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09juni_234

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09juni_234

  1. 1. ( HUULTLYZJVTIPUH[PL 2>: 0UMYH .4) 0UMYH IV^[ TVTLU[LLS PU VWKYHJO[ ]HU 9PQRZ^H[LYZ[HH[ OL[ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ IPQ :[HWOVYZ[ VT [V[ LLU ]VS^HHYKPN ]LYRLLYZRUVVWWU[ /L[ KVVY NHHUKL ]LYRLLY LU KL VTNL]PUN TVNLU NLLU UVLTLUZ^HHYKPNL OPUKLY ]HU KL ^LYRaHHTOLKLU OLIILU .VLKL JVTTUPJH[PL PZ KHU VUVU[ILLYSPQR aV^LS PU[LYU HSZ L_[LYU <P[]VLYPUNZJV€YKPUH [VY *LLZ ]HU 6VYZJOV[ ]HU 2>: 0UMYH ]LY[LS[ V]LY KL HHUWHR ]HU KLaL RSZ /L[ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ ]LYIPUK[ KL ( .YVUPUNLU ¶ A^VSSL LU KL ( 3LL^HYKLU ¶ A^VSSL LU PZ KHHYTLL LLU ILSHUNYPQRL ZJOHRLS PU KL ILYLPRIHHYOLPK ]HU 5VVYK 5LKLYSHUK 4HHY VVR LLU a^HRRL ZJOHRLS /L[ ]LYRLLY Z[HNULLY[ OPLY KHNLSPQRZ TL[ SHUNL ÄSLZ LU VU]LPSPNL ZP[H[PLZ HSZ NL]VSN /L[ VVYZWYVURLSPQRL RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ PZ TLLY LLU ZWSP[ZPUN VM QPZ[ ZHTLUNHHU ¶ OL[ PZ THHY Uu[ ]HUHM ^LSRL RHU[ QL RVT[ ]HU [^LL YPQRZ^LNLU 0U PZ ILZSV[LU 3HUROVYZ[ VT [L IV^LU [V[ LLU ]VS^HHYKPN RUVVWWU[ 4LLY KVVYZ[YVTPUN NYV[LYL ]LPSPNOLPK +L P[IYLPKPUN TVL[ aVYNLU ]VVY IL[LYL KVVYZ[YVTPUN ]HU OL[ ]LY RLLY NYV[LYL ]LYRLLYZ]LPSPNOLPK LU LLU IL[LYL ]LYIPUKPUN [ZZLU OL[ UVVYKLU LU KL YLZ[ ]HU OL[ SHUK +L VTIV^ SL]LY[ VVR ]LYIL[LYPUN VW ]VVY KL SVRHSL LU YLNPVUHSL ^LNLU PU KL VTNL]PUN ,U VTKH[ OL[ ]LYRLLY ]HU -YPLZSHUK UHHY +YLU[OL UPL[ TLLY KVVY 4LWWLS 6VZ[ OVLM[ [L YPQKLU ]LYIL[LY[ KL SLLMIHHYOLPK KHHY HHUaPLUSPQR 6T KL NLSPKOPUKLY VW OL[ RUVVW WU[ [LYN [L IYLUNLU RVT[ LY Z[PS HZMHS[ VW LLU KLLS ]HU KL ( ;LY OVVN[L ]HU LURLSL OPaLU HHU LLU WHYHSSLS^LN ^VYK[ LLU HHYKLU NLSPKZ^HS ]HU T SLUN[L LU T OVVN[L HHUNLSLNK 5HHZ[ KLaL NLSPKZ^LYLUKL THH[YLNLSLU aVYN[ 9PQRZ^H[LYZ[HH[ VVR ]VVY UH [YJVTWLUZH[PL LU OL[ OLYWSHU[LU ]HU IVTLU +L HHUILZ[LKPUNZWYVJLKYL ]VVY KP[ KLZPNU JVUZ[YJ[ WYVQLJ[ SL]LYKL PU VR[VILY LLU HHU ULTLY VW! KL JVTIPUH[PL 2: 