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Le Quotidien
.

« Entre

la

médiocrité

et

:
l’excellence »

5


.« Le Monde »
...
الكتاب الاسود
الكتاب الاسود
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الكتاب الاسود
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Transcript of "الكتاب الاسود"

  1. 1. ‫א‬ ‫‪ª‬א‬ ‫3102‬
  2. 2. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫....................................................................................‬ ‫ا‬ ‫9‬ ‫.............................‬ ‫31‬ ‫ّ ا ول : ا آ‬ ‫- ا‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫اّ‬ ‫لا ر‬ ‫..........................................................................‬ ‫أ‬ ‫و‬ ‫لا‬ ‫31‬ ‫.......................................................‬ ‫52‬ ‫...............................................................‬ ‫62‬ ‫‪............................................................... ATCE‬‬ ‫33‬ ‫ا رج .........................................................‬ ‫93‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د ....................................................................‬ ‫04‬ ‫د‬ ‫آ‬ ‫" ..................................................‬ ‫34‬ ‫............................................................‬ ‫84‬ ‫ّ ل ا ر‬ ‫ّف ا آ ا ّ‬ ‫....................................................‬ ‫35‬ ‫وا‬ ‫" .................‬ ‫96‬ ‫.................................................................‬ ‫37‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل"‬ ‫ا ورات ا ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّ اّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:‬ ‫را‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اءة ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫2( أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت اّ‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ت وا ات وا‬ ‫م"‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫:1( ه ن‬ ‫ن ا ا ن وا و ن ا ّ م ا‬ ‫5( ه ى‬ ‫د 4(‬ ‫نا‬ ‫3(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫9(‬ ‫ر 8( ر ا‬ ‫7( ر ا‬ ‫6(‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا 21(‬ ‫ا اه 11(‬ ‫01( ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫3‬
  3. 3. ‫ر 41( ّ اد ا ّات 51(‬ ‫31( ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫81(‬ ‫حا‬ ‫ي رك 71(‬ ‫61(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اد 12(‬ ‫ي 02( ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫91(‬ ‫42( ا‬ ‫32( ا ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫22(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وي 72( رؤوف‬ ‫ّ ا‬ ‫ي 62(‬ ‫52( ا دي ا‬ ‫وي 03( ّ ا دي‬ ‫حا‬ ‫ا ي 92(‬ ‫رو 82(‬ ‫ا ري 33( آ ل‬ ‫ة 23(‬ ‫13( ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّاد 73(‬ ‫ّ ت 63(‬ ‫53(‬ ‫43( ّ ا‬ ‫93( ا زري ا ّاد 04(‬ ‫ا ّ 83( ا دي ا ّ‬ ‫ز 34( ّ‬ ‫24( ا‬ ‫ا ادي 14( ّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا 64( آ ل‬ ‫وب 54( رؤوف‬ ‫رة 44( ر ا‬ ‫ة 94( ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫84(‬ ‫وي 74( ر ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫25(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫15(‬ ‫ا ّ‬ ‫ري 05(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ّه ر 55( ّوز‬ ‫45( ا‬ ‫ا دق‬ ‫35(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ّاي 95(‬ ‫رة 85(‬ ‫75( ا ّ‬ ‫65(‬ ‫26( ا‬ ‫زآ ي 16( زه ا‬ ‫06(‬ ‫ا ر‬ ‫56( آ ل ا ا‬ ‫ا ا‬ ‫46(‬ ‫36( ّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا ا 86(‬ ‫76( ّ ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫66( ر ا‬ ‫27( ّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وي 07( إ ب ا وش 17(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫96(‬ ‫ل ا ّ‬ ‫37(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫57(‬ ‫47( ا‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ّ ـ ا ة‬ ‫ا ّ دي 87(‬ ‫ح 77( ـ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا ري 67(‬ ‫ّ ش‬ ‫18(‬ ‫حا‬ ‫ا ـ ي 08(‬ ‫97( ّ‬ ‫ا ــ ي‬ ‫ر 48(‬ ‫اّ‬ ‫38(‬ ‫د‬ ‫28(‬ ‫88(‬ ‫78( ر‬ ‫ت 68( ن‬ ‫ّ ر ء‬ ‫58(‬ ‫..................‬ ‫09( ّ ر د‬ ‫98(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫57‬ ‫6991‬ ‫ا و ا ون‬ ‫وإ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا ّ م ...................................................................‬ ‫811‬ ‫ت و ق‬ ‫"وا ا ام‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ت 5002 ...........................................‬ ‫321‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫4‬
  4. 4. ‫ا‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّ ا ّا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء -‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)وآ‬ ‫م ا ّ‬ ‫: ا‬ ‫ّ ا‬ ‫ إذا ا ّ ب - ا ذا‬‫12" - ا ذا ا‬ ‫7" و"‬ ‫"‬ ‫"(‬ ‫"‪ "La Presse‬و"ا‬ ‫‬‫ ا ذا ت ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ن ............................‬ ‫و ن وا‬ ‫ت ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ادات وا ه ت‬ ‫...........................................................‬ ‫ّ ا ّ دس : ا‬ ‫421‬ ‫941‬ ‫591‬ ‫ّ ..................................................‬ ‫ما ص‬ ‫302‬ ‫..........................................................................‬ ‫302‬ ‫............................................................................‬ ‫312‬ ‫ا ذا ت ا‬ ‫............................................................‬ ‫512‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّ .............................................................‬ ‫712‬ ‫اب .............................................................‬ ‫022‬ ‫رة 41‬ ‫م ....‬ ‫ا‬ ‫با م‬ ‫522‬ ‫ا‬ ‫تا‬ ‫..............................................................‬ ‫522‬ ‫ا‬ ‫...........................................................................‬ ‫722‬ ‫ا‬ ‫( ...................‬ ‫432‬ ‫.......................................................................‬ ‫532‬ ‫•‬ ‫ا‬ ‫..............................................................‬ ‫932‬ ‫• ا‬ ‫.........................................................................‬ ‫042‬ ‫• ا‬ ‫............................................................‬ ‫142‬ ‫ز ......................................................................‬ ‫342‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وا إ ا اف ا‬ ‫وا ّ ب ا‬ ‫..................................................‬ ‫542‬ ‫.....‬ ‫642‬ ‫ا ّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّا ّ‬ ‫1102 و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:ا‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫با‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م وا‬ ‫• ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫با م‬ ‫• ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا ّ‬ ‫)ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫:ا‬ ‫5‬ ‫اء وا‬ ‫اء ا ّ‬
