SriLanka(singhalesischශ්රීලංකා,Tamil இலங்கை,),bis 1972Ceylon
(seitherDemokratischeSozialistischeRepublikSriLanka),isteinIn...
Fotos: JohnAlexander
Malte Calvin
Ania Blazejewska
Steve McCurry
www.trekearth.com
www.fotocommunity.de
Wong ChekPoh
Mike ...
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)
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Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)

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Countries from a to z sri lanka part i (fil_eminimizer)

  1. 1. SriLanka(singhalesischශ්රීලංකා,Tamil இலங்கை,),bis 1972Ceylon (seitherDemokratischeSozialistischeRepublikSriLanka),isteinInselstaatim IndischenOzean,237km(WestküstederInsel)östlichderSüdspitzedes IndischenSubkontinents,undzählt20,3MillionenEinwohner.Die kleinste EntfernungzwischenIndien(Kodiyakkarai)und SriLanka(Munasal)beträgt 54,8Kilometer. DurchihreLagebildetedie InselvonderAntikebiszurModerneeinen strategischenKnotenpunktfürdie SeefahrtzwischenVorder-undSüdostasien. DerSüdenunddie GebieteumAnuradhapurawareneinesderZentrendes antikenBuddhismus,wohingegenim NordenundOstenhinduistische Tempelkomplexeexistierten.HeuteistdasLandeinemultireligiöseund multiethnischeNation,in dernebendemBuddhismusunddemHinduismus,das Christentumund derIslambedeutendeReligionensind.Die Singhalesenmachen dengrößtenTeilderBevölkerungaus.DieTamilenstellendie größteMinderheit. AndereethnischeMinderheitensinddie Moors,Malaien, Burgherund die sri- lankischenUreinwohner,die Veddas. SriLanka,knownuntil1972as Ceylon, hasmaritimeborderswithIndiatothenorthwestandthe Maldivestothesouthwest.SriLankahasadocumentedhistorythatspansover3,000years,but therearetheoriestosuggestthatSriLankahadpre-historichumansettlementsdatingback toat least125,000years.Itsgeographiclocationanddeep harboursmadeitofgreatstrategic importancefromthetimeoftheancientSilk RoadthroughtoWorldWarII. SriLankaisadiversecountry,hometomanyreligions,ethnicitiesand languages.Itisthelandof theSinhalese,SriLankanTamils,Moors,IndianTamils,Burghers,Malays,Kaffirsandthe aboriginalVedda.SriLankahasa richBuddhistheritage,and thefirstknownBuddhistwritingsof SriLanka,thePāliCanon,datesbacktotheFourthBuddhistCouncilin29BC.Thecountry'srecent historyhasbeenmarredbya thirty-yearcivilwarwhichdecisivelyendedwhenSriLankanmilitary defeatedLiberationTigersofTamilEelam in2009. SriLankaisarepublicandaunitarystategovernedbyapresidentialsystem.The legislativecapital, SriJayawardenepuraKotte,isa suburbofthecommercialcapital,andlargestcity,ofColombo.Itis alsoan importantproduceroftea,coffee,gemstones,coconuts,rubber,andthenativecinnamon, theislandcontainstropicalforestsand diverselandscapeswitha highamountofbiodiversity.
  2. 2. Fotos: JohnAlexander Malte Calvin Ania Blazejewska Steve McCurry www.trekearth.com www.fotocommunity.de Wong ChekPoh Mike Long

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