0UMYH .4) 0UMYH 2: ]VLY[ KL VWYPT^LYRaHHTOLKLU P[ LU KVL[ -NYV IYLKL HZZPZ[LU[PL IPQ PUMYHZ[YJ[YLLS ^LYR .VLKL JVTTUPJH[PL LZZLU[PLLS IPQ VTIV^ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ +L VKL ZP[H[PL IPQ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ NLaPLU ]HUP[ OL[ aPKLU -V[V!2: Fugro Info, nr. 2, juni 2009
  2. 2. KL MUKLYPUNLU [VU KL ]LYOHYKPUNLU [VU RT [PQKLSPQRL LU YPT RT KLÄUP[PL]L THYRLYPUNLU LU RT ILYTIL]LPSPNPUN .4) 0UMYH ULLT[ OL[ NYVUK^LYR ]VVY aPQU YLRLUPUN T .4) ) 0 IV^[ OL[ LUPNL RUZ[^LYR ]HU OL[ WYVQLJ[! LLU L_[YH ]PHKJ[ KH[ WHYHSSLS HHU OL[ OPKPNL RVT[ [L SPNNLU +HHYUHHZ[ SLNNLU =PHSPZ LU (IIPUR OL[ K`UHTPZJOL ]LYRLLYZ THUHNLTLU[Z`Z[LLT KL VWLUIHYL ]LYSPJO[PUN LU KL IL^LN^PQaLYPUN HHU -NYV HZZPZ[LLY[ KLaL WHY[PQLU VW ]LYZJOPSSLUKL [LYYLPULU 7YVQLJ[THUHNLY 7H[YPJR )HROPaLU ]HU -NYV! º1PZ[ KL IYLKL JVTIP UH[PL ]HU NLV[LJOUPLR LU NLV PUMVYTH[PL TL[ HSSL IPQILOVYLUKL KPZJPWSPULZ PZ LLU Z[LYR WU[ ]HU -NYV LU RVT[ IPQ KP[ ZVVY[ JVT WSL_L WYVQLJ[LU NVLK ]HU WHZ AV OLIILU ^L ]VVY KLaL RSZ HS OL[ SHUKTLL[RUKPNL ^LYR NLKHHU aV ^LS TL[ [YHKP[PVULSL .7: HWWHYH [Y HSZ TL[ PUUV]H[PL]L TPKKLSLU aVHSZ IPQ + THJOPULILZ[YPUN ]VVY KL HHUSLN ]HU KL aHUKIHHU LU KL WPU]LYOHYKPUNLU +HHYUHHZ[ OLLM[ VUZ 4H[LYPHHSRUKPN 3HIVYH[VYPT ]VVY .4) 0UMYH KL R^HSP[LP[ZJVU [YVSL ]HU KL aHUKIHHU P[NL]VLYK :PUKZ OL[ ILNPU ]HU KL aVTLY ]HU RVT[ ttU ]HU VUaL SHIV YHU[LU YLNLSTH[PN VW KL SVJH[PL VT KL ]LYKPJO[PUNZNYHHK ]HU KL aHUKIHHU [L TL[LU ;V[ U [VL aPQU YPT TL[PUNLU ]LYYPJO[ ^HHYIPQ KVVY TPKKLS ]HU LLU Z[LLRYPUN KL KPJO[OLPK ]HU KL aHUKIHHU PU ZP[ ^VYK[ NLTL[LU +P[ YLZS[HH[ ^VYK[ ]LYNLSLRLU TL[ KL PU OL[ SHIVYH [VYPT P[NL]VLYKL 7YVJ[VYWYVLM /PLYP[ ^VYK[ KL ]LYKPJO[PUNZNYHHK ILYLRLUK KLaL NLLM[ HHU VM KL HHUULTLY OL[ aHUKILK ]VSKVLUKL OLLM[ ]LYKPJO[ +HHYUHHZ[ ^VYKLU YLNLSTH[PN TVUZ[LYZ NLUVTLU ]HU OL[ aHUK VT KP[ [L RLYLU ]VVY KL NLZJOPR[OLPK PU KL aHUKIHHU » (UKYt /HYZL]VVY[ ]HU -NYV PZ HSZ ZLUPVY SHUKTL[LY NLKYLUKL ]YPQ^LS OL[ NLOLSL WYVQLJ[ VU ZP[L