  5. 5. ‫:ا ّتا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّاّ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّاّ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّا‬ ‫نو‬ ‫قا‬ ‫ّ ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫: ا ا‬ ‫...........................................................................‬ ‫162‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّ ا دي‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة" و‬ ‫ات "ا‬ ‫: ق ا ّد‬ ‫دي .............................................................‬ ‫762‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّا‬ ‫...........................‬ ‫572‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ّاّ‬ ‫ّا‬ ‫دة‬ ‫:اّ ّ ا ّ‬ ‫:ا‬ ‫ا ّآ ر "ا‬ ‫نا ّ‬ ‫..........................................‬ ‫ّ تا ّ‬ ‫م وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫.........................‬ ‫742‬ ‫552‬ ‫ري ا ّ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫)آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ّأي ا‬ ‫(‬ ‫زو " ............................................‬ ‫و دا ....................................................‬ ‫آ وا ّ‬ ‫................................................................‬ ‫را ا‬ ‫" و ّ اّ م ّ‬ ‫"ا ب" ّ آ "ا ّ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ا آ .........................................................................‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ آ ...................................................................‬ ‫..................................................................‬ ‫ا ّ‬ ‫................................................................‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آت–‬ ‫ي-‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ا م)‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ي ...( ..........................................‬ ‫ا‬ ‫–ا‬ ‫ر ......................................................................‬ ‫ا ري ...............................................................‬ ‫..................................................................‬ ‫آ‬ ‫................................................................‬ ‫ّه‬ ‫( ................................................‬ ‫)ا ّ‬ ‫...................................................................‬ ‫ا ر ......................................................‬ ‫حا‬ ‫.........................................................................‬ ‫ذ ّ ّ ............................................................‬ ‫.................................................................‬ ‫ّ ا‬ ‫6‬ ‫772‬ ‫582‬ ‫792‬ ‫992‬ ‫103‬ ‫203‬ ‫303‬ ‫503‬ ‫603‬ ‫903‬ ‫113‬ ‫413‬ ‫613‬ ‫813‬ ‫323‬ ‫423‬ ‫623‬ ‫723‬ ‫033‬
  6. 6. ‫ر ...............................................................‬ ‫م‬ ‫ري ا ري ..............................................................‬ ‫رك ................................................................‬ ‫ّ ا ة ..................................................................‬ ‫ا ّ ي .................................................................‬ ‫آ ل ا و ................................................................‬ ‫اوي ............................................................‬ ‫ا‬ ‫را‬ ‫ّ ا ...................................................................‬ ‫...................................................................‬ ‫رق ا‬ ‫...............................................................‬ ‫را‬ ‫...................................................................‬ ‫ا ر‬ ‫..................................................................‬ ‫..................................................................‬ ‫لا‬ ‫ا رو ........................................................‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر ّ .................................................................‬ ‫ا ري ................................................................‬ ‫د ا ّوادي ................................................................‬ ‫ّ ...................................................‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫7‬ ‫133‬ ‫433‬ ‫533‬ ‫633‬ ‫933‬ ‫043‬ ‫143‬ ‫243‬ ‫343‬ ‫443‬ ‫543‬ ‫643‬ ‫743‬ ‫843‬ ‫943‬ ‫053‬ ‫153‬ ‫253‬
  7. 7. " .2011 2011 . " . . 9 " "
  8. 8. . . : " "- " " " " " " .ATCE ) " " " .(" " " " " " ( " " ) " 2004 ( 10 )
  9. 9. . – ) – – – (... – ( – ) – ATCE ... - ATCE : " " • " " . " " • . 2004 " " 2002 2014 • 2009 11
  10. 10. " " " " " " . • " " (ATCE ) . • . 12
  11. 11. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (Agence Tunisienne de Communication Extérieure) ) ( . ATCE " " " ) .( : ATCE 13 "
  12. 12. (1 2006 STB ( ATCE ) 2 ... STAR CTN T.Télécom BH BNA (2 ATCE ATCE . ( ) (3 . : " Réalités" 15 10 "L’Economiste Maghrébin" " " "Le Temps" 12 (2007 14 3)
  13. 13. (4 ( ) . :( ) " • ATCE " 500 « L’épopée illustrée de la . Tunisie » 2010 • " 3000 " " " . 38.500 " " 2008 • 4 « Jeune Afrique » " La Tunisie d’aujourd’hui " 75 3000 ATCE 3000 ATCE . " ." • 200 ATCE " " " " Non Delanda Carthago : " " • " "Carthage ne sera pas détruite ATCE . 15
  14. 14. (5 ) – " " – – 2002 – ( ) – – 2005 (... ATCE " " . ATCE ." " :1 ATCE ( ) : (1 . 16
  15. 15. (2 . (3 50 . (4 . (5 . (6 . (7 " " : " " " ) " 2005 " « ANB » 1 " / " " / " " " " " " " " " / « ANN » .( « ART » « New TV » « « BBC « LCI » . 17 " (8
  16. 16. /"NBN" / " ") " (9 " ("Deutsche Welle" /"New Tv" /"ANB" ..." " " " " " " " (10 " " ... " " (11 . ATCE :2 : 18 (1 (" " " " " " " " " " " " : " " " " .(( ") " )" " " " ( )" ) " " " " " " ( " )" " (2 " ." (3 . "BBC World" "LCI" (4 18
  17. 17. " ) " " " ATCE .( (5 . (6 . (7 : ) ATCE (... (8 " " . : 24 "Christian Mollard" ATCE 2009 . 19 8
  18. 18. (9 . (10 Associated Presse UIP Reuters AFP . (11 . (12 " " . (13 ATCE . 20
  19. 19. " " " " " :1 " " " " " " " .Reuters " " : 2 "Le Monde" ATCE . ATCE . (14 . (15 . (16 ( " ) " " " 21 ) " "
  20. 20. " " " " (... (17 " " " " " ... " " " (18 . (19 ) .( " " " ." " " 22 (20
  21. 21. www.changement.com : : . (21 (22 . (23 ATCE . : " 8 " " "ANN" " 2006 ATCE ." " 18 ) " " " " .(" " (24 " PRP " – ( ) "Image 7" .(( ) " Arab Média " – ( : ) " AZ Consulting " – ( ATCE News " "ANN" "NBN" "Anb" 23 (25 ) )
  22. 22. (" " )" " " " "TV . : ) – (... (... – ) ( – ) ( – (... " – – ) " " " " " ) - . " – " – – – . – - . : " 2008 France 24 " " " " .Anb " 24 " "
  23. 23. ATCE ATCE . ( ) : • . • ) ) ) (... ( ) ( (2009 2005 ) 2001 – – 2004 1994 – – 2006 2002 1998 ) (... 2010 ... (2005 . )" • " • " .(2009 " • ." " 25 " "
  24. 24. : ATCE 50 100 200 320 150 290 . 800 . 800 3000 50 : 2009 26
  25. 25. ATCE UPI : (1 ." " (2 . . 39.935 50 ) (3 .2009 ( ATCE UIP (4 . (5 . . 13.770 . ( " ) ( ) ( ) (1 . . 12.980 " (2 . (1 . " . 19.583 " (2 . .2009 60 27 (3
  26. 26. ATCE (1 . " . 24.974 " ATCE ( (2 ) . . 72 (1 (2 . (3 . " . 41.397 (4 " ) ) " " .(" " " " .(" " (5 " " )" ) " (" 280 " (1 " .(" (2 . (3 . 48.220 . ( " (4 ." (5 " ." 28 " " )
  27. 27. ATCE . 9.126 (" " . ) 2009 44 ( ) – . 6.601 2009 ) 51 .ATCE " (" ) 36 . 3.883 2009 . ( 24 ) 2009 . 7.119 . (2011 . 10.352 « anb » . 320 . 48.434 14 . ( (1 2009 (2 29 ) ( )
  28. 28. ATCE " " " ") (" " " " " " " " " " ... " " " " " ." " " " (3 . " (4 ." (5 . 2009 (6 " " ) " " " " .(" " (7 . ATCE . 14.639 56 .2009 (1 (2 . . 9.790 (1 Transcription des ) 30 ( )
  29. 29. ATCE (conférences de presse .( ( (2 .( 3) . 47.000 . 14.573 . 13.860 . 12.941 . 11.805 . 11.647 . 10.780 . 10.780 . 9.680 . 9.593 . 9.458 . 9.411 . 9.240 . 9.020 . 8.470 . 8.400 . 8.360 . 8.360 . 8.310 31 )
  30. 30. ATCE . 8.250 . 8.235 . 7.920 . 8.092 . 7.719 . 7.590 . 7.480 . 7.285 . 7.119 . 7.087 . 7.087 . 7.040 ) . 7.040 (2010 963.384 . 106.616 32 2009
