Strengths and Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
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Strengths and Weaknesses of the Filipino Character

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This material is from Filipino Values & Moral Development published by the Economic Development Foundations in November, 1992 The study was sponsored by the Philippine Senate and was headed by Senator ...

This material is from Filipino Values & Moral Development published by the Economic Development Foundations in November, 1992 The study was sponsored by the Philippine Senate and was headed by Senator Leticia Shahani. It was conducted by a task force headed by Dr. Patricia Licuanan. The findings were based on bibliographic surveys and interviews and consultations with researchers and practitioners in the behavioral and social sciences, education and social welfare, journalists and social analysts; a nationwide survey of 2000 respondents; and, focus group discussions among residents of an urban poor resettlement area in Bagong Bayan, Dasmariñas, Cavite. From the study was developed “A Moral Recovery Program – Building a People, Building a Nation” Submitted to the Philippine Senate.

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Strengths and Weaknesses of the Filipino Character Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Filipino Values and Moral DevelopmentStrengths and Weaknesses of the Filipino Character
  • 2. Note: This material is from Filipino Values & Moral Development published by the Economic Development Foundations in November, 1992 The study was sponsored by the Philippine Senate and was headed bySenator Leticia Shahani. It was conducted by a task forceheaded by Dr. Patricia Licuanan. The findings were based on bibliographic surveys and interviews and consultations with researchers and practitioners in the behavioral and social sciences, education and social welfare, journalists and social analysts; a nationwide survey of 2000 respondents; and, focus group discussions among residents of an urban poor resettlement area in Bagong Bayan, Dasmariñas, Cavite. From the study was developed “A Moral Recovery Program – Building a People, Building a Nation” Submitted to the Philippine Senate.
  • 3. What are there in the Pinoy Character that maeks us strong as a people?Strengths in Atik!! Naa kaha?the Filipino Character
  • 4. Strengths of the Filipino Character 1/8Pakikipagkapwa-Tao
  • 5. Kapwa-tao = aFilipinos - open fellow humanto others and beingfeel one withothersregard otherswith dignityand respectdeal with themas fellowhuman beings. Kapwa-tao = a fellow human
  • 6. Pakikipagkapwa-tao•basic sense of justice andfairness•concern for others.•ability to empathize withothers
  • 7. Pakikipagkapwa-tao•helpfulness and generosity in times of need(pakikiramay); practice of bayanihan ormutual assistance, Filipino hospitality.
  • 8. • sensitivity to people’s feelings (pakikiramdam)• pagtitiwala or trust• sense of gratitude or utang na loob.• very dependent on interpersonal relationships; gives sense of security• camaraderie and a feeling of closeness to one another. Pakikipagkapwa-tao is a foundation for unity as well the sense of social
  • 9. Strengths of the Filipino Character 2/8Family Orientation
  • 10. Filipinos possess a genuine and deep love for family
  • 11. •source ofpersonalidentity,emotionaland materialsupport and•one’s maincommitmentandresponsibility
  • 12. honor and respect given to parents and elders; care given to the children; the generosity towardskin in need, and in great sacrifices one endures for the welfare of the family.
  • 13. sense of family results in a feeling of belongingness and rootedness in a basic sense of security.
  • 14. Strengths of the Filipino Character 3/8Joy and Humor
  • 15. Filipinos have a cheerful and fun-loving approach to life and its ups and downs…pleasant disposition, a sense of humor anda propensity for happiness that contribute not only to the Filipino charm but also to the indomitability of the Filipino spirit.
  • 16. Laughing at ourselves and the mess we are in is animportant coping mechanism. ..playful, sometimes, disrespectful, we laugh at those we love and at those we hate and we make jokes about our good fortune and bad.
  • 17. …manifested in the Filipino’s love for socials andcelebrations, to laugh even in the most trying of times….The result is a certain emotionalbalance, optimism, a healthy disrespectfor power and office and the capacity to survive.
  • 18. Strengths of the Filipino Character 4/8Flexibility, Adaptability and Creativity
  • 19. We can adjust and to adapt to circumstances and the surrounding environment, both physical and social; adjusts to whatever happens even in unplanned or anticipated events.We possess a tolerance forambiguity that enables us toremain unfazed by uncertainlyor lack of information.