LYRLU TL[ LLU HSS YVUK ZLSM ZWWVY[PUN SHUKTL[LY VWLYH[VY OLLM[ HS IPQ ]LLS WYVQLJ[LU aPQU TLLY^HHYKL HHUNL[VVUK P[]VLYPUNZJV€YKPUH [VY *LLZ ]HU 6VYZJOV[ ]HU 2: IL]LZ[PN[ KH[! ºL OHKKLU -NYV PU LLYZ[L PUZ[HU[PL NL]YHHNK VT NLNL]LUZ HHU [L SL]LYLU ]VVY OL[ +;) 2LYU.0: KH[ ^PQ HHU 9PQRZ ^H[LYZ[HH[ TVL[LU VWSL]LYLU 4HHY KHHY R^HT UVN P[aL[^LYR IPQ LU UVN L]LU SPQULU [YLRRLU ]VVY OL[ YVVPLU ]HU IVTLU LU HS NH^ ^HZ (UKYt OPLY LSRL KHN ]VVY VUZ ILaPN 6VR ]VVY VUaL WHY[ULYZ .4) ) 0 =PHSPZ LU (IIPUR PZ OL[ THHY ^m[ OHUKPN KH[ LY MSS[PTL LLU SHUKTL[LY VW OL[ ^LYR PZ » /HYZL]VVY[ ILHHT[ KH[! »0R ILU ILNVUULU VT LLU SVRHSL 7.4 NYVUKZSHN VW [L aL[[LU TL[ LLU IHZPZZ[H[PVU OPLY IPQ KL KPYLJ[PLRLL[ +L UH^RLYPNOLPKZLPZLU ]VVY KP[ VU[^LYW aPQU OVNLY KHU QL TL[ OL[ SHUKLSPQRL UL[^LYR RU[ ILYLPRLU +L HM^PQRPUNLU TVNLU UPL[ NYV[LY aPQU KHU JT +HU PZ LLU LPNLU UL[^LYR HIZVS[ UVVKaHRLSPQR =LY]VSNLUZ ILU PR HHU KL ZSHN NLNHHU! +;) ^LYRaHHTOLKLU P[aL[^LYR JVU[YVSLTL[PUNLU HHUNL]LU ]HU KL ]LYIYLKPUNLU KVVYYPQWYVÄLSLU YL]PZPL[LRLUPUNLU 6TIV^ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ +L VTIV^ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ ILZ[HH[ P[ KL ]VSNLUKL VUKLY KLSLU! KL HHUSLN ]HU UPL^L ]LYIPUKPUNZ^LNLU [ZZLU /VVNL]LLU 4LW WLS LU 4LWWLS /VVNL]LLU OL[ ]LYSLNNLU ]HU KL ILZ[HHUKL HHUZSP[PUN [ZZLU KL ( LU KL ( PU VVZ[LSPQRL YPJO[PUN OL[ HHUIYLUNLU ]HU aVNLOL[LU ^LLM]HRRLU ]VVY PU LU P[]VLNLUK ]LYRLLY OL[ YLHSPZLYLU ]HU [^LL L_[YH YPQZ[YVRLU ]VVY OL[ PU]VLNLU ]HUHM KL ( ]HUP[ OL[ UVVYKLU VW KL ( YPJO[PUN A^VSSL ]LYSHNPUN ]HU KL TH_PTTZULSOLPK VW KL ]LYIPUKPUNZSZZLU [V[ RT Y OL[ HHUIYLUNLU ]HU Z[PS HZMHS[ [^LLSHHNZ aVHI LU KL HHUSLN ]HU LLU NLSPKZ^HS OL[ HHUSLNNLU ]HU LLU MHUHWHZZHNL KHZZLU[UULS RT IPQILOVYLUKL HMYHZ[LYPUN *LLZ ]HU 6VYZJOV[ ]HU 2: 0UMYH ! º:[LYR PUNLaL[ VW VTNL]PUNZTHUHNLTLU[ º6VYKVWWLU LU LLU ZSHHWT[ZQL» *LLZ ]HU 6VYZJOV[ ]HU 2: 0UMYH ! º:[LYR PUNLaL[ VW VTNL]PUNZTHUHNLTLU[ -V[V!4HHZ*VTTUPJH[PL -V[V!2: Fugro Info, nr. 2, juni 2009