  31. 31. ( 2009 ) ATCE ( ) ) 8,474 1 ( ) 43 9,500 2 ( 9,047 ) 3 ( 737 " Image 7 " : AZ " – ( ) " PRP " – ( ) " Arab Média " – ( ) "Consulting ... ( ) 4 : 376 ) ( 1,818 ( ) . : 2009 33 5
  32. 32. . . - . .2009 7 - 29) 2009 64,607 6 (... 241,316 7 ... : : . ATCE " " . : ) " " " " " ( 34
  33. 33. (" Jeune Afrique " )" " " . - " " " " ) : " " " " " " " " " " .( ( ) . : " " " " 48 " " . 2006 " 20 " " ATCE - 2010 - " . (PDP) 35
  34. 34. " " "PDP" ATCE ( (" " ) " ") . " " - " " . : ) (1 Anb ( . (2 ATCE . " " " (3 " " . 36 "
  35. 35. ( ) 2006 (4 " 2006 BBC ATCE " . ."87/11/7" LCI )" " " " (5 ( Google Earth Wikipedia : : WIKIPEDIA . : GOOGLE - : : Keyhole • Markeup Language ( ) . " " : • . " " • .Dailymotion Youtube ) (6 ATCE " " .( " : 37 " *
  36. 36. . : 3 ATCE * . ATCE ) .(ATCE ANB : * - . . - . - ) ( . 38
  37. 37. : ATCE . : 2006 USA : " . . • • . • • .2005 . • . • 39 "
  38. 38. " " (2010 ) 3 " " 1 ATCE . 300 2 " " " " " ") (... " " : " " " " (1 2500 ANB 5000 . " . 45 150 " (2 2010 (3 "Gango Investments" ) " Marco Gannouna " 40
  39. 39. ATCE " " " (Les adresses IP) " ATCE ATCE .(" " –3 ") " " " " " " " (... " " –4 . " " " –5 " " 2010 " 17 ATCE " " ) 11/010 .( " " 41 2010 23
  40. 40. : " " ) " " ( ( )" " - ) " " ( .( ) " )" " - " .2005 ( " ATCE " " " " " ATCE . . 3 ATCE :( ") " " 2009 (" " " ) " " " . 42 "
  41. 41. : ATCE " " ATCE ( ) 7 1992 1993 Nicole Ladouceur & Luc Dupont La Tunisie une démocratie naissante L’Euro-Mediterraneita della Tunisia di Ben Ali Ben Ali, à l’enseigne des grands défis 1995 2002 Gateana pace ( ) : 1995 3 ) ( 1997 1999 Les défis de Ben Ali 2005 1997 1997 Tunisie, Le destin recouvré 1998 Un rêve plus loin- Carnets 1998 1998 tunisiens Salvatore Lombardo (Art-Sud Un printemps tunisien ) ( ) 2000 La revanche de Carthage 2007 Chroniques Tunisiennes 1999 Ben Ali et le modèle Tunisien 2002 Valentin Mbougueng 43 La Tunisie en Afrique
  42. 42. ( 2006 Instiutions et vie politique en ) Tunisie La Tunisie émergente une voie 2009 pour l’Afrique Ben Ali, l’éthique au service 1999 politique 1999 1999 ( 1999 ) 2001 : 2001 : 1999 2000 ( ) ) 2000 ( 2000 ( ) ) 2000 ( 2000 2000 ATCE La Tunisie à l’orée du nouveau millinaire Démocratie et Droits de l’Homme en Tunisie Marceau Bigéni 44
  43. 43. 2001 2001 René Blanchot & Marceau Bigéni La Tunisie de Ben Ali et le partenariat Euro-Mediterranéen John Marks & Mank Ford Tunisia : Stability and growth in the new millenium 2002 2004 2002 : 2002 2004 2002 2002 2003 ( ) Pour un développement solidaire, l’expérience de la Tunisie Vincenzo Paracasi L’approccio tunisino alla solidarita 2003 2003 La Tunisie de Ben Ali, les défis de l’émergence Yves Brissette Luc Dupont La Tunisie, exemple de pays éclairé Tunisia, a journey through a country that works 2000 2003 Georgie Anne Geyer 2004 Tunisie, un pays qui avance 45
  44. 44. . 2003 Z.A. Ben Ali, les grands changements 2003 ( 2004 ) Ben Ali, l’Homme des promesses tenues 2004 2004 : 2005 ( ) (" 2005 " ) " ) (" ) ( " " ) 2005 " " ( 2006 ( ) 2006 2007 L’épopée illustrée de la Tunisie Le miracle tunisien : Les réalisations et les réformes du Président Z.A. Ben Ali Sergey Filatov ( ) 46
  45. 45. ( 2007 2007 ( ) ) : ) 2007 ( " : " : 2008 ( ) De la dérive au sursaut : La Tunisie de Bourguiba à Ben Ali 2008 2008 Laura Lathan Ben Ali à l’enseigne des grands défis 2009 Robert Khayat Z.A.B.Ali, bâtisseur de la Tunisie moderne 2008 François Becet Tunisie, porte ouverte sur la modernité 2007 Antoine Sfeïr Tunisie, terre de paradoxes 2009 Andrew Borowiec ( ) 47 ( )
  46. 46. ATCE ATCE " " " " " " ." " : ATCE (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 (8 (9 (10 (11 (12 (13 48
  47. 47. ( ) (14 (15 (16 (17 (18 (19 (20 (21 (22 (23 (24 (25 (26 (27 (28 (29 (30 (31 (32 (33 (34 (35 (36 (37 (38 (39 (40 49
  48. 48. (41 (42 (43 (44 (45 (46 ATCE . : " " " " " " " ANN . " 2007 ) 2009 (ATCE " " – – ) – – .( 50 –
  49. 49. ATCE 2009 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (PSL) – ( – 51 – – – – (RCD) – (PUP) ) ) – ( – – – – – – (MDS)
  50. 50. ATCE 2009 – – – – – – – – ( – – – – – ) – – – – ( – ) – ) – – 52 – ( – – – ( ( – ) )
  51. 51. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ú ‫­א‬ " " . ATCE . ATCE . %60 53
  52. 52. %40 ATCE . Tunis Air – – ) ATCE .(... ATCE . : –I : 54
  53. 53. (1 2010 . 676 ( . 468 Le Qoutidien . 676 ( . 676 ) La Presse ) Le Renouveau ( ) Le Temps . 676 ( ) . 572 . 676 ( ) . 520 . 468 . 364 . 65 Tunis Hebdo . 65 Tunisia News . 104 . 104 . 43 . 146 . 113 . 195 . 48 . 104 . 41 . 156 . 52 . 83 55
  54. 54. 2010 . 52 L’Observateur . 52 L’Expression . 52 . 32 . 32 . 32 . 32 . 32 . 28 L’Economiste Maghrebin . 7 Tourisme Info . 8 La Gazette Touristique . 24 . 6 La Gazette du Sud . 24 Manager . 26 Nuance Magazine . 60 Nos Enfants . 7 Profession Tourisme . 24 Sciences Plus . 9 Tunivision . 15 . 12 . 12 . 9 . 6 . 12 56
  55. 55. 2010 . 12 . 24 . 18 . 48 . 30 Livret Santé . 18 . 18 Femme de Tunisie . 100 ( . 36 ( ) Univers sport ) Planet Magazine . 9 . 15 . 30 . 12 . 9 The Tunisian Digest . 30 . 6 . 2 . 14 : "Le Renouveau" " " ( ( " " 57 )
  56. 56. "Le Temps" . " " " " " " " " " " " " . ( : ATCE . 950 ( ) . 1250 . 625 ( ( ) . 625 . 1250 " ) ( ) ( ) " ( .(PDP) " STB CTN " ( ) Tunis Air ) ( ( " Planet Magazine .( ) 58 "
  57. 57. ( (" " ) . : (2 : 2006 : ATCE 604.000 46.000 56.000 116.000 " 121.000 " " " 59.000 55.000 63.000 60.000 60.000 1.240.000 : ( ) " " " .ATCE 20.000 59 " (
  58. 58. " 2010 %90 " ( . : (3 : 2006 : ATCE 1.571.000 7 39.000 21 654.000 800.000 (2007 ) 2.264.000 : " 2010 %100 %75 "21 " " " " ." 7 : " – II : .ATCE .1 .2 . 60
  59. 59. .3 . : .1 . .2 .ATCE .3 . ATCE ATCE " " Tunis Air . : ATCE Arabies, Arabies Trends, Editions : Arabies .( ) 120.000 ... , Autres temps : Afrique-Asie ) Jeune Afrique 2005 ( ( . 323.300 . 18.800 ) Afrique Magazine 61
  60. 60. 19.500 J.A 285.000 200.000 Tunis Air A.M . (" 104.000 ") " Réalités" " " ) 52.000 156.000 .( : (" " ) " " 159.000 Tunis Air 65.000) 15.000 .00080 .( (2009 43) "Arabies" " " "Trends" .(" ) 400 " Arabies " ( ) 1 " " ." 236 62 Afrique " " Magazine ( ) 2
  61. 61. 240 " Afrique Asie " ( ) . 670 " Jeune Afrique " ( ) . 119 30 + . . 3 : "La Tunisie : Pourquoi ça marche ? " . . " 4 IC " " Publications African Business – ) New African – The 5 ( Middle East ( ) ) 2009 " " – – " " – " . 110 –" – (... 63 –" –" –" " " "–" "–" "–" (" ) " " " 6
  62. 62. 500 " – 2009 ) " . 400 – – – " " ) "Monday Morning" 7 "La Revue du Liban" ( ) 7 – – (... 15 ) (ATCE . 50 38 . 35 . 33 . " " " " " . – " (... 240 8 9 " ( ) " (" ) 10 –" 30 ) – 2009 " . 110 " (... 64 " ( " ) 11
  63. 63. 22 2009 . 20 " " ( " ) 12 ." 177) – . 66 .(2009 partenariat " "Maghreb Europe 13 12 37 Challenge " ATCE . 50 "Hebdo ( . (2010 ) ATCE " (MBC 600 300 ( " "ANB TV" ) ) "ANN TV" ( ) 65 . 2,525 14 )
  64. 64. 300 150 100 ( ) "New TV " ) )" ( ) "NBN" 48 . " ( 75 . " ( 28 ( " "Radio Soleil" ) Radio France " "Maghreb ( ) 83 24 ( . 33) . " Radio Montréal" 150 400 . Radio Tounes " "Bledi "Arabies" 670 Jeune Afrique 400 240 236 . 180 200 + . Afrique Asie 3,745 Afrique Magazine 240 110 " " " " 66
