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  5. 5. • FRPELQDo}HV GH FRUHV PLVWXUDU PXLWDV FRUHV RX FRPELQi ODV GH IRUPD LPSUXGHQWH SRGH VHU R SLRU GRV HUURV D VHU FRPHWLGR HP VXD KRPH SDJH VHQGR DVVLP YDOH D SHQD YRFr WHVWDU YiULDV YHUV}HV GH VXD SiJLQD FRPELQDQGR GLYHUVDV RSo}HV GH FRUHV GDV PDLV VLPSOHV jV PDLV RXVDGDV H[SHULPHQWH XVDU WH[WRV HVFXURV HP IXQGR FODUR WH[WRV FODURV HP IXQGRV HVFXURV GLIHUHQWHV WRQDOLGDGHV QRV PHQXV FRUHV GLIHUHQFLDGDV SDUD RV OLQNV H WDQWDV RXWUDV SRVVLELOLGDGHV GHSHQGHQGR GRV HOHPHQWRV SUHVHQWHV HP VXD SiJLQD QmR HVTXHoD TXH D OHLWXUD HP WHOD GH FRPSXWDGRU p EDVWDQWH OLPLWDGD H DOJXPDV RSo}HV FRPR SRU H[HPSOR XVDU IRQWHV HVFXUDV HP IXQGRV WDPEpP HVFXURV SRGHP SUDWLFDPHQWH LPSHGLU D QDYHJDomR DFLPD GH WXGR p LPSRUWDQWH WHU HP PHQWH TXH QmR H[LVWH R ODRXW SDUD VXD KRPH SDJH XP PHVPR DVVXQWR SRGH VHU GHVHQKDGR GH PLO PDQHLUDV GLIHUHQWHV H FRP D PHVPD DWUDWLYLGDGH R LPSRUWDQWH p YRFr HVFROKHU XPD OLQKD FRQFHLWXDO TXH OKH DJUDGH WHVWH TXDQWDV SXGHU SDUD WHU FHUWH]D H FDSULFKDU QD SURGXomR GRV WHPSODWHV ILJXUDV IRQWHV H RXWURV HOHPHQWRV WRUQDQGR D HVSHFLDO LPDJLQH VH WRGRV RV VLWHV GH PHQLQDV WLYHVVHP D ~QLFD RSomR GH VHU URVD RV VLWHV VREUH DQMRV IRVVHP SDGURQL]DGRV EUDQFRV H WRGDV DV KRPH SDJHV VREUH IXWHERO WLYHVVHP FRU YHUGH H LPDJHP GH JUDPDGR DR IXQGR LPSOHPHQWDomR SURGXomR H WHVWH GH SiJLQDV FKHJRX D ~OWLPD HWDSD GH FRQVWUXomR GH XPD KRPH SDJH p XP PRPHQWR GHOLFDGR SRLV DOJXPDV SHTXHQDV GHFLV}HV SRGHP DIHWDU PXLWR R UHVXOWDGR ILQDO GR VHX VLWH SRVLWLYD RX QHJDWLYDPHQWH QmR LUHPRV WUDWDU DTXL GR PHOKRU HGLWRU GH WH[WRV RX GH LPDJHQV QHP GH WpFQLFDV GH SURGXomR KWPO HP HVSHFtILFR WXGR LVVR YDL GHSHQGHU GRV VHXV UHFXUVRV WpFQLFRV H GDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV GD VXD KRPH SDJH RV PHOKRUHV DVSHFWRV D VHUHP REVHUYDGRV GXUDQWH D LPSOHPHQWDomR VmR RV VHJXLQWHV • D LQWHUQHW VRIUH GH XP SUREOHPD FU{QLFR D OHQWLGmR QR WUiIHJR GH LQIRUPDo}HV SULQFLSDOPHQWH QRV PLFURV GH XVXiULRV GRPpVWLFRV YRFr GHYH SUHRFXSDU VH FRP LVVR SRLV HP JHUDO D PDLRU SDUWH GRV VHXV XVXiULRV HVWmR QHVVH JUXSR SDUD HYLWDU TXH VXD KRPH SDJH WmR HODERUDGD DFDEH WRUQDQGR VH LQDFHVVtYHO DRV VHXV YLVLWDQWHV SRU FDXVD GR SHVR GRV DUTXLYRV GHGLTXH XPD DWHQomR HVSHFLDO j FULDomR DGDSWDomR GDV LPDJHQV JLI H MSHJ VmR IRUPDWRV TXH SHUPLWHP DOWDV WD[DV GH FRPSDFWDomR H YRFr GHYH ID]HU LQWHQVR XVR GHVVHV UHFXUVRV SRLV DV LPDJHQV VmR DV JUDQGHV UHVSRQViYHLV SHOR SHVR WRWDO GDV SiJLQDV • LQIHOL]PHQWH PXLWDV GDV KRPH SDJHV TXH DSDUHFHP QD LQWHUQHW GHVDSDUHFHP HP XP FXUWtVVLPR HVSDoR GH WHPSR GHYLGR j IDOWD GH DWXDOL]DomR SURJUDPH VH GH IRUPD D HYLWDU LVVR D TXDOTXHU FXVWR XPD GLFD TXH SRGH DMXGi OR EDVWDQWH p QmR GHGLTXH VH H[DXVWLYDPHQWH SDUD FULDU D SULPHLUD YHUVmR GH VXD KRPH SDJH SRLV LVVR SRGH ID]HU FRP TXH YRFr QmR SHQVH HP DWXDOL]i OD GXUDQWH XP ERP WHPSR HVVH ERP WHPSR LURQLFDPHQWH p R WHPSR HP TXH RV YLVLWDQWHV YHUmR VXD SiJLQD XPD YH] H QmR SHUFHEHQGR DV QRYLGDGHV QDV SUy[LPDV YLVLWDV HVTXHFHUmR UDSLGDPHQWH GR VHX HQGHUHoR YRFr SRGH GHILQLU SDFRWHV GH LPSODQWDomR SDUD LQDXJXUDU QRYRV VHWRUHV H LQFOXLU QRYRV FRQWH~GRV JUDGDWLYDPHQWH GH IRUPD TXH DR ILQDO GD SULPHLUD YHUVmR YRFr SURYDYHOPHQWH HVWDUi HP XP ULWPR GH WUDEDOKR DJUDGiYHO H TXH FRPELQD FRP R ULWPR GH H[SDQVmR PDQXWHQomR DWXDOL]DomR