  3. 3. OVVMK LU KL[HPSTHH[]VLYPUN ]HU OL[ UPL^L ]PHKJ[ TVUP[VYPUN ]HU OL[ VKL ]PHKJ[ LU NH aV THHY KVVY L OLIILU UH[YSPQR LLU Z[YHRRL V]LYHSS WSHUUPUN THHY [LNLSPQRLY[PQK RU QL WLY KHN QL ^LYR aLSM PUKLSLU +HHYKVVY RU QL ZULS ZJOHRLSLU LU VVR ]HHR ^LYR JVT IPULYLU +H[ PZ LLU Z[R LMÄJPwU[LY ]VVY KL VWKYHJO[NL]LY Z » =HU 6VYZJOV[ ]HS[ OLT IPQ! º,SRL ^LLR OLIILU ^L OPLY P[]VLYPUNZ V]LYSLN TL[ HSSL IL[YVRRLULU LU KZ VVR -NYV aV PZ PLKLYLLU ZULS VW KL OVVN[L ]HU KL Z[HUK ]HU aHRLU LU KH[ ^LYR[ ^LS aV WYL[[PN )V]LUKPLU aP[ PR LY KHU aLSM VVR IV]LU VW LU RHU PR ]LLS WYVISLTLU ]VVYRVTLU 6UKLY OL[ TV[[V ¸0U KL RUVVW P[ KL RUVVW¹ VUKLY ZJOLPKLU ^PQ ]VVY KLaL RSZ PU VUZ WSHU ]HU HHUWHR ]PLY ZJJLZMHJ [VYLU! ]LPSPNOLPK VW OL[ ^LYR tU VW KL ^LN NVLKL ZHTLU^LYRPUN LLU [L]YLKLU VTNL]PUN LU NVLKL KVVYZ[YVTPUN ]HU OL[ ]LYRLLY » ºL OLIILU ]VVY KP[ WYVQLJ[ Z[LYR PUNLaL[ VW VTNL]PUNZTHUHNL TLU[ 1L TVL[ IPQ aV»U KLZPNU JVUZ[YJ[ WYVQLJ[ UH[YSPQR ]LLS aLSM YLNLSLU! OL[ ]LYRYPQNLU ]HU KL QPZ[L ]LYNUUPUNLU OL[ ]LYSLN NLU ]HU RHILSZ LU SLPKPUNLU ]HU KLYKLU TVNLSPQRL HYJOLVSVNP ZJOL ]VUKZ[LU UPL[ NLZWYVUNLU L_WSVZPL]LU LU KL JVTTUPJH[PL TL[ KLYKLU )PQ KH[ SHH[Z[L NPUN OL[ ]VVYHS VT OL[ HMZ[LTTLU ]HU OL[ JVU[HJ[ TL[ V H ILSHUNOLIILUKLU LU VT^VULUKLU KL JVTTUP JH[PL YVUKVT KL ^LYRaHHTOLKLU LU KL HMOHUKLSPUN ]HU RSHJO[LU L OLIILU KYHHPIVLRLU ]VVY KL ]LYRLLYZILOLLYZPUN NLTHHR[ LU YLNLSTH[PN JHSHTP[LP[LUV]LYSLN VWNLaL[ TL[ KL OSWKPLUZ[LU 0U VUZ WSHU ]HU HHUWHR OLIILU ^PQ KL NHYHU[PL NLNL]LU KH[ KL OSW KPLUZ[LU LY IPQ LLU JHSHTP[LP[ HS[PQK ¸SHUNZ RUULU¹ KL VWKYHJO[NL]LY ]PUK[ KH[ aLLY ILSHUNYPQR =LYKLY PZ LY UH[YSPQR UH^ V]LYSLNK TL[ KL NLTLLU[L OL[ ^H[LYZJOHW LU KL WYV]PUJPL 6VR OLIILU ^PQ TL[ KL YLSL]HU[L WHY[PQLU ^HHYVUKLY VU KLYULTLYZ P[ OL[ NLIPLK NLYLNLSK UHHY KL ILYLPRIHHYOLPK NLRLRLU » º=VVY KL VT^VULUKLU aPQU ^L ILNVUULU TL[ LLU IYPLM TL[ VVY KVWWLU LU LLU ZSHHWT[ZQL LYIPQ LLU RSLPU ÅLZQL KYHUR +H[ IYHR OL[ PQZ LU OLLM[ VUZ ]LLS NVVK^PSS VWNLSL]LYK =LYKLY OLIILU ^L PU SVVWH]VUKLU NLVYNHUPZLLYK