Quality Issues in Open Educational                 Resources:    Need for a Comprehensive Perspective                     ...
Concept     ‘openeducation’ today is considered as a     comprehensive concept encompassing all     types and kinds of ‘o...
OER: a sub-set of Open Education     Open  Education is not limited to just open     educational resources. It also inclu...
What is “Open Content”?        Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware        are educational ma...
OER:Reuse-Remix-Redistribute Cycle                          OER Materials                            QUALITY            Pr...
OER Quality: Literature Review    Quality Aspects Operationalisation           Reference    Accuracy        Content is val...
OER Quality: Literature Review    Quality Aspect   Operationalisation              Reference    Pedagogy         The mater...
OER Quality: Literature Review    Quality         Operationalisation                 Reference    Aspects    Usability    ...
OER Quality: Literature Review    Quality          Operationalisation                        Reference    Aspects    Acces...
OER Quality: Literature Review     Quality       Operationalisation                      Reference     Aspects     Opennes...
OER Quality: Literature Review Quality         Operationalisation                   Reference Aspects Discoverability If a...
Quality Domains                        CONTENT             PEDAGOGY          PRESENTATION                       OPENNESS  ...
Proposed Quality Aspects      CONTENT       –   Accuracy       –   Significance       –   Relevance      PEDAGOGY       ...
Proposed Quality Aspects      PRESENTATION       –   User-friendly       –   Motivating14                              mo...
Proposed Quality Aspects      OPENNESS      –   Discoverability-from a practical perspective (Brown, 2008,          Dhola...
OER:Reuse-Remix-Redistribute Cycle                           OER Materials                             QUALITY            ...
Mohan Menon     WOU     E-mail: mohanbmenon@gmail.com17                                   mohanmenon
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Quality Issues in Open Educational Resources: Need for a Comprehensive Perspective

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Regional Consultation Workshop on Quality Guidelines for Open Educational Resources on 13-15 March 2013 at Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad

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Quality Issues in Open Educational Resources: Need for a Comprehensive Perspective

  1. 1. Quality Issues in Open Educational Resources: Need for a Comprehensive Perspective Mohan Menon mohanbmenon@gmail.com1 mohanmenon
  2. 2. Concept  ‘openeducation’ today is considered as a comprehensive concept encompassing all types and kinds of ‘openness’ including the ‘openness’ of resources.2 mohanmenon
  3. 3. OER: a sub-set of Open Education  Open Education is not limited to just open educational resources. It also includes open technologies that facilitate collaborative, flexible learning and the open sharing of teaching practices and new approaches to assessment, accreditation and collaborative learning (Cape Town Open Education Declaration).3 mohanmenon
  4. 4. What is “Open Content”? Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials (usually digital) that can be: Shared freely and openly … redistribute for … Shared and share again. Redistribute Used d … use by … adapt / repurpose/ anyone to … improve under some Improved type of license in order to … Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams4 cheryl.hodgkinson-williams@uct.ac.za mohanmenon
  5. 5. OER:Reuse-Remix-Redistribute Cycle OER Materials QUALITY Practice of Practice of OER Re- OER create &Re- Reuse/Remix distribute5 mohanmenon
  6. 6. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Aspects Operationalisation Reference Accuracy Content is valid and Nardine reliable Saad (2004 Relevance Relevance of content to users needs Significance Content teaches Nardine educationally significant Saad (2004 concepts, models or skills6 in the discipline mohanmenon
  7. 7. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Aspect Operationalisation Reference Pedagogy The material is effective Nardine Saad as a teaching tool; -features in the learning (2004); Paul material that support Gerhard, learning and the 2005 applicability of the material in teaching and learning processes Presentation The material is presented effectively and user-friendly7 mohanmenon
  8. 8. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Operationalisation Reference Aspects Usability Technical structure and interface design of the learning material as well as the ease of use arising from these features. Usability is dependent on the user’s experience. Presentation The material is presented Nardine Saad effectively and user-friendly (2004) Motivating Emotionally engaging content Joseph L. Scott,8 (or presentation??) 1994 mohanmenon
  9. 9. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Operationalisation Reference Aspects Accessibility Accessibility in this context means that the online learning materials are accessible to everyone regardless of their age, physical or mental capacity, disabilities or health. Findability ‘the ability of users to identify an Peter Morville, appropriate Web site and navigate 2005 the pages of the site to discover and retrieve relevant information resources"9 mohanmenon
  10. 10. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Operationalisation Reference Aspects Openness Digitized materials offered freely Bissell (Legal) and openly for educators, students, (2009) and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning and research Openness ALMS Analysis Wiley (Technical) Access to editing tools? (2009) Level of expertise required to revise/remix? Meaningfully editable?10 Source-file access? mohanmenon
  11. 11. OER Quality: Literature Review Quality Operationalisation Reference Aspects Discoverability If an OER cannot be discovered, Brown, 2008, from a practical perspective it Dholakia, King, and might as well be closed Baraniuk, 2006 Searchability Good practices of site navigation "Googles Search Engine Optimization Starter Guide, Version 1.1, 13 Nov 2008 Reusability Pedagogical effectiveness and Wiley (2004) potential for reuse are completely at odds to each other Okado (2010)11 Four levels of reusability mohanmenon
  12. 12. Quality Domains CONTENT PEDAGOGY PRESENTATION OPENNESS Legal Technical Technological- IT related12 mohanmenon
  13. 13. Proposed Quality Aspects  CONTENT – Accuracy – Significance – Relevance  PEDAGOGY – Theoretical soundness – Learner centeredness – Effectiveness for different learning levels – Applicability in effective teaching-learning13 processes mohanmenon
  14. 14. Proposed Quality Aspects  PRESENTATION – User-friendly – Motivating14 mohanmenon
  15. 15. Proposed Quality Aspects  OPENNESS – Discoverability-from a practical perspective (Brown, 2008, Dholakia, King, and Baraniuk, 2006) – Searchability- Good practices of site navigation ("Googles Search Engine Optimization Starter Guide, Version 1.1, 13 Nov 2008) – Reusability-Balance between pedagogical effectiveness and potential for reuse (Wiley, 2004) Levels of reusability (Okado, 2010, Okado, et.al. 2012) – Findability- ability of an user to search and find a specific resource (Peter Morville, 2005) – Usability- combines searchability and findability15 – Open Licence- copyright relaxations mohanmenon
  16. 16. OER:Reuse-Remix-Redistribute Cycle OER Materials QUALITY Practice of Practice of OER Re- OER create &Re- Reuse/Remix distribute16 mohanmenon
  17. 17. Mohan Menon WOU E-mail: mohanbmenon@gmail.com17 mohanmenon
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