Overview open education, NCSE Webinar Nov 8
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Overview open education, NCSE Webinar Nov 8



Open Education: Expanding access, developing community and spurring innovation in higher education

Open Education: Expanding access, developing community and spurring innovation in higher education

Slides from the NCSE sponsored webinar on Nov 8



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  • In regions where the percentage is still very low, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, the growth rate is among the highest in the world.
  • To meet this demand would require a furious pace of building physical infrastructure, which carries a similarly burdensome financial investment. Alternatively, we can seek non traditional solutions, in which OER can play an important role.
  • Nigeria 88%1/3 of the world’s population is under 15.
  • Basis of educationTenant of scholarshipInformation is not a scarce resourceSharing allows collaboration, innovation, advancementCost of not sharing – opportunity cost, etc – too high
  • Free = no costOpen = no cost and openly licensed, at least including the right to modify
  • Over 20K open coursesOver 40M views
  • Not the tools of revolution, but ways to support, extend, create,
  • Alan Drimmer
  • Learners need to interact with material, with each other or with a teacher – citation of studyHow does distance ed compare with classroom instruction? A Meta-analysis of the emperical literature. Concordia U, Robert Bernard review of 600 papers on improving student performance in distance ed. Increased interaction with content most improved performance, followed by interaction with peers, then interaction with instructors.
  • Single Variable calculusHistory of Art- Roman Architecture
  • Free = no costOpen = no cost and openly licensed, at least including the right to modify

Overview open education, NCSE Webinar Nov 8 Overview open education, NCSE Webinar Nov 8 Presentation Transcript

  • Open Education:Expanding access,developing community &spurring innovation in highereducationMary Lou Forward, OpenCourseWare ConsortiumUnless otherwise noted, this presentation is licensed
  • Important trends in Higher Ed
  • Trend:Demand & Access View slide
  • World Bank, The State of Education, 2011 60 50Gross Enrolment Rate. Tertiary (ISCED 5 & 6). Total (%) 40 30 25.9 27.1 24.0 22.5 20 20.0 18.1 10 0 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLD Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, July 2011 Note: SAS 2009 is 2008 data. View slide
  • Percentage of population <15
  • Trend:Push for high qualityand greater returns
  • Push for high qualityand greater returnsIncreased marketGreater efficienciesHigher retention & graduation rates
  • By James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810 New demographics Global reach
  • Goal: highest percentage ofcollege graduates in theworld by 20202011: 39.3 % of 24-35 yearolds have a degreeRank: 12 - 15th in the world
  • Trend:Student expectations – engagingmaterial, increasingly digital, on demand at lower cost
  • By Tray http://www.flickr.com/photos/tapps/4307875855/ CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Mark Hillary. Some Rights ReserOpen Education is in the middle ofpowerful trends in higher education
  • Why?
  • Because1. There are a lot of global problems that must be solved.
  • Because2. The world cannot satisfy the demand for higher education through conventional means
  • Because3. Open education stands on the shoulders of distance education as a technology-mediated mechanism for cost reduction, baseline quality, and global reach Credit for previous 5 slides to Larry Cooperman, UC Irvine
  • Open EducationTerms and clarificationsOpen Educational Resources (OER)OpenCourseWareOpen Educational PracticeOpen Textbooks
  • Open Education starts with an idea: Education is sharing. Sharing is important.
  • Free Open no cost No cost + permission to changeBy Adam Bartlett http://www.flickr.com/photos/atbartlett/2432704579/ By Sean MacEntee http://www.flickr.com/photos/smemon/4518528819/
  • Who we are
  • A Powerful IdeaTo advance formal and informal learningworldwide through the sharing and use offree, open, high quality education materials
  • We exist to support open education in higher ed
  • Who’s using OER?For what purpose?
  • Select the option that best describes you25.00% 22.00% 22.00% 22.00%20.00% Student - secondary or high school15.00% Student - university first degree Student - university advanced degree Faculty/Teacher 11.00% 10.00% Self-learner10.00% 9.00% Working professional Employer Other 5.00% 4.00% 1.00% 0.00%
  • How do you use OCW60.00% 57.00%50.00% 49.00% 46.00% to help understand concepts I am studying40.00% to learn something for a specific project or task to supplement/create teaching materials 31.00%30.00% to update my skills or knowledge for work for my own interest Other 20.00%20.00%10.00% 6.00% 0.00%
  • Age groups35.00% 31.00%30.00%25.00%20.00% 18.00% 18.00% 15.00%15.00% 11.00%10.00% 6.00% 5.00% 0.00% 19 and under 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60 and above
  • Open Educational Resources are building blocks to innovation bdesham http://www.flickr.com/photos/bdesham/2432400623
  • What do learners want?What do learners need? http://www.flickr.com/photos/my_new_wintercoat/415138363/ cc-by-nc-sa
  • Learning Pathwayshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/rnugraha/110748880
  • Interactivity
  • open.163.com
  • Evidence of learningCC-BY-SA billsoPHOTO http://www.flickr.com/photos/billsophoto/4175299981
  • The OER University http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/HomeThe OER university is a virtual collaboration of institutions committed to creatingflexible pathways for OER learners to gain formal academic credit.The OER university aims to provide free learning to all students worldwide using OERlearning materials with pathways to gain credible qualifications from recognizededucation institutions.
  • Competency based education
  • http://www.careeronestop.org/competencymodel/pyramid.aspx
  • Oct 1: Competency-based Associate’s degree drawing on OER for $5,000
  • Disaggregation inHigher Education
  • By Luther College Photos http://www.flickr.com/photos/luthercollegearchives/1485877774/ CC-BY-NC-ND Faculty do it all  Faculty don’t have to do it all
  • Scary?
  • Resources from everywhere
  • FreeBy Adam Bartlett http://www.flickr.com/photos/atbartlett/2432704579/ By Marynbtol http://www.flickr.com/photos/marynbtol/5326460237 CC-BY-NC-SA
  • By Jeremny Brooks http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeremybrooks/2732542838 CC-BY-NC
  • Webinars Information Videos Live events All free & openwww.openeducationweek.org
  • http://conferences.ocwconsortium.org Global ConferenceBali, Indonesia8 -10 May 2013
  • By Opensourceway http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4812651268
  • Open Sharing, Global Benefits www.ocwconsortium.org mlforward@ocwconsortium.org