  • 20. The result is productivity, inno-vation,• creative, resourceful, quick entrepre- learners; can improvise and make use of whatever is at neurship, hand in order to create and equa-nimity produce; and survival.• accepts change; adapts to life in any part of the world, in the ability to make new things out of old scraps,• Creative in cultural sphere
  • 21. Strengths of the Filipino Character5/8Hard Work and Industry Who says Pinoys are lazy?
  • 22. • We have the capacity for hard work given proper conditions;• to raise one’s standard of living and to possess the essentials of a decent life for one’s family
  • 23. We are willing totake the riskswith jobs abroadand, while there,to work at two orthree jobs.The result isproductivityandentrepreneurship for someand survivaldespitepoverty for
  • 24. Strengths of the Filipino Character6/8Faith and ReligiosityFilipinos have deep faith in God.
  • 25. • Our innate religiosity enables us to comprehend and genuinely accept reality in the context of God’s will and plan.• Religious expressions is very tangible expressed everyday; we relate to God like a human being – threaten, thank, ask forgiveness, appease
  • 26. • tragedy and bad fortune are accepted and some optimism characterizes even the poorest lives.• related to bahala na which may be considered positively as a reservoir of psychic energy, a psychological prop on which we can lean during hard times.This pampalakas ng loob allows us to act despite
  • 27. Strengths of the Filipino Character7/8Faith and ReligiosityOur faith and daring was manifest at EDSAand other times in our history even when itwas difficult to be brave.
  • 28. • Our faith and daring was manifest at EDSA and other times in our history; seen in the capacity to accept failure and defeat• we recognize forces external to ourselves as contributing to how events in our lives turn out.
  • 29. The results of the Filipino’s faith are courage, daring optimism, inner peace,as well as the capacity to genuinely accept tragedy and death.
  • 30. Strengths of the Filipino Character8/8 Ability to Survive
  • 31. Filipinos have anability to survive.Filipinos make dowith what is availablein the environment.…basic optimism,flexibility andadaptability, hardwork and a deep faithin God.
  • 32. It is manifested in the millions of Filipinos whobravely live through the harshest economic andsocial circumstances. What we might be able to do under better circumstances?
  • 33. What about weaknesses in character? Daghan pod oy!Weaknesses Pamalandungi ,dong. in the Filipino Character
  • 34. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character1/8 Extreme PersonalismFilipinos view the world in terms of personalrelationship Hoy, kung galit ka sa akin, wag Hoy, bata! mong pagalitan Hindi dito ang bata! tinatapon ang basura!
  • 35. Filipinos view the world in terms of personalrelationships; no separation between anobjective task and emotional involvement.
  • 36. We tend to givepersonalinterpretations toactions, i.e., “takethings personally”.Thus, a sincere questionmay be viewed as achallenge to one’scompetence or positivefeedback may beinterpreted as a sign ofspecial affection.
  • 37. There is in fact some basis for such interpretations as Filipinos are quite personal in criticism and praise. Personalism is alsomanifested in the necessity for the establishment of personal relationshipsbefore any business or work relationships can be successful.
  • 38. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character2/8 Extreme PersonalismBecause of this personalistic world view, Filipinoshave difficulty dealing with all forms of personalstimuli.
  • 39. We tend to beuncomfortable withbureaucracy, withrules and regulationsand with standardprocedures, all ofwhich tend to beimpersonal.we tend to ignorethem or we ask forexceptions..
  • 40. Personal contacts are involved in any transaction andthese are difficult to turn down. Preference is usually given to family and friendsin hiring, delivery of services and even in voting.
  • 41. Extreme personalism thus leads to the graftand corruption evident in Philippine society.
  • 42. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character3/8 Extreme Family Centeredness
  • 43. Excessiveconcern for thefamily creates anin-group to whichthe Filipino isfiercely loyal tothe detriment ofconcern for thelarger communityor for thecommon good.
  • 44. Excessive concern for family manifests itself in the use of one’s office andpower as a means of promoting the interest of the family, factionalism, patronage and political dynasties,and in the protection of erring family members.