LU LLU ¸TLLKLUR H]VUK SHUKZJOHWZWSHU¹ 6W]HSSLUK ^HZ KL OVNL VWRVTZ[ LU KL OVNL R^HSP[LP[ ]HU PUNL IYHJO[L WU[LU 6W LLU ILWHHSK TVTLU[ OLLM[ KL ZNNLZ[PL ]HU LLU IL^VULY aLSMZ NLSLPK [V[ LLU HHUWHZZPUN PU KL WSHUUPUN ]HU KL ^LYRaHHTOLKLU )L[YVRRLULU LU VT^VULUKLU aPQU ]LYKLY NL{UMVY TLLYK V]LY ^LYRaHHTOLKLU TL[ IYPL]LU » º/L[ ^LYR ]LYSVVW[ ]VVYZWVLKPN! KL ZHTLU^LYRPUN NHH[ WYPTH LU ^L SVWLU TVTLU[LLS VW ZJOLTH L OLIILU ]PLY RSHJO[LU VU[ ]HUNLU KPL ZULS RVUKLU ^VYKLU VWNLSVZ[ L aPQU ]LYKLY UVN NLLU LURLSL IVUZ R^PQ[NLYHHR[ ]HU ^LNL L_[YH VWVU[OVK KVVY VUaL ^LYRaHHTOLKLU L OLIILU aLSMZ LLU IPQKYHNL RUULU SL]LYLU HHU KL NLZJOPLKZJOYPQ]PUN ]HU KP[ NL IPLK )PQ OL[ ]VVYILYLPKLU ]HU LLU ]HU KL UPL^L ^LNKLSLU R^HTLU ^L KL TV[VY ]HU LLU ULLYNLZ[VY[L (TLYPRHHUZL IVTTLU^LYWLY P[ KL ;^LLKL LYLSKVVYSVN [LNLU /L[ ^YHR LU KL WPSVV[ ^HYLU HS LLYKLY NLIVYNLU LU RVU VVR KLaL TV[VY LLU WSLRQL PU OL[ TZLT RYPQNLU (S TL[ HS LLU WYPTH ]LY SVWLUK WYVQLJ[ KZ ^HHY ^L [V[ VW OLKLU [L]YLKLU VW RUULU [LYNRPQRLU » =SPLN[PNTV[VY KPR[ VW UH YPT QHHY ,PUK VR[VILY PZ IPQ NYHHM^LYRaHHTOLKLU HHU OL[ RUVVWWU[ 3HUROVYZ[ KL TV[VY ]HU LLU (TLYP RHHUZ NL]LJO[Z]SPLN[PN NL]VUKLU 6UKLYaVLR ]HU KL /PZ[VYPZJOL =LYLUPNPUN :[HWOVYZ[ ^PQZ[ P[ KH[ OL[ NHH[ VT KL TV[VY ]HU KL 9LWISPJ ;OUKLYIVS[ 7 + +L ;OUKLYIVS[ ^HZ T SHUN TL[LY OVVN LU RVU VW LLU ]VSSL [HUR RT ]SPLNLU (HU IVVYK IL]VUKLU aPJO TLLZ[HS NLLU IVTTLU THHY ^LS THJOPULNL^LYLU LU YHRL[[LU ]VVY SJO[NL]LJO [LU /L[ ]SPLN[PN Z[VY[[L ULLY [PQKLUZ OL]PNL SJO[NL]LJO [LU TL[ +P[ZL QHNLYZ PU +L WPSVV[ [^LLKL SP[LUHU[ , 1 /`SHUK ]VUK OPLYIPQ KL KVVK =HU OL[ aLSMKL ]SPLN[PN aPQU HS LLUZ IYVRZ[RRLU [LYNNL]VU KLU VUKLYTLLY LLU PQaLYLU RVNLSWSHH[ P[ KL JVJRWP[ +PL PZ UL[ HSZ KL TV[VY [L aPLU PU º[ 2VL[ZOPZ PU :[HWOVYZ[ ¶ OL[ VUKLYRVTLU ]HU KL /PZ[VYPZJOL =LYLUPNPUN :[HWOVYZ[ (UKYt /HYZL]VVY[ LU 7H[YPJR )HROPaLU IPQ OL[ ]PHKJ[ KH[ ^VYK[ NLTVUP[VYK -V[V!4HHZ*VTTUPJH[PL -V[V!2: Fugro Info, nr. 2, juni 2009

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