV QRZ VHOHFWHG H[FHHGV WKH ORZHU OLPLW ,I WKH DERYH DODUP LV IODVKLQJ RQ DQG RII QR VHWWLQJ FDQ EH GRQH RI YDOXHV WKDW DUH HTXDO WR RU JUHDWHU WKDQ RU HTXDO WR RU ORZHU WKDQ :KLOH WKHVH FRGHV DUH IODVKLQJ RQ DQG RII QR FKDQJH FDQ EH PDGH WR DQ SDUDPHWHU
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o'LVSODV WKH VDPH SURJUDPPHG SD UDPHWHU o6ZLWFKHV WR WKH GLVSOD LQ WKH VWDWXV PRQLWRU PRGH o'LVSODV QDPHV RI RWKHU SDUDPH WHUV
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
  56. 56. ( ' 7KH VWHSV LQ VHWWLQJ DUH DV IROORZV ([DPSOH RI FKDQJLQJ WKH GQDPLF EUDNLQJ VHOHFWLRQ IURP WR .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF RSHUDWLRQ VWRSSHG :KHQ VWDQ GDUG PRQLWRU GLVSOD VHOHFWLRQ LV VHW WR RSHUDWLRQ IUH TXHQF@ 3UHVV WKH 021 NH WR GLVSOD WKH ILUVW EDVLF SDUDPHWHU DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ 3UHVV HLWKHU WKH NH RU WKH NH WR FKDQJH WR WKH SDUDPHWHU JURXS 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR GLVSOD WKH ILUVW H[WHQGHG SDUDPHWHU 3UHVV WKH NH WR FKDQJH WR WKH GQDPLF EUDNLQJ VHOHFWLRQ 3UHVVLQJ WKH (17(5 NH DOORZV WKH UHDGLQJ RI SDUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ 3UHVV WKH NH WR FKDQJH WKH GQDPLF EUDNLQJ VHOHFWLRQ IURP WR 3UHVVLQJ WKH (17(5 NH DOWHUQDWHO IODVKHV RQ DQG RII WKH SDUDPHWHU DQG FKDQJHG YDOXH DQG DOORZV WKH VDYH RI WKRVH YDOXHV ,I WKHUH LV DQWKLQJ RX GR QRW XQGHUVWDQG GXULQJ WKLV RSHUDWLRQ SUHVV WKH 021 NH VHYHUDO WLPHV WR VWDUW RYHU IURP WKH VWHS RI GLVSOD 6HDUFK DQG UHVHWWLQJ RI FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHUV $XWRPDWLFDOO VHDUFKHV IRU RQO WKRVH SDUDPHWHUV WKDW DUH SURJUDPPHG ZLWK YDOXHV GLIIHUHQW IURP WKH VWDQ GDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ DQG GLVSODV WKHP LQ WKH XVHU SDUDPHWHU JURXS 3DUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ FDQ DOVR EH FKDQJHG ZLWKLQ WKLV JURXS 1RWHV RQ RSHUDWLRQ x :KHQ D YDOXH LV UHSURJUDPPHG WKDW LV WKH VDPH DV WKH VWDQGDUG YDOXH WKHUH ZLOO EH QR GLVSOD ZLWKLQ x 7KH SDUDPHWHUV SURJUDPPHG E WKH VHWXS SDUDPHWHU DUH DOVR GLVSODHG DV FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHUV
  57. 57. ( ' Q +RZ WR VHDUFK DQG UHSURJUDP SDUDPHWHUV 7KH RSHUDWLRQV RI VHDUFK DQG UHVHWWLQJ RI SDUDPHWHUV DUH DV IROORZV .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF RSHUDWLRQ VWRSSHG :KHQ VWDQ GDUG PRQLWRU GLVSOD VHOHFWLRQ LV VHW WR RSHUDWLRQ IUH TXHQF@ 3UHVV WKH 021 NH WR GLVSOD WKH ILUVW EDVLF SDUDPHWHU DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ 3UHVV HLWKHU WKH NH RU WKH NH WR VHOHFW 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR HQDEOH WKH XVHU SDUDPHWHU DXWRPDWLF HGLW IXQFWLRQ RU p 6HDUFKHV IRU SDUDPHWHUV WKDW DUH GLIIHUHQW LQ YDOXH IURP WKH VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ DQG GLVSODV WKRVH SDUDPHWHUV 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH RU WKH NH WR FKDQJH WKH SDUDPHWHU GLVSODHG 3UHVVLQJ WKH NH PRYHV WKH VHDUFK LQ WKH UHYHUVH GLUHFWLRQ 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR GLVSOD WKH VHW YDOXH 3UHVV WKH NH DQG NH WR FKDQJH VHW YDOXH 