  • 45. Family centeredness results to a lack ofconcern for the common good and acts as a block to national consciousness.
  • 46. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character4/8 Lack of Discipline
  • 47. The Filipino’s lack of discipline ismanifests in a casual andrelaxed attitude towards timeand space which manifests itselfin lack of precision andcompulsiveness, in poor timemanagement andprocrastination.an aversion for following strictlya set of procedures and thisresults in lack of standardizationand quality control.
  • 48. We are impatient andunable to delay gratification or reward, resulting in theuse of short-cuts, in skirting the rules (the palusot syndrome) and in foolhardiness. We are guilty of ningascogon, starting out projects with full vigor and interest which abruptly die down leaving things unfinished.
  • 49. Our lack of discipline often results in efficient andwasteful work systems violations of rules leading to more serious transgressions and a casual work ethic leading to carelessness and lack of follow- through.
  • 50. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character5/8 Passivity and Lack of Initiative
  • 51. Filipinos aregenerally passiveand lacking ininitiative.There is strongreliance on others(e.g., leaders,government) to dothings for usrelated to our needfor a strongauthority.
  • 52. Filipinos tend to be complacent and there rarely is a sense of urgency about any problem. There is high tolerance for inefficiency, poorservice and even violations of one’s basic rights. In many ways, it can be said that the Filipino is too patient and long suffering (matiisin).
  • 53. Too easily resigned to one’s fate. Filipinos are thus easily oppressed and exploited.
  • 54. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character6/8 Colonial Mentality
  • 55. Filipinos have acolonial mentalitywhich is made upof two dimensions:the first is a lack ofpatriotism or anactive awareness,appreciation andlove of thePhilippines; thesecond is an actualpreference forthings foreign.
  • 56. Filipino culture ischaracterized by an openness to the outside—adapting and incorporating the foreign elements into our image of ourselves - not built around a deep core of Philippine history and language.
  • 57. The result is culturalvagueness or weaknessthat makes Filipinosextraordinarilysusceptible to thewholesale acceptance ofmodern mass culturewhich is often Western.Thus there is preferencefor foreign fashion,entertainment, lifestyles,technology, consumeritems, etc.
  • 58. The Filipino colonialmentality ismanifested in thealienation of the elitefrom their roots andfrom the masses aswell as in the basicfeeling of nationalinferiority that makesit difficult for Filipinosto relate as equals toWesterners.
  • 59. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character7/8 Kanya-Kanya Syndrome
  • 60. Filipinos have a selfish, self-serving attitude thatgenerates a feeling of envy and competitivenesstoward others, particularly one’s peers who seemto have gained some status or prestige.
  • 61. The kanya-kanya syndrome is also evident in the personal ambition and the drive forpower and status that is completely insensitive to the common good.Personal and in-group interests reign supreme.
  • 62. Thischaracteristicis also evidentin the lack of asense ofservice amongpeople in thegovernmentbureaucracy.The public is made to feel that service from these offices and from these civil servants is an extra perk that is to be paid for.
  • 63. The kanya-kanya syndrome results in thedampening of cooperative and community spirit and in the trampling upon the rights of others.
  • 64. Weaknesses of the Filipino Character8/8 Lack of Self-analysis and Self-reflection
  • 65. There is atendency in theFilipino to besuperficial andeven somewhatflighty. In theface of seriousproblems, bothpersonal andsocial, there islack of analysisor reflection.
  • 66. We joke about the most serious matters and this preventslooking deeply into the problem. There is no felt need to validate our hypotheses orexplanations of things. Thus, we are satisfied with superficial explanations andsuperficial solutions to problems.
  • 67. We tend to emphasize on form (maporma)rather than on substance; to be satisfied withrhetoric and to substitute this for reality;rhetoric and endless words are very much partof public discourse. As long as the right things are said, as long as the proper documents and reports exist, as long as the proper committees, task forces or offices are firmed, Filipinos are deluded into believing that what ought to be, actually exists.
  • 68. The Filipino lack of self-analysis and our emphasis on norms is reinforced by aneducational system that is often more form than substance and a legal system that tends to substitute law for reality.
  • 69. Tenk yo!