  65. 65. 110 . " " IC Publications 68 II Dialogo 66 Partenariat Europe Maghreb 50 Middle East Online 60 . 119 Tunisie Plus 50 Challenge Hebdo 50 20 00216 Magazine 5 10 10 10 10 15 20 10 15 10 10 10 2500 10 10 35 67
  66. 66. 5 10 5 10 5 10 5 5 5 30 10 5 15 20 10 35 20 30 10 25 20 10 20 12.8 60 Prestige ( ) Oxford Business Group 6,353 9,500 , .2010 68
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  71. 71. " " ) " " ( ) .( " " : . . ) (... ... . . (1 :" " : * " " . ( 73 )
  72. 72. ATCE . : 1991 ) " 3 " ( : " " 150 1 100 2 80 3 74
  73. 73. * :( ) (1 ) ATCE (SOTETEL "ANB" " " " " . " " ATCE ) " " " " " " ATCE 2500 ANB 5000 .( ATCE " " " .(ATCE 75 )"
  74. 74. : – ) ) – .(2008 " " : " ) " " 2009 4 BBC .(" " " : 2008 ) " " " " ( ... ATCE . ATCE . : : " " 2008 ATCE " " " (1 • 48 76
  75. 75. " 2000 ) " " " " . " (2008 " • "Bertrand Delanoe" .2008 " " • " " " " . " " ." (2 2008 " " " " " ) ( . (3 2008 ATCE ) 1992 " ( " " " . : " " " " " " . 77 " "
  76. 76. " " " " . "L’Observateur" " : (" " ) " " (2 " . " ATCE " " " " " . : " 18 " . " " " " " " .( 13 2008 ) "France 24" 2010 ." " " 78 " " "
  77. 77. " " " " " 2010 " " .( )" ATCE " " .2009 : (" ." " " " ) (3 " : . (1 "... ": ": ) " ... (2 (3 " " .( . . . : (" " ATCE " " ) " " " (4 " " 2005 25 " " 79 "
  78. 78. 2005 " 28 " " " " 2005 ." . " :( " " " ) (5 " " " " " " ATCE . ATCE . : " 2008 " 17 " . ) " " " ( " . 80 "
  79. 79. : " " " 2006 17 " 2006 15 " " " " : *(+) ! : " " " 2008 " " " 2008 . " " 2008 *(+) " " 2008 " " " 2008 " " " 2007 : " " 1 7 20 24 28 12 ! : *(+) " " ! . (+) 81 26 28
  80. 80. : 2009 . . : (ATCE ) )" (6 " .( 2006 CNN " " " " . ) 2007 15 12 )" " ( )" .(( )" " (ATCE – : " " 82 " (7
  81. 81. ) 2008 " " ( " " "Le Renouveau" "La Presse" . ATCE . : ("Mosaïque" 2003 ) (8 " 1995 " "Mozaïque" . . 2009 "Mozaïque" ." :( " ) (9 ATCE . : " (10 " ATCE . 83
  82. 82. ." " (11 "ANN" "7 " " ANB" . ATCE 2003 . ( ) (12 ." " (13 " " . ( ) (14 ) .( ." " " " " " " " .( 84 )
  83. 83. ) " " (2002 – ." " " " " " ." " " " 2002 " " " ." " " ATCE – 1997) – 1999 – 1998 – 1996) (.. 2003 – 2000 (.. 2002 – 2001 – 2000 . . 2010 19 : " ." :( ) .ATCE 85 (15
  84. 84. 2004 . " " ." " ) :( (16 RCD " " ) – – " – " " " – (... : ("La Presse" " ) " (17 2006 " " . :( " ) (18 " . " " " ATCE " " " 2010 . 86 " "
  85. 85. (" " ) " " ." " " " " (19 2002 27 " " " " " " " " " " " "!! : (" " " " ) (20 " " " . . 87 "
  86. 86. : (" " ) (21 1986 " " " 1988 " . ." 1988 " 2000 " ." " : (" " " ) (22 . " " " " " " . : (ATCE ( ) (23 ) ATCE " " : ) .(" 88 "
  87. 87. " " ) .(" " 2009 ATCE ( ( ) ( ) ) 1.142 1.954 .( :( 1.509 ) 2.813 ) (23 . :( " ) " 2009 ." ( (24 " " " ) (25 " Harmonies " .( .. "La Presse" ) (26 :( " ." " " 89 " "
  88. 88. 2008 " 2009 . " 2008 1988 ) 1992 ( . : (" " ) (27 ATCE " 20 " " " 2006 . 2007 Défi Media ."Le Temps" " 90 "
  89. 89. . "L’Expression" :( .. ) (28 2010 . ) (29 :( " " " " . : (30 . : ) 1990 /" " " 6 " « La Rousse » 1999 .( " ." " 91 "
  90. 90. : ("La Presse" ) )" (31 " 2007 15 12 .( 2010 20 " ATCE " 3 ATCE . ATCE . 3000 2008 . " :( " " ) " (32 2002 " 92 12
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  92. 92. : (34 ) (2008 " 2009 . 10 " " " " " ) (35 :( : " ": " " . " " ) (36 :( " 2009 ." " " " : " " " 2008 " )" " " : .("2007 1987 " " ATCE . 94 "
  93. 93. : (TH-Com ) (37 « Leaders » " " " " .2009 : (" " ) (38 .ATCE " " ... " " 2007 ATCE . 2009 . " ) (39 : (" " " " " "Le Quotidien" " La Presse" ."L’Action" (1984 " )" " " "Réalités" 1991 95 1988
  94. 94. "Le Figaro" "Libération" . "Le Soir" " 1997 " " " " " " " ."J.A" " " . " " . 7 " ( " 2008 ) . " Le " " " "La Tunisie, La dérive de l’extrême gauche" " " " "Temps France 24 . " "Le soleil" " 2005 ATCE " 19 Le Canada doit éviter tunisien" (Quebec " ) "de cautionner le régime ATCE . 96
  95. 95. 2000 ATCE ( 3000) "Non Delanda Carthago : Carthage ne sera pas détruite" " "La Roche" 2002 " " " " " " : 2006 " " " 11 " " " Par ce livre, mon objectif premier et final consiste à restaurer l’image de marque de notre pays et de notre Président" : " " " (40 " . ." . ATCE :( " " " ) " 97 (41 "
  96. 96. . : 2000 " " 21 " " " " " " " " 2000 3 " " . " " . " 22 2000 " : . " " * * " " FIJ . * .(2000 ) 98
  97. 97. . " " . 2002 11 2002 13 2002 13 ( ) . " " .2000 " 3 " " " . " " " " " " "La Presse" . . " " " " . 99
  98. 98. " " . " " : ) (1 .( ) (2 " " . . " " ) (3 6 2002 .( : . " " " " !! : .ATCE " " . 100 (42 13
  99. 99. " " : . : (" " " la Presse " – SNIP . . ) (43 ATCE " " Laurent " " Josette Durrieu" 2007 "Pfaadt . 2008 12 " " " "La Presse" " 8 2008 " " 11 " ."La Presse" : ATCE (44 "L’épopée illustrée de la Tunisie" 500 . – Sun-Media 50 ) (45 ( " 21 " 1987 101 7
  100. 100. "L’expression" ." " " " : (46 " " . " " " " " " ) " " " " " ( " " ." : " " (47 "Jeune Afrique" .("L’Expression" "J.A" " " " . " " : 102 )
  101. 101. ) "Le Temps" .( " ATCE " . . ) .( "J.A" 22 " ." 2007 " 2007 21 " " " " " " "Le Temps" " " " La dérive intégriste " " (" ") " "d’Al-Jazira . 103
  102. 102. LTDH Friedrich Ebert " " " " " " 2007 " 22 . : " " (48 2009 " " . ) (49 :( (*) " " Guido Dorso" " " . " 1970 (... 104 " " "Guido Dorso" – ) (*
  103. 103. :( ) (50 2009 ATCE ."Tunis Press Network" : ." (51 " " " ATCE (2009 72) " " " " " " " )" .(" " " " " " " " " ATCE " . : (" " ) " 3 (52 " ATCE . 105
  104. 104. :( ) (53 ATCE "Middle East Times" " " ATCE . : ("Réalités" ) – "Imprimerie Maghreb edition"- "Réalités" : " (54 ) "Maghreb Media" ("Maghreb formation" " " " : " ." " " . . ( 3 ) ."Réalités" . . 106
  105. 105. . " " " " " ." " " " " " " " " " " . "Réalités" ." " 2009 "Réalités" . " " 2005 .(ATCE) ATCE ) .( 107
  106. 106. : * ATCE ATCE 18 48 2007 40 80 2008 40 80 2009 2009 20 . " " . " " "Réalités" : " 156 " "Réalités" . 1000 ( . 52 . 2000 ) ( :( . 104 ) " " ) (55 " " 2014–2009 . 108
  107. 107. :( ) " (56 " 2002 " " ." " ATCE " " " ." " " ) ATCE 2004 (" 2005 " 6 " " " " " " " " " " ." " " " ( " " " ) . ) 1979 (57 ( : " " " ." ." " 109 "
  108. 108. . . " 2006 ." " " " " ." " " " " " " " " " " " . : " (1 . " (2 . .ATCE ATCE ." " " " " 110
  109. 109. " " ." ) Middle East on-line 2008 15 " (" " ") (ATCE . " " " ." "Afrique Asie" ) : 1 " " 2009 "La Gazette du Maroc" : 2 .( 2009 2008 " 12 " " " " 2009 ... " " " " " " " ) : (" " " " " " " (58 " " " 2008 .ATCE " 2008 111 "
  110. 110. 500 . " " . ) (59 :( " " .2009 : " (60 " .2009 : (61 ATCE " ." " " " " " 2009 9 ." :( ) UIP UIP (62 ATCE " " 112
  111. 111. 39 .2009 :( ) (63 ATCE " (" " " ) " " . 48 ATCE .2009 :( ) (64 ATCE 44) " 2009 " .(" " ) : (" (65 " ATCE 51) " 2009 " .(" ) " (66 " : (2010 ATCE " " .(2009 " 36) 113 " "
  112. 112. ) (67 :( ATCE 24) .(2009 :( ) 320) (68 ATCE " " (2009 ... " " " " " " )" " " " . (" " . " " " " ) " " .(" 48 2009 " 2009 ATCE . (71 (70 – :( " (69 ) (72 ATCE . 114 "
  113. 113. :( (2009 ) 56) (73 ATCE . ‘ : (Tunis Hebdo ) (74 : (75 . " " . " " . ) IV (76 :( De la dérivé au sursaut : La Tunisie de Bourguiba à " 3000 ATCE . "B.Ali 3000 : 2007 115 (77
  114. 114. " " ." " :( ) (78 ATCE " ." " " : (79 2005 . " " ) ) (82 /( ) (80 ) (81 / ( (83 /(7 :( 21 2007 7 . :( ) " " (84 " " 2009 . 116
  115. 115. :( ) ." (85 " - 1996 .(Agence de la Francophonie) "2000 " ." 1999 " " " " - " " " ( ) . (88 / ( :( ) (87 / ( ) ) (89 / ( (86 ) " " " " " .2009 " :( ) (90 " ." 117