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR VDYH WKH FKDQJHG YDOXH 7KH SDUDPHWHU QDPH DQG WKH SURJUDPPHG YDOXH ZLOO IODVK RQ DQG RII DOWHUQDWHO 8VH WKH VDPH VWHSV DV WKRVH JLYHQ DERYH WR GLVSOD SDUDPHWHUV WKDW RX ZDQW WR VHDUFK IRU RU FKDQJH VHWWLQJ ZLWK WKH NH DQG NH :KHQ DSSHDUV DJDLQ WKH VHDUFK LV HQGHG 3DUDPHWHU GLVSOD p p $ VHDUFK FDQ EH FDQFHOHG E SUHVVLQJ WKH 021 NH 3UHVV WKH 021 NH RQFH ZKLOH WKH VHDUFK LV XQGHUZD WR UHWXUQ WR WKH GLVSOD RI SD UDPHWHU VHWWLQJ PRGH $IWHU WKDW RX FDQ SUHVV WKH 021 NH WR UHWXUQ WR WKH VWDWXV PRQLWRU PRGH RU WKH VWDQGDUG PRQLWRU PRGH GLVSOD RI RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF ,I WKHUH LV VRPHWKLQJ WKDW RX GR QRW XQGHUVWDQG GXULQJ WKLV RSHUDWLRQ SUHVV WKH NH VHYHUDO WLPHV DQG VWDUW RYHU DJDLQ IURP WKH VWHS RI GLVSOD
  58. 58. ( ' +RZ WR SURJUDP VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV 6HWXS SDUDPHWHUV :KHQ WKH VWDQGDUG SDUDPHWHU LV VHW WR VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ WKH VHWXS SDUDPHWHU LV GLVSODHG 6HWWLQJ WKH VHWXS SDUDPHWHU HQDEOH WR RSHUDWH 7KH VHWXS SDUDPHWHU VHOHFWV HLWKHU +] RU +] IRU WKH EDVH PRWRU IUHTXHQF 6HW WKLV LQ OLQH ZLWK WKH VSHFLILFDWLRQV RI WKH PRWRU 7KH VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV DXWRPDWLFDOO SURJUDP WKH EDVH PRWRU IUHTXHQF DQG UHODWHG SDUDPHWHUV EXW WKRVH SDUDPHWHUV FDQ EH UHSURJUDPPHG ODWHU 7KH VWHSV LQ VHWWLQJ DUH DV IROORZV .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH EDVH PRWRU IUHTXHQF 3UHVV HLWKHU WKH NH RU WKH NH WR VHOHFW +] RU +] 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR VHW WKH EDVH PRWRU IUHTXHQF DQG UHODWHG SD UDPHWHUV ZLOO EH GLVSODHG GXULQJ WKH VHWWLQJ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF ZKLOH VWRSSHG 6HWWLQJ RI WKH IROORZLQJ SDUDPHWHUV FDQ EH FKDQJHG E WKH VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV 7KH DUH GLVSODHG DV FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHUV GXULQJ VHDUFKHV ,I VHOHFW RI +] DQG DUH QRW GLVSODHG DV FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHUV 6HWWLQJ YDOXH 7LWOH )XQFWLRQ 6HWWLQJ YDOXH 8SSHU OLPLW IUHTXHQF +] +] %DVH IUHTXHQF +] +] 6WDQGDUG %DVH IUHTXHQF +] +] 6WDQGDUG )UHTXHQF DW 9,$ LQSXW SRLQW +] +] )UHTXHQF DW 9,% LQSXW SRLQW +] +]
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x :H UHFRPPHQG WKDW EHIRUH WKLV RSHUDWLRQ RX ZULWH GRZQ RQ SDSHU WKH YDOXHV RI WKRVH SDUDPHWHUV EHFDXVH ZKHQ VHWWLQJ WR DOO SDUDPHWHUV ZLWK FKDQJHG YDOXHV ZLOO EH UHWXUQHG WR VWDQGDUG IDFWRU GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ 6HW DQG DQG FDQ EH FKDQJHG ZKLOH WKH LQYHUWHU LV UXQQLQJ
  60. 60. ( ' Q 6WHSV IRU UHWXUQLQJ DOO SDUDPHWHUV WR VWDQGDUG GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 'LVSODV WKH RSHUDWLRQ IUHTXHQF SHUIRUP GXULQJ RSHUDWLRQ VWRSSHG 3UHVV WKH 021 NH WR GLVSOD WKH ILUVW EDVLF SDUDPHWHU DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ 3UHVV WKH NH RU WKH NH WR FKDQJH WR 3UHVVLQJ WKH (17(5 NH GLVSODV WKH SURJUDPPHG SDUDPHWHUV ZLOO DOZDV GLVSOD ]HUR RQ WKH ULJKW WKH SUHYLRXV VHW WLQJ RQ WKH OHIW 3UHVV WKH NH RU WKH NH WR