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  58. 58. SURSULHGDGH DOW D SURSULHGDGH DOW p XPD SURSULHGDGH GD WDJ GH LPDJHP LPJ! HOD ID] FRP TXH DSDUHoD XPD SHTXHQD OHJHQGD DR ODGR GR PRXVH TXDQGR HOH HVWi VREUH R OLQN LVVR DMXGD QD QDYHJDomR TXDQGR p XVDGR SDUD H[SOLFDU XPD LPDJHP RX XP OLQN SDUD LPSODQWDU HVWH UHFXUVR FRSLH D SURSULHGDGH DEDL[R H FROH GHQWUR GD WDJ LPJ! DOW H[HPSOR D WDJ GHYHUi ILFD SDUHFLGD FRP HVVD LPJ VUF QRPHGDLPDJHP DOW H[HPSOR GH DOW ! R WH[WR GR DOW SRGH VHU DOWHUDGR SRU TXDOTXHU IUDVH VHP OLPLWH GH FDUDFWHUHV H QmR LQWHUIHUH QDV RXWUDV SURSULHGDGHV GD WDJ LPJ! WDJ KHDG FDEHoDOKR D WDJ KHDG! GHOLPLWD R LQtFLR H R ILP GR FDEHoDOKR GR GRFXPHQWR R FDEHoDOKR SRVVXL LQIRUPDo}HV HVSHFLDLV VREUH R DUTXLYR TXH QmR VmR H[LELGDV QD WHOD WDLV FRPR GDWD GH FULDomR GR GRFXPHQWR DVVXQWR WUDWDGR HWF DV LQIRUPDo}HV QR FDEHoDOKR HPERUD QmR IDoDP SDUWH GR ODRXW GD SiJLQD D QDR VHU TXH YRFr HVWHMD ID]HQGR XVR GH IROKDV GH HVWLOR SRVVXHP GDGRV HVVHQFLDLV SDUD TXH R GRFXPHQWR VHMD UHFRQKHFLGR SHORV VHUYLGRUHV VLVWHPDV GH EXVFD HQWUH RXWUDV DSOLFDo}HV WDEHOD GH DFHQWRV H FDUDFWHUHV HVSHFLDLV RV FDUDFWHUHV HVSHFLDLV GD WDEHOD LVR ODWLQ IRUDP FULDGRV SRU XPD TXHVWmR GH FRPSDWLELOLGDGH H VmR DPSODPHQWH XVDGRV H UHFRPHQGDGRV SDUD D FRQVWUXomR GH SiJLQDV KWPO D LQWHUQHW UH~QH SiJLQDV IHLWDV HP GLYHUVRV
  59. 59. FRPSXWDGRUHV DR UHGRU GR PXQGR TXH XVDP GLYHUVRV LGLRPDV H ODRXWV SUySULRV GH WHFODGR H SRU LVVR p QHFHVViULR XP VLVWHPD XQLYHUVDO GH UHSUHVHQWDomR GH FDUDFWHUHV HVSHFLDLV XP H[HPSOR FRPR D OtQJXD LQJOHVD QmR SRVVXL DFHQWRV TXDOTXHU WH[WR HP SRUWXJXrV RX TXDOTXHU OtQJXD TXH VXSRUWH DFHQWRV FRPR R DOHPmR H R HVSDQKRO SUHFLVD TXH HVVHV FDUDFWHUHV VHMDP UHSUHVHQWDGRV SRU FRPELQDo}HV HVSHFLDLV GH WHFODGR SDUD TXH SRVVD VHU OLGR HP XP FRPSXWDGRU TXH XVH R LGLRPD LQJOrV GD PHVPD IRUPD YRFr SUHFLVD VDEHU GLJLWDU HVVDV FRPELQDo}HV SDUD SRGHU HVFUHYHU HP VHX WHFODGR OHWUDV H SDODYUDV TXH QmR SRVVXHP WHFODV SUySULDV FRPR SRU H[HPSOR R VLQDO ¢ XWLOL]DGR QD OtQJXD HVSDQKROD SDUD LQVHULU XP FDUDFWHUH HVSHFLDO EDVWD YRFr WURFDU R HVSDoR GR FDUDFWHUH GHVHMDGR SRU WRGD D VHTrQFLD GHVWD IRUPD YRFr ID] XPD SiJLQD KWPO FXMRV WH[WRV SRGHP VHU YLVWRV FRUUHWDPHQWH HP TXDOTXHU FRPSXWDGRU GH TXDOTXHU OXJDU GR PXQGR FRQILUD DEDL[R D OLVWD GRV FDUDFWHUHV HVSHFLDLV DHOLJ   DDFXWH i DFLUF k DJUDYH j DULQJ n DWLOGH m DXPO l FFHGLO o HWK è HDFXWH p HFLUF r HJUDYH q LDFXWH t LFLUF v LJUDYH u LXPO w QWLOGH x QWLOGH x RFLUF { RJUDYH z RVODVK ¡ RVODVK ¡ RXPO | WKRUQ ì XDFXWH ~ XFLUF €
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