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  119. 119. . : : (6 – (7 – (8 – . – – – – – – – .... ) .( . 20.000 21 (Sté Ben Duran) (" (" (1 " " ) ) (3 (ATCE ) (4 (ATCE) ("21 (5 " (" ) " (7 ) (" " " ) (10 ) " ( (11 ) (12 ) 121 (8 (9 ) ( ("7 (6 ) ( (" (2 (13
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  121. 121. 21 (" (" " " ) (1 ) (2 ATCE ( ) (1 (2 (3 ( ) (4 (5 (6 (7 (8 (9 (10 (11 ( ) ( ( ) ) ( ( (12 (13 (14 ) Valentin Mbougueng (15 ) Desirée Belaiche Haddad (16 123
  122. 122. * ATCE : (" " ) (1 "La Presse" " " . . :( " " " ) (2 " " " " " ." " " " 2008 2008 . " ATCE " ." " ATCE 2008 .2008 ("Arabies" ) Julien Hawari (3 "Arabies" 300 . 124
  123. 123. " " ( ) . "Arabies Trends" " " 50 " " ATCE . " " "Julien Hawari" .2009 : (FIJ " ) " " 2007 (4 " FIJ " " " " . ." " " " . . 125
  124. 124. : (" " " (5 ) " " ." ATCE . 2006 : " • " " " ) " " " " ..( ) ATCE .( 2006 • 240 ATCE 2000 2003 " " . " " 2003–2000 1999 2004 .2009 126
  125. 125. . 2007 ATCE " " . : . : ( ) " " . " " (" ") ATCE " 500 " " " " " " . " " : " " " " ." 127
  126. 126. 300 . . " " : 249 : . ." 192 " 30 27 . : ("Le Figaro Magazine" "Michel Olivier " ATCE " " / = ) Michel Olivier (6 .. = ) / / = " / = .( " = " ) (7 :( . 128 "
  127. 127. ATCE . " " 220 " " " " " " " " . : ("Afrique Asie" ) (8 «A.A» ." " " " .1987 ATCE 2009 " 43 ATCE . 129 " 7
  128. 128. ATCE "2009 .. " . " " . .ATCE " " ) " (9 " :( ATCE ." ... " ATCE . :( ) (10 ATCE ." " ATCE . :( ) " ... (11 " 2000 ATCE 1000 . 130
  129. 129. " " " " " " . : ("France 3" " ) Christian Molard (12 " ATCE . . 2007 " " "Fr3" ) ( " " " ." ) " " .( :( " " ) (13 . 2007 ." " " ." 131 " "
  130. 130. " " " " ." " . :( ) (14 , ATCE . " " 41 . : ("Valeurs Actuelles" ) Fréderic Pons (15 " ." 2007 ATCE " ATCE " ATCE " " . (" Jeune Afrique " ) Danielle B. Yahmed (16 "J.A" 2007 : . 132
  131. 131. . 50 20 100 . . . 4 ) .( : ) 1.370 670 2007 .( "J.A" 1000 156 ) 312 2000 .( 140 ) Tunis Air .( 70 ATCE "La Tunisie d’aujourd’hui" 2005 3000 3000 ( ATCE 75) . 133
  132. 132. : ("Afrique Magazine" ) (17 2007 ATCE : . 50 20 ATCE . . . ) 236 ATCE . «A.M» ( 400 .2009 :( ) Antoine Sfeïr (18 Tunisie, terre de " " " "paradoxes " " " " " " " ." ATCE .( ) 2000 134
  133. 133. " 2009 " La Tunisie, rempart contre la déferlante " ) «Le Figaro» . ("intégriste dans la région : (" Daily star " ) (19 " ." ATCE . . ATCE " 50 " ." " ATCE . :( " " ) " " ." 135 " 50 (20
  134. 134. " " ) (21 :( ." " ATCE 400 . " 2009 . " " " " " 2009 . " " ) (22 :( ATCE . " " ATCE " " . " 2003 " " " . . 136
  135. 135. :( " " ) (23 ATCE . :( " " ) " (24 " 2004 " " 2001 . : (" " ) (25 ) ATCE – Tunis Air Tunis Air (... 30 . : 29 " " 2010 France 24 TV5 Montécalo Montécalo ATCE . 137
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  138. 138. " " " . " : " " " (2 ANB " : ) 7 ANN ANB .( " . ANB : 500 " ATCE (32 Paleya ." " :( ) François Becet (33 2009 ATCE « la Tunisie, porte ouverte sur la modernité» 140
  139. 139. : Robert Khayat (34 2009 ATCE .« Z.A. B.Ali, bâtisseur de la Tunisie moderne » :( ) Enzo Orlanducci (35 . " : (" Financial Times " " ) Laura Lathan (36 2009 ." " 2009 ATCE "Ben Ali à l’enseigne des grands défis" . :( : " 40 ) Valentin Mbougueng (37 " La Tunisie émergente une voie pour l’Afrique (1 Ben Ali et le modèle Tunisien (2 La Tunisie en Afrique (3 Institutions et vie politique en Tunisie (4 " ATCE " . 141
  140. 140. : 2008 RF1 " (" " ") .ATCE ) Gaetana Pace (38 :( .2001 " " " " Norman Academy .(Knight of solidarity) ) Andrew Borowiec (39 :( "The Washington Times" " 2009 " "21 . 50 " " " . 50) 100 .( ) .( 142
  141. 141. ATCE (" " " ANB 143 " )
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  143. 143. ANB Middle East Middle East Anver Versi Hommes d’Affaires Hommes d’Affaires Stephan Day Jewish Telegraph Paul Harris House of Lords Tom Mac Nally Fr2 Gérard Klein Le Figaro Magazine Joseph Mace-Scaron Fr2 Françoise Laborde Le Figaro Magazine Bruno Seznec Paris Match Jean-Marie Bourget TV5 Fréderic Mitterand Valeurs Actuelles Gérard Gachet Arabies Le Figaro Michel Schiffres Le Figaro Alain Gérard Slama 145
  144. 144. LCI Jean Claude Dassier Radio France Patrice Gelinet Fr3 Christian Malard Nouvel Afrique Asie Trends Julien Hawary Arabies Radio Orient Faouzi Chalak TV5 Amobé Mvegué Fr2 TME Les Cahiers de l’Orient Antoine Sfeir Michel Kik RFI Zohra Sotty La dépêche du Midi Jean Jacques Rouch Art Sud Salvadore Lambardo Dernières nouvelles d’Alsace Gérard Cardone France Télévision Gérard Sabagh Agence Act Média Télé Matin William Lemergie AFP L’Alsace François Becet Le Figaro Magazine Thierry Déransart Partenariat Europe-Maghreb Huges Wagner Le Nouvel Observateur Josette Alia 146
  145. 145. Marianne & L’Observateur Le Point Claude Imbert Radion Classique Gérard Bonos Le Parisien Dominique de Motvalon Bernard de la M6 Villardière Nouvel Afrique Asie Simon Malley PME-KMO Alain Deladrière Femmes d’Aujourd’hui Christelle Gilquin Canal Z Raphael Piret Trends tendances Jean-François Sacré Regards revue Juive de Belgique Denis Baumerder The Washington Times Andrew Borowiec USA Georgie Ann Geyer Lucien Meysels La Razon Pedro Canales Tramite Parlementario Luis Suarez Gonzales 147
  146. 146. : ‫א‬ª ‫א א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ª ‫ א‬ª‫א א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 1994 : " (1 " " " . " " " (1994 " (2 ) 30 " ("La Presse") " 80 . " " " " " " " " " "La Presse" 1994 1994 "Tunisia News" " 19 12 ." 149 "
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  149. 149. ( 1 2001 ) ( . ) ( : 2004 10 2001 ) : ( 1 2001 10 2001 ) 10 2001 ( 10 2001 ) ) 10 2001 ( ( ) Ben Ali, pour poursuivre l’oeuvre 10 2001 10 2001 ) 18 2001 ( : ( –( –( ) ) – ) 152 9 2001 Le Renouveau
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  152. 152. –( ) ( ) –( ) –( ) ) ( ( ) –( ) –( ) –( ) ( ) ( ) –( ) ( ) ) –( –( –( –( ( ) ) ) ) 6 2001 7 2001 : ( ) 155 6 2001
  153. 153. Erich ALAUZEN Pourquoi je suis fier de vivre en Tunisie? ) 27 2001 ( 14 7 2001 . : 7 2001 – – – – – ) – 23 2001 17 2001 – ( ) ( – – – – – – – 12 2001 – – – – – ) –( 156 La Presse
  154. 154. – – – – – – – –( – –( ) ) ) ( – – – – 24 2001 – – ( ( – ) 27 2001 ) ( ) ( ) 2001 2001 " " ( ) 2004 157 2001
  155. 155. ) ( ( ) – ) ( ) ... ( 2001 ( Ben Ali ou la quête de l’excellence ) ) (INN ( ) 2004 2001 24 2001 Le Renouveau 24 2001 24 2001 Jacob Petrus VAESSEN La Tunisie entre de bonnes mains ( 24 2001 ) 24 2001 ( ) 158 26 2001 La Presse
  156. 156. 26 2001 Pour la consécration des valeurs du changement 26 2001 Le Renouveau 11 2001 Le Renouveau 31 2001 Le Renouveau ) 25 2001 Le Renouveau ) 28 2001 Le Renouveau 31 2001 Le Renouveau 12 2001 Le Renouveau Ben Ali, le choix de l’avenir 7 2001 Le Renouveau Le cœur et la raison 27 2001 Le Renouveau L’appel du cœur à l’âme 4 2001 Le Renouveau Ben Ali, une vision équilibrée 7 2001 Le Renouveau L’œuvre à parfaire ( ( ) ) Un appel du cœur ( La légitimité du bon sens ( Pour que l’élan ne soit pas brisé ( Une volonté politique générée par les ambitions d’un peuple ) ) (INP Ben Ali l’appel de la raison ( ) (ISHMN ) 159