FKDQJH WKH VHW YDOXH 7R UHWXUQ WR VWDQGDUG IDFWRU GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ FKDQJH WR 3UHVVLQJ WKH (17(5 NH GLVSODV ZKLOH UHWXUQLQJ DOO SD UDPHWHUV WR IDFWRU GHIDXOW VHWWLQJ 7KH PRQLWRU UHWXUQV WR WKH GLVSOD RI VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV 6HW WKH VHWXS SDUDPHWHUV 6HH ,I WKHUH LV VRPHWKLQJ WKDW RX GR QRW XQGHUVWDQG GXULQJ WKLV RSHUDWLRQ SUHVV WKH 021 NH VHYHUDO WLPHV DQG VWDUW RYHU DJDLQ IURP WKH VWHS RI GLVSOD
  61. 61. ( ( %DVLF SDUDPHWHUV %HIRUH RX RSHUDWH WKH LQYHUWHU WKH SDUDPHWHUV WKDW RX PXVW ILUVW SURJUDP DUH WKH EDVLF SDUDPHWHUV 6HWWLQJ DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH $XWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ $FFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH 'HFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH x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o LQFUHDVH :KHQ ORDG LV ODUJH $FFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH o GHFUHDVH 2XWSXW IUHTXHQF +] 7LPH V $FFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH 'HFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH 7LPH V 2XWSXW IUHTXHQF +] 6HW DXWRPDWLF DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WR RU
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
  63. 63. ( ( , ,I WKH SURJUDPPHG YDOXH LV VKRUWHU WKDQ WKH RSWLPXP DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH GHWHUPLQHG E ORDG FRQGLWLRQV RYHUFXUUHQW VWDOO RU RYHUYROWDJH VWDOO IXQFWLRQ PD PDNH WKH DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH ORQJHU WKDQ WKH SURJUDPPHG WLPH ,I DQ HYHQ VKRUWHU DFFHOHUDWLRQGHFHOHUDWLRQ WLPH LV SURJUDPPHG WKHUH PD EH DQ RYHUFXUUHQW WULS RU RYHUYROWDJH WULS IRU LQYHUWHU SURWHFWLRQ IRU IXUWKHU GHWDLOV VHH ,QFUHDVLQJ VWDUWLQJ WRUTXH $XWRPDWLF WRUTXH ERRVW x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
  64. 64. ( ( .H RSHUDWHG /(' GLVSOD 2SHUDWLRQ 3UHVV WKH NH WR FKDQJH WKH SDUDPHWHU WR VHQVRUOHVV YHFWRU FRQWURO DXWRWXQLQJ 3UHVV WKH (17(5 NH WR VDYH WKH FKDQJHG SDUDPHWHU DQG WKH SDUDPHWHU DUH DOWHUQDWHO GLVSODHG 1RWH 6HWWLQJ 9) FRQWURO VHOHFWLRQ WR VHQVRUOHVV YHFWRU FRQWURO SURYLGHV WKH VDPH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV DV ZKHQ DXWRWXQLQJ LV VHW WR Ÿ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Ÿ 6HH 1RWH ,I RX ZDQW WR LQFUHDVH WRUTXH IXUWKHU UDLVH WKH VHWWLQJ YDOXH RI PDQXDO WRUTXH ERRVW +RZ WR VHW PDQXDO WRUTXH ERRVW SDUDPHWHU Ÿ 6HH 1RWH 9) FRQWURO VHOHFWLRQ WR YDULDEOH WRUTXH LV DQ HIIHFWLYH VHWWLQJ IRU WKH ORDG RQ VXFK HTXLSPHQW DV IDQV DQG SXPSV Ÿ 6HH
  65. 65. ( ( 6HWWLQJ HQYLURQPHQWDO SURWHFWLRQ $XWRPDWLF HQYLURQPHQW VHWWLQJ x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x )XQFWLRQ $XWRPDWLFDOO SURJUDPV DOO SDUDPHWHUV SDUDPHWHUV GHVFULEHG EHORZ UHODWHG WR WKH IXQFWLRQV E VHOHFWLQJ WKH LQYHUWHU V RSHUDWLQJ PHWKRG 7KH PDMRU IXQFWLRQV FDQ EH SURJUDPPHG VLPSO 3DUDPHWHU VHWWLQJ@ 7LWOH )XQFWLRQ $GMXVWPHQW UDQJH 'HIDXOW VHWWLQJ $XWRPDWLF IXQFWLRQ VHWWLQJ 'LVDEOHG RDVW VWRS ZLUH RSHUDWLRQ ([WHUQDO LQSXW 83'2:1 VHWWLQJ P$ FXUUHQW LQSXW RSHUDWLRQ

×