  157. 157. ( ( ( ) 26 2001 ) 21 2001 ) 11 2001 ) ( ( ( 31 2001 ) 25 2001 ) 30 2001 / 28 2001 ( 29 2001 ) ( 29 2001 ) 14 2001 ) ( ( ) 160 07 2001 1 2001
  158. 158. ) 4 2001 ( ( 6 2001 ) Pour mieux préparer l’avenir 6 2001 Le Renouveau Acte de foi 28 2001 Le Renouveau Ben ali pour un nouveau mandat 11 2001 Le Temps 28 2001 Le Temps 27 2001 Le Temps 6 2001 Le Temps ( ) La Tunisie d’aujourd’hui a su faire son choix ) ( Dans le sens des attentes de la Nation Ben Ali le choix du cœur et de la raison – – ( " ) " 21 2001 . . ( ( ( 11 2001 11 2001 ) ) ) 161 11 2001
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  165. 165. (42 (43 (44 (45 (46 (47 (48 (49 (50 (51 (52 (53 (54 (55 (56 (57 (58 (59 (60 (61 (62 (63 168
  166. 166. (64 (65 (66 (67 (68 (69 (70 (71 (72 (73 (74 (75 (76 (77 (78 (79 (80 (81 (82 (83 (84 (85 169
  167. 167. (86 (87 (88 (89 (90 (91 (92 (93 (94 (95 (96 (97 (98 (99 (100 (101 (102 (103 (104 (105 (106 (107 170
  168. 168. (108 (109 (110 (111 (112 (113 (114 (115 (116 (117 (118 (119 (120 (121 (122 (123 (124 (125 (126 (127 (128 (129 171
  169. 169. (130 (131 (132 (133 (134 (135 (136 (137 (138 (139 (140 (141 (142 (143 (144 (145 (146 (147 (148 (149 (150 (151 172
  170. 170. (152 (153 (154 (155 (156 (157 (158 (159 (160 (161 (162 (163 (164 (165 (166 (167 173
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  172. 172. " " 2004 ( ) ( ) ( (2 ) (3 ( " (1 ) (4 " 2004 ( ) ( ( (1 ) ) (2 (3 (4 ( " ) (5 " 2004 ( )" " (1 ( ( ) (2 ) ( (3 ) (4 175
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  174. 174. ( ( ) ) (27 ) (28 ( ( (26 ) (29 ( ) (30 ( ) (31 ( ) (32 ( ) (33 ( ) (34 ( ) (35 ( ) (36 ( ) (37 ( .) (38 ( ( ) (39 ) (40 ( ) (41 ( .) ( ) 21 ( ) (43 ) ( ( (42 (44 ) (45 (46 177
  175. 175. ( ( ) (47 ) (48 ( ) (49 ( ( ) (50 ) (51 ( .) ( ) ( (53 ) ( (54 ) (55 ( " (52 ) (56 " 2004 ( ) ( ) ( (1 (2 ) (3 ( ) (4 ( ) (5 ) (6 ( ( ) ( (7 ) 178 (8
  176. 176. ( ) ( (9 ) ( (10 (11 ) " ) (1 " 2004 ( ( ) ) ( (2 (3 ( ( ) ) ( ( (" (5 ) (6 ) " (4 (7 ) (8 ( (9 ( ( ) ) (10 – ) ) ( ( (12 ) (13 ( ( 179 (11 ) ) (14 (15
  177. 177. ( ( ) ) (17 ( ) ( ( (18 ) ) ( (19 (20 ) ( (16 (21 ) (22 ( ) (23 ( ) (24 ( ) (25 ( ) (26 ( ) ( ( ) ) ( ( ) ) ) ) ) ) (31 (33 (34 (35 ( ) ( 180 (30 (32 ( ( (28 (29 ( ( (27 (36 ) (37
  178. 178. ( ) ( (38 ) ( (39 ) ( (40 ) ( (41 ) ( (42 ) (43 ( ) ( (44 ) ( (45 ) : 2009 (46 * : 2014 2009 (1 : : (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 181
  179. 179. (8 (9 (10 (11 (12 : 2009 (2 " " (1 (2 . (3 (4 .. ) 7 . (5 (6 (7 182
  180. 180. (8 . . (9 : "Tunisie, porte ouverte François BECET (10 sur la modernité" ATCE Le " " " " Figaro Antoine Sfeir (11 . « France 3 » Christian Malar (12 (13 " " (14 " " "ANB" (15 (16 183
  181. 181. 3 " . " " (17 (18 " " (19 " . ." " " " " (20 " " " . (21 (22 (23 (24 " " (25 (26 (27 (28 184
  182. 182. (29 ( ) (30 (31 (32 / (33 La Presse) (Tunis News " " " " Middle east online " ." 185 (34 (35 (36
  183. 183. " " " " (37 . (38 . (39 . : Valentin Mbougeng (40 "La Tunisie émergente une voie pour l’Afrique" (41 "France 24" A animé une conférence de presse et publié des tribunes Président du club Suisse de la Presse Genève Ont toujours adopté une attitude positive à l’égard de la Tunisie La Gazette du " Guy Mettan (42 (43 " Maroc Challenge " " Hebdo 35 (44 (45 . 186
  184. 184. (46 La Fourmi (47 Laico (48 (49 (50 (51 Range Tour CTKD . (52 (53 Bizerta Ressort (54 Travel Ways (55 Songo Tataouine (56 Tunisie Voyages et (57 Hannibal Tour Skanes Thalassa Village (58 (59 Diplomat (60 Voyage 2000 (61 Coralis (62 Oasis (63 (64 Gafsa Palace (65 (66 (67 187
  185. 185. Venerria (68 (69 Marilia (70 (71 " " " " (72 Avant-garde (74 (73 (75 (76 SNDP . . (77 STIR . . (78 (79 (80 (81 (82 (83 Meublatex (84 (85 Media-diffusion (86 Electro Ben Ayed (87 250 (88 SOTETEL (89 (90 188
  186. 186. SOTUDIS (91 SFBT (92 (93 Ambassadeurs (94 (95 CAMU (96 SARRA CARD (97 " WAP SMS (98 " ATCE (99 (100 (101 ) ( STB (102 .. (103 189
  187. 187. (104 (105 (106 (107 (108 Le Renouveau " " (109 (110 (111 SNIP 190
  188. 188. (112 . 20 " " " (113 " (114 (115 (116 (117 (118 (119 (120 " " (121 (122 . (123 . . (124 (125 (126 191
  189. 189. / (127 / (128 (129 (130 (131 (132 (133 (134 (135 " " (136 (137 (138 (139 (140 / (141 / (142 (143 192
  190. 190. / (144 (145 / (146 " " " (147 " (148 (149 " " (150 (151 (152 Le Temps (153 (154 (155 " (156 " (157 (158 La Presse (159 (160 193
  191. 191. (161 (162 (163 TAP (164 TAP (165 " " (166 (167 (168 Afrique Magazine (169 Julien Hawari (170 Arabies Gaetana Pace (171 (172 " " " (173 " (174 (175 194
  192. 192. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫מא‬ "21 " "7 ‫א‬ " " " "La Presse" . " :( " ) (1 .( ) " " " . 195 "
  193. 193. : " " " (1 .2006 (1 .2008 (2 ) 2005 .( " " .2002 " .2006 ." (2 (3 " " (3 " (4 (5 .2007 . (6 (7 . .UGTT (8 ) – – ( ... " " (9 .2005 " " . 196 " " (10 2005
  194. 194. : (1 " " " " 48 . (2 . (3 ) .( : : " " " " . ) " " : ( 2009 2009 28 8 197
  195. 195. .. .2009 : " " ." " – . (2 21 7 . : 21 7 . 198
  196. 196. " .(" " " " " ") " " " ." " " " " " " . " " " ) !! " " " " .( . : ATCE 199
  197. 197. ) " " " " " ". " " ". " " " " ... " .( ( : (1 ." " ) (2 ( " " . . (3 ) (4 " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " (..." 200 " "
  198. 198. " " (5 . (6 . . (7 "Cactus Production" " " (8 "Cactus Production" : * . Cactus Prod * Cactus Prod . : " " " " "1 " " (1 " " " " " " ." ( (2 2010 Cactus Prod ) " " "2 " " " " " MTV ) " ( . 201 "
  199. 199. :" " "La Presse" 2008 ( 26 " La Presse " " " !! . 202
  200. 200. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ­ ‫מא‬ ‫א‬ : (1 " . 2003 " " : 13 « Tuni-Media » .( )" " " . : . " " ) 5 2006 - 5 .( 10 2007 203 -
  201. 201. " " . - 2007 2008 .2007 - STEG ERTT . : 2010 - 20 • . ) « AVIP » ( . • 28 3 204
  202. 202. ( 940 ) 6 ) .( " " • .( 460) SMS • ." " . • "!! " . - 2008 "Cactus" ) " " ( . " ." 2010 ( . 2) 2009 60 ." 205 "
  203. 203. : " (" " ") (" . " " . 206 ")
  204. 204. :" " 2008 " " ..2008" " " 27 " . 2008 2008 12 . 2009 " : " " 4 24 2009 10 " . 22 !! " " 207
  205. 205. " " " " 2009 22 24 " 2009 22 23 " 18 2009 " 2009 2010 29 . " !! " 2009 ." " : " ... 1987 ." " 7 " " ATCE " " " " " " .ATCE 2010 !! 208
  206. 206. : : ( : ) (1 .( . (2 ) (3 (... (4 ( ) .(20 (21 ) %30 : " ) " " " . : 209 (
  207. 207. (1 7000 2009 " " 19 " ( )" " " . 48800 ( " " %75.08) : – – – 42300 /. 100 – ) – 1 4230 ( /. 100 650 2 650 " " . " " " " " 2 " " " (" " " ) " . 33 32 210 " "
  208. 208. " " " " ) .( " " – 2006 – 2005) (2007 6 2009 2008 2009 300 28 2008 !! " " 28 . (" ") (" ") " 211 "
  209. 209. " " " " )" " (" " " " ... (De jure) " " " (De facto) " " " . :1 " " ) – – (... : . –1 " 2004 " 1225 –2 Nilesat .( ) SMS :2 " ATCE . 212 "
  210. 210. :3 " " ) " " " 2011 " (" 23 " . :4 " " " " (" " " " .!! " :" .2009 " : - " %50 " " . ." " 23 Quinta Communications Mediaset " ) " " " - 213
  211. 211. ATCE : " " (ATCE) " " (1 " (1 " . 5 . (2 " (2 " " " . ) . (3 .(CNSS) ( (4 ." " (5 " " ) " " 1991 1997 ) .(2003 (6 Star Academy » 100 « Maghreb 5 214
  212. 212. (ATCE) " " 225 .( ( 5 / . 1.1) (7 " " 3 . 2) . : (2 « Mosaïque » " " 2003 7 : (1 . " " (2 . (3 . (4 . 215
  213. 213. " " : " " . :" " : " (1 .2007 " " 13 " (2 . " (3 ." "FM " : (1 10 .2010 " 27 2010 " (2 .(Tunisia Broadcasting) : "Express FM" : (1 21 .2010 " " " " (2 . 216
  214. 214. : (1 . (2 " " " " ") (... " " " " " . (3 " " . (3 :( ( )" " ": ") . :( )" ) " ( . 217 ": "
  215. 215. :( ) " : " . :( ) : . ." " " ) " : :( 2008 (Convention de pige) = (... CNSS – . " :( ) " ) : . :( ) " 218 : "
  216. 216. " " (.. :( " – ) ) Tunis Hebdo : " !! : ) (... . : " Tunisie/ Terrorisme et opportunisme" "La Gazette du Maroc" 22 503 2007 " " 25 ) (" " 219 " "
  217. 217. "Le Quotidien" " "Le Temps" " " ." " " : (4 . ) "Le Renouveau" " " ( . : 2007 2009 " " . 220 " "
  218. 218. : ) .( ) 221
  219. 219. .(" ( " ) " " ) " 2009 .(" " " " " . " " : " " " 2003 " " " " " " " " " " ." " " " " 222 "
  220. 220. " " " !! (" "–" "–" ") . " " " " . : " PDP " . 2007 PDP " " " " . 223
  221. 221. (2007 ) " " 419 . .( " " ) : ATCE . ( ) : . ) (... 224
  222. 222. ‫א ‪ú‬א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫מ‬ ‫41‬ ‫א‬ ‫1102‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫41‬ ‫1102 :‬ ‫41‬ ‫9891‬ ‫1102‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫)‬ ‫/‬ ‫/‬ ‫...(‬ ‫‪ATCE‬‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫.‬ ‫522‬
  223. 223. : –1 14 " 2008 " – – : ) – – – (... . –2 10 2003 . ( ) " " ) " – – – (... 226 "
  224. 224. " " ( – 2003 " " ) ) (... 2006 2011 14 . : : : " " 227 " "
  225. 225. " " 2001 .2004 " " 2008 2008 12 13 . . : : 228 (
  226. 226. (1 " " ) 31 .( 7" 30 " 15 " " 17 " " " " 30 " (2 . (3 . : " ( " " ." " " " " " " . 229 "
  227. 227. " " ." :" " " " " ) " " ( . . . " " " " 230
  228. 228. . (2008 3) " " " " (2009 " 3) " " " " " " " ) ( : 2009 15 ) .( : (1 . 231
  229. 229. (2 . (3 . (4 . (5 . (6 . ATCE : 2009 " 2 " ." " ) " " " . .2009 4 . (7 UGTT : " ) " ATCE " UGTT 232 "
  230. 230. " ."2009 (" " 28 " ." . ( : 2009 " " 2008 13 . : " " 2009 (1 100 . . (2 150 (3 – – ) (... 233
  231. 231. " " " " " " ) .( : . ) : ( . : (1 : (2 . " " ( ) (ATCE ) .( " " " ) " " 234 " " " " "
  232. 232. " " . : ( 1991 1994 ATCE ... . : " " 1991 . " " " " " " " . 235 " " "
  233. 233. . . . : ( : ) " " " " " " (2005 " 5) (2005 26) ( ." ) " ." ( 236
  234. 234. ( ) .2004 " : 28) (2005 "... " " " " ... " " " (2007 ... 5) " " . ) ( 18 : " " )" (12 ": 2005 27 ." " 237 " " ": "
  235. 235. " ": " ": " 1997 " : 2001 " " " " " " : " " " " . " " " " ." " " " " " " " " . " " " " " " " ... " " " " : " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " 238 " " " " " "
  236. 236. " " " " ." " ( ATCE . : ) " ( – ) – " 2005 . . : " " . 9 10) (2005 29) (2005 . : 2005 " " !! . 239 4 (2005 6)
  237. 237. ( . : . . . 25) (2002 ." " " 2005 " (2005 2) . " " 1994 . 240
  238. 238. 2004 9) (1994 ": 75 ." " 70 Côte d’Azur " ( " " ) « Le Figaro » . " " 2007 . : ( ) " " " ( " . 241
  239. 239. : :1 . 2004 ... " " (2004 " 4) (2004 19) (2004 ) 3) (2004 ( 22) " " " ": ( ) " : ) .(1987 7 : " " " ." 242
  240. 240. :2 " " 2005 28 " " ": " "... : " ( " . : :1 RCD (1999 ) " " " .( " : 2004 " ." " " " " . " 2004 243 3) ": "
  241. 241. :2 :( – ) 2004 : %96 . %4 : . %11 %78 %89 RCD . %69 %98.3 .%1.7 ( ) : 2011 14 . : . (1 (2 . 244
  242. 242. (3 . (4 . : 245
  243. 243. : : " " " " . : ) (1 (... ) ( ) (2 (... . (3 . (4 (5 . . (6 : . . . .( ) 246
  244. 244. ‫א ‪ú‬א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫‪ª‬א‬ ‫.‬ ‫"‬ ‫.‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫)‬ ‫...(‬ ‫:‬ ‫1(‬ ‫.‬ ‫2(‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫"‬ ‫)‬ ‫.‬ ‫742‬ ‫"‬
  245. 245. ( . 13 " " ) .( 13 . " " " " ) " " " (" – " " " " ATCE " ) 248 "
  246. 246. " " ( . : : (1 – : – – ... ... : (2 37 8 . (3 . . (4 : 249 (5
  247. 247. 1959 " " . . ) 25 ( . ) (... . 32 . : (1 250
  248. 248. (2 . (3 " " . . 13 . :1 : 251
  249. 249. " " – 7 " " " " "Femmes" "FM " " " " "1 " " :2 " "Le Journal" – " " ") "La Presse" " " " .( 20 )" :3 " 2008 " 17 " " 252
  250. 250. " " " " .2004 1999 " " 2009 2004 1999 ) " ( " ) .( ." " 253
  251. 251. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫א‬ª ‫א‬ú : (" " )" " : ) ( ( ) UGTT ) UGTT .( . UGTT : ) (2006 . :" ) " 2007 ( 20 " 255 : "
  252. 252. ) .( " " 2004 " " " " " " UGTT . " " ) UGTT ( " " " " .( ) : UGTT ." " : 2008 " UGTT " UGTT " " . 256
  253. 253. " " " " " " ) . ( : : " " UGTT " " ."2009 (" " " ) 28 " ." " " : : 2005 ( ) " " . 257
  254. 254. (1 : (2005 28) " " " " UGTT . " " " " " " . (2 : (2005 30) " " " " )" " " " .( ( ) " " " " . " " 258
  255. 255. " " " " " " " " ... " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " ... " " " " " " " " " " : UGTT " " (" ) UGTT . " " " : " 2009 UGTT / " " ) " " / / " .( " " UGTT . 259 "
  256. 256. ‫א ‪ú‬א‬ ‫א א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫¯א‬ ‫6002‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫31‬ ‫"‬ ‫6002‬ ‫"‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫162‬ ‫"‬
  257. 257. " " . " " ( ) " " 108 " " : . . . ." " " " " " " " " " " " LTDH " " " " " " ) .( " " 3 262
  258. 258. " " . " . " " . 263 "
  259. 259. : 2006 " 13 " LTDH : (... ) (1 " ." " " " " ( ) " (2 . " (2006 / " " ) ") (3 " (... " " " " " " " . (4 " LTDH " . " " " " : 264 (5
  260. 260. . " " (6 . " " " " " (7 " " " ) (... " " (8 . : ... .( ) . 265
  261. 261. : (" " ) " " (1 "Freedom House – .( " " " ) (2 ( ) . " " . LTDH . 266
  262. 262. : " ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫ "א‬ª‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫¯א‬ ‫א‬ ‫מא‬ :" " : " " . ATCE " " . : " " " " " " ATCE . 267
  263. 263. " 2006 " " . " " " 2000 . : " " - . - . . - 268
  264. 264. " " " " " " ." " " " " " " " ... : " " " " ATCE 2010 " " " " " " " " " " " ATCE . 269 "
  265. 265. ATCE : " " : :I (1 . " " " " " " " ." " (2 " " " " " (UGTT) " " " " . " " " " " (3 " . " " " " (4 . (5 . (6 " " .ATCE 270
  266. 266. : AP : II AFP (1 ATCE DPA Reuters . (2 . " " ) (3 . (" " : 27 : 2010 France 24 ( TV – ) ( " " ) ATCE ATCE 1 .2010 271
  267. 267. : : 1996 – ) – – – – .(... 2002 " " " " " " " " " ATCE " : (1 – ) – – – – – – – (... – – (2 . 272
  268. 268. (3 . . (4 " )" " (5 .(" (6 .( ATCE ) . 273
  269. 269. ‫א ‪ú‬א‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫1(‬ ‫א‬ ‫:‬ ‫0102‬ ‫)‬ ‫06‬ ‫(.‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫.‬ ‫2(‬ ‫:‬ ‫.‬ ‫...(‬ ‫)‬ ‫572‬ ‫:‬
  270. 270. . . ) (... " /" "/" " "/" ") .("PDP" / "POCT" ) . (... . . ) (... 276
  271. 271. : ‫א‬ú ‫א‬ ‫מ א‬ ( ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ) ) (ATCE " " ) ( 2004 ( ) ) ( .(... ) RCD . (... ) : (1 ... 277
  272. 272. ... (2 ( ) ) ( ATCE " " " " " " " " " " " ) . 278 "
  273. 273. .( " Le Renouveau " " " " " " " . ATCE (1 . ) " " " " (" " " 279 " "L’Audace"
  274. 274. " " " (" " " ) ) " " .( : .(" " " " " " )" " ) " " " .(" .(" " )" " " " ) " " .(" La " "A l’encre de vivre" ) " " .("Presse .(" " –" " " " )" ) " " .(" .(" " .(" " " .(" " " " " " " " )" " " )" " )" 280 " "
  275. 275. .(" .(" " " " " )" " " " " )" " ) " " .(" .(" " )" )" .("Le Temps" .(" " " " . ("Le Renouveau " )" " )" " )" ". .(" ) " MDS " " .( ) " " .(" .(" " " )" " " " " . 281 "
  276. 276. : ( ) : . " . " . :" " " " " " :( )" " " 2009 " ." " :1 " " ) :2 :( 1999 ( ) ( ) " " . " " !! " " " 282 "
  277. 277. Ø Ħ ? ‫ א‬ª ?
  278. 278. ) LTDH (1994 1989 ACHR CNLT Congrès pour la 2011 ) République 14 .(2001 24 2000 . . ATCE . 285
  279. 279. – 1989 (LTDH) 1994 .1994 4 1994 1994 5 LTDH ( ) ) 30 ( ) .( 286 5
  280. 280. .1994 11 (PDP ) 20 1994 . ) ( . (Retour à l’envoyeur) 287
  281. 281. ) ( . . Reuters – La Croix Diario 16 . El Pais 1994 24 ( « BBC » ) 5 .1994 .1994 288 1994
  282. 282. . 1994 24 ATCE . 1994 « Réalités » La Presse : . . 1994 1994 . 289 13
  283. 283. . 1996 19 . . (1999 5 ) 1999 ( ) 1999 7 . CNLT 1999 CNLT 290 5
  284. 284. . ( . ) 1999 – 23 .1999 ) .( 2000 2000 4 . 2000 Reuters 4 .( ) ) 291 22
  285. 285. (2000 42 . . . : « Le Président Clinton, ne devrait pas soutenir un régime qui est l’antithèse des valeurs que nous partageons tous » 2000 . ) ( . Human Rights Watch 28 2000 2000 .2000 292 2 30 25
  286. 286. ATCE . 2000 27 2000 18 2000 30 . (CNLT) . 8) 4 10 ( . 2001 . ) 293 7
  287. 287. .(2001 8 2001 2001 24 30 . : • . • • . . 2000 12 5 ( ) Jacques Chirac . 2001 30 . 294
  288. 288. 2001 8 2006 7 2008 16 . 2001 12 Alain Renon ( ) . . . . . 2010 ( ) 295
  289. 289. (Persona non grata) . . 10 . 296 2010
  290. 290. . 1989 . 1991 . – ) – 297
  291. 291. (... ) (... : ) .( 298
  292. 292. : 2011 14 . ( ) ( ) 6 2007 ) 2007 ( 3 . : 2009 31 . 299
  293. 293. . . : : 2002 24 . : . ) .( . 1998 . 300
  294. 294. : ATCE 2002 31 2003 ( ATCE . ( ) . 1987 . 301
  295. 295. : . . . ) .( . . . 302
  296. 296. : (1 . (2 . . . (3 (4 . Middle East On-line 2008 . 303
  297. 297. 1991 1991 .1987 16 ATCE 2008 2008 15 ( ) . . : ) .( 304
  298. 298. 2002 Télé-Liberté 7 L’Audace . 2003 .Mecca Cola ATCE Michel Boyon (CSA) 2007 CSA 2007 (Med-Fm) 2 Med- Radio Soleil .Fm .ATCE . 305
  299. 299. ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ . : : : : . ( (1 (2 2001 ) AOL ( ) MOR ( ( ) .( ( ) ) 4 1998 . 306 )
  300. 300. : 2010 14 2003 . . . .2010 ) (3 (2004 2007 9 1992 . ) (1993 (4 1992 2008 ( ) . . 307
  301. 301. : ) .( : (5 20 1986 . 1988 . 1998 .( . 308 )
  302. 302. ( ) : (1 . (2 . (3 . 23 2006 : .2006 25 (4 309
  303. 303. ) .( . (5 : !! 310
  304. 304. LTDH ( ) 1999 – 1994 MDS . ) I :( 1996 18 Philippe 11 Chansay Wilmotte . 5 1996 1996 .( ) 1996 . 1997 17 . 1997 . 311
  305. 305. ATCE II : . • . • : (1 : !! : ! . (2 . 1997 Salvatore Lombardo 11 (3 ATCE Art-Sud 1998 . (4 1997 Abe Nathan .!! : 312
  306. 306. (5 . : 1996 . 1999 5 ( ) ) .( 1999 200 29 2 .( 313 ) 1999
  307. 307. ( ) : 3 1997 29 22 ) . : ATCE . LTDH . LTDH . .(SNCFT) . 314
  308. 308. : . 10 5 . : . : (4 ) 2000 20 (1 (2 315 :
  309. 309. : . : 2008 ATCE ) ( . ) .( : (ATCE ) (1 . (2 2007 ) .ATCE 12 316
  310. 310. ( : ATCE . : 18 18 : 18 . 317
  311. 311. ( ) ( La Croix ) : 2000 4 2000 : 3 42 2000 . : ( ) . 3 2000 27 2000 28 . . 318
  312. 312. : 2000 2 84072 ) .( 2000 2 84073 ) .( 2000 3 . 2000 3 . 2000 7 : (Hélène Flautre Desir Harlen) (Robert Menard) (Daniel Cohn-Bendit) Le Figaro Le Monde .(France 2 ) Libération France Soir Le Parisien 319
  313. 313. : . : . Le Figaro – Libération – Le Parisien – Le Monde – France- ATCE Soir – La Croix ) . (... : Nicolas Beau Le Canard enchainé LTDH Le dissident dessonant : . 9 Le Figaro .2000 Grenoble 10 . . ) 320 . ATCE 2000 .(
  314. 314. ( ) . (Robert Menard ) . : * 3 . : 2010 2010 6 2010 19 : 538 321
  315. 315. . . 322
  316. 316. ( ) 2007 ( . 323 )
  317. 317. 18 . 2009 2009 24 . : • . • . . 324
  318. 318. 1990 2004 ( ) ( ) . 325
  319. 319. (L’Audace ) : 1984 L’Audace . . ( ) . 326
  320. 320. POCT PDP ) 75 (... . 2005 : (1 ) .( (2 – : ) / / ( / . 327
  321. 321. : 2) .(2005 : ) IFEX CNLT LTDH ( – ) (... : – (1 . : *(+) . ( . 328 ) (2005 (2005 29) 3)
  322. 322. (2005 3) (2005 . 3) : . Attachement à la primauté de la loi et à l’impartialité de la justice Le Renouveau (2005 . 3) + : (*) (2 : Femmes contre la violence, Women against violence. Qui essaie de blanchir Mohamed Abbou, l’avocat qui a brutalisé sa consoeur. (3 . : 2007 22 !! 329
  323. 323. ( ) Marianne « Le mort vivant réapparait » .( 330 )
  324. 324. ) ( 2001 . ) ) (... ( .( ) : 2000 14 Jean François Poirier « Aloès » « Aloès » . ( ) ) 2009 ( ATCE . 331
  325. 325. . : : (1 Fondation Hambourgeoise pour les persécutés politiques Pen Club Deutschland Pen International • • (2 ) Graz .( Bad Boll .2009 : 14 ) 24 23 .(2010 332
  326. 326. : ) ( Martina Robert Menard Vincent Geisser ) Daniel Mermet Astred Frohloff Baurle (... Helène Flautre Nicole Pignon-Peguy Antoine Madelin . ) 2002 .( . 2007 ) 2003 ( . 333
  327. 327. ( ) 2001 . 24 Aix-en-Provence 2000 1997 . . 334
  328. 328. ) ( .(Myope 335 )
  329. 329. ( ) ( ) . 1998 . :( ) ( ) ( 1995 ATCE La Presse ) Le Temps Réalités . Le Renouveau 336 )
  330. 330. ( ) ( ) . MDS 1987 7 ) . . : 1996 . 1997 337
  331. 331. ( . ) 338
  332. 332. 15 Evreux . 2001 ) .( 339
  333. 333. 62 ( ) .( ... 340 )
  334. 334. 2003 ( ) . .ATCE 341 15
  335. 335. ) ( : 1 . 2 . . 3 ) 4 . 342 (
  336. 336. 2008 ATCE Nilesat Nilesat : Eutelsat ( ) Noorsat (1 (2 (3 Nilesat . (4 . .ATCE (5 343
  337. 337. ( ) 2007 : .( ) 344
  338. 338. : . . 345
  339. 339. 2000 19 . 1994 . 346 5
  340. 340. ) ( 29 « ANB » 2009 . . ) (... . ) 18 2009 .( 347
  341. 341. : . 1991 (1 . (2 (3 . (4 . 1997 . 348
  342. 342. : . (1 . (2 349
  343. 343. ( ) : 2008 (1 30 : . . . 18 . . 2008 (2 16 . 350
  344. 344. .1993 La Presse 1991 2004 , ) .(« PDP » . 351
  345. 345. 2008 (Ecole Louis Pasteur de Tunis) : (1 : : : 1 2 . 352
  346. 346. . 3 . ) ( 4 . Le Quotidien . « Entre la médiocrité et : l’excellence » 5 .« Le Monde » : ) (2008